• Title, Summary, Keyword: Perceived health status

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A Study of Health Behavior through Comparative Analysis of Self-perceived Health Status and Health Examination Results (주관적 건강인식과 건강검진 결과의 비교분석을 통한 건강행위 연구)

  • 문상식;이시백
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.11-36
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze health behavior by comparing the difference between self-perceived health status and health examination results. The study subjects consist of 7,702 people aged over 20, surveyed by Health Interview survey, Health Examination survey, Dietary Life survey, Health Consciousness and Behavior survey. Data used in the study are drawn from raw data from a 1998 National Health and Nutrition survey. General characteristics variables are sex, age, education level, residential area, marital status, occupation, and living standard while dichotomous variables, ‘not healthy’ and ‘healthy’ are used to measure self-perceived health status. Variables for health examination results are high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, liver diseases, liver inflammation, kidney diseases, normal weight, regular diet, optimum sleeping time(7-8 hours), regular health examination and health behavior practice group. Major findings of the study are as follows: 1) Analysis of self-perceived health status and health behavior by disease: Variables significantly correlated with high self-perceived health status have strong associations with high health behavior practice, which supports the hypothesis that as one has high self-perceived health status, one is more likely to practice health promoting behavior. The results of analysis of health behavior differences by dividing subjects into two categories, ‘cases of illness’ and ‘cases of no illness’ indicate that drinking, sleeping time, health examination are significant variables (p〈0.001, 0.05) whereas smoking, weight control, regular exercise, regular diet are not significant. 2) Analysis of disparity patterns between self-perceived health status and health examination: The hypothesis that health behaviors would be different according to the disparity pattern between self-perceived health status and health examination is supported as a result of χ2 test. Among Type I : Self-perceived health status is high and actual health status is good (no disease) Type II: Self-perceived health status is high and actual health status is poor(have disease) Type III: Self-perceived health status is low and actual health status is good(no disease) Type IN: Self-perceived health status is low and actual health status is poor(have disease) Type I and Type IV show no disparity, Type I shows the highest health promoting behavior whereas Type IV shows the lowest health promoting behavior. Type II, and III, compared to Type I, practise lower health promoting behavior. Multi-logistics regression analysis was conducted to find out the degree of impact on health behavior. Independent variables are general characteristics, self-perceived health status and health examination result and presence of illness, while the dependent variable is health promoting behavior. The analysis of the impact of self-perceived health status on the health promoting behavior shows that smoking, drinking, weight control, regular exercise, health examination practice, and/or regular diet are significantly correlated to self-perceived health status. High self-perceived health status is inversely related to high health promoting behavior. This finding supports the hypothesis that the higher one perceives one's health, the more likely one is to practice health promoting behavior. On the contrary, the presence of illness has little impact on health promoting behavior. 3) Multiple logistics analysis on how disparity patterns between self-perceived health status and health examination affect health behavior: The results of multiple logistics analysis made on health behavior variables compared to the standard variable are as follows: When analyzed on the standard of Type I, smoking is a significant risk factor for the Type IV. In case of drinking, all the patterns show a high probability of relative risk ratio. With regard to weight control, it is a risk factor for Type II while all the patterns show high probability of not practising when analyzed on the standard of type IV. Type III and IV show high probability of not doing regular exercise while Type IV, shows a high probability of not taking appropriate sleeping time. When analyzed on the standard of type IV, all the patterns show a high probability of not taking health examinations. Type III and IV show a high probability of not having regular meals. As for overall health promoting behavior, Type III and IV show a high relative risk ratio. These two groups have low self-perceived health status. It implies that self-perceived health status has significant impact on health promoting behavior. This is also supported by the fact that Type I with high self-perceived health status and no illness shows a high practice rate of health promoting behavior. Types II and III the groups with high disparity between self-perceived health status and health examination results, show a low practice rate of health promoting behavior when compared to Type I. Type IV, that is the group with low self-perceived health status and actual illness, shows the lowest practice of health promoting behavior. It is highly probable that this type proves to be the poorest health group.

