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Characteristics of the Oropharyngeal Swallowing Impairment in Stroke Patient using the Modified Barium Swallowing Impairment Profile (MBSImP에 따른 뇌졸중 환자의 삼킴 장애 양상 분석)

  • Im, Ikjae
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.36-44
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    • 2019
  • Swallowing impairment is a frequent complication following stroke. The characteristics of swallowing impairment with stork patient can facilitate identification of individuals at risk of dysphagia would be of great helpful. The present study examined oropharyngeal swallowing impairment with subacute stroke patients using the Modified Barium Swallowing Impairment Profile(MBSImP). The 49 consecutive patients with the supratentorial stroke met inclusion criteria for the present study. A retrospective review was performed of patients who underwent the videofluoroscopic swallowing study(VFSS). Of Stroke patients, 95.9% exhibited abnormal function of lip closure. 98% and 57.1 % shown abnormal tongue function and lingual motion, respectively. Oral residue was present in 51% and delayed pharyngeal response was present in 89.9%. In addition, abnormal laryngeal and hyoid excursion was seen in 42.9% and 87.8%, respectively. Abnormal function of soft palate elevation was present in 18.4% and abnormal epiglottic movement was seen in 4.1%. 30.6% of 30.6% of these patients exhibited abnormal laryngeal closure. All of the stroke patients(100%) in this study exhibited abnormal pharyngeal stripping wave and pharyngoesophageal segment opening. Abnormal tongue base retraction and oral reside were present 91.8%, respectively. The results suggest that stroke patient is more likely to exhibit reduced swallowing functions including lip closure, tongue control, initiation of pharyngeal swallow, anterior hyoid motion, tongue base retraction, pharyngeal residue and pharyngoesophageal contraction. Therefore, these data could provide valid and precise information regarding physiological evidence to delineate symptoms of dysphagia in this stroke cohort. Future studies should explore the bolus effect in the swallowing impairment.

DENTAL TREATMENT OF A PATIENT WITH PIERRE ROBIN SEQUENCE UNDER GENERAL ANESTHESIA: A CASE REPORT (Pierre Robin Sequence 환아의 전신마취 하 치과 치료 증례 보고)

  • Rhee, Sophia;Song, Ji Soo;Shin, Teo Jeon;Kim, Young-Jae;Kim, Jung-Wook;Jang, Ki-Taeg;Lee, Sang-Hoon;Hyun, Hong-Keun
    • The Journal of Korea Assosiation for Disability and Oral Health
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.55-59
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    • 2019
  • Pierre Robin sequence(PRS) is characterized by a triad of clinical signs: micrognathia, glossoptosis and cleft palate. These anatomical deformities of PRS predispose patients to respiratory problems and feeding difficulties at birth. Maintaining oral hygiene and enduring dental treatment are complicated by their general conditions of PRS patients. We present a case of dental treatment of PRS patient under general anesthesia. A 3-year-old boy with PRS visited Seoul National University Dental Hospital for caries treatment. Clinical and radiographic examinations revealed multiple carious lesions. Considering the patient's medical condition and compliance of treatment, dental treatment under general anesthesia was decided. Despite expected challenges of managing the airway of the patient, intubation was performed successfully. The patient was treated with pulp treatments and restorations using composite resin and stainless steel crowns. No complications were observed during and after the procedure.

A useful additional medial subbrow approach for the treatment of medial orbital wall fracture with subciliary technique

