• Title/Summary/Keyword: Phosphorus Removal

Search Result 290, Processing Time 0.063 seconds

Effects of mixing/aeration ratio and SRT on nutrient removal in SBR process (연속회분식반응조 공정에서 교반/폭기비와 SRT가 영양염류제거에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Seok-Jun;Kim, Han-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
    • /
    • v.18 no.3
    • /
    • pp.291-301
    • /
    • 2002
  • In this study, nutrients treatment by sequencing batch reactors(SBR) was performed. Nitrogen and phosphorus removal efficiencies were evaluated by changing SRT and mixing/aeration ratio. Not only nitrogen but also phosphorus removal patterns were investigated through track studies on 1 cycle. As SRT was fixed and mixing/aeration ratio was changed, maximum nitrogen removal efficiency was 87.6% at mixing/aeration ratio 0.67. Phosphorus removal efficiencies were more than 85.5% except no mixing condition. As mixing/aeration ratio was fixed and SRT was changed, nitrogen removal efficiencies were 70.5~79.8%, which represented slight changes, while phosphorus removal efficiencies were 49.0~97.3%, which represented sharply decreasing tendency at less than 20 day. Both phosphorus release rate k and maximum phosphorus release rate $P_{max}/M$ were are decreased as SRT was decreased, but they were not affected by mixing/aeration ratio. It was found that there is a linear relationship between ortho-phosphate uptake and maximum ortho-phosphate release.

Effects of dolomite addition on phosphorus removal by chemical coagulation of secondary treated effluent (백운석 첨가가 응집에 의한 하수 처리수의 인 제거에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Byung-Ha;Park, Joon-Hong;Cha, Ho-Young;Maeng, Sung-Kyu;Song, Kyung-Guen
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
    • /
    • v.26 no.3
    • /
    • pp.443-451
    • /
    • 2012
  • Wastewater treatment plants need to reduce phosphorus in order to meet increasingly stringent regulations on phosphorus. This study evaluated the feasibility of dolomite as a coagulation aid to enhance phosphorus removal from secondary treated wastewater by chemical coagulation. Standard jar tests were conducted to evaluate the effect of dolomite addition on a coagulation process for phosphorus removal and to determine the optimum doses of coagulants and dolomite. Coagulants used with dolomite yielded a significant improvement in phosphorus removal and reduced total phosphorus concentrations below 0.02 mg/L in wastewater effluent. Dolomite has played an important role in enhancing phosphate adsorption and increasing pH, as a coagulation aid. The maximum removal efficiency of phosphorus in this study was yielded at 25 mg/l of dolomite and 20 mg Al/L of PAC dose. However, considering economic aspects, the optimum doses of dolomite and PAC were 10 mg/L and 15mg Al/L, respectively. Consequently, dolomite, a coagulation aid, can be used in coagulation processes to enhance the removal of phosphorus.

Preparation of Composites using Carbonyl Iron with Ferromagnetic Properties for Effective Phosphorus Removal in Water (효과적인 수중의 인제거를 위해 강자성력을 가진 카보닐 철을 활용한 복합제 제조)

  • Kim, Jong Kyu
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.26 no.6
    • /
    • pp.117-124
    • /
    • 2018
  • For the effective removal of phosphorus in water, a novel type of composite was prepared by combining Poly Alumiun Chloride, widely used in sewage/wastewater treatment plants, and Humic Acid particles, which are known to have phosphorus removal ability, with CI. The surface of the ferromagnetic CI particles was oxidized and activated, and then PAC and HA were synthesized to finally produce CIPAC and CIHA. CIPAC and CIHA prepared by this study showed similar results to the phosphorus removal efficiencies of PAC and HA coagulants. The novel composite has a larger weight than the conventional coagulant, and the coagulated sludge precipitates rapidly. The sludge could be easily separated in a short time if the external magnetic field was given by the ferromagnetic force of CIPAC and CIHA prepared with CI as support. Therefore, it can be concluded that if phosphorus removal is carried out using CIPAC and CIHA prepared through this study with external magnetic field, the sedimentation rate will be much faster than that of conventional coagulant. Thus it is possible to obtain a high economic benefit in the sludge recovery part.

