• Title, Summary, Keyword: Physicochemical properties

Search Result 3,117, Processing Time 0.036 seconds

Physicochemical Properties of Traditional Liquor with Different Brewing Method of Mit-sool (밑술 담금 방법을 달리한 전통주의 이화학적 특성)

  • Chung, Rak-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
    • /
    • v.30 no.3
    • /
    • pp.377-386
    • /
    • 2015
  • The purpose of this research was to appraise physicochemical properties by utilizing different Mit-sool, Juk, Seolgi-tteok, and Godubap, to produce traditional liquor. In all experimental plots, pH and amino acidity tended to increase with duration of fermentation. Titratable acidity displayed a very high number on the second day but then tended to decrease as fermentation progressed. Sugar contents were highest on the fourth day and tended to decrease with time. Alcohol content increased sharply at the initial stage of fermentation and increased gradually. On the 15th day, traditional liquor made with Godubap recorded the highest alcohol content. Common free sugar components were glucose and sorbitol. Common free organic acid components were lactic, succinic, citric, tartaric, malic, and acetic acids. Volatile flavor compounds were six alcohols, five esters, three aldehydes, and two ketones. Regarding overall acceptability in the sensory evaluation, traditional liquor using Seolgi-tteok as Mit-sool scored the highest. Overall, even though different types of Mit-sool had different physicochemical properties, there were no significant differences in volatile flavor compounds or sensory evaluation scores.

Physicochemical Properties and Shelf-Life of Regular-Fat Sausages with Various Levels of Grape Tomato Powder Prepared by Different Drying Methods

  • Qiu, Zhuang Zhuang;Chin, Koo Bok
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.40 no.5
    • /
    • pp.722-733
    • /
    • 2020
  • This study was aimed to investigate the physicochemical properties, texture, and antioxidant, and antimicrobial activities of regular-fat sausages (RFSs) mixed with 0.25 and 0.5% of oven-dried and freeze-dried grape tomato powder (GTP, 150 ㎛) during storage at 4℃. RFSs were made by six treatments that included: control (CTL), REF (sausages with 0.1% ascorbic acid alone), F1GTPSs (F1) and F2GTPSs (F2) (sausages with 0.25% and 0.5% freeze-dried GTP), and O1GTPSs (O1) and O2GTPSs (O2) (sausages with 0.25% and 0.5% GTP oven-dried at 100℃). Sausages with added oven-dried grape tomato powders (OGTPs) showed decreased pH, lightness (L), total plate count (TPC), and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) compared to the sausages mixed with freeze-dried GTP (FGTPSs), but also had the highest redness (a) and yellowness (b) values among the treatments. With increasing levels of GTP, the hardness and chewiness of the sausages gradually decreased and these were decreased more in the FGTPSs (F) than in the OGTPSs (O). Compared to the FGTPSs, OGTPSs had higher antioxidant and antimicrobial activities, which extend the shelf-life of meat products. Application of OGTP to RFSs resulted in higher lipid antioxidant, antimicrobial activities, improving physicochemical properties and extended the shelf-life.

Physicochemical Properties of Freeze-dried Corn Starch Sponge Matrix (동결 건조된 옥수수 전분 스펀지 매트릭스의 이화학적 특성)

  • Han, Kyung-Hoon;Kim, Doh-Hee;Song, Kwan-Yong;Lee, Kye-Heui;Yoon, Taek-Joon;Yang, Sung-Bum;Lee, Seog-Won
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.23 no.3
    • /
    • pp.419-427
    • /
    • 2010
  • The focus of the current study was to investigate the physicochemical properties of a corn starch-sponge matrix prepared at a low concentration below gel forming by freeze-drying. The effect of variables(starch concentration, heating temperature, and heating hold time) on the physicochemical properties of the samples was analyzed by response-surface methodology. Regression models on the properties of samples such as hardness, springiness, and water solubility index(WSI) showed high correlation coefficients(r>0.95) and significant F values, but regression models for the other properties(swelling power, apparent viscosity, reducing sugar content, and digestibility) showed them to have relatively low significance. Sample hardness of sample showed the highest value at condition of $90^{\circ}C$ and 5%, whereas springiness was at a maximum at $130^{\circ}C$ and 5%. Also, at 1% of starch concentration, mechanical properties were greatly decreased as the relative humidity increased, compared with the 3% and 5%, especially in the hardness of samples. The WSI showed an increasing trend with heating temperature regardless of starch concentration. Overall, the physicochemical properties of freeze-dried corn starch-sponge matrix were influenced much more by starch concentration and heating temperature than by heating hold time. The results of this study show that the basic properties of freeze-dried corn starch-sponge matrix can be used for the specific food applications or as a functional material for its stability.