  • Kim, Seung Min;Kim, Cheol Keun;Jo, Dong In;Lee, Myung Chul;Kim, Ji Nam;Choi, Hyun Gon;Shin, Dong Hyeok;Kim, Soon Heum
    • Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.101-108
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    • 2019
  • Background: To date, a variety of surgical approaches have been used to reconstruct the medial orbital wall fracture. Still however, there is still a controversy as to their applicability because of postoperative scars, injury of anatomical structures and limited visual fields. The purpose of this study was to introduce a useful additional medial subbrow approach for better reduction and securement more accurate implant pocket of medial orbital wall fracture with the subciliary technique. Methods: We had performed our technique for a total of 14 patients with medial orbital wall fracture at our medical institution between January 2016 and July 2017. All fractures were operated through subciliary technique combined with the additional medial subbrow approach. They underwent subciliary approach accompanied by medial wall dissection using a Louisville elevator through the slit incision of the medial subbrow procedure. This facilitated visualization of the medial wall fracture site and helped to ensure a more accurate pocket for implant insertion. Results: Postoperative outcomes showed sufficient coverage without displacement. Twelve cases of preoperative diplopia improved to two cases of postoperative diplopia. More than 2 mm enophthalmos was 14 cases preoperatively, improving to 0 case postoperatively. Without damage such as major vessels or extraocular muscles, enophthalmos was corrected and there was no restriction of eyeball motion. Conclusion: Our ancillary procedure was useful in dissecting the medial wall, and it was a safe method as to cause no significant complications in our clinical series. Also, there is an only nonvisible postoperative scar. Therefore, it is a recommendable surgical modality for medial orbital wall fracture.

Free gingival graft in combination with apically positioned flap for establishment of keratinized gingiva around the implants: Report of two cases (근단변위판막술과 함께 유리치은이식술을 사용하여 임플란트 주변 각화치은을 증대시킨 2건의 증례 보고)

  • Baek, Won-Sun;Cha, Jae Kook;Lee, Jae-Hong;Lee, Jung-Seok;Jung, Ui-Won
    • The Journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.54 no.4
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    • pp.296-305
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    • 2016
  • Narrow zone of attached gingiva and shallow vestibule around the implants might contribute to difficulty of cleasing, periimplant mucositis caused by incomplete cleansing and further peri-implantitis. The aim of this case report is to present modification of soft tissue biotype around the implants by free gingival grafts according to timing of surgical intervention and shape of free gingiva. A 44 year-old male patient had a missing area on lower right second molar area with 1 to 2 mm of narrow attached gingiva zone and wanted to be treated by implant placement. In radiographic analysis, there was enough alveolar bone to install an implant, free gingiva from hard palate was grafted following implant placement using double layer flap. The width of attached gingival was increased to 4 to 5mm and well maintained during 5 months of follow up. A 69 year-old female patient also had a missing area on lower right first and second molar area with 1 to 2 mm narrow attached gingiva. Since she had systematically angina pectoris and dental phobia, minimal invasive free gingival graft after implants placement was planned. After 2 months of implant surgery, free gingival graft surgery was performed with healing abutments connection. The grafted gingiva was composed of two strip shaped free gingiva, and they were immobilized by periodontal pack. The width of attached gingival was increased to 4 to 5mm and well maintained during 10 months of follow up. With prosthesis delivery, the patients recovered ideal periodontal environment around implants and masticatory function. In conclusion, periodontal health and masticatory function could be achieved through implant placement and free gingival graft.

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Prosthetic treatment for Down's syndrome patient with dental cross bite problem using maxillary double crown denture (교차교합을 가진 다운증후군 환자의 상악 이중관 의치를 이용한 수복 증례)

  • Doh, Seok-Joo;Cho, Jin-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.57 no.1
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    • pp.81-87
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    • 2019
  • Patients with Down's syndrome have several dental complications such as small teeth caused by underdevelopment of dentin and enamel, periodontitis, agenesis of teeth, prolonged retention of primary teeth and malocclusion due to narrow palate. Removable denture with maxillary double crowns would be a good treatment option to solve the problems of the patient with Down's syndrome. Double crowns compensate the insufficient support and retention of denture and easily solve the cross bite problem. Double crowns also allow easy repair of denture in case of abutment teeth extraction. In this case, 26-year-old female patient with Down's syndrome and dental phobia had small number of teeth with enamel hypoplasia, prolonged retention of primary teeth and dental cross bite. Prosthetic treatment was done using removable denture with double crowns in the maxilla. In the mandible, teeth preparation was done on enamel margin without anesthesia. Anterior laminate and posterior complete zirconia crown restorations were performed. As a result, the cross bite was effectively corrected by denture with double crowns. Pronunciation and appearance were also improved without extraction of teeth and dental anesthesia.