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A Study on the Relations of the Psychosocial Well-being, Perceived Health Status and Health Promoting Lifestyle Practices of Middle-aged Adults (중년기의 사회심리적 건강과 지각된 건강상태, 건강증진 생활양식 이행과의 관계 연구)

  • 윤은자
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.977-990
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    • 1999
  • This study was done to examine the relationship among psychosocial well-being, perceived health status and health promoting lifestyle practices, and to Identify those variables affecting a health promoting lifestyle. Three hundred and forty five ruddle-aged adults completed a multiple self-reported questionnaire on psychosocial well-being, perceived health status and health promoting lifestyle profile. Data analysis were conducted by using Pearson correlation coefficients, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test and stepwise multiple regression nth SAS program. The results are as follows : 1. The average item score for psychosocial well-being was low at 55.98, the level of perceived health status was moderate at 5.76, and health promoting lifestyle practices were low at 110.09. Among the subscales of the health promoting lifestyle profile, stress management and self-actualization were scored higher than exercise and health responsibility. 2. Performance of health promoting lifestyle was positively correlated with perceived health status and negatively correlated with psychosocial well-being. Also, negative correlations were observed between perceived health status and psychosocial well-being. 3. There were statistically significant differences for health promoting lifestyle, psychosocial well-being and perceived health status according to sociodemographic variables. The performance of health promoting lifestyle was significantly different according to education, economic status and marriage satisfaction. Psychosocial well-being was also significantly different according to education, marriage satisfaction, and exercise. Perceived health status was significantly different according to education, occupation, and economic status. 4. Perceived health status, psychosocial well-being, marriage satisfaction and level of education together explained 21.62% of varience in the performance of health promoting lifestyle. These findings help to clarify relationships among psychosocial well-being, perceived health status, and health promoting lifestyle practices in middle-aged adults. Therefore, the result of study provide clues for encouraging people to adopt healthier lifestyles and constructing alternative strategies for promoting health practices.

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Effects of Perceived Health Status and Fatigue on Family Health in Middle Aged Women (중년여성의 지각된 건강상태와 피로도가 가족건강에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Jung;Ha, Na-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.5-16
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the effects of perceived health status and fatigue on family health, and to define the main factors that influence family health in middle aged women. Methods: Using a structured questionnaire, data were collected from 311 middle aged women. Descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient, a t-test and ANOVA, a Scheffe test, and Stepwise multiple regression were conducted using the SAS package. Results: The mean score of perceived health status was 3.17($\pm$.63), while that of fatigue was 2.65($\pm$.49) and that of family health was 2.91($\pm$.37). Fatigue was negatively related to perceived health status and family health. In addition, perceived health status was positively correlated with the family health. The major factors that affect family health in middle aged women were perceived health status, economic status, mental fatigue, and satisfaction with marital status, which explained 27.2% of family health. Conclusion: These results indicate that, to increase family health, it is necessary to concentrate on improving the perceived health status and decreasing fatigue.

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Factors Related to Perceived Health Status in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes (제2형 당뇨병 환자의 기능적 헬스 리터러시가 주관적 건강에 미치는 영향: 일개 대학병원 외래 환자를 대상으로)

  • Won, Ang Li;Yoo, Seung Hyun;You, Myoung Soon
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: This study was performed to identify factors related to perceived health status among patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: This is cross-sectional observational study. Respondents were 106 visitors in an outpatient diabetes clinic of a university hospital. Self-report questionnaire which included general information inquiry, diabetes-related, sociopsychological factors, functional health literacy and perceived health status was used for this study. The data was analyzed by using descriptive statistics, independent simple t-test, one-way ANOVA, and hierarchical multiple linear regression. All analysis were conducted using SAS 9.3. Results: Among the respondents, 43.4% engaged in poorly perceived health status. After adjusting for control variables, functional health literacy is significantly related to perceived health status(${\beta}$=0.095, p=0.016). Conclusion: Independent of diabetes-related, sociopsychological factors, higher functional health literacy is associated with better perceived health status of patients with type 2 diabetes. In order to improve perceived health status in the type 2 diabetes patients, it is necessary to develop strategy to enhance the functional health literacy.

