• Title, Summary, Keyword: Physiotherapy

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The Present State of Physiotherapy and the Development Direction of a Curriculum for Physiotherapy Educational Program in Swaziland (Swaziland의 물리치료 현황과 물리치료 교육프로그램 개발방향)

  • Park, Ji-whan
    • The Journal of Korean of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2015
  • Background: The purpose of this study was to search the present state of physiotherapy and the development direction of a curriculum for physiotherapy educational program, especially in field of orthopedic manual therapy, in Swaziland. Methods: The developed curriculum is as follows: 1. Disease and Health State in Swaziland. 2. Medical Human Resources State of Swaziland. 3. Physiotherapy Services State in Swaziland. 4. Higher Education State in Swaziland. 5. Development Direction of a Curriculum for Physiotherapy Educational Program in Swaziland. Conclusions: There is no a physiotherapist in Swaziland and Swaziland government which has not a physiotherapy education programme in any university of whole country. So we need to the development direction of a curriculum for physiotherapy educational program for the future of Swaziland, especially in field of orthopedic manual therapy. The reason is firstly, most of people are obesity in this country, so many people complained a lot of joint and muscle pain. And secondly, also there are many musculoskeletal disease patients now a day in Swaziland because of HIV/AIDS. Lastly, Swaziland country is in a poor and developing state, so physiotherapist it is hard to make a purchase and setting physiotherapy modalities apparatus at Swaziland country.

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A Study on Effectiveness of Application of the IEC 61689 Standard to Ultrasonic Physiotherapy Systems with Frequency Range over 5MHz (5MHz 초과 초음파자극기에 대한 IEC 61689 규격 적용의 유효성에 관한 연구)

  • Youn, Ju-Shin;Choi, Gi Sang
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.69-78
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    • 2015
  • Ultrasonic physiotherapy systems should comply with IEC 60601-2-5(particular requirements for safety of ultrasonic physiotherapy equipment) standard for safety of patients and clinical performances. One of the most important parameters in the standard is the effective radiating area ($A_{ER}$). It has to be measured in accordance with IEC 61689 (field specifications and methods of measurement in the frequency range 0.5MHz to 5MHz). Typical ultrasonic physiotherapy system works in the frequency range 1MHz ~ 3MHz to comply with the IEC 61689. However, ultrasonic physiotherapy system using frequencies over 5MHz is out of the IEC 61689's scope. That is, even if such ultrasonic physiotherapy systems are developed by demands of the market, there is no standard to apply. It is the motivation for this study. Whereas there are other parameters to be considered, this study focuses on the effective radiating area and shows effectiveness of applying IEC 61689 in measuring effective radiating area of ultrasonic physiotherapy systems using frequency range over 5MHz by comparing the results of computer simulation and experiment. Results of this study shows that applying the IEC 61689 standard to ultrasonic physiotherapy system using frequency range over 5MHz is possible.

The Necessity to Introduce Home Visiting Physiotherapy (가정방문 물리치료의 도입 필요성)

  • Kim, Dong-Me
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.997-1009
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the necessity to provide a much better and more comfortable physiotherapy than institutional physiotherapy to a number of home-keeping handicapped persons and patients with a chronic-degenerative-denile disease. Home visiting physiotherapy can be defined as a behavior which a physiotherapist himself visit home and treat patients who cannot or hardly can visit hospital. To investigate factors which might influence the necessity for introduction of home visiting physiotherapy, this survey was carried out with the out-patients of four general hospital, one Chinese-medicine hospital, one welfare institution for handicapped persons, and also for all the physiotherapists registered in Pusan physiotherapist association using the structured questionare from March 1 to March 30.

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Essentials of Physiotherapy after Thoracic Surgery: What Physiotherapists Need to Know. A Narrative Review

  • Ahmad, Ahmad Mahdi
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.51 no.5
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    • pp.293-307
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    • 2018
  • Physiotherapy has recently become an essential part of enhanced recovery protocols after thoracic surgery. The evidence-based practice of physiotherapy is essential for the effective management of postoperative patients. Unfortunately, only a small body of literature has discussed the rationale of the physiotherapy interventions that are routinely implemented following thoracic surgery. Nonetheless, we can integrate the available knowledge into our practice until new evidence emerges. Therefore, in this review, the principles of physiotherapy after thoracic surgery are presented, along with a detailed description of physiotherapy interventions, with the goals of enhancing the knowledge and practical skills of physiotherapists in postoperative care units and helping them to re-evaluate and justify their traditional practices.