Effect of Anionic Polymer on Particle Size Distribution in PAC Coagulation Process for Phosphorus Removal (PAC를 이용한 인제거 공정에서 음이온계 고분자 첨가가 입도 분포에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sunghong;Lee, Dongwoo;Kim, Donghan;Kim, Dooil
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
    • /
    • v.29 no.2
    • /
    • pp.170-175
    • /
    • 2013
  • Achieving very low phosphorus levels in treated wastewater will require the installation of additional treatment. Phosphorus removal experiments by chemical coagulation were carried out for the effluent of wastewater treatment plant in this study. TP (total phosphorus) or phosphate were highly related to the addition of PAC (poly aluminium chloride) which is one of the inorganic coagulants. But, organic polymer did not significantly affect the phosphorus removal efficiency. Polymer affected the flocculation of particle especially particle matter less than 10 micrometer so, the number of micro particles was decreased by polymer dose. Chlorination would not affect on chemical coagulation process and TP and turbidity could be effectively removed by the co-addition of PAC and polymer.

Possibility of Anoxic Phosphorus Removal by Denitrifier in Denitrifying EBPR System (생물학적 질소.인 동시제거 시스템에서 탈질미생물의 인 제거 가능성)

  • Lee, Hansaem;Yun, Zuwhan
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
    • /
    • v.29 no.6
    • /
    • pp.782-789
    • /
    • 2013
  • Enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) behavior and microbial characteristics in the anaerobic-aerobic SBR (PAO SBR) and the anaerobic-anoxic SBR (DPAO SBR) were examined in this research. For 392 days of operation, both SBRs have exhibited a good EBPR (or denitrifying EBPR) performance. $P_{release}/P_{influent}$ ratio was highest in both reactors after the stabilization, while the efficiency of phosphorus removal was decreased since the sludge granulation has been visually observed within the reactor. The comparative analysis of Pyrosequencing-based microbial population between PAO and DPAO sludges showed indirectly that Dechloromonas spp. could utilize $O_2$ and $NO_3{^-}-N$ as an electron acceptor and Accumulibacter phosphatis use only $O_2$ in EBPR system. Also, we concluded that Thauera spp. as a denitrifier contribute significantly to the anoxic phosphorus removal in the DPAO system.

Development of Control Technology of Phosphorus in Water (수중의 인 제어기술 개발)

  • Kim, Kyoung Tae;Kang, Seon Hong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
    • /
    • v.13 no.3
    • /
    • pp.56-60
    • /
    • 1999
  • In this study the feasibility of usage of raw sludge (sludge from water treatment plant) and chalk from schools and institutes was investigated to remove the phosphorus in water and wastewater. In this study phosphorus removal efficiencies of sludge and chalk were investigated by changing various factors. The time to reach the equilibrium using chalk and raw sludge under different pHs was obtained. Based on this result, Freudlich adsorption isotherm was applied. Results showed that a portion of phosphorus was removed by adsorption to chalk and raw sludge. The phosphorus removal efficiency using calcinated chalk was about three times higher than that of chalk. It means that some portion of $CaCO_3$ contained in chalk was converted to CaO by calcination and this was proved by X-ray diffraction experiment. About 90% phosphorus removal was observed using sludge and calcinated chalk respectively while about 20% phosphorus removal efficiency was achieved using chalk from the water sample in Lake Sihwa.

  • PDF

Toxicity Evaluation of Single and Binary Mixture of Heavy Metals on the Growth and Phosphorus Removal Ability of Bacillus sp. (Bacillus sp.의 생장과 인 제거능에 대한 단일 및 2종 혼합 중금속의 독성 평가)

  • Kim, Deok-Won;Park, Ji-Su;Oh, Eun-Ji;Yoo, Jin;Kim, Deok-Hyeon;Chung, Keun-Yook
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.30 no.11
    • /
    • pp.945-956
    • /
    • 2021
  • In this study, the effects of single and binary heavy metals toxicity on the growth and phosphorus removal ability of Bacillus sp.. known as be a phosphorus-removing microorganism, were quantitatively evaluated. Cd, Cu, Zn, Pb, Ni were used as heavy metals. As a result of analysis of variance of the half of inhibition concentration and half of effective concentration for each single heavy metal treatment group, the inhibitory effect on the growth of Bacillus sp. was Ni < Pb < Zn < Cu < Cd. And the inhibitory effect on phosphorus removal by Bacillus sp. was Ni < Pb < Zn < Cu < Cd. When analyzing the correlation between growth inhibition and phosphorus removal efficiency of a single heavy metal treatment group, a negative correlation was found (R2 = 0.815), and a positive correlation was found when the correlation between IC50 and EC50 was analyzed (R2 = 0.959). In all binary heavy metal treatment groups, the interaction was an antagonistic effect when evaluated using the additive toxicity index method. This paper is considered to be basic data on the toxic effects of heavy metals when phosphorus is removed using phosphorus removal microorganisms in wastewater.

