• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Pinus densiflora

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역사문화적 관점에서의 치악산국립공원 구룡계곡 소나무림의 식생구조 및 관리방안 (Vegetation Structure and Management Planning on the Historical Landscape of Pinus densiflora Forest in Guryong Valley, Chiak National Park)

  • 오희영;강현경;김명섭;백승준;홍점규
    • 한국환경복원기술학회지
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.117-131
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to draw vegetation landscape elements in the ancient literature, investigate plant community structure, understand vegetation structure, and suggest reasonal conservation management methods. As a result of analyzing ancient literature, geomorphological landscapes in Guryong valley were canyon landscape and valley surrounded in Mt. Chiak. Plant landscape factors were as followed. Rhododendron spp. spread around valley. Also, Pinus densiflora communities were distributed in Guryong valley around. Especially, the entrance zones of Guryong valley were described as covered with Pinus densiflora and Whangchangkumpyo(黃腸禁標). Therefore, it was estimated that entry of Guryong valley was covered with Pinus densiflora community landscape. As for current vegetation result, the main vegetation was divided into mixed deciduous broad-leaved trees community and Pinus densiflora community. As a result of analysis by TWINSPAN for community classification, five communities(Deciduous broadleaved trees, Pinus densiflora, Pinus densiflora-Abies holophylla, Abies holophylla, and Pinus koraiensis community) were classified. To maintain historic plant landscape and conserve crucial resources, Pinus densiflora community was classified as concentrated conservation management area($105,472m^2$). To maintain Pinus densiflora landscape which has high historical and cultural value of Guryong valley, it was considered that active density control of lower layer vegetation would be necessary. Accordingly, to conserve P. densiflora landscape, Whangchangkumpyo(?腸禁標), that area was separated into Pinus densiflora lower layer forest management area($84,029m^2$) and Pinus densiflora seedling conservation management area($21,443m^2$). In understory of Pinus densiflora lower layer flora, the target tree species for elimination and management were Quercus serrata and Quercus mongolica. They were $4{\sim}6trees/100m^2$ and their average diameter was 7.1cm. To preserve Pinus densiflora seedlings, areas with Sasa borealis, the ground vegetation of Pinus densiflora community, rate of 80% or more should be selected as priority management areas and concentrated elimination and management of Sasa borealis should be implemented. Likewise, traditional Pinus densiflora forest is a historically cultural heritage to preserve with sustainable interest and survey. Efficient management method through systematic monitoring system should be made.

소나무 및 잣나무의 잎과 꽃가루의 지방산 조성 (Fatty Acid Composition of Total Lipids from Needles and Pollen of Korean Pinus densiflora and Pinus koraiensis)

  • 윤태헌
    • 한국응용과학기술학회지
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.25-30
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    • 1992
  • The needles and pollen of Pinus densiflora and Pinus koraiensis were studied for their lipid contents and fatty acid composition. The total lipid contents in needles of Pinus densiflora and Pinus koraiensis were 5.0 and 4.5%, whereas in pollen of Pinus densiflora and Pinus koraiensis 3.5 and 5.6%, respectively. Twenty-four fatty acids ranged from lauric acid to docosahexaenoic acid(22:6${\omega}$3) were identified in the needle lipids. In needles, linolenic acid and palmitic acid were the major fatty acids. The needles of Pinus densiflora showed higher proportions of docosahexaenoic acid and 5-olefinic nonmethylene-interrupted polyenoic acids than those in the Pinus koraiensis. Twenty fatty acids ranged from myristic acid to lignoceric acid were identified in the pollen lipids. Linoleic acid was the major fatty acid in the pollen followed by oleic and palmitic acid. The fatty acid profile of pollen of Pinus densiflora was similar to those of the Pinus koraiensis pollen lipids.

우리나라 소나무 주요유형지별 식생구조와 환경요인 (Community Structure and Environmental Factors of the Major Type of Pinus densiflora Populations in Korea)

  • 윤정원;김용식;김기송;성정원;박기환;이창현;신현탁;이명훈
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.167-178
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    • 2014
  • The populations of Pinus densiflora in South Korea were grouped into 4 types; Community of Pinus densiflora-Quercus serrata, Community of Pinus densiflora-Quercus mongolica, Community of Pinus densiflora-Fraxinus sieboldiana & Rhus javanica & Quercus mongolica and Community of Pinus densiflora-Prunus sargentii & Rhododendron mucronulatum. The Shannon diversity index was varied between 0.9171 and 1.5016, while the Similarity index was varied between 43.18 and 72.16. The species of Pinus densiflora are correlated positively significant with Carex humilis var. nana, Quercus serrata and Atractylodes ovata and negatively significant with Aster scaber and Sorbus alnifolia in order. According to the Correlation analysis, the relationship between the distribution of Pinus densiflora populations and the environment factors are closely related with the character of forest soil. Thus types for Pinus densiflora are differed. pH, Ex. K and Ex. Ca of Pinus densiflora populations effect No. of species and H'(shannon index). Canopy open effects No. of Individuals of Pinus densiflora community.