DENTAL TREATMENT OF A PATIENT WITH CATCH22 SYNDROME UNDER GENERAL ANESTHESIA: A CASE REPORT (CATCH22 syndrome 환아의 전신마취 하 치아우식 치료: 증례보고)

  • Kim, Min Jin;Song, Ji-Soo;Shin, Teo Jeon;Kim, Young-Jae;Kim, Jung-Wook;Jang, Ki-Taeg;Lee, Sang-Hoon;Hyun, Hong-Keun
    • The Journal of Korea Assosiation for Disability and Oral Health
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.36-40
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    • 2018
  • CATCH22 syndrome or DiGeorge syndrome is a medical acronym of cardiac defects, abnormal facial appearances, thymic hypoplasia, cleft palate, and hypocalcemia. Patients with CATCH22 syndrome are susceptible to infection due to an absent or hypoplastic thymus and often have difficulties in maintaining good oral hygiene, which may require dental treatment. We present a case of dental treatment for the uncooperative child with CATCH22 syndrome under general anesthesia. A 4-year-old, 14.8 kg boy with CATCH22 syndrome visited Seoul National University Dental Hospital for dental check up. The patient had multiple caries requiring dental treatment. He experienced the corrective heart surgery due to Tetralogy of Fallot a few years ago. General anesthesia was planned because his heart rate and vital sign had shown unstable during the previous conscious sedation procedure. Dental restorative treatments were successfully performed and no complications were observed during and after the procedure. Safe and effective dental management of the patients with CATCH22 syndrome could be performed with the help of general anesthesia and careful monitoring.

Effects of a Tongue Self-Resistance Exercise on the Swallowing Function of Patients With Stroke: Case Report (자발적 혀 저항 운동이 뇌졸중 환자의 삼킴기능에 미치는 효과: 사례연구)

  • Nam, Kyung-Wan
    • Therapeutic Science for Rehabilitation
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.43-55
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    • 2018
  • Objective: This study aims to discover how tongue self-resistance exercise affects the swallowing function of patients with stroke. Method: The subjects of this study were two patients who were treated at the Y hospital in Gyeonggido. Data were gathered by VFSS regarding the degree of swallowing disability and oral intake before and after intervention. This study analyzed case studies of two patients. One patient's intervention was applied in September 2012 for three weeks. The other's intervention was applied in February 2014 for three weeks. At the first session, the VFSS examination was administered. Then, intervention began after the patients gave their consent for participation. Each session was practiced 10 times per set, but one session had 3 sets. Intervention frequency consisted of five sessions per week, and it was conducted for three weeks. Tongue self-resistance exercise included tongue protrusion, tongue lateralization, and tongue elevation on the hard palate. Results: The first tongue self-resistance exercise had a positive effect on swallowing function because of the decrease in VFS score. The second tongue self-resistance exercise showed improved oral intake based on FOIS scores. Conclusion: This study's results suggest that there are many benefits of tongue self-resistance exercise on the swallowing function when it is applied to patients with stroke.

Removable prosthetic rehabilitation in patient with maxillofacial defects caused by gunshot: A case report (총상으로 인한 악안면 결손을 가진 환자에 대한 가철성 보철물 수복증례)

  • Lee, Donggyu;Kang, Jeongkyung
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.55 no.2
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    • pp.198-204
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    • 2017
  • Maxillofacial defect comes from congenital defect, trauma and surgical resection. Patients with intraoral defect are commonly related to maxillary defect and they need prosthetic rehabilitation. Functional reconstruction of partially edentulous mandible has many limitations. However, if both condyles are intact, maxillofacial prosthesis using partial denture give competent results. In this case, a patient of 58 year-old male has a defect on palate and left mandibular posterior teeth from gunshot. The maxillary defect of this patient is Class IV according to Aramany classification and the mandibular one is Type V according to Cantor and Curtis classification. For retention of the obturator, remaining teeth are fully utilized and artificial teeth are arranged harmoniously to provide stable occlusion. Mandibular RPD covered limited range of deformed soft tissue derived from mandibular resection surgery. With these treatments, the patient in this case showed improvements in mastication, swallowing and speech.

