• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Palate

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외과적 수술을 받은 선천성 구순 구개열자의 두개 안면 형태에 관한 연구 (A STUDY ON THE CRANIOFACIAL MORPHOLOGY OF OPERATED CONGENITAL CLEFT LIP & PALATE)

  • 도송희;손병화
    • 대한치과교정학회지
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.543-564
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    • 1993
  • A cephalometric study was undertaken to reveal significant differences of craniofacial morphology of operated congenital cleft lip and palate subjects and control subjects. The material for this study consisted of 73 subjects with operated congenital cleft lip and palate subjects(53 males, 20 females) and 110 control subjects (7 males, 34 females) ranging from 3 to 14 years old. Each group was divided into four age groups (3-5, 6-8, 9-11, 12-14 year) and analyzed by Cohen's method and Burstone's method. The following conclusions were obtained ; 1. In Wit's appraisal, there was no difference the cleft lip and palate subjects and the control subjects. 2. In the cleft lip and palate subjects, they had smaller and more retrusive maxilla than the control subjects in both sexes. 3. In the cleft lip and palate subjects, they had more retrusive mandible than the control subjects in both sexes. 4. In the cleft lip and palate subjects, they had more concave profile than the control subjects.

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구개파열 아동의 음음변동에 관한 연구 (Phonological Process of Children with Cleft Palate)

  • 최재남;성수진;남도현;최홍식
    • 대한후두음성언어의학회지
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.49-52
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    • 2005
  • Background and Objectives : Children with cleft palate children may be imparied in articulation and resonance. This study examined the phonological process usage of 3-, 4- and 5- year old children with cleft palate. Materials and Method : Twenty seven children with cleft palat participated 3-, 4- and 5-year old children with cleft palate. The authors performed speech evaluation using picture consonants test for children with cleft palate. Percentage of consonants correct(PCC), mean value of each phoneme depends on articulation site and manner were evaluated. Results : In place of articulation, ommission of velar consonants were the most frequent. In manner of articulation, ommission of nasal consonants were the most frequent. Backing, glottal stop, was the most prominent phonological process children with cleft palate. Conclusion : These results may indicate that articulation disorder with cleft palate. and other articulation disorders differences should be considered in the interpretation of speech evaluations.

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Soft Palate Reconstruction Using Bilateral Palatal Mucomuscular Flap and Pharyngeal Flap after Resection of Squamous Cell Carcinoma

  • Kim, Jun Sik;Jo, Hyeon Jong;Kim, Nam Gyun;Lee, Kyung Suk
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.655-658
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    • 2012
  • Squamous cell carcinoma infrequently occurs at the soft palate. Although various methods can be used for reconstruction of soft palate defects that occur after resecting squamous cell carcinoma, it is difficult to obtain satisfactory results from the perspective of the functional restoration of the soft palate. A combination of bilateral palatal mucomuscular flap for the oral side and superiorly based posterior pharyngeal flap for the nasal side were performed on two patients who were diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma of the soft palate in order to reconstruct the soft palate defects after surgical resection. After surgery, the patients were followed-up for a mean period of 11 months. The flaps were well maintained in both patients. The donor site defects were epithelialized and completely recovered. Additionally, no recurrence of the primary sites was shown. Slight hyponasality was observed in the voice assessments that were conducted 6 months after surgery. No food regurgitation or aspiration was observed in the swallowing tests. We used a combination of bilateral palatal mucomuscular flap and superiorly based posterior pharyngeal flap to reconstruct the soft palate defects that occurred after resecting the squamous cell carcinomas. We reduced the donor site complications and achieved functionally satisfactory outcomes.

순열 및 구개열 환자의 외과적 치료방법에 관한 임상적 연구 (CLINICAL STUDY OF SURGICAL TREATMENTS ON CLEFT LIP AND CLEFT PALATE)

  • 신병철;이동근;성길현
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.529-545
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    • 1996
  • In order to find the distribution, causes and treatments of cleft lip and/or palate, I analyzed 113 patients of cleft lip and/or palate who were treated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Chunbuk, KOREA from September 1984 to August 1995. The obtained results were as follows. 1. In total 113 patients of cleft lip and/or palate, male patients were 63 cases (56%) and female patients were 50 cases (44%). 2. In distribution of cleft lip and/or palate, cleft lip patients were 30 cases (27%), cleft palate patient were 23 cases (20%) and cleft lip and palate patients were 60 cases (53%). 3. Unilateral cleft lip patients (78 cases: 87%) were larger than bilateral cleft lip. In unilateral cleft lip patients, lip side cleft lip patients (45 cases: 50%) were larger than right side cleft lip patients (33 cases: 37%). 4. Possible causes of cleft lip and/or palate were related with familial tendency, drug intoxication, malnutrition, old maternal age, stress and hypoxia during 4-8 weeks of pregnancy period. 5. The favorite treated method of cleft lip was Millard rotation-advancement method. Probably the most popular operated period was 3 months. 6. The useful operating technique of cleft palate was Wardill V-Y flap method. The most popular period has been 18 to 24 months. 7. In 11 patients with velopharyngeal insufficiency, hypernasality decreased by superior based pharyngeal flap pharyngoplasty. 8. Cleft alveolus was treated with autogenous and allogeneic bone graft. The most appropriate operation period was 9 to 11 years.

