• Title/Summary/Keyword: Pesticide residues

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Consumers' Awareness and Information Needs towards Food Hygiene(I): Focused on Pesticide Residues (식품위생에 대한 소비자의 인식도 및 정보요구도에 관한 연구(I): 잔류농약을 중심으로)

  • 김효정;김미라
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.15-26
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the consumers' awareness and information needs towards pesticide residues and to find out the factors affecting the information needs. Data were collected from 506 adults in Seoul, Daegu and Busan by the self-administered questionnaire. Frequencies, X²tests, and regression analysis were conducted to analyze the data by SPSS Windows. The results of this study were as follows: (1) many respondents showed the high concerns and information needs for pesticide residues (2) many people worried to eat vegetables, fruits and cereals in turn due to pesticide residues, and did not trust the results from food safety tests by the government, and (3) age, educational attainment and concerns about pesticide residues were factors affecting the consumers' information needs.

Removal of Pesticide Residues in Rice Bran Oil by Refining Process (미강유의 정제과정중 잔류농약의 감소)

  • 이철원;신효선
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.89-97
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    • 1996
  • This study was carried out to determine the pesticide residues in rice bran, crude rice bran oil and the oil of various stages of refining process. Each samples were analyzed for 41 pesticide residues by multiclass multiresidue methods with GC-ECD, NPD and identified by GC-MSD. Rice bran were detected cypermethrin, diazinon, dichlofluanid, and its level were ranged from 0.01~0.122 ppm. Crude rice bran oil were detected cypermethrin, diazinon, dichlofluanid, dimethoate, etrimfos, flucythrinate, and its level were ranged from 0.015~0.654 ppm Crude rice bran oil has the higher level of pesticide residues and more varieties of pesticides than rice bran. But pesticide residues in the crude rice bran oil was found to be almost removed then pigment was decolorized by absorption using active carbon and clealy removed by thermolysis for deodorization.

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A Study on the Pesticide Residues Monitoring of Medicinal Herbs which has marketed in the Daejeon (대전 지역 유통 식용 한약재의 잔류농약 실태 연구)

  • Kim, Kyoung-Shin;Kim, Sung Gu;Lim, Jae Yeun;Kim, Byoung-Soo
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.129-143
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to investigate the residue amount of pesticide on the 41 medicinal herbs in Daejeon area. This study was carried out to monitor the current status of pesticide residues in commercial medicinal herbs for sale of food use in 2012. It was performed using GC/ECD, GC/NPD, HPLC to analyze pesticides residues. Residues of 283 pesticides were analyzed by a simultaneous multiresidue method in 41 medicinal herbs being on sale in Daejeon. The medicinal herbs detected pesticides in 10 of 41 cases, showed a detection rate of 24.39%. The medicinal herbs which exceed the maximum residue limit were five cases as Cnidii Rhizoma, Osterici Radix, Artemisiae Capillaris Herba, Zizyphi Fructus and Alismatis Rhizoma. And pesticide residue of Cnidii Rhizoma and Alismatis Rhizoma exceeds the limit standard presented in only medicine use of KFDA. The residual pesticides which had the high detection rate were Chlopyrifos, Tebuconazole and Endosulfan in the detection of medicinal herbs. For further research, standards of Pesticide Residues in medicinal herbs should be added and more research of pesticide residues in medicinal herbs required. And standards of pesticide residues in medicinal herbs should be applied equally as medicines and food.

