• Title, Summary, Keyword: PRMA

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A Method for the Performance Ehancement of PRMA Protocol for Mobile Voice/Data Integration (음성/데이터 통합형 PRMA 프로토콜의 성능 개선 기법)

  • 송재섭;김연수
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.25 no.3B
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    • pp.423-430
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    • 2000
  • Future microcellular systems will require distributed network control. A packet-switched network is suitable for this requirement. The packet reservation multiple access(PRMA) is a Reservation-ALOHA like protocol for wireless terminals to transmit packet speech to a base station. It allows spatially distributed users in cellular systems to transmit packeted voice and data to a common base station using a shared channel. In the existing PRMA, the problem is that the voice packets may collide with the data packets due to simultaneous channel access. the problem may be a major performance degradation factor to a voice and data mixed system. We propose a new PRMA method that integrates voice and data traffic efficiently by resolving the collision problem between data and voice packets. The proposed PRMA method gives a performance improvement than the existing PRAMA method in terms of voice packet dropping probability and data delay characteristic. From analytic results, we can confirm that the proposed PRMA method show a performance improvement than the existing PRMA protocol.

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A Study on the Voice/Data Integrated PRMA Protocol With the Minimum Reservation Slot Assured (최소 예약슬롯 보증 음성/데이타 집적 PRMA 프로토콜에 관한 연구)

  • 김태규;조동호;윤용중
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.250-260
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    • 1993
  • Packet Reservation Multiple Access(PRMA) protocol provides a very efficient mechanism for many number of voice and data terminals with bursty traffic characteristics to share efficiently a common transmission channel. This protocol, however, cannot operate in high load conditions. That is, there occurs a instability problem, since the reservation channel is allowed to shrink to zero. In this paper, a more stable PRMA protocol which can avoid such problems and integrates voice and data traffic efficiently is proposed. Also, the performance of the proposed protocol is analyzed by a computer simulation. According to the simulation results, it can be shown that the proposed protocol provides a more efficient mechanism for voice/data integration and ensures a more stable operation than conventional PRMA protocol in high load conditions.

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Performance Analysis of modified PRMA: PRHMA(Packet Reservation Hold Multiple Access) (변형된 PRMA 방식인 PRHMA의 성능분석)

  • Kim Hwan Ui;Kim Doug Nyun
    • Journal of the Institute of Convergence Signal Processing
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.122-130
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    • 2000
  • This paper mainly deals with the modified version of conventional PRMA(Packet Reservation Multiple Access). In the existing PRMA schemes, the occupied slot in the initial access state is not allowed to be reserved in the silent period and retrial of gaining the slot access has to pay additional packet dropping. Whereas in the modified model, we propose to utilize a control minislot that maintains slot reservation and this prevents additional packet drop occurrence since initial access, and this slightly improves the system performance.

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Performance Analysis of Modified PRMA: PRHMA(Packet Reservation Hold Multiple Access) (변형된 PRMA의 성능분석)

  • 김환의;김덕년
    • Proceedings of the Korea Institute of Convergence Signal Processing
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    • pp.73-76
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    • 2000
  • 본 논문에서는 다중접속 프로토콜인 PRMA의 변형된 모델에 대해서 다뤘다. 기존의 PRMA에서는 초기 엑세스시 얻은 슬롯을 휴지기에 잃게 되므로 매 활성기마다 다시 슬롯을 엑세스함으로써 추가적인 패킷의 drop이 발생하는 반면, 변형된 모델에서는 슬롯예약을 유지하기 위한 제어미니슬롯을 사용함으로써 초기 엑세스 이후의 추가적인 패킷 drop이 발생하지 않는다.