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비음측정기를 사용한 구개열 언어의 평가 및 치료 (Assessment and Treatment of the Cleft Palate Speech Disorder by Use of the Nasometer)

  • 신효근;임대호;황상준;김동칠;김현기
    • 대한구순구개열학회지
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2008
  • In cleft palate patient, characteristic of speech disorder is the resonance disorder result from velopharyngeal incompetence. Clinically VPI caused by congenital factor as congenital palatal incompetence, submucosal cleft palate, and caused by acquired factor as CNS damage, tumor, palatal palsy. The clinicians more concerned about the speech disorders after cleft palate surgery rather than language pathologist. The resonance disorder devided for hypernasality, hyponasality and nasal emission, but as a rule, hypernasality is typical phenomenon of the resonance disorder. Traditionally clinicians and language pathologists evaluated four-stage or five-stage of hypernasality by subjective assessment. Although language pathologist is well-trained, results of the language level should be different. In late 1980s, Kay Elemetrics Corp. developed nasometer that objective nasalance identified with well-trained language pathologist and originate from nasometer Tonar I and II were developed by Fletcher. Therefore objective nasalance test was possible, the nasometer used in hospital, collage and speech clinic both and home and abroad. Standardization of the cleft palate speech assessment must be settled without delay because of different character result in different language and different assessment results by dialect in same language. In our study, we provide the data base for the standardization of cleft palate speech assessment which through report of objective assessment method, speech therapy effects and problems result in interdisciplinary teamwork by nasometer use in treatment of cleft palate patient.

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편측성 구순구개열 환자에 있어 구순성형술과 동반한 서골피판법 (Simultaneous Repair of Unilateral Cleft Lip and Hard Palate with Vomer Flap)

  • 한윤식;이호;서병무
    • 대한구순구개열학회지
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.77-84
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    • 2010
  • Vomer flap is used to repair anterior hard palate in complete cleft lip and palate patients. As the midline structure located in between the two cleft segments of hard palate, the vomer flap is very useful because of its vicinity to cleft site and their ease of execution when it is done with primary cheiloplasty simultaneously. In addition, the quality of tissue is very similar to that of the nasal mucosa with good vascularity. In cases of simultaneous repair of cleft lip with anterior palate using vomer flap, the hard palate can be repaired at the same time with primary cheiloplasty which is earlier period than other techniques. With simultaneous close of cleft lip and cleft hard palate by vomer flap, subsequent palatoplasty does not require wide dissection, and consequently chance of oronasal fistula formation will be minimized. Additionally, surgical time will be reduced and, the harmful effects on mid-facial growth will be diminished. In this article, we will introduce the comprehensive vomer flap technique with primary lip closure and review the comparative studies of the outcome of simultaneous repair of cleft lip and cleft hard palate with vomer flap.

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Correlation of morphological variants of the soft palate and Need's ratio in normal individuals: A digital cephalometric study

  • Verma, Pradhuman;Verma, Kanika Gupta;Kumaraswam, Kikkeri Lakshminarayana;Basavaraju, Suman;Sachdeva, Suresh K.;Juneja, Suruchi
    • Imaging Science in Dentistry
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.193-198
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The present study was aimed to investigate the variation of soft palate morphology in different age and gender groups. The correlations of radiographic velar length (VL), velar width (VW), pharyngeal depth (PD), and Need's ratio with soft palate variants were also studied in the North Indian subpopulation. Materials and Methods: The study sample consisted of 300 subjects aged between 15 and 45 (mean: 31.32) years. The velar morphology on lateral cephalograms was examined and grouped into six types. The results obtained were subjected to a statistical analysis to find the correlation between variants of the soft palate with gender and different age groups. Results: The most frequent type of soft palate was leaf shaped (48.7%), and the least common was crook shaped (3.0%) among both the genders and various age groups, showing a significant correlation. The mean VL, VW, and PD values were significantly higher in males and significantly correlated with the types of soft palate. A significant correlation was observed between the mean VL, VW, PD, and Need's ratio with various age groups, showing an inconsistent pattern with an increase in age. The types of soft palate, gender, and Need's ratio were also significantly correlated, with an overall higher mean value of the Need's ratio among female subjects and the S-shaped soft palate. Conclusion: The knowledge of a varied spectrum of velar morphology and the variants of the soft palate help in a better understanding of the velopharyngeal closure and craniofacial anomalies.

Early outcomes of cleft and palatal width following anterior palate repair (vomerine flap) in infants with wide cleft lip and palate

  • Saad, Arman Zaharil Mat;Chai, Koh Siang;Sulaiman, Wan Azman Wan;Johar, Siti Fatimah Noor Mat;Halim, Ahmad Sukari
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.518-524
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    • 2019
  • Background Anterior palatal repair performed during cleft lip repair using a vomerine flap may assist in recruiting additional soft tissue for subsequent completion of palatoplasty, especially in patients with a wide cleft. We present our early results in the hope of triggering a re-evaluation of this technique regarding its advantages for maxillary growth through further studies of patients with a wide cleft. Methods A retrospective analysis of patients with complete unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate was performed, including cleft and palatal measurements taken during initial surgery (lip repair together with anterior palate repair) and upon completion of palatoplasty. Results In total, 14 patients were included in this study, of whom nine (63.3%) had unilateral cleft lip and palate and five (37.5%) had bilateral cleft. All patients had a wide cleft palate. Lip and anterior palate repair was done at a median age of 3 months, while completion of palatoplasty was done at a median age of 10.5 months. Measurements taken upon completion of palatoplasty showed significant cleft width reduction in the mid-palate and intertubercle regions; however, the palatal arch distances at nearby landmarks showed non-significant marginal changes. Conclusions Anterior palate repair using a vomerine flap significantly reduced the remaining cleft width, while the palatal width remained. Further research is warranted to explore the long-term effects of this technique in wide cleft patients in terms of facial growth.