Effects of Intramuscular Electrical Stimulation Using Inversely Placed Electrodes on Myofascial Pain Syndrome in the Shoulder - A Case Series

  • Shanmugam, Sukumar;Mathias, Lawrence;Thakur, Ajay;Kumar, Dhanesh
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.136-140
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    • 2016
  • Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is one of the common musculoskeletal conditions of the shoulder which may develop sensory-motor and autonomic dysfunctions at the various level of the neuromuscular system. The pain and dysfunction caused by MPS were primarily treated with physical therapy and pharmacological agents in order to achieve painfree movements. However, in recent years intramuscular electrical stimulation (IMES) with conventional electrode placement was used by researchers to maximise therapeutic values. But, in this study an inverse electrode placement was used to deliver electrical impulses intramuscularly to achieve neuro-modulation at the various level of the nervous system. Nine patients with MPS were treated with intramuscular electrode stimulation using inversely placed electrodes for a period of three weeks. All nine subjects recovered from their shoulder pain and disability within the few weeks of intervention. So, this inverse electrode placement may be more appropriate for chronic pain management.

Consideration of Physiotherapy for the Improvement of Knee Joint Range of Motion after Total Knee Replacement in Patients with Hemopilic Arthropathy (무릎관절 전치환술을 시행한 혈우병 환자의 무릎관절 가동범위를 향상시키기 위한 물리치료에 관한 고찰)

  • Chun, Hye-Lim;In, Tae-Seong
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.53-60
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effect of physiotherapy on the range of motion (ROM) of patients with hemophilic arthropathy after total knee replacement (TKR) during treadmill gait. Method: Nineteen patients (age range, 30-61 years) who received physiotherapy at the Korea Hemophilia Foundation (KHF) Clinic in Seoul between 2011 and 2013 after TKR were recruited. Protocol rehabilitation was performed (KHF Clinic, Department of Physiotherapy) with an average follow-up of 70 days (range, 6-141 days). Result: Physiotherapy after TKR improved the ROM parameters, including the post-operative average ROM. The post-operative and follow-up ROM also significantly increased. Conclusion: Patients with hemophilia require different physiotherapeutic techniques and need dedicated post-operative care in comparison with the general population.

Case Study for Application of Job Centered Curriculum in Department of Physiotherapy: Brighton University in England (영국 브라이튼대학교 물리치료학과의 직무중심 교육과정 적용 사례 연구)

  • Song, Ju-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.97-107
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    • 2018
  • PURPOSE: This study investigated the job-centered curriculum in the Department of Physiotherapy at the University of Brighton, England, to examine NCS (national competency standards) curriculum in physiotherapy. METHODS: The researcher visited the University of Brighton from September 2015 to May 2016 and conducted interviews with faculty members. Data were collected through the university's website and the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy. RESULTS: The undergraduate program is a three-year program and with a module system. There is a course leader for each module. Each grade requires 120 credits (10 hours per credit) and credit hours can be earned through lectures, tutorials, practical sessions, self-directed e-learning, group work, inter-professional classes, and seminars. Clinical placement is carried out six times during 3 years, for a total of 32 weeks, 35 hours per week, 1120 hours in total. Students are enrolled as a student members of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy and are covered by professional liability insurance during clinical placement. The Center for Teaching and Learning holds regular workshops to discuss curriculum and module design, conduct course reviews, and review student assessment and feedback. All courses at the university must be approved, monitored annually, and re-approved every 5 years. CONCLUSION: This study can contribute to the development and operation of the NCS physiotherapy curriculum, as well as to the development of modules and assessment tools related to the application of this curriculum.