Correlation between physicochemical properties and biological half-life of triazole fungicides in perilla leaf (들깻잎에서 Triazole계 살균제의 생물학적 반감기와 물리화학적 특성과의 상관관계)

  • Lee, Sang-Hyeob;Kwak, Se-Yeon;Hwang, Jeong-In;Kim, Hyo-Jung;Kim, Tae-Hwa;Kim, Jang-Eok
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
    • /
    • v.62 no.4
    • /
    • pp.407-415
    • /
    • 2019
  • The biological half-life of pesticides applied on crops is the key indicator for ensuring the safety of agricultural products. The biological half-life is affected by the several factors like growing conditions of the crop, climate, application method, and physicochemical properties of pesticides. In this study, the biological half-life was calculated and the degradation rates of six triazole fungicides sprayed on perilla leaves were evaluated. Moreover, the statistical analysis confirmed the correlation between the biological half-life and physicochemical properties of six triazole pesticides. The recoveries of the six pesticides were between 84.8-104.9%, which satisfied the residual pesticide analysis criteria. The biological half-life of six pesticides sprayed on perilla leaves, calculated using the first-order kinetics model, ranged between 6.4-15.1 days. When the biological half-life and the physicochemical properties were correlated using the principal component analysis: pKa and Log P, the biological half-life was found to be affected by PC1. The correlation coefficient between biological half-life and physicochemical properties (pKa), calculated by Spearman rank-order correlation, was R2 = -0.928 (p <0.01). Biological half-life has been shown to correlate with pKa. In conclusion, it can be used as a database for the relationship between biological half-life and physicochemical properties and will contribute to ensure safe supply of agricultural products.

Physicochemical Analysis of Korean Traditional Soy Sauce and Commercial Soy sauce (재래식 조선간장과 시판양조간장의 이화학적 특성 연구)

  • 김영아;김현숙;정명준
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.12 no.3
    • /
    • pp.273-278
    • /
    • 1996
  • To investigate the main components of Korean traditional soy sauce for its typical taste, we compare the physicochemical properties of Korean traditional soy sauce and commercial soy sauce. The physicochemical analysis revealed that each components showed significant difference between Korean traditional soy sauce and commercial soy sauce. The significant characters for discrimination between Korean traditional soy sauce and commercial soy sauce were salt content, ammonia nitrogen content and total acidity (R$^2$=0.99). The components of Korean traditional soy sauce divided into 3 clusters, and each group is characterized as formol nitrogen, salt and total nitrogen content by cluster analysis. Main amino acids of Korean traditional soy sauce were alanine, glutamic acid, leucine and valine.

  • PDF

Effect of Gamma-Irradiated Red Pepper Powder on Physicochemical Properties of Kakdugi, a Korean Traditional Radish Kimchi

  • Lee, Jeung-Hee;Sung, Tae-Hwa;Kim, Mee-Ree
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.22-28
    • /
    • 2005
  • Physicochemical properties and sensory characteristics of kakdugi prepared with red pepper powder gamma-irradiated up to 7 kGy were determined during fermentation at 5℃. The overall fermentation patterns between kakdugies with irradiated and nonirradiated red pepper powder were similar. Kakdugi prepared with irradiated red pepper powder required one week longer time for optimal ripening compared to the kakdugi control. Irradiated red pepper powder did not affect the hardness and fracturability of kakdugi during fermentation. Kakdugi prepared with irradiated red pepper powder maintained a redder color than the kakdugi control. No significant differences were observed in taste, odor, texture, and overall acceptability (p<0.05) except for color. It can be concluded that irradiation of red pepper powder, up to 7 kGy, did not affect the quality of kakdugi with regard to physicochemical and sensory characteristics during fermentation. Moreover, irradiated red pepper powder was better for maintaining the red color and delaying optimum ripening time of kakdugi fermentation.