Prosthetic rehabilitation of a patient with tongue cancer using palatal augmentation prosthesis and mandibular implant-retained overdenture: A case report (구개 증대 보철물과 임플란트 피개의치를 이용한 설암 환자의 보철수복 증례)

  • Kim, Ye-Jin;Lee, Young-Hoon;Ko, Kyung-Ho;Park, Chan-Jin;Cho, Lee-Ra;Huh, Yoon-Hyuk
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.56 no.4
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    • pp.317-322
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    • 2018
  • The tongue, especially its lateral part, is the most common site of oral tumors. Patients who undergo glossectomy for the treatment of tongue cancer may experience difficulty in proper functioning for pronunciation, chewing, swallowing, and oral hygiene maintenance; therefore, a palatal augmentation prosthesis can be used to restore function of the tongue. In this case, an implant overdenture was used in a patient who had residual ridge resorption and obliteration of alveololingual sulcus after undergoing glossectomy for tongue cancer treatment. In addition, a palatal augmentation prosthesis with a metal framework, support, and retention part was fabricated. The palatal vault was reduced, so that even with limited tongue movement, adequate tongue-palate contact could be achieved. After placement of the definitive prostheses, the patient showed improvement in the functions of chewing, swallowing, and pronunciation.

Complex oncologic resection and reconstruction of the scalp: Predictors of morbidity and mortality

  • Tecce, Michael G.;Othman, Sammy;Mauch, Jaclyn T.;Nathan, Shelby;Tilahun, Estifanos;Broach, Robyn B.;Azoury, Said C.;Kovach, Stephen J.
    • Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.229-236
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    • 2020
  • Background: Oncologic resection of the scalp confers several obstacles to the reconstructive surgeon dependent upon patient-specific and wound-specific factors. We aim to describe our experiences with various reconstructive methods, and delineate risk factors for coverage failure and complications in the setting of scalp reconstruction. Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted, examining patients who underwent resection of fungating scalp tumors with subsequent soft-tissue reconstruction from 2003 to 2019. Patient demographics, wound and oncologic characteristics, treatment modalities, and outcomes were recorded and analyzed. Results: A total of 189 patients were appropriate for inclusion, undergoing a range of reconstructive methods from skin grafting to free flaps. Thirty-three patients (17.5%) underwent preoperative radiation. In all, 48 patients (25.4%) suffered wound site complications, 25 (13.2%) underwent reoperation, and 47 (24.9%) suffered from mortality. Preoperative radiation therapy was an independent risk factor for wound complications (odds ratio [OR], 2.85; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1-7.3; p=0.028) and reoperations (OR, 4.45; 95% CI, 1.5-13.2; p=0.007). Similarly, the presence of an underlying titanium mesh was an independent predictor of wound complications (OR, 2.49; 95% CI, 1.1-5.6; p=0.029) and reoperations (OR, 3.40; 95% CI, 1.2-9.7; p=0.020). Both immunosuppressed status (OR, 2.88; 95% CI, 1.2-7.1; p=0.021) and preoperative radiation therapy (OR, 3.34; 95% CI, 1.2-9.7; p=0.022) were risk factors for mortality. Conclusion: Both preoperative radiation and the presence of underlying titanium mesh are independent risk factors for wound site complications and increased reoperation rates following oncologic resection and reconstruction of the scalp. Additionally, preoperative radiation, along with an immunosuppressed state, may predict patient mortality following scalp resection and reconstruction.