A Literatural Study on the Traditional Korean Medical Physiotherapy (한방물리요법에 대한 문헌적 고찰)

  • Choi, Bo-Mi;Hong, Seo-Young
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.211-226
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to establish literatural evidence about traditional Korean medical physiotherapy through literatural review. Methods : Applicable paragraphs which were related to the traditional Korean medical physiotherapy were phrased from in "Hwang-je-nae-gyung(黃帝內經)", "Yumun-sa-chin(儒門事親)", "Geum-guei-yo-ryack(金匱要略)", "Eui-hack-ip-mun(醫學入門)", "Gyung-ack-jeon-seo(景岳全書)", "Eui-hack-gang-mock(醫學綱目)", "Dong-eui-bo-gam(東醫寶鑑)" where were archiving of Oriental or Korean medicine literatures. Searched paragraphs were analysed for establishing historical and theoretical bases of Korean medical physiotherapy. Results : 1. Theromtherapy is originated from yu(熨), hot hand, warm, water bath, warm earth, fumigation, lamp, torchlight and brazier. Matching indications are various musculoskeletal pain and diseases, skin diseases such as chronic inflammation, frostbite, gynecological and urogenital diseases such as uterine myoma, lower abdominal pain, metrorrhagia, breast diseases, digestive tract diseases such as vomiting, diarrhea, stomachache and also it treats cardiovascular disease. Other matching indications are sunstroke, rhinorrhea, psycosis and anal pain. And it used helping acupuncture therapy. 2. Cryotherapy is originated from lengfu(冷敷), lengtie(冷貼), cold stone and cold water. Matching indications are various fever disease, skin diseases such as acute inflammation, wound, fever skin disease, otorhinolaryngological diseases such as acute sore throat, otitis, stomatitis, nasal bleeding and contusions, abrasions, burn and dysuria. In addition, it treats extremity coldness, chillness, stomachache caused to accumulate fever. 3. Physiotherapy by circulating meridian system is originated from manipulation such as pushing, massage and beating to therapy point. Matching indications are musculoskeletal diseases such as various muscular pain, heavy sensation, convulsion, urogenital diseases such as dysuria, lower abdomen pain, digestive tract diseases such as stomachache, and paralysis due to blocked meridian system. And other matching indications are psycosis, leprosy, hypoesthesia, acute stroke. In addition it helps other therapy methods. In addition, the power of manipulation classify to strengthen and reduce. 4. Physiotherapy by balancing meridian system is originated from sunshine, magnet, horn, bamboo and tube. Sunshine helps improving self's care and cure inflammatory skin disease. Magnet's matching indications are paralysis, various injuries, abscess, fever and eye disease. Cupping therapy treats to skin diseases and internal diseases such as tuberculosis. Conclusions : Traditional Korean medical physiotherapy was widely used in traditional Korean medicine since ancient time based on the traditional Korean medical principle and anatomical knowledge. With modern physiotherapy and traditional Korean medicine together, effects of treatment are enhanced. And traditional Korean medical physiotherapy is appropriated to world physiotherapy's expectation.

Effect of Cardiopulmonary Physiotherapy on Patients With Percutaneous Coronary Intervention - Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (경피적 관상동맥 중재술을 받은 환자를 대상으로 심장호흡물리치료에 대한 효과 - 체계적 고찰과 메타분석)

  • Kang, Na-yoon;Park, Beom-seok;Kim, Min-hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.63-73
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    • 2019
  • PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of cardiopulmonary physiotherapy on the cardiopulmonary function, metabolism, inflammatory markers, and quality of life in patients with coronary artery disease who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: Electronic bibliographic databases of a regional information sharing system (RISS) and PubMed were searched to identify studies with randomized and non-randomized controlled trials. As the final outcome, 320 publications were identified and 18 studies met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. All studies were assessed for the quality of study using Cochrane's risk of bias. RESULTS: Sixteen studies met the inclusion criteria, in which meta-analysis had been conducted to examine the effectiveness of cardiopulmonary physiotherapy on the cardiopulmonary function, metabolism, inflammatory markers, and quality of life in patients undergoing PCI. Meta-analysis based on a random effect model showed that the cardiopulmonary physiotherapy was beneficial in improving the cardiopulmonary function, metabolism, inflammatory markers, and quality of life. In particular, there was a significant effect on the peak oxygen uptake (effect size 5.30%; 95% confidence interval 3.62~6.97). Cardiopulmonary physiotherapy for a during period of 6 weeks or more was effective in significantly improving the cardiopulmonary function and metabolism function in a subgroup analysis, but cardiopulmonary physiotherapy for less than 6 weeks was not effective. CONCLUSION: Cardiopulmonary physiotherapy has positive effects on the cardiopulmonary function, metabolism, inflammatory markers, and quality of life in patients undergoing PCI.