• Title, Summary, Keyword: Parameter

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An Approximation Theorem for Two-Parameter Wiener Process

  • Kim, Yoon-Tae
    • Journal of the Korean Statistical Society
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.75-88
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    • 1997
  • In this paper, a two-parameter version of Ikeda-Watanabe's mollifiers approximation of the Brownian motion is considered, and an approximation theorem corresponding to the one parameter case is proved. Using this approximation, we formulate Wong-Zakai type theorem is a Stochastic Differential Equation (SDE) driven by a two-parameter Wiener process.

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Catchment Responses in Time and Space to Parameter Uncertainty in Distributed Rainfall-Runoff Modeling (분포형 강우-유출 모형의 매개변수 불확실성에 대한 시.공간적 유역 응답)

  • Lee, Gi-Ha;Takara, Kaoru;Tachikawa, Yasuto;Sayama, Takahiro
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.2215-2219
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    • 2009
  • For model calibration in rainfall-runoff modeling, streamflow data at a specific outlet is obviously required but is not sufficient to identify parameters of a model since numerous parameter combinations can result in very similar model performance measures (i.e. objective functions) and indistinguishable simulated hydrographs. This phenomenon has been called 'equifinality' due to inherent parameter uncertainty involved in rainfall-runoff modeling. This study aims to investigate catchment responses in time and space to various uncertain parameter sets in distributed rainfall-runoff modeling. Seven plausible (or behavioral) parameter sets, which guarantee identically-good model performances, were sampled using deterministic and stochastic optimization methods entitled SCE and SCEM, respectively. Then, we applied them to a computational tracer method linked with a distributed rainfall-runoff model in order to trace and visualize potential origins of streamflow at a catchment outlet. The results showed that all hydrograph simulations based on the plausible parameter sets were performed equally well while internal catchment responses to them showed totally different aspects; different parameter values led to different distributions with respect to the streamflow origins in space and time despite identical simulated hydrographs. Additional information provided by the computational tracer method may be utilized as a complementary constraint for filtering out non-physical parameter set(s) (or reducing parameter uncertainty) in distributed rainfall-runoff modeling.

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Evaluation of Multi-criteria Performances of the TOPMODEL Simulations in a Small Forest Catchment based on the Concept of Equifinality of the Multiple Parameter Sets

  • Choi, Hyung Tae;Kim, Kyongha;Jun, Jae-Hong;Yoo, Jae-Yun;Jeong, Yong-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.95 no.5
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    • pp.569-579
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    • 2006
  • This study focuses on the application of multi-criteria performance measures based on the concept of equifinality to the calibration of the rainfall-runoff model TOPMODEL in a small deciduous forest catchment. The performance of each parameter set was evaluated by six performance measures, individually, and each set was identified as a behavioral or non-behavioral parameter set by a given behavioral acceptance threshold. Many behavioral parameter sets were scattered throughout the parameter space, and the range of model behavior and the sensitivity for each parameter varied considerably between the different performance measures. Sensitivity was very high in some parameters, and varied depending on the kind of performance measure as well. Compatibilities of behavioral parameter sets between different performance measures also varied, and very few parameter sets were selected to be used in making god predictions for all performance measures. Since different behavioral parameter sets with different likelihood weights were obtained for each performance measure, the decision on which performance measure to be used may be very important to achieve the goal of study. Therefore, one or more suitable performance measures should be selected depending on the environment and the goal of a study, and this may lead to decrease model uncertainty.

AMLEs for Rayleigh Distribution Based on Progressive Type-II Censored Data

  • Seo, Eun-Hyung;Kang, Suk-Bok
    • Communications for Statistical Applications and Methods
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.329-344
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    • 2007
  • In this paper, we shall propose the AMLEs of the scale parameter and the location parameter in the two-parameter Rayleigh distribution based on progressive Type-II censored samples when one parameter is known. We also propose the AMLEs of the two parameters in the Rayleigh distribution based on progressive Type-II censored samples when two parameters are unknown. We simulate the mean squared errors of the proposed estimators through Monte Carlo simulation for various censoring schemes.

Voice Activity Detection with Run-Ratio Parameter Derived from Runs Test Statistic

  • Oh, Kwang-Cheol
    • Speech Sciences
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.95-105
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    • 2003
  • This paper describes a new parameter for voice activity detection which serves as a front-end part for automatic speech recognition systems. The new parameter called run-ratio is derived from the runs test statistic which is used in the statistical test for randomness of a given sequence. The run-ratio parameter has the property that the values of the parameter for the random sequence are about 1. To apply the run-ratio parameter into the voice activity detection method, it is assumed that the samples of an inputted audio signal should be converted to binary sequences of positive and negative values. Then, the silence region in the audio signal can be regarded as random sequences so that their values of the run-ratio would be about 1. The run-ratio for the voiced region has far lower values than 1 and for fricative sounds higher values than 1. Therefore, the parameter can discriminate speech signals from the background sounds by using the newly derived run-ratio parameter. The proposed voice activity detector outperformed the conventional energy-based detector in the sense of error mean and variance, small deviation from true speech boundaries, and low chance of missing real utterances

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Radative Effect on the Conjugate Mixed Convection-Conduction Heat Transfer along a Vertical Circular Cylindrical Fin (연직 원통윈에서의 혼합대류-전도 복합열전달에 미치는 복사효과)

  • 최상경;여문수;손병진
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.1706-1716
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    • 1991
  • 본 연구에서는 혼합대류하는 연직원통휜 열전달에 미치는 복사효과에 Rossel- and 근사해법을 도입한 층류 경계층방정식과 휜 전도방정식을 동시에 해석하여 복사 -전도매개변수(radiation-conduction parameter) M, 대류-전도 매개변수(convectionc- onduction parameter) N$_{c}$, 부력매개변수(buoyancy force parameter) R$_{i}$ 그 리고 횡곡률 매개변수(transverse curvature parameter) .lambda.를 계산 파라미터로 하여 휜 최적설계의 기본이 되는 총열전단률, 무차원 국소등가열전달계수, 무차원 국소열플 럭스 및 휜온도분포를 계산할 수 있는 일반성있는 algorithm을 개발하고 휜 성능에 관 한 결과들을 제공함으로써, 좀 더 완전한 복사 열플럭스를 도입한, 다음 연구를 위한 범용의 기초자료를 얻는데 본 연구의 목적이 있다.

