• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pharmacopuncture

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A Comparative Study of Improvement of Neck Pain According to Hospitalization Period in Patients of Neck pain Caused by Traffic Accident (교통사고로 인한 경항통 환자의 입원 기간에 따른 통증 호전도 비교 연구)

  • Kim, Tae Gyu;Seo, Young Woo;Kim, Yoo Jong;Lee, Jeong Ryol;Choi, Jae Young;Kim, Ji Su;Kim, Seh Young;Park, Han Sol;Jeon, Eun Jeong;Kim, Ki Ok;Lee, Min Ho
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.189-195
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to compare improvement according to the hospitalization period of patients with neck pain as a result of traffic accidents. Methods : Patients of 59 cases with neck pain induced by traffic accidents were investigated. Based on their hospitalization period, 59 subjects were divided into two groups: A group with a shorter hospitalization period and B group with a longer hospitalization period. Each group was treated by the same therapies including acupuncture, pharmacopuncture, and herbal medicine. To compare the treatment effects of the two groups, the Visual Analog Scale(VAS) was used. Statistical analysis between two groups was assessed using the chi-square test, Mann-Whitney U Test and paired t-test through the SPSS 12.0 Windows program. Results : After admission treatment, both A and B group showed a significant decrease in their VAS scores. In addition, B group, of which the hospitalization period was longer than A group, showed a significant improvement in comparison to A group in its VAS score. Conclusion : This study suggests that pain control is more effectively achieved in patients that received more than 8 days of admission treatment compared to those who received less than 7 days of admission treatment.

Effects of Conservative Korean Traditional Medical Treatment on Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Herniation in 12 Adolescents : A Retrospective Study (청소년기 요추간판탈출증에 대한 한방 보존적 치료 12례의 후향적 분석)

  • Kim, Hae Sol;Bae, Young Hyun;Kim, Ho Sun;Suh, Chang Yong;Kim, No Hyeon;Lee, Gi Bum;Yang, Kyu Jin
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.103-116
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : This study was performed to assess the effectiveness of conservative Korean traditional medical treatment on lumbar intervertebral disc herniation in 12 adolescents. Methods : Data were collected from adolescent patients diagnosed with lumbar intervertebral herniation by MRI, hospitalized at Jaseng Korean Medicine Hospital from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2015. A total of 12 patients were included in the study. Patients were treated by acupuncture, pharmacopuncture, electroacupuncture, herbal medicine, chuna manual therapy, physical therapy during hospitalization period. To measure treatment outcomes, a verbal numerical rating scale (VNRS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), range of motion (ROM), Straight leg raising test (SLR), and EQ-5D were used. Results : The average age of the participants was $16.05{\pm}1.62$. The average of duration of symptom was $19.25{\pm}26.83(weeks)$ and the average length of hospitalization was $23.8{\pm}16.4(days)$. 2 patients (17 %) suffered from only lumbar pain, while 10 patients (83 %) suffered from lumbar and leg pain. No participant suffered from only leg pain. 8 patients (67 %) were diagnosed with disc herniation in one segment, and 4 patients (33 %) were diagnosed with disc herniation in multiple segments. A total of 17 disc segments (28 %) were herniated. The most herniated lumbar level was L4-5. 3 segments were diagnosed with bulging (17 %), 6 with protrusion (35 %), and 8 with extrusion (47 %). Extrusion was the most frequent herniated type. After treatment, the average VNRS of lumbar pain significantly decreased from $5.58{\pm}1.62$ to $2.91{\pm}1.56$ (p<0.001) and the average VNRS of leg pain significantly decreased from $5.16{\pm}2.51$ to $3.08{\pm}1.8$ (p<0.001). ODI significantly decreased from $48.87{\pm}18.72$ to $28.57{\pm}15.05$ (p<0.05), and EQ-5D significantly increased $0.58{\pm}0.31$ to $0.80{\pm}0.12$ (p<0.05). Range of flexion significantly improved from $61.25{\pm}32.62$ to $68.33{\pm}26.22$ (p<0.05). Conclusion : Conservative Korean Traditional Medical Treatment may be effective in the treatment of lumbar intervertebral disc herniation in adolescence. However, more case reports and clinical research are needed.