대기오염으로 교란된 여천공단 주변 소나무군락의 재생 (Regeneration of Pinus densiflora Commuity around that Yeocheon Industrial Complex Disturbed by Air Pollution)

  • Lee, chang Seok
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.305-316
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    • 1993
  • Stands profiles, yearly changes in growth of annual rings, age and diameter structure, and spatial distribution pattern of individuals in the Pinus densiflora stands around the Yeocheon industrial complex were investigated. Growth of annual ring in Pinus densiflora, which survived when vegetation of this area was damaged by air pollutants, was suppressed for about 10 years since 1974 when factories in this area began to operate, but since then such suppressed growth tended to be recovered. It was supposed that the suppresed growth was originated from air pollution and that improvement of growth since the suppressed period was due to the release from competition with them by death of neighbouring trees and the resuction of the amount of air pollutants. Physiognomy of Pinus densiflora stands showed mosaic pattern composed of different patches. Spatial distribution pattern of individuals an stand profiles were similar to those of Pinus densiflora stands regenerated after natural and artificial disturbances. In an age distribution diagram, age of Pinus densiflora population ranged from 1 to 33 years, Among these individuals were recrited corresponded to the suppresed period of growth of annual ring in Pinus densiflora survived when the vegetation was damaged by air pollution. On the other hand, from the result of analysis of frequency distribution diagram of diameter, it was postulated that even if whis Pinus densiflora community can be maintained as it is for the time being, it might be changed to Quercus community with the lapse of time.

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리기다송(Pinus rigida Mill)과 적송(Pinus densiflora Sieb & Zucc)잎 정유의 향기성분 (Flavor Components of the Needle Oils from Pinus rigida Mill and Pinus densiflora Sieb & Zucc)

  • 최경숙;박형국;김정한;김용택;권익부
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.769-773
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    • 1988
  • 소나무과의 리기다송(Pinus rigida Mill)과 적송(Pinus densiflora Sieb & Zucc)의 needle oil을 gas chromatography/mass spectrometry(GC/MS)로 분석하였다. 리기다송의 주요 성분은 ${\alpha}-pinene$, 1-hexen-3-ol formate, sabinene, ${\beta}-pinene,\;{\alpha}-terpieol$, ${\beta}-caryophyllene$ 등 이었으며, 적송은 ${\alpha}-pinene$, bornyl acetate, ${\beta}-pinene$, ${\beta}-hpellandrene$ 등이 주성분이었다. 적송은 리기다송에 비해 fresh, soft sweet하며 삼림을 연상시키는 효과가 컸는데, 리기다송에 bornyl acetate를 첨가하였더니 적송보다 더 강한 삼림향을 나타내었다.

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곰솔, 리기다소나무 및 소나무의 Monoterpenoids (The Monoterpenoids in Pinus tyhunbergii, Pinus rigida and Pinus densiflora)

  • 강호남;김종희
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.323-328
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    • 1997
  • The monoterpenoids are analysed in leaves and fallen leaves of Pinus species (P. thunbergii, P.. rigida. P. densiflora.). The amount of total monoterpenoids of P. thunbergii was always the highest, and then those of P. rigida and P. densiflora were orderly decreasing (P<0.05). The major monoterpenoids of P. thunbergii, P. rigida and P. densiflora are ${\beta}-pinene$, comphene and sabinene. There was no significant difference among the seasonal variation in monoterpenoids composition (P>0.05), but the concentrations of fenchone and bornyl acetate were varied (P<0.05).

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가야산(伽倻山) 소나무(Pinus densiflora)군락(群落)의 구조(構造) 및 동태(動態) (Structure and Dynamics of Pinus densiflora Community in Mt. Kaya)

  • 배관호;홍성천
    • 한국산림과학회지
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    • v.85 no.2
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    • pp.260-270
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    • 1996
  • 가야산 일대의 소나무림을 통하여 우리나라 남부내륙에 분포하는 소나무림의 임업경영에 필요한 정보를 제공할 목적으로 소나무군락의 구조 및 동태를 분석한 결과 다음과 같이 요약할 수 있었다. 사면중하부에 분포하는 소나무 이차림의 교목층, 아교목층, 관목층, 초본층의 각 계층의 높이는 9~15m, 4~10m, 1~4m, 1m이하로 구분되었으며, 능선과 정상부 소나무림의 경우는 9~10m, 2~7m, 1~2m, 1m이하로 구분할 수 있었다. 직경급 분포로 볼 때 소나무 이차림의 경우 사면하부(해발 450m)는 신갈나무, 서어나무, 졸참나무, 까치박달, 물푸레나무로, 사면중부(해발 700~800m)는 신갈나무로 천이가 진행되어 현재의 소나무 이차림은 쇠퇴하여 갈 것으로 예상된다. 능선부와 정상부의 소나무림은 소나무 치묘 및 치수를 가지고 있으므로 유지될 것으로 예상된다. 조사지의 연륜심을 통하여 볼 때 사면중하부에 분포하는 소나무 이차림은 임령이 80~90년이었으며, 수령 72~80년 무렵에 standing dead형의 소나무 고사목이 나타난다고 할 수 있었다. 가야산의 소나무림 교란 체세는 standing dead, uprooting, limbfall로 구분되고 이는 각각 70.6%, 7.6%, 11.8%이었다. 능선과 정상부의 소나무 전생수(前生樹)(advance growth)는 수령 100~110년의 상층수관에 이르기까지 standing dead형의 교란 기회를 2번 정도 갖는다고 할 수 있다. 장축방향의 연륜생장에 있어 사면중하부의 소나무는 2.45~2.9mm/year, 능선과 정상부는 1.75mm/year이었다.