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The design of a MAC protocol in the wireless ATM using dynamic channel allocation shceme (무선 ATM에서 동적채널할당기법을 이용한 MAC 프로토콜의 설계)

  • 임재환;강상욱;최승철
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.22 no.10
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    • pp.2171-2180
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    • 1997
  • In this paper, we proposed a MAC protocol called P/S-DCA that using dynamci channel allocation scheme for supports the multimedia traffic in wireless ATM, and analysis theoretically the throughput and delay of up/down link according to varying the down traffic load. To evaluate and the dynamic channel allocation scheme, simulations are executed with varying down traffic load. The results are proved that system capacity is improved better than PRMA and C-PRAM. The system capacity, denoting by $M_{0.01}$, is defined as the maximum number of conversations which can be supported under constraint of packet dropping probability no more than 1%. It is shown that the values of $M_{0.01}$ for ${\lambda}_{d}=0.5,\;{\lambda}_{d}=0.2\;{\lambda}_{d}=0.1\;{\lambda}_{d}=0.001$ are about 43, 69, 77 and 83, respectively. This indicates that P/S-DCA protocol achieves a significant improvement in system capacity relative to PRMA and C-PRMA protocol.

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Design of a NeuroFuzzy Controller for the Integrated System of Voice and Data Over Wireless Medium Access Control Protocol (무선 매체 접근 제어 프로토콜 상에서의 음성/데이타 통합 시스템을 위한 뉴로 퍼지 제어기 설계)

  • Choi, Won-Seock;Kim, Eung-Ju;Kim, Beom-Soo;Lim, Myo-Taeg
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1990-1992
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    • 2001
  • In this paper, a NeuroFuzzy controller (NFC) with enhanced packet reservation multiple access (PRMA) protocol for QoS-guaranteed multimedia communication systems is proposed. The enhanced PRMA protocol adopts mini-slot technique for reducing contention cost, and these minislot are futher partitioned into multiple MAC regions for access requests coming from users with their respective QoS (quality-of-service) requirements. And NFC is designed to properly determine the MAC regions and access probability for enhancing the PRMA efficiency under QoS constraint. It mainly contains voice traffic estimator including the slot information estimator with recurrent neural networks (RNNs) using real-time recurrent learning (RTRL), and fuzzy logic controller with Mandani- and Sugeno-type of fuzzy rules. Simulation results show that the enhanced PRMA protocol with NFC can guarantee QoS requirements for all traffic loads and further achieves higher system utilization and less non real-time packet delay, compared to previously studied PRMA, IPRMA, SIR, HAR, and F2RAC.

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Performance Enhancement of the Joint CDMA/PRMA Protocol Using Pseudo Bayesian Approach (의사 베이지안 접근법을 이용한 Joint CDMA/PRMA의 성능 향상에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Kyungsoo;Kwangho Kook;Lee, Kangwon;Jiwhan Ahn;Park, Jeongrak
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.49-58
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    • 1999
  • A new channel access function is proposed to enhance the performance of the Joint CDMA/PRMA. It is obtained in consideration of the number of terminals in reservation mode and the number of terminals in contention mode whose probability distribution is estimated by applying pseudo Bayesian approach. Simulation results show that the performance of the Joint CDMA/PRMA can be improved by applying new channel access function under voice-only traffic and mixed voice/random-data traffic.

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Joint CDMA/PRMA의 성능향상 기법에 관한 연구

