• Title/Summary/Keyword: Pain reduction

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The Effects of Electrical Therapy and Kinesio Taping on the Grip Strength and Pain in Tennis Elbow Patients (전기치료와 키네시오 테이핑 요법이 테니스 엘보 환자의 통증과 악력에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Kwang jae
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.53-58
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    • 2014
  • Background : The purpose of this study is to identify the level of positive influence on the pain and the gripping power in patients with tennis elbow by comparing the TENS treatment method and the kinesio taping therapy with good accessibility among the kinesio taping therapy and electrical therapy. Methods : Targeting the patients diagnosed with tennis elbow, the subjects were categorized in groups of four, each of electrical therapy group and kinesio tape therapy group where the degree of pain reduction through VAS before and after the treatment of each group and the measurement of the degree of gripping power increase using the gripping power measurement tool as well as the pain reduction changes and gripping power increase before and after the treatment between the two groups were compared. Result : As a result, the electrical therapy group and the kinesio tape group were able to obtain the results of pain reduction and gripping power increase through VAS before and after the treatment, but for all pain reduction and gripping power increase, it had no statistically significant changes(p>.05). In addition, in the changes of pain reduction and changes of gripping power increase before and after the treatment, there were no statistically significant differences between the electrical therapy group and the kinesio tape group(p>.05). Conclusion : Based on the results so far, it is thought that the kinesio taping therapy can positively influence the pain reduction of patients with tennis elbow and increase of gripping power.

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Analysis of Treatment Outcomes for Idiopathic and Secondary Frozen Shoulder with Traditional Korean Medicine : A Retrospective Study (특발성 및 속발성 동결견에 대한 한방복합치료 성과의 후향적 분석)

  • Lee, Ju Hyeon;Suk, Kyung Hwan;Ryu, Soo Hyeong;Lee, Su Yeon;Kim, Hong Guk;Ryoo, Dek Woo;Goo, Bon Hyuk;Kim, Min Jeong;Park, Yeon Cheol;Seo, Byung Kwan;Baek, Yong Hyeon
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.177-186
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : This study was performed to analyze treatment outcomes of idiopathic and secondary frozen shoulder patients with clinical characteristics, as well as percentage of pain reduction, and to find out relevant factors for pain reduction in the frozen shoulders of each patient group. Methods : Data were collected from outpatients who visited the Acupuncture and Moxibustion department and treated with traditional Korean Medical treatments at a Korean Medicine Hospital from June 12, 2006 to June 30, 2015. Patients were divided into two groups; idiopathic and secondary frozen shoulder, based on imaging and medical records. Clinical characteristics (demographic characteristics, disease characteristics, treatment characteristics) and percentage pain reduction were collected. Percentage pain reduction was compared between two groups and relevant factors for pain reduction were analyzed. Results : 78 outpatients'medical records were reviewed. There was no significant difference of clinical characteristics between idiopathic and secondary frozen shoulder patients. In percentage pain reduction, there was no significant difference between the two groups. In the idiopathic frozen shoulder group, patients who had a short duration from the onset had a tendency for less pain (p<0.05). In the secondary frozen shoulder group, patients taking herbal medicine experienced significantly less pain (p<0.05). Conclusions : We could find no significant difference in percentage pain reduction with traditional Korean medicine between idiopathic and secondary frozen shoulder. Duration from the onset could be relevant in percentage pain reduction in idiopathic frozen shoulder, and taking herbal medicine could be relevant in the percentage pain reduction in secondary frozen shoulder.

Effects of Korean Medicine Treatments on Pain Reduction of Postoperative Meniscal Injury Patients : A Retrospective Observational Study (슬관절 반월상 연골 파열 후 수술 환자의 통증 감소에 대한 한의학적 치료 효과: 후향적 관찰연구)

  • Kim, Sang Woo;Oh, Min Seok
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.219-225
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    • 2019
  • The objective of this study is to observe the effectiveness of complex Korean Medicine treatments on pain reduction of patients after meniscal surgery. We analyzed 16 patients who have been diagnosed as Meniscal injury on Magnetic Resonance Imaging(MRI) scan and had admitted to Dunsan Korean Medical hospital from January 30, 2014 to April 30, 2019. The analysis was conducted as retrospective study which analyzes patient's medical records. Statistical analysis was performed using the IBM SPSS statistics 25 program. We used Numeric Rating Scale to evaluate pain reduction, Five-point likert scale to asses treatment satisfaction. The result showed that there were statistically significant pain reduction on the postoperative meniscal injury patients treated with complex Korean Medicine treatments. In conclusion, we found that the complex Korean Medicine treatments showed a positive effect on pain reduction of postoperative meniscal injury patients. Further research is required to confirm the effectiveness of Korean Medicine treatment.