Research for parameter estimation method by basis of Real vehicle data (실차 데이터 기반 차량 파라미터 추정을 위한 기법 연구)

  • Hong T.W.;Park K.;Heo S.J.;Park L.H.;Lee K.W.;Cho Y.J.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1091-1094
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    • 2005
  • This paper formulates the parameter estimation of cornering behavior of a vehicle. Especially some vehicle parameter is very important on stability control of chassis by ECU, but some parameter is so hard to get by sensor which parameter is included the nonlinear characteristic of tire cornering force. So we need to deduce that parameter from used signal and numerical method. In this study, we propose a estimation method and present the simulation by parameter estimation technique.

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Effects of the Grinding Conditions on the Machining Elasticity Parameter

  • Kim, Kang
    • International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.62-67
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    • 2003
  • The grinding force generated during the grinding process causes an elastic deformation of the workpiece, grinding wheel, and machine system. Thus, the true depth of cut is always smaller than the apparent depth of cut. This is known as machining elasticity phenomenon. The machining elasticity parameter is defined as a ratio between the true depth of cut and the apparent depth of cut. It is an important factor to understand the material removal mechanism of the grinding process. To increase productivity, the value of this machining elasticity parameter must be large. Therefore, it is essential to know the characteristics of this parameter. The objective of this research is to study the effect of the major grinding conditions, such as table speed, depth of cut, on this parameter experimentally, Through this research, it is found that this parameter value is increasing when the table speed is decreasing or the depth of cut is increasing. Also, this parameter value depends on the grinding mode (up grinding, down grinding).

Tracking control of variable stiffness hysteretic-systems using linear-parameter-varying gain-scheduled controller

  • Pasala, D.T.R.;Nagarajaiah, S.;Grigoriadis, K.M.
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.373-392
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    • 2012
  • Tracking control of systems with variable stiffness hysteresis using a gain-scheduled (GS) controller is developed in this paper. Variable stiffness hysteretic system is represented as quasi linear parameter dependent system with known bounds on parameters. Assuming that the parameters can be measured or estimated in real-time, a GS controller that ensures the performance and the stability of the closed-loop system over the entire range of parameter variation is designed. The proposed method is implemented on a spring-mass system which consists of a semi-active independently variable stiffness (SAIVS) device that exhibits hysteresis and precisely controllable stiffness change in real-time. The SAIVS system with variable stiffness hysteresis is represented as quasi linear parameter varying (LPV) system with two parameters: linear time-varying stiffness (parameter with slow variation rate) and stiffness of the friction-hysteresis (parameter with high variation rate). The proposed LPV-GS controller can accommodate both slow and fast varying parameter, which was not possible with the controllers proposed in the prior studies. Effectiveness of the proposed controller is demonstrated by comparing the results with a fixed robust $\mathcal{H}_{\infty}$ controller that assumes the parameter variation as an uncertainty. Superior performance of the LPV-GS over the robust $\mathcal{H}_{\infty}$ controller is demonstrated for varying stiffness hysteresis of SAIVS device and for different ranges of tracking displacements. The LPV-GS controller is capable of adapting to any parameter changes whereas the $\mathcal{H}_{\infty}$ controller is effective only when the system parameters are in the vicinity of the nominal plant parameters for which the controller is designed. The robust $\mathcal{H}_{\infty}$ controller becomes unstable under large parameter variations but the LPV-GS will ensure stability and guarantee the desired closed-loop performance.

The Parameter Estimation of WASP Model for Water Quality Prediction (수질예측을 위한 WASP7 모형 매개변수의 추정)

  • Ahn, Seung-Seop;Seo, Myung-Joon;Park, Ro-Sam;Jeong, Khang-Ok
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.623-632
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    • 2007
  • The objective of this study is analysis of Andong-Dam lake water quality with water quality model. Model parameters of the WASP applied to Lake Andong-Dam were estimated. The methodology is based on grouping water quality constituents and relevant parameters and successively estimating parameters by a trial-and-error procedure. Water qualify system for modeling consisted of BOD, DO, T-N, T-P. The results of water quality modelling using WASP. T-N was maximum affected by K71C(Organic nitrogen mineralization rate) parameter. T-P was maximum affected by K83C(Dissolved organic phosphorus mineralization) parameter, and It did not show a difference almost from the parameter of others and it omitted. BOD was maximum affected by Temperature parameter, it was visible of the reaction due to the KDC(Deoxygenation rate) in afterwords, and it did not show a difference from the parameter of others and it omitted. DO was maximum affect by Temperature parameter, and It did not show a difference almost from the parameter of others and it omitted. The parameter which it presumes from the this study uses a water quality modeling and Actual value and the result with which it compares, error rate the parameter presumption which is appropriate with 1% interior and exterior is investigated, It will reach and it uses and it will be able to apply to the suitable parameter in water quality modelling of the objective area which can be feeded by it becomes.