• Title, Summary, Keyword: Palate

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Simultaneous Repair of Unilateral Cleft Lip and Hard Palate with Vomer Flap : a Case Report (편측성 구순구개열 환자에 있어 구순성형술과 동반한 서골피판법 치험례)

  • Park, Hyong-Wook;Song, In-Seok;Kim, Eu-Gene;Kim, Soo-Ho;Cheon, Kang-Yong;Seo, Byoung-Moo
    • Korean Journal of Cleft Lip And Palate
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.61-68
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    • 2012
  • Cleft lip and palate is the most common congenital facial malformation and has a significant developmental, physical, and psychological impact on those with the deformity and their families. When treating the patients with unilateral cleft lip, many surgeons adopt the rotation advancement flap method originally developed by Millard, or the triangular flap technique developed by Tennison, Randall or the modifications of these techniques. Among these, Millard's rotation advancement flap method has its advantage in designing the flap using the patient's anatomic landmarks. For performing this rotation advancement technique, skillful operation is needed to obtain esthetically satisfactory results. Vomer flap sometimes is used to repair anterior hard palate in complete cleft lip and palate patients. Vomerine tissue is readily available in the vicinity of the palatal defect and elevation of the vomerine flap is relatively simple procedure. In this article, we will introduce the comprehensive vomer flap technique conjunction with primary lip closure and review the comparative studies of the outcome of simultaneous repair of cleft lip and cleft hard palate with Millard's rotation advancement method and vomer flap.

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Relapse after Treatment of Maxillary Hypoplasia with Cleft Lip and Palate by Rigid External Distraction System (Rigid External Distraction System을 이용한 구순구개열 상악열성장의 치료 후 회귀현상)

  • Do, Hyoung-Sik;Song, Young-Il;Jang, Hwan-Yong;Lee, Jin-Yong;Jang, Hyun-Seok;Rim, Jae-Suk;Kwon, Jong-Jin;Lee, Eui-Seok
    • Korean Journal of Cleft Lip And Palate
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 2013
  • Distraction osteogenesis is useful treatment which the gradual separation of cut bone edges results in the generation of new bone. It is effective treatment for correcting maxillofacial deformities. Patients with cleft lip and palate usually have maxillary hypoplasia due to scarring of lip and palate. To correct these deformities, we chose to use a 2-jaw orthognathic surgery or distraction osteogenesis. But despite improvements in surgical techniques for maxillofacial deformities, postoperative stability still leaves the question of when relapse may occur. This case report describes the Relapse after treatment of maxillary hypoplasia with cleft lip and palate by Rigid External distraction system over a 2-year treatment and follow-up period. In addition, we reviewed related articles about the influence of the occlusal stability on postoperative stability in patients with cleft lip and palate correction with Distraction osteogenesis.

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Palatal obturator restoration of a cleft palate patient with velopharyngeal insufficiency: a clinical report (구개인두 기능부전을 갖는 구개열 환자에서 폐쇄장치를 이용한 보철 치료 증례)

  • Heo, Yu-Ri;Kim, Jong-Wook;Lee, Gyeong-Je;Chung, Chae-Heon
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.353-360
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    • 2013
  • Cleft lip and palate is congenital deformity in oral and maxillofacial area. Normal soft palate has velopharyngeal closure action by connecting oral cavity and nasal cavity at rest and moving upward at swallowing and specific pronunciation. Cleft palate patients with velopharyngeal insufficiency have difficulty in mastication, swallowing and pronunciation because velopharyngeal closure is incomplete. At this time, a prosthetic device used to cover palate defects is called a palatal obturator. A palatal obturator separates oral cavity and nasal cavity and recovers pronunciation, mastication, swallowing and esthetic function. The purpose of this case study is to report the results because it reaches a satisfactory result in functional and esthetic aspects through functional impression procedures using modeling compound and tissue conditioner for restoration of a cleft palate patient with velopharyngeal insufficiency.

A Study on the Change of the Palatal Length after Palatoplasty

  • Ryu Sun-Youl;Kim Sun-Kook;Kim Tae-Hee;Hwang Ung;Kook Min-Suk;Han Chang-Hun
    • Korean Journal of Cleft Lip And Palate
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 2004
  • The present study was carried out to investigate the change of the palatal length after palatoplasty in congenital cleft palate. With the data from one hundred and twelve patients with cleft palate who had been treated at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of Chonnam University Hospital over a period of 10 years(April 1995 to April 2004). The epidemiological characteristics, the method of palate repair, the postoperative complications and the extent of palatal lengthening were investigated and analyzed statistically. Incomplete cleft palate occurs more frequently than complete cleft palate. Male were affected 2.1 times more than female in complete cleft palate, and female were affected 1.2 times more than male in incomplete cleft palate. Dorrance method and Wardill V-Y method were frequently used in repair of incomplete cleft palate. Wardill V-Y method, Furlow double opposing Z-plasty, two flap method, and Perko method were widely used in repair of complete cleft palate. The extent of palatal lengthening was greater in the incomplete cleft palate group(5.84 mm) than in the complete cleft palate group(4.71 mm), and in the Furlow double opposing Z-plasty group(5.70 mm) than in the push back palatoplasty group(5.33 mm). But no significant difference was noted. Palatal fistula and wound dehiscence were popular postoperative complications in cleft palate. These results indicate that the extent of palatal lengthening, which contributing to speech function, is a range of 3.5% to 24.0%(average 10.8%) after palatoplasty in cleft palate patients.

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