  • 국광호;이강원;박정우;강석열
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society for Simulation Conference
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    • pp.134-134
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    • 2001
  • 이동통신 망을 통한 멀티미디어 통신의 수요 급증으로, 차세대 이동통신 시스템에서는 패킷 교환에 기초한 망 구조가 사용될 것으로 예측된다. VOD(Voice Activity Detector)를 갖는 음성 단말은 데이터를 발생시키는 talk spurt(평균이 t$_1$인 지수분포를 따름)와 데이터를 발생시키지 않는 silence period(평균이 t$_2$인 지수분포를 따름)의 두가지 상태를 갖는 마코프 체인으로 모델링된다. Goodman at. al.은 음성 단말들이 talk spurt동안만 데이터를 전송하게 함으로써 더 많은 가입자들을 수용할 수 있는 PRMA(Packet Reservation Multiple Access) 기법을 제안되었다. PRMA 방식에서는 시간 축이 슬롯들로 구성되며 여러개의 슬롯들로 프레임이 형성된다. Silence period 상태에 있던 음성 단말은 talk spurt 상태가 되면 talk spurt의 첫 번째 데이터를 하나의 슬롯을 통해 전송하게 된다. 이때 단말들은 각 슬롯에서 데이터를 전송할 수 있는 확률을 나타내는 채널 접근 확률(channel access probability)에 의해 데이터를 전송하게 되며 전송에 성공하면 슬롯을 예약함으로서 다음 프레임부터는 동일한 위치의 슬롯을 통해 데이터들을 전송하게 된다. DS/CDMA(Direct Sequence/code Division Multiple Access)는 이동통신 단말의 수용 용량상의 이점, 소프트 핸드오버 능력, 보다 용이하게 셀 계획을 세울 수 있는 점 등에 의해 차세대 이동통신 망에서 채택될 예정이다. CDMA 시스템은 간섭(interference)에 의해 용량이 제한을 받게 되며, MAI(Multiple Access Interference)가 시스템의 성능에 많은 영향을 미치게 된다. Brand, et. al.은 간섭의 분산을 줄이기 위해 PRMA 개념을 DS/CDMA 환경으로 확장한 Joint CDMA/PRMA 프로토콜을 제안하였다. 이때 각 슬롯에서의 데이터 전송확률을 그 슬롯에서 예약상태에 있는 음성 단말의 수에 의존하게 하는 방식을 사용하였으며 데이터 전송확률을 나타내는 채널 접근 확률들을 시뮬레이션을 통해 유도하였다. 한편 음성 단말에게는 실시간 서비스를 제공해 주어야 하는 대신 데이터 단말에게는 실시간 서비스를 제공해 주지 않아도 되므로, 트래픽이 많을 때에는 음성 단말의 데이터 전송에 우선권을 주는 것이 바람직하다. 이를 위해서 Brand, et. al.은 채널 접근 확률을 각 슬롯의 트래픽 상태에 따라 적응적으로 산출하는 기법을 제안하였다. 본 연구에서는 Joint CDMA/PRMA의 성능이 채널 접근 함수의 효율성에 많이 의존하게 되므로 보다 효율적인 채널 접근 확률을 구하는 방법을 제안한다. 즉 채널 액세스 확률을 각 슬롯에서 예약상태에 있는 음성 단말의 수뿐만 아니라 각 슬롯에서 예약을 하려고 하는 단말의 수에 기초하여 산출하는 방법을 제안하고 이의 성능을 분석하였다. 시뮬레이션에 의해 새로 제안된 채널 허용 확률을 산출하는 방식의 성능을 비교한 결과 기존에 제안된 방법들보다 상당한 성능의 향상을 볼 수 있었다.

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A Study on the Modified PRMA-TDD Method for Media Access in Wireless LANs (무선 LAN에서 매체처리를 위한 변형된 PRMA-TDD 방식에 관한 연구)

  • 서정곤;홍성식;류황빈
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.19 no.7
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    • pp.1244-1255
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    • 1994
  • The wireless-LAN(Local Area Network), which is emerged as a solution to cable problem and increasing requirement for communication network, has a several problem when it transmit information MAN protocol by used wired-LAN`s MAC protocol. Media Access protocol in Wireless-LAN has great effect on system performance and much studies are processing now. The PRMA(Packet Reservation Multiple Aeecss) of reservation method has a disadvantage that the system performance was degraded become of delay time in the reservation step as a resulting of collision. In this paper, using the TDD(Time Division Duplex) method amd modified PRMA method wireless-LAN modelled to overcome disadvantage, that id delay time due to collision in reservation step. The performance evaluation fo the model was done using M/M/1//M process model and this was simulation using SLAM.

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