Effects of Korean Medicine Treatments on Pain Reduction of Thoracolumbar Compression Fracture Patients : A Restrospective Observational Study (흉추 및 요추 압박골절 환자의 통증 감소에 대한 한의학적 치료 효과 : 후향적 관찰연구)

  • Oh, Seung Joon;Jo, Dong Chan;Li, Yu Chen;Lee, Eun Jung
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.283-290
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    • 2018
  • The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of Korean medicine treatments on pain reduction of thoracolumbar compression fracture patients. We analysed 48 patients who have been diagnosed as thoracolumbar compression fracture on Computed Tomography(CT) or Magnetic Resonance Imaging(MRI) scan and had admitted to Dunsan Korean Medical hospital from January 1,2014 to April 4, 2017. The analysis was conducted as retrospective study which analyzes patient's medical records. Statistical analysis was performed using the IBM SPSS statistics 24 program. We used Visual Analog Scale(VAS) and pain reduction scale to evaluate pain reduction of patients. The result showed that there were statistically significant pain reduction on thoracolumbar compression fracture patients treated with korean medicine treatments. In conclusion, we found that the korean medicine treatments showed positive effect on pain reduction of thoracolumbar compression fracture patients.

Do corticosteroids reduce postoperative pain following third molar intervention?

  • Sugragan, Chollathit;Sirintawat, Nattapong;Kiattavornchareon, Sirichai;Khoo, Lee Kian;KC, Kumar;Wongsirichat, Natthamet
    • Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.281-291
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    • 2020
  • Background: Corticosteroids have been widely used by oral surgeons for reducing swelling caused by wisdom teeth surgery. However, they have not been proven to decrease pain. This study was aimed at analyzing previous studies pertaining to corticosteroids and pain reduction following wisdom teeth surgery. Methods: The Science Direct, PubMed, and MEDLINE databases were searched for relevant journals according to a systematic search strategy (Patient Intervention Comparison Outcome Study). Randomized controlled trials published in English from 1998 to 2017 were extracted. Results: Twenty-seven articles were included, with a total of 36 comparative cases. Methylprednisolone and dexamethasone were the most commonly used corticosteroids. Intramuscular injections of corticosteroids were optimal for pain reduction, regardless of the time of administration. Conclusions: Corticosteroids can be used as an adjuvant for pain reduction following wisdom teeth surgery. Methylprednisolone and dexamethasone delivered via the intramuscular route is the best method for effective pain reduction. The ideal time for administration of corticosteroids is the preoperative period.

Comparison of the Effect in ROM Increase and Pain Reduction on Stretching During Ultrasound Treatment in Patients With Frozen Shoulder (동결견 환자의 초음파치료 시 신장여부에 따른 관절가동범위 회복과 통증감소 효과 비교)

  • Yang, Hoe-Song
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.129-137
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    • 2003
  • A single subject experimental design (alternating treatment design) was used to compare the effects of only ultrasound and ultrasound combined with stretching of the joint capsule on the ROM increase and pain reduction in patients with frozen shoulder. Two subjects were included in each group. In the only ultrasound treatment sessions, ultrasound was applied at the pain point of the shoulder joint in supine position. In the ultrasound combined with stretching treatment sessions, ultrasound was applied at the pain point of the shoulder joint positioned in external rotation and abduction in sitting position. Only ultrasound treatment and ultrasound combined with stretching treatment were alternately performed on each patient. Pain and disability was measured by shoulder pain and disability index (SPADI), and range of motion (ROM) was measured by scratch test. The results of this study showed that ultrasound combined with stretching treatment were more effective than only ultrasound treatment in ROM increase and pain reduction. However, disability score was not significantly different.

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Pain Reduction Effects of Lidocaine Gel for Urethral Catheterization : A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (요도 카테터 삽입술에서 리도카인 윤활제의 통증 감소 효과 : 체계적 문헌고찰과 메타분석)