A study on the Health Promoting Lifestyle Practices of Middle-Aged Women in Korea (중년여성의 건강증진 생활양식에 관한 연구)

  • 윤은자
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.41-59
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among psychosocial well-being, perceived health status and health promoting lifestyle practices. Data has been collected from November 1, 1998 to April 30, 1999. One hundred and ninety eight middle-aged women completed a multiple self-reported questionnaire on psychosocial well-being, perceived health status and health promoting lifestyle profile. Collected data were analyzed with SPSS 7.5 for Windows using Pearson Correlation Coefficients, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test. The Major results of this study were as follows: 1. The average item score for psychosocial well-being was low at 54.49, the level of perceived health status was moderate at 5.74, and health promoting lifestyle practices were low at 112.05. Among the subscales of the health promoting lifestyle profile, self-actualization(3.08) and nutrition(2.92) were scored higher than exercise(1.81) and health responsibility(1.79). 2. The performance of health promoting lifestyle was positively correlated with perceived health status(r= .190) and psychosocial well-being(r= .497). Also, positive correlations were observed between perceived health status and psychosocial well-being(r= .181). 3. There were statistically significant differences for health promoting lifestyle, psychosocial well-being and perceived health status according to sociodemographic variables; the performance of health promoting lifestyle was significantly different according to education, economic status, exercise and smoking. Psychosocial well-being was also significantly different according to education, exercise and drinking. Perceived health status was significantly different according to religion, education, occupation and supporter. These findings help to understand relationships among psychosocial well-being, perceived health status, and health promoting lifestyle practices in middle-aged women in Korea. Therefore, the result of this study provide clues for encouraging people to adopt healthier lifestyles and constructing alternative strategies for promoting health practices.

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The Relationship between Perceived Health Status and Health Promoting Behaviors among Nursing Students (간호대학생의 지각된 건강상태와 건강증진행위와의 관계)

  • Hong, Se Hwa
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.78-86
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between perceived health status and health promoting behaviors of nursing students. Methods: The subjects were 203 nursing. Data were collected from September 19 to October 7, 2011 by using self-reported questionnaires. The results were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficient with the SPSS/WIN 12.0 program. Results: The mean score of perceived health status was 3.42, and health promoting behaviors was 2.30. There were significant differences in perceived health status according to sex, grade, and type of residence. In addition there were significant differences in health promoting behaviors according to sex, hospitalization experience, and smoking. Also, perceived health status significantly positively correlated with health promoting behaviors. Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that perceived health status is an important factor related to health promoting behaviors of nursing students. Therefore, it is necessary to develop multiple health promoting programs considering characteristics of subjects and perceived health status.

Relationship between Perceived Health Status and Patient Satisfaction in Outpatient Settings - Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2015

  • Park, Eun-Joo;Park, Seung-Guk;Kwon, Ji-Hye;Cheon, Seung-Won;Kim, Hyo-Eun;Yoo, Sun-Mi
    • Health Communication
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.159-166
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    • 2018
  • Background: It is important to investigate patient satisfaction to improve the quality of healthcare. Among the many factors that affect patient satisfaction, perceived health status has been considered as one of the major factors. Therefore, we investigated patient satisfaction through patient experience in outpatient settings according to perceived health status. Methods: This cross-sectional study using questionnaires of patient experience and perceived health status from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2015 included 4267 people aged over 19 years who met the inclusion criteria. Perceived health status was classified into three: good, fair, and poor. Questions about patient experience consisted of four items: doctor spending enough time with patients, doctor providing easy-to-understand explanation, doctor giving opportunity to ask questions or raise concerns, and doctor involving patient in decisions about care or treatment. Patient experience was classified into two: satisfied and non-satisfied. A multivariate regression model was used to analyze the data. Results: In the good perceived health status group, level of satisfaction was 79.2%, 88.5%, 83.3% and 87.2%, respectively for the four items targeting patient experience. In the poor group, level of satisfaction was 76%, 84.9%, 79.5%, and 83.1%, respectively for the four items. In multivariate logistic regression analyses, the odds ratios of good perceived health status group were 1.775 (1.347-2.338), 1.946 (1.356-2.793), 1.652 (1.218-2.240), and 1.665 (1.193-2.323) compared with the poor group. Conclusion: Perceived health status is associated with patient satisfaction. In particular, the better the perceived health status, the better the patient satisfaction through patient experience.