Influences of Red Pepper Seed Powder on the Physicochemical Properties of a Meat Emulsion Model System

  • Lee, Jeong-A;Kim, Gye-Woong;Kim, Hack-Youn;Choe, Juhui
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.39 no.2
    • /
    • pp.286-295
    • /
    • 2019
  • Red pepper seed (RPS) is commonly removed during the production of red pepper powder, which is contains large amounts of dietary fibers and is abundant in nutrients, readily available. In this study, we determined the effects of adding RPS powder on the physicochemical properties of emulsified meat products. Meat emulsion samples were prepared with pork hind leg meat (60%) and back fat (20%), iced water (20%), various additives, and RPS powder at different concentrations [0% (control), 1%, 2%, 3%, and 4%]. For the physicochemical properties, moisture and fat content, pH value, color, emulsion stability, cooking yield, appearance viscosity, and textural properties were examined. Addition of RPS induced significantly higher values in moisture content, pH, cooking yield, and a* values of the meat emulsion samples, regardless of the amount added. However, lower values were obtained for emulsion stability, cooking yield, and viscosity in samples with RPS powder at 3% or 4% among all groups. In general, addition of RPS powder at 1% and 2% led to the greatest values in viscosity of the meat emulsion samples. Higher values (p<0.05) in hardness and springiness were observed in samples with RPS powder at 4% and 3%, respectively. For gumminess, chewiness, and cohesiveness, the addition of RPS powder at 1%, 2%, and 3% induced the highest values (p<0.05) in the meat emulsion samples. These results showed that addition of RPS powder at optimum levels (2%) could be utilized to improve quality properties of emulsified meat products as a non-meat ingredient.

Physicochemical Properties of Starch Affected by Molecular Composition and Structures: A Review

  • Srichuwong, Sathaporn;Jane, Jay-Iin
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.16 no.5
    • /
    • pp.663-674
    • /
    • 2007
  • Starches from different botanical sources differ in the ratio of amylose to amylopectin contents, molecular structures of amylose and amylopectin, granule morphology, and minor-component contents. These structural features result in different gelatinization, pasting, retrogradation properties, and enzyme digestibility of starch granules. In this review, compositions and molecular structures of starches and their effects on the physicochemical properties are summarized and discussed.

Studies on the Comparison of Physicochemical Properties and the Presumption of Sensory Quality of Japonica Rice Varieties Cultivated in Korea and Japan (한국과 일본의 자포니카종 쌀에 대한 이화학적 특성의 비교 및 관능품질의 추정에 관한 연구)

  • 홍원표;이성갑;박승남
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.14 no.6
    • /
    • pp.596-604
    • /
    • 2001
  • Twelve varieties of Korean rice and ten varieties of Japanese rice were selected. After being milled. they were analyzed about various physicochemical properties such as moisture, protein and amylose, a -amylase activity, gelatinization properties. And after being cooked with proper amount of water texture and other physical properties were measured by Texturometer, Tensipresser and Rheolograph-micro. Finally the sensory evaluation test was carried out. The results were as follows. 1. In case of protein contents, amylose contents and $\alpha$-amylase activity, Korean rice had a slightly higher value than Japanese As a consequence. Korean rice showed a little stronger hardness and a little weaker stickiness compared with Japanese rice. 2. Amylose contents showed very high correlation with other physicochemical properties and peak viscosity and gelatinization temperature of RVA, the ratio of stickiness to hardness( -Hl/Hl ) of Texturometer and the tan $\delta$(the ratio of dynamic loss to dynamic viscoelasticity) of Rheolograph-micro showed high correlation with other analyzed properties. 3. The ( -/+)work balance of low compression test(25% ) of Tensipresser analysis(texture analysis on the surface of cooked rice) and tan f of Rheolograph-micro showed very high correlation with sensory evaluation results. By using this parameters as major independent variables, some trials to derive high confidence multiple regression equations were accomplished. By the equations it would be possible to make an approximate pre-estimate of eating quality for unknown japonica rice.

  • PDF

Quantification of Starch Content in Apples Using Image Analysis and Its Relationships to Physicochemical Properties

  • Cho, Y. J.;Jun, W.;Kim, C. T.;Kim, C. J.;Kim, D. M.;Hwang, B. H.;Kim, J. K.
    • Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
    • /
    • v.2 no.2
    • /
    • pp.59-62
    • /
    • 2001
  • The starch content of apples, which is related to the maturity and ripeness, was quantified by using a computer vision system. The stained area was measured by image analysis when an apple slice was stained with KI/I$_2$ solution. The ratio of stained area of the apple slice to its whole area, so called the starch index, was defined as an indicator of the starch content. When Tsugaru apples were manually sorted into immature, turing and mature groups, their starch indices were 0.374, 0.312 and 0.129, respectively. The starch index had relationships to various physicochemical properties of Tsugaru apples. At the statistically significant level of 0.1%, it was correlated with the pH value, bio-yield force, rupture force and color of intact and skin-removed apples. At the 1% significant level, it had the correlation with the density and moisture content.

  • PDF