  • Hong, Hyun-Jung;Kim, Ga-Eun;Lee, Ha-Nee;Lee, A-Reum
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.438-448
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    • 2017
  • This study was a systematic review and meta-analysis that evaluated the results of research on the pain reduction effects of lidocaine gel for urethral catheterization in adults. A literature search was conducted using seven electronic databases, gray literature and other resources based on the guidelines of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA). A Risk of Bias (RoB) tool was applied to assess the quality of selected studies. Data were analyzed using the RevMan 5.3.-program. Sixteen randomized controlled trials involving 1904 adults were included. RoB was not observed in the funnel plot. Overall, lidocaine gel was effective for pain reduction during urethral catheterization (Standard Mean Difference[SMD] -0.96;95% CI: -1.43, -0.49). To explore the cause of heterogeneity (I2=95%, p<.001), subgroup analysis was conducted according to three catheter types (urinary catheter, flexible cystoscopy, and rigid cystoscopy) and the SMDs were -0.88 (95% CI:-1.51, -0.26), -0.31 (95% CI:-0.63, 0.01), and -1.93 (95% CI:-2.88, -0.97), respectively. A significant pain reduction effect was observed regardless of gender in urinary catheterization. However, in rigid cystoscopy, a significant pain reduction effect was observed only in male subjects. Pain reduction effects were observed when 10~11ml lidocaine gel was used during rigid cystoscopy and when lubrication was used during urinary catheterization, irrespective of application time. These findings suggest that lidocaine gel is a useful anesthetic lubricant for urinary catheterization and rigid cystoscopy in male adults.

Effects of Acupuncture on Acute Musculoskeletal Pain Transferred from Emergency Department: Case Report (응급실에서 전원된 급성기 근골격계 환자의 통증에 미치는 침치료의 효과: 증례보고)

  • Noh, Seung Hee;Kim, Yu Ri;Kim, Kun Hyung;Lee, Chang Hyung;Ryu, Ji Ho;Kim, Jae Kyu;Lee, Byung Ryul;Yang, Gi Young
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.235-246
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to report the effects of acupuncture on the patients with severe acute musculoskeletal pain transferred from emergency department(ED). Methods : Three patients were transferred from ED of western medicine, and treated with Korean medicine treatments composed of acupuncture mainly and cupping, herbal steaming, and herbal decoction additionally. Results : All patients showed pain-reduction and relaxation both physically and mentally immediately after the first acupuncture treatment. In cases 1 and 2, the pain numerical rating scale(NRS) decreased after the day of admission from 8 to 4 and 10 to 2, respectively. In case 3, pain NRS also gradually decreased from 8 to 4 after three days. Conclusion : Acupuncture was effective for immediate pain reduction in patients with severe acute musculoskeletal pain transferred form ED. Further studies are warranted to confirm the immediate pain-reduction effect of acupuncture on acute musculoskeletal patients visiting or transferred from ED.

Correlation between Results of Preoperative Impingement Test and Clinical Outcomes after Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair

  • Park, Sung Bae;Seo, Joong Bae;Ryu, Jee Won;Shin, Yong Eun
    • Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.126-132
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    • 2017
  • Background: The aim of the present study was to determine the correlation between the amount of pain reduction after local anesthetic injection into the subacromial space preoperatively and clinical outcome after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Methods: A total of 127 patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair and followed up at least 1 year were analyzed retrospectively. Preoperatively, a visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain was measured in all patients before and after the ultrasound guided impingement test. The participants were divied into four groups according to pain reduntion ater impingement test (Group A: >75%, Group B: 50%-75%, Group C: 25%-50%, Group D: <25%). VAS for pain, shoulder range of motion, shoulder isometric strength, ASES score were evaluated preoperatively and at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months postoperatively. Results: After surgery, the amount of pain reduction shows significantly at 3, 6 months in Groups A, B as compared to Groups C, D (p<0.05). Among the range of motion of shoulder joint, forward flexion was significantly improved in Group A at 3 months (p<0.05). The ASES score significantly improved at 3, 6 months in Groups A, B as compared to Group C, D (p<0.05). Conclusions: Preoperative degree of pain reduction after impingement test correlates with the improvement of pain after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair, especially in the early phase. Therefore, the impingement test could be effectively used.

The Influence of a Core Stability Exercise Program using Swiss Ball on Muscle Activity and Pain in the Lower Back (스위스 볼을 이용한 등척성, 등장성 운동이 요부 안정화 근육의 근활성도 및 통증에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Myung-Hun;Han, Sang-Wan
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.9-14
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    • 2011
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of a core stability exercise program using Swiss Ball on muscle activity, muscle thickness, maximum muscular strength, and pain in the trunk region during a 6-weeks program involving participants who have lower back pain. Methods : A total of 21 males between the ages of 20 and 33 years old were divided into 3 Swiss Ball exercise groups. Group 1 performed isometric exercises, group 2 performed isotonic exercises, and group 3 performed mixed exercises. Measurements were taken prior to starting the exercise program and after completing the program at the 6-week period using ME6000 to measure muscle activity and VAS to measure pain reduction. Comparisons were made using a paired t-test and ANOVA on SPSS 10.0. Results : There was a statistically significant effect in muscle activity for group 1 and group 3. Secondly, there was a statistically significant effect in pain reduction for group 1, group 2, and group 3. Conclusion : We found that isometric exercises performed by group 1 were effective in improving muscle activity and pain reduction.