Removal Mechanism of Phosphorus in Wastewater Effluent using Coagulation Process (응집공정을 이용한 하수처리수 중의 인 제거 Mechanism)

  • Han, Seung-Woo;Kang, Lim-Seok
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
    • /
    • v.32 no.8
    • /
    • pp.774-779
    • /
    • 2010
  • The experimental results for the analysis of aluminum hydrolysis species with PACls (polyaluminum chloride) prepared by different basicity (r value) showed that monomeric Al species were reduced while polymeric Al species were increased with an increase in basicity for PACls. The PACl with 2.2 of r value contained the highest amount of polymeric Al species. According to the experimental results for the phosphorus removal, the alum and PACl (r=0), which consisted of mainly monomeric Al species, were the most effective for phosphorus removal. Therefore, it was concluded that the Al coagulant containing higher amount of monomeric or lower molecular Al species would be more beneficial for phosphorus removal.

Comparisons of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Removal Capacity of Four Macrophytes

  • Lee, Jeom-Sook;Ihm, Byung-Sun;Kim, Jong-Wook;Lee, Seung-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
    • /
    • v.23 no.2
    • /
    • pp.163-167
    • /
    • 2000
  • To evaluate the water purification capacity of 4 emergent macrophytes in 4 tributaries of Mankyung River, nitrate reductase activity (NRA) and nutrient removal capacity were determined. Higher NRA occurred in emergent macrophytes such as Persicaria thunbergii and Oenanthe iavanica with 7.8 and 5.4 ${\mu}$moi NO$_2$ g$^{-1}$d.wt. h$^{-1}$. respectively. The nitrogen removal capacity of emergent macrophytes displaying higher NRA fell within the range of 0.85 to 1.95 mg g$^{-1}$d.wt. day$^{-1}$ and was higher in the order Phragmites communis > Persicaria thunbergii > Oenanthe iavanica > Zizania latifolia. The phosphorus removal capacity was within the range of 0.07 to 0.12 mg g$^{-1}$d.wt. day$^{-1}$ and was higher in the order Phragmites communis > Oenanthe iavanica > Persicaria thunbergii > Zizania latifolia. In all the domestic, industrial and agricultural wastewaters, Phragmites communis showed the highest nitrogen and phosphorus removal capacity; 1.36 and 0.0088 mg g$^{-1}$d.wt. day$^{-1}$ respectively. Among the 4 macrophytes. Phragmites communis was the most suitable species for water purification in 4 tributaries of Mankyung River.

  • PDF

Phosphorus Removal in Pilot Plant Using Biofilm Filter Process from Farm Wastewater

  • Shin, Sung-Euy;Choi, Du-Bok;Lee, Choon-Boem;Cha, Wol-Suk
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
    • /
    • v.11 no.4
    • /
    • pp.325-331
    • /
    • 2006
  • Various environmental conditions affecting total phosphorus removal from farm wastewater in a biofilm filter process were investigated using loess balls and Chromobacterium LEE-38 at a pilot plant. When Chromobacterium LEE-38 was used, the removal efficiency of total phosphorous was approximately 10- or 5-fold higher than that of Acinetobacter CHA-2-14 or Acinetobacter CHA-4-5, respectively. When a loess ball of $11{\sim}14mm$ manufactured at a $960^{\circ}C$ calcining temperature was used, the removal efficiency of total phosphorous was 90.0%. When 70% of the volume fraction was used, the maximum efficiency of total phosphorus removal was 93.1%. Notably, when the initial pH was in the range of 6.0 to 8.0, the maximum removal efficiency of total phosphorus was obtained after 30 days. When the operating temperature was in the range of 30 to $55^{\circ}C$, the maximum removal efficiencies of total phosphorus, 95.6 to 94.6%, were obtained. On the other hand, at operating temperatures below $20^{\circ}C$ or above $40^{\circ}C$, the removal efficiency of total phosphorous decreased. Among the various processes, biofilm filter process A gave the highest removal efficiency of 96.4%. Pilot tests of total phosphorus removal using farm wastewater from the biofilm filter process A were carried out for 60 days under optimal conditions. When Acinetobacter sp. Lee-11 was used, the average removal efficiency in the p-adsorption area was only 32.5%, and the removal efficiencies of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biological oxygen demand (BOD) were 56.7 and 62.5%, respectively. On the other hand, when Chromobacterium LEE-38 was used, the average removal efficiency was 95.1%, and the removal efficiencies of COD and BOD were 91.3 and 93.2%, respectively.