A Web-based Survey for Assessment of Korean Medical Treatment Clinical Practice Patterns for Temporomandibular Disorders (턱관절 질환의 한의진료 임상현황조사를 위한 웹기반 설문조사)

  • Kim, Chang-Eun;Do, Ho-Jeong;Song, Hyun-Seop;Shin, Jae-Kwon;Lee, Won-Jun;Kim, Jong-Ho;Lee, Keun-Jae;Yoon, Young-Suk;Kim, No-Hyeon;Suh, Chang-Yong;Lee, Yoon-Jae;Kim, Mi-Riong;Cho, Jae-Heung;Kwon, Mi-Jung;Ha, In-Hyuk
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.73-84
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    • 2018
  • Objectives While Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is highly prevalent in Korea, studies examining its Korean medical treatment are currently lacking. The aim of this study was to assess current Korean medical treatment practice patterns for TMD. Methods A preliminary questionnaire was developed to investigate current practice patterns of TMD treatment and underwent further revision through external review. The final questionnaire was distributed as a web-based survey to 18,289 potential respondents by email. Results The response rate was 2.23%. Most participants replied that they received multiple Korean medicine interventions for TMD treatment consisting of such methods as acupuncture, chuna manipulation, electroacupuncture. The percentage of treatment services among uncovered services, which need to be covered by national health insurance was high in the order of pharmacopuncture, chuna manipulation, and herbal medicine. The most commonly used diagnostic examination tools for TMD was Physical examination and next was Imaging diagnosis. The frequency of TMD treatment was the highest at 2~3 times per week (76%) and the period was from 4 to 12 weeks (63%). Conclusions This survey study helps determine current practice patterns of TMD, and recognizes the need for use of diagnostic devices in TMD treatment. These results are further anticipated to provide basic data for clinical practice guide lines (CPGs).

The Analysis of Satisfaction with Clinical Training and the Related Factors - Especially in Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine - (임상실습교육의 만족도와 관련요인 분석 - 한방재활의학을 중심으로 -)

  • Cho, Hyun-Woo;Hwang, Eui-Hyoung;Shin, Byung-Cheul;Sul, Jae-Uk;Hong, Jin-Woo;Shin, Sang-Woo;Lee, Hyeon-Yeop;Heo, Kwang-Ho;Shin, Mi-Suk
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : The aim of this study is to analyze satisfaction with clinical training in the department of oriental rehabilitation medicine and the related factors. Methods : All the students in the graduating class of school of Korean Medicine, Pusan National University must be trained for 2 weeks in the department of oriental rehabilitation medicine according to clinical training guideline including Objective Structured Clinical Examination(OSCE) and Clinical Performance Examination (CPX). After completing clinical training, we distributed questionaries to them about a reflex of the object of study, usefulness, difficulty, satisfaction and preference. And then, we analyzed the related factors including descriptive statistics, frequency analysis and correlation analysis by SPSS 18.0. Results : In general, a reflex of the aim of study($7.88{\pm}1.31$), satisfaction with contents($8.17{\pm}1.20$) and difficulty($5.53{\pm}0.99$) were evaluated respectively. The better a reflex of the aim of study is, the higher satisfaction with contents is(P<0.01, r=0.836). Chuna was highly estimated, whereas pharmacopuncture was not. In OSCE, a reflex of the aim of study($8.07{\pm}1.07$) and usefulness($8.13{\pm}1.16$) were highly evaluated. The preference for physical examination of the lumbar spine was highly estimated, whereas applying splint was not. Facilities and equipment($7.88{\pm}1.11$), contents of clinical training($7.25{\pm}1.79$), the handout($7.00{\pm}1.59$) and time scheduling($5.48{\pm}1.71$) were evaluated respectively in general composition of clinical training. There is no difference related to specialty, sex and age among students. Conclusions : Clinical training program in the department of oriental rehabilitation medicine can be highly estimated from the viewpoint of difficulty and satisfaction.

The Comparison Consideration on Experimental Articles about Melanoma Published in Journals of Korean Medicine (국내 한의학계에 보고된 흑색종 관련 실험적 연구들의 비교 고찰)