A Comparative Study on a Health Promoting Lifestyle and Perceived Health Status between High and Low Income Elderly (일반노인과 저소득층 노인의 건강증진행위와 지각된 건강상태 비교)

  • Park, Jeong-Sook;Lee, Hae-Ran
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.157-166
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: This study was to investigate the needs for developing a health promotion program for the elderly, and to compare the health promoting behaviors and perceived health status between high and low income elderly. Method: The data were collected from 80 high) income elderly and 84 low income elderly through face to face interviews. The instruments used in) this study were the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP II) and Perceived Health Status. Results: 1) The total score of the HPLP for the elderly was 2.29. In the subscales, the highest degree of performance' nutrition', following 'stress management', 'spiritual growth' and 'health responsibility' and the lowest degree of performance was 'physical activity'. 2) The high income level elderly had significantly higher total HPLP scores than the low income level elderly. The biggest difference was found in 'physical activity' between high) and low) income elderly. 3) The mean score of perceived health status was 8.21. The high) income elderly had significantly higher perceived health status than the low income elderly. Conclusion: The above findings indicate that it is necessary to develop a health promotion program with reinforced physical activity, health responsibility for the elderly in Korea. In particular physical activity need to be increased for the low income elderly. The low income elderly need to have positive thinking for perceived health status.

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Perceived Health Status and Health Promoting Behaviors among University Students

  • Ahn, Yo-Chan;Park, Hyun-Suk;Ra, Gyu-Won
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.52-64
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the relationship among perceived health status, dietary habit and health promoting behaviors of university students. Methods: The subjects were 464 university students. Data were collected by using self-reported questionnaires. The results were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis with the PASW 18.0 program. Results: The mean score of perceived health status was 3.24, dietary habit was 2.85 and health promoting behaviors was 2.24. There were significant differences in perceived health status according to gender, BMI, exercise and stress. There were significant differences in dietary habit according to residence, monthly allowance, drinking alcohol, exercise, sleeping hours and stress. In addition there were significant differences in health promoting behaviors according to gender, residence, BMI, smoking and exercise. Also, perceived health status significantly positively correlated between dietary habit and health promoting behaviors. Conclusions: As the results of multiple regression analysis, the related factors of perceived health status of university students were exercise, stress and spiritual growth factor. Therefore, it is necessary to develop multiple health promoting programs considering characteristics of university students. And various strategies have been developed to increase the physical activity should be run.

A Study on Perceived Health Status, Physical Symptom, Depression in the Elderly of Rural Areas (농어촌지역 노인의 지각된 건강상태, 주관적 신체증상, 우울에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Hee-Jung
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.74-80
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among perceived health status, physical symptom, and depression in the elderly of Rural areas. Method: subjects were 633 elders selected during Feb. to May in 2005. All subject agreed to participate and filled out the survey questionnaire after signing the consent form. scales used in this study are the Perceived Health Status, the Physical Health Questionnaire(PHQ) and the Geriatric Depression Scale(GDS). Data was analyzed by the SPSS/PC 12.0 program. Result: 1) The mean score of perceived health status was 7.78; the mean score of physical symptom was 18.56; the mean score of depression was 8.53, and 64.6% of the subjects belonged to the depression group. 2) Perceived health status had significant relationship with educational level, spouse, and economic status; between physical symptom and educational level, number of chronic disease; between depression and spouse, economic status, number of chronic disease. 3) Depression had negative correlation with perceived health status, but had positive correlation with physical symptom. Conclusion: Considering these findings, it is necessary that depression management programs and care intervention programs considering regional and environmental elements for the elderly in Rural areas.

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