• Title, Summary, Keyword: ORIF

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  • Sung, Iel-Yong;Cho, Yeong-Cheol;Byun, Gi-Jeong
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.530-534
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    • 2007
  • Nasal fractures are the most common type of facial fractures. Nowdays computed tomography is found to be very helpful in diagnosing nasal fracture, especially in findings the nasal septal fractures. From August 2004 to July 2005, 36 cases of nasal fracture were admited and reviewed to oral and maxillofacial surgery of Ulsan University Hospital, not including other facial bone fracture. Out of 223 cases of facial bone fractures, we treated 47 cases of nasal fractures. We reviewed and examined the 36 patients of nasal fractures 2months postoperative. The results were 28cases of male and 8cases of female. The highest age frequency was in the fourth decades group. The most frequent causes of injury were falling down and fist trauma. The 25(69%) patients were found to have septal fractures, after computed tomography findings. The treatment methods of nasal fracture were closed reduction(13cases), open reduction(20cases), ORIF(1case), non operation(2cases). Complications of nasal deformity were found in 2patients. Septoplasty was performed on 21 patients. Septal fractures in combination with nasal fracture are usually unrecognized and untreated at the time of injury, usually ended in nasal deformities. It is important to find out the exact type of nasal fractures. We will report the results of treatment of nasal fractures with a literature review.

Usefulness of Ultrasound in Treatment of Patella Fracture (슬개골 골절 치료에서 초음파의 유용성)

  • Kim, Jung-Man;Nam, Ho-Jin;Ra, Ki-Hang;Park, Se-Wook
    • The Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Ultrasound Society
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.26-31
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical usefulness of ultrasound in treatment of patella fracture. Material and Methods: Twenty cases of twenty patients with patella fracture radiographically from March, 2006 to September, 2009 were involved in this study, there were 8 males and 12 females, there were 13 right knees, 7 left knees, the average age was 43 years (range, 14~72 years). We decided the methods of treatment by using the ultrasound in conjunction with Drayer's test that examining the intactness of patella retinaculum. There were 10 transverse, 8 vertical and 2 comminuted fractures, we examined the patella retinaculum by using the ultrasound and performed Drayer's test. Results: In 12 cases of intact retinaculum, Drayer's test was negative and we allowed patients ambulation without surgical fixation especially. In 4 cases of completely ruptured retinaculum, Drayer's test was positive and we treated the patella fractures by the use of ORIF (open reduction and internal fixation) method, in 2 cases of partially ruptured retinaculum, Drayer's test was negative but displacement of fractures were more than 2 mm, we treated the patella fractures by the use of CRIF (closed reduction and internal fixation) method and obtained clinically satisfactory results. Conclusion: In conjunction with radiographs and Drayer's test, an ultrasound would be one of the useful diagnostic modality for determining treatment method of the patella fracture.

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Surgical Treatment of Ankle Fractures in the Elderly (고령 환자 족관절 골절의 수술적 치료)

  • Choi, Jae-Yeol;Jeong, Hwa-Jae;Shin, Hun-Kyu;Kim, Eugene;Park, Se-Jin;Seo, Dong-Seok
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.23-27
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The optimal management for ankle fracture in elderly patients remains controversial. This study was undertaken to review the results of surgical treatment of ankle fracture in the elderly and to compare with other studies. Materials and Methods: The participants in this study were 33 patients over the age of 65(average 71.5 years) who underwent surgical treatment of ankle fracture from January 2004 to December 2011. The study was a retrospective review of outcomes after open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of ankle fractures. To measure the clinical outcomes, we assessed postoperative complications, the pre- and post-operative mobility status, fracture union status, the time of fracture union and the AOFAS (American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society) Ankle-Hindfoot scale. The level of patient satisfaction was also identified. Results: Delayed wound healing occurred in three patients(9.1%) but their wounds healed with repeated dressings without additional surgical treatment. Malunion occurred in one patient(3%). One patient(3%) had postoperative infection but healed with antibiotic treatment. 24 patients(96%) returned to preoperative mobility status. VAS score was lower than 2 in all patients. Bone union occurred with the 3.8 months (average months) after the surgery in all patients. Average AOFAS score was 87.4 and these were similar results as other studies of young patients. All patients were satisfied with surgical outcomes according to interviews. Conclusion: Surgical treatment of ankle fractures in the elderly can carry a significant risk of delayed wound healing and infection but incidence is relatively low. Internal fixation of ankle fractures in the elderly can be undertaken safely and the majority of patients can expect good outcome.