  • Kwon, Kang;Kim, Nam-Kwen;Kim, Sung-Young;Lee, Dong-Jin;Kim, Chul-Yun;Seo, Hyung-Sik
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.30-47
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    • 2015
  • Objective : Melanoma is a very critical and devastating disease. Although many people have depended on surgical operation in melanoma treatment, they have placed importance on non-invasive methods constantly. So we planned to establish a research methodology by analysing existing articles containing conservative melanoma treatments in Journals of Korean Medicine published in Korea.Methods : Using search words of anti-cancer, B16, cancer, lung metastasis, melanoma, metastasis, S-100, SK-MEL, tumor, tyrosinase, we collected 26 articles by searching internet portal sites as following;Using search words of anti-cancer, B16, cancer, lung metastasis, melanoma, metastasis, S-100, SK-MEL, tumor, tyrosinase, we collected 26 articles by searching internet portal sites as followinghttp://oasis.kiom.re.kr,http://www.koreantk.com,http://www.riss.kr,http://www.dbpia.co.kr,http://www.ndsl.kr,http://kiss.kstudy.com,http://www.naver.com,http://www.google.com.Result : The number of articles is 26 and in the year of 2003, 2004 is ranked the highest number in publication. The journal of acupuncture & moxibustion society ranked the highest(30.8%). 2 and 4 authors ranked the highest(26.9%) in number of authors. T-test ranked the highest(58.1%) in statistics methods. P.O. med indicated in 11 articles and Pharmacopuncture in 15 articles. B16 murine melanoma cell was indicated in 25 articles by cancer-induced methods. In measurement, T cell activity was indicated in 14 articles, NK activity in 4 articles, IL-2 in 6 articles, apoptosis in 1 article, lung metastasis in 14 articles.Conclusion : Considering overall results, it is necessary to diversify cancer-induced methods and measurement methods in experimental melanoma research.

A Case of Korean Medical Treatment on Parkinson's Disease Patient with Postural Instability, Presenting as Camptocormia (몸통굽힘증을 주소로 하는 파킨슨병 환자의 자세 이상에 대한 한의 치료 증례 1례)

  • Kim, Ha-ri;Jeong, Hye-seon;Shin, Hee-yeon;Choi, Jeong-woo;Yang, Seung-bo;Cho, Seung-yeon;Park, Jung-mi;Ko, Chang-nam;Park, Seong-uk
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.220-227
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: Parkinson's disease is the neurodegenerative disease that affects both motor and non-motor function, including postural instability. Camptocormia is an abnormal condition in which the thoracolumbar spine bends forward during walking or standing. However, the treatment options are limited and often not effective. The purpose of this study was to report on the Korean medical treatment of a Parkinson's disease patient with postural instability who presented with camptocormia. Methods: We used Korean medical treatment including herbal medicine (Jemageopung-tang), acupuncture and pharmacopuncture therapy to the patient who was admitted to the hospital for 21 days. The clinical symptoms were assessed with the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) and walking time without assistance. Results: After treatment, the UPDRS Parts 2 and 3 scores were decreased from 5 to 3 and 20 to 9, respectively. Also, the walking time without assistance was improved. Conclusion: This study suggested that Korean medical treatment could be an effective option for treating Parkinson's disease with postural instability.

5 Cases of Patients with Multiple Fractures of Ribs after a Traffic Accident who Improved with the Combination of Korean Medical Admission Treatment: Case Series (교통 사고로 발생한 다발 늑골 골절 환자의 한방복합입원치료로 호전된 증례 보고 5례)

  • Lee, Ji-won;Roh, Ji-ae;Choi, Gyu-cheol;Kim, Dong-jin;Hong, Jeong-su;Kim, Gook-beom;Kim, Hyo-jun;Kim, Sun-a;Kim, Hye-gyeong;Jeong, Wu-jin
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.506-516
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study aimed to report five patients who had multiple rib fractures after a traffic accident who improved with the combination of Korean medical admission treatment. Methods: We collected the data of traffic accident patients with multiple rib fractures who were admitted to the Daejeon Jaseng Hospital of Korean Medicine from April 2018 to May 2018 to receive the combinational Korean medical treatment. We observed these cases of patients treated by Acupuncture, Pharmacopuncture, Herbal medicine, Oriental physical therapy, Chuna treatment. We measured the validity of the treatment with a numerical rating scale (NRS) and the European Quality of Life-5 Dimension (EQ5D) at admission, at two weeks, and at the discharge date of hospitalization. Results: At the end of the treatment, all patients showed a decrease in NRS scores and in increase in EQ5D. The median NRS score was 6 (5-7) at the date of admission and 4 (2-7) at two weeks and then decreased to 3 (2-6). The median EQ5D score was 0.513 (0.350-0.752) at the date of admission and 0.692 (0.418-0.913) at two weeks, and then increased to 0.783 (0.671-0.913). Conclusions: After the combination of Korean medicine admission treatment, five patients with multiple rib fractures after a traffic accident showed that the treatments were effective. However, the number of subjects was insufficient and individual efficacy was not measured in this study. Therefore, further studies are needed on this topic.