Simultaneous detection method for pesticide residues in meat by gas chromatograph-mass selective detector (Gas chromatograph-mass selective detector를 이용한 식육 중 잔류농약의 동시분석)

  • Hong In-Suk;Choi Yoon-Hwa;Kweon Taek-Boo;Lee Jung-Hark
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.285-294
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to investigate the extraction method for the determination of organochlorine, organophosphorus and synthetic pyrethroid pesticide residues in beef fat by gas chromatography-mass selective detector(GC-MSD). Twenty one pesticide residues in fat were determined using a simple and rapid procedure based on solid- phase extraction(SPE) clean-up cartridges with octadecyl $(C_{18})-bonded$ porous silica, florisil, $10\%$ deactivated florisil. a tandem $C_{18}$ and florisil and a tandem $C_{18}$ and $10\%$ deactivated florisil. Solvent-solvent extraction using acetonitrile was not satisfied to eliminate fat interference for pesticide residue analysis by GC-MSD, and the recoveries of the method in fat ranged from 16.2 to $57.3\%$ except DDT$(83.2\%)$. The recoveries of SPE methods using a tandem $C_{18}$ and Florisil was $59.6\~123.8\%$ except fenitrothion $(135.2\%)$. the SPE method was verified the satisfactory performance of pre-treatment for pesticide residues analysis in fat by GC-MSD. The efficiency of florisil deactivated with $10\%$ water has been not proved significantly on recoveries of pesticide residues in fat.

Detection of Multi-class Pesticide Residues Using Surface Plasmon Resonance Based on Polyclonal Antibody

  • Yang, Gil-Mo;Kang, Suk-Won
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.547-552
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    • 2008
  • The detection of carbamate (carbofuran, carbaryl, benfracarb, thiodicarb, and methomil) and organophosphate (diazinon, cadusafos, ethoprofos, parathion-methyl, and chlorpyrifos) pesticide residues with very low detection limits was carried out using surface plasmon resonance (SPR) based equipment. The capacity to develop a portable SPR biosensor for food safety was also investigated. The applied ligand for the immunoassays was polyclonal goat anti-rabbit immunoglobulin (IgG) peroxidase conjugate. Concentration tests using direct binding assays showed the possibility of quantitative analysis. For ligand fishing to find a proper antibody to respond to each pesticide, acetylcholinesterase (AChE), and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) were tested. The reproducibility and precision of SPR measurements were evaluated. With this approach, the limit of detection for pesticide residues was 1 ng/mL and analysis took less than 11 min. Thus, it was demonstrated that detecting multi-class pesticide residues using SPR and IgG antibodies provides enough sensitivity and speed for use in portable SPR biosensors.

Procedures in Establishing Residue Limits of Pesticides on Food Crops in Codex Alimentarius Commission and Foreign Countries (국제기구 및 외국에서 농산물중 농약잔류 허용기준의 설정절차)

  • Lee, Mi-Gyung;Hong, Moo-Gi;Park, Kun-Sang;Choi, Dong-Mi;Lim, Moo-Hyuk;Lee, Su-Rae
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.45-55
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    • 2005
  • This study was undertaken to find out necessary measures to improve the tolerance setting system of pesticide residues on food crops in Korea which is scientifically reasonable and harmonizable with international standards. Information on tolerance setting systems of pesticide residues by Codex Alimentarius Commission, Joint FAO/WHO Meeting of Experts on Pesticide Residues, USA, EU, Japan and Taiwan was collected and analyzed. On the basis of information in the above countries, necessary actions to be taken by the Korean regulatory authorities were recommended with respect to priority setting, maximum residue limits (MRLs) setting based on field residue data, group MRLs, minor crop problems, quantitation limit and dietary intake assessment.

Safety Assessment of the Deep-fried Instant Noodles (인스탄트 유탕면의 안전성 평가)

  • 김영국;임태곤;오금순;김지인;임현철;박종태;김순천;홍석순
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.155-161
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    • 1995
  • In the study, attempts were made to investigate the safety of the deep-fried instant noodles. A total of 50 deep-fried instant noodles were puchased from a local supermarket. Acid value , peroxide value, preservatives, heavy metals and pesticide residues were determined. Acid value(AV) and peroxide value(POV) of deep-fried instant noodles were lower than the Food Law in force. Any preservatives were not detected in all deep-fried instant noodles. The level of all heavy metals and pesticide residues found in deep-fried instant noodles were fairly low, and pesticide residues in deep-fried instant noodles was almost removed after cooking. It was conclued from these results that deep-fried instant noodles may be no harmful in oxidative stability(AV, POV) and sanitary safety(preservatives, heavy metals and pesticides).