Legal Issues on Pharmacopunture (약침의 한방의료행위성에 대한 검토)

  • Jung, Kyu Won
    • The Korean Society of Law and Medicine
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.3-20
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    • 2018
  • Pharmacopunture is a new combined method of acupunture and oriental drugs. Recently, this method is widely used to treat traffic accident patients in oriental medicine. However, there is no evidences of treatment, no information of effects and side-effects of this method, and no information of drugs used. In South Korea, western medicine and oriental medicine are regulated differently. When a new technology is invented in the area of western medicine, that method should pass several stages of clinical trials. After that processes, that method can be done as a medical practice. However, in the area of oriental medicine, there is no process like that. According to in South Korea, medical practice without license are composed of two behaviors. First type is that medical practice is done by a person who has no medical license. Second type is that medical practice is done by a person who has a medical license but the area of the license is different. Because of this reason, the distinction between the western medical practices and the oriental medical practices is very important. Medical practices are protected by license mainly because they can harm human life or body. When we invented new medical practice and try to practice it to the patients, we should consider the risk of that method whether it is western medical practice or oriental medical practice. It is not clear that the pharmcopunture which has been done is satisfied the standard of medical treatment.

Effects of Korean Medical Combination Treatment for Lumbar Spinal Herniated Intervertebral Disc : accompanying or not High-intensive zone(HIZ) (요추 추간판 탈출증에 대한 한방 치료의 효과 연구 : High-intensive zone(HIZ) 유무에 따라)

  • Jang, Jae Won;Lee, Ji Won;Roh, Ji Ae;Lee, Gi Eon;Kim, Hyun Joong;Hong, Jung Soo;Kim, Dong Jin
    • The Journal of Korea CHUNA Manual Medicine for Spine and Nerves
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.47-63
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    • 2018
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of lumbar spinal herniated intervertebral Disc on MRI accompanying or not High-intensive zone(HIZ) by Korean Medical Combination Treatment Methods : 324 patients who received inpatient treatment from January 2017 to September 2017 in the Daejeon-Jaseng of Korean Medicine Hospital were divided into 2 groups by High-intensive zone(HIZ) confirmed with a Lumbar spine magnetic resonance imaging. All patients received a combination of treatment including acupunture, chuna manual therapy, pharmacopunture, herbal medication. They were compared and analyzed on the basis of improvement between measuring Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), EuroQol-5 Dimension Index (EQ5D Index), physical examination as they were hospitalized and as they were discharged. The statistically significance was evaluated by SPSS 18.0 for windows. Results : After treatment, Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), EuroQol-5 Dimension Index (EQ5D Index), physical examination was improved respectively. But there was no statistically significance between 2 group's improvement after treatment. Conclusions : After inpatient treatment by Korean Medical Combination Treatment, Most patient's pain, disability and Health Related Quality of Life was improved significantly. But there was no statistically difference between accompanying or not High-intensive zone(HIZ). So We think that future research of higher quality and correct statistics shall be necessary.

Survey on Satisfaction and Symptom Improvement of Korean Medicine Treatment in 122 Cases by Traffic Accident (교통사고 환자 122례에 대한 한방치료 만족도 및 호전도 조사)

  • Kim, Hye Ryeon;Kim, Seon Hye;Lee, Yeon Sun;Park, Seo Hyun;Sung, Won Suk;Cho, Hyun Seok;Keum, Dong Ho;Kim, Kap Sung;Kim, Eun Jung
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.61-72
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study conducted a survey research to characterize traffic accident(TA) patients seeking Korean medicine treatment and to analyze the symptom improvement and satisfaction scores. Methods: A survey was conducted in 122 outpatients, who visited OO University Korean Hospital due to TA-associated symptoms from November, 2017 to May, 2018. The questionnaire included information on patient demographic characteristics, accident circumstance details, pain levels, reason for treatment selection, treatment methods, treatment purpose, symptom improvement and satisfaction. All statistical analyses were performed using Windows SPSS version 20.0 Results: The characteristics of traffic accident patients using Korean medical institution were usually accidents that occurred while driving slowly, and minor injuries like a sprain. The most important consideration in choosing Korean medical institution was its past experience. The biggest reason for switching treatment from Western medicine to Korean medicine was for diverse treatments. Satisfaction with Korean medicine was measured between very satisfaction and satisfaction. Patients showed the highest satisfaction with acupuncture, followed by pharmacopuncture and chuna manual therapy. Most treatments were measured between very satisfaction and satisfaction. After treatment, 95.90 percent of the patients said they would recommend Korean treatment. Conclusions: Although this study has limitations as research in survey format, we intended to analyze determining factors for the use of Korean medicine treatment through satisfaction, symptom improvement, and Numeric rating scale (NRS) change.