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Development of an Acetylcholinesterase-Based Detection Kit for the Determination of Organophosphorus and Carbamate Pesticide Residues in Agricultural Samples

  • Kim, Bo-Mee;El-Aty, A.M.Abd;Hwang, Tay-Eak;Jin, Li-Tai;Kim, Young-Sig;Shim, Jae-Han
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.929-935
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    • 2007
  • The objective of this study was to develop a rapid, simple, and qualitative acetylcholinesterase (AChE)- detection kit, based on a modification of the Ellman and ELISA methods, for the detection of organophosphorus (OP) and carbamate (CB) pesticide. The developed kits were used to screen a large number of agricultural samples (spiked and real) for OP and CB pesticide residues. AChE was extracted from the heads of honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) using Triton X-100, and was purified through 3 steps: diethylaminoethylcellulose chromatography (DEAE), affinity chromatography and membrane filtering, and Mono-Q column chromatography. Epoxy-activated Sepharose 6B affinity chromatography was used for large-scale purification. The presence of OP and CB pesticide residues in agricultural samples was assayed on the basis of AchE inhibition value. The presence (6 bands) or absence of some colored bands on the test line indicated a negative or positive result, respectively. The limits of detection for measured organophosphorus (OP) and carbamates (CB) pesticide residues in standard pesticide solutions and fortified samples were ranged from 0.50 to 2.50 ppm and 0.50 to 4.75 ppm, respectively.

Effect of Storage Temperature, Washing, and Cooking on Postharvest-treated Pesticide Residues in Polished Rice (쌀의 저장온도, 세척 및 취반이 일부 농약잔류의 제거에 미치는 효과)

  • 한선희;조한빈
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 1999
  • Effect of storage temperature, washing, and cooking on postharvest-treated pesticide residues in polished rice was investigated. After being treated with each 500 mg/kg of captan, carbaryl, phenthoate, fenthion, fenitrothion, chlorpyriphos-methyl, pirimiphos-methyl, the polished rice was stored for 8 weeks at 4 and 3$0^{\circ}C$, respectively. The penetation rate of carbaryl was the highest as 27.5% and the others, 13 to 18%. The half lives of pesticide residues were estimated as 30 to 230 weeks at 4$^{\circ}C$, but 1 to 12 weeks at 3$0^{\circ}C$. The residues were reduced faster at 3$0^{\circ}C$ than at 4$^{\circ}C$. The half lives of pesticide residues by water washing were estimated as 0.7 to 4.6 trials and the removed with the washing trials. The residues of captan and carbaryl in cooked rice were removed 100 and 98%, respectively, comparing to initial residues concentration in treated rice but those of other 5 pesticides were removed 80%.

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Consumers' Recognition and Information Need About Food Safety - Focused on Pesticide Residues, Foodborne Illness, and Food Additives - (식품 안전성에 대한 소비자 인식 및 정보요구도에 관한 연구 - 잔류농약, 식중독, 식품첨가물을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Hyo-Chung;Kim, Mee-Ra
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.296-309
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    • 2001
  • This study was conducted to investigate the consumers' recognition and information need for food safety, especially focused on pesticide residues, foodborne illness, and food additives. The data were collected from 350 adults living in Taegu and Pusan by the self-administered questionnaire. Frequencies and chi-square tests were conducted by SPSS. The results of the survey were as follows: (1) the consumers' concerns about food safety were high, (2) many respondents worried about eating vegetables, fruits and grains in turn because of pesticide residues, and did not trust the results from food-safety tests, (3) the major factor for foodborne illness was regarded as unfreshed or contaminated food stuffs, (4) many consumers concerned highly about preservatives among food additives, and tried to consume food containing less food additives, and (5) many respondents wanted to get the information about harmfulness of pesticide residues in foods, method to choose fresh food, and safety of food additives.

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