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서울시 소나무림의 생태적 특성에 따른 관리방안 연구 (Management Plan to Consider Ecological Characteristic of Pinus densiflora Community in Seoul)

  • 이수동;이경재;최진우
    • 한국환경생태학회지
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.258-271
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    • 2009
  • 외부환경 변화와 천이의 영향으로 쇠퇴현상이 나타나고 있는 서울시 소나무림의 식생환경을 개선하고자 교목층 우점종의 경쟁관계, 하층식생내 경쟁종 출현 유무, 관리정도 등에 근거하여 유형을 구분하고 생태적 관리방안을 제안하였다. 서울시 소나무림을 생태적 특성에 따라 분류하면 소나무순림에 속하는 토지극상림(26.1%)과 소나무순림(21.5%), 소나무와 타 수종이 경쟁하는 소나무-신갈나무림(28.0%), 소나무-리기다소나무림(13.1%), 소나무-상수리나무림(4.2%)등으로 구분되었다. 이들 유형에 대한 정밀한 식생조사 결과, 토지극상, 답압피해, 식생관리로 인해 교목층과 하층에 경쟁종이 출현하지 않아 소나무림 유지가 가능한 4개 군집은 하층식생 보완 등 소극적인 관리가 필요하였다. 반면 교목층과 하층에 소나무와 경쟁수종인 낙엽성 참나무류와 외래종이 출현하는 4개 군집은 생태적 지위가 동일한 경쟁종관리, 하층식생 도입 등 적극적인 관리기법을 적용해야 소나무군집을 유지할 수 있을 것이다.

관악산의 산림군락에 관한 식물사회학적 연구 (A Phytosociological Study of the Forest Communities on Mt. Kwanak, Seoul)

  • 이병굉
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 1972
  • As part of the study of the structure and the successional trends of our temperate forests, a quantitative survey was made of the relatively well conserved forest stands on Mt. Kwanak, Seoul. Three community types were observed; the Pinus densiflora-Quercus mongolica community, the Pinus densiflora community, and the Quercus mongolica community. Evidence suggests that the dominance of Pinus densiflora and quercus mongolica will continue in the Pinus densiflora-Quercus mongolica community, however, in the Pinus densiflora community the dominant species, Pinus densiflora, is now being replaced by Quercus mongolica. The trend toward an increased in Acer pseudo-sieboldianum var. koreanum, Fraxinus rhynchophylla, Carpinus cordita, and Acer mono is observed in the Quercus mongolica community. An analysis of the overall composition of the forest reveals that the upper story is mostly occupied by Quercus mongolica and Pinus densiflora, the shrub layer by Rhododendron schlippenbachii and Lespedeza maximowiczii, and the herb layer by Spodiopogon cotulifer and Artemisia keiskeana. Quercus mongolica may cover most part of the forest, gradually excluding Pinus densiflora. Acer pseudo-sieboldianum var. koreanum, Fraxinus rhynchophylla, Carpinus coradata, and Acer mono are increasing in importance with the potentiality of developing into major canopy components. With the diversification of the physical habitat Cephalotaxus koreana and Magnolia sieboldii, the species which had almost completely been eliminated form the forest through the severe interferences, have reappeared.

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국내산 주요 수종의 가구 및 목공예재 활용을 위한 특성 평가 (I) - 금강송과 소나무를 중심으로 - (Domestic Use of Wood for Furniture and Woodcraft Materials Characteristics Evaluation (I) - Focusing on Pinus densiflora and Pinus densiflora for. erecta Uyeki Wood -)

  • 박병호;조원희;김남훈
    • 한국가구학회지
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.36-44
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    • 2014
  • This study was investigated to sensible characteristic and physical characteristic to estimate value of the craft for Pinus densiflora and Pinus densiflora for. erecta Uyeki wood. The sensual characteristics of wood are evaluated by wood figure, wood grain, odor, and the physical characteristics by weathering, abrasion, surface roughness and hardness. The wood figure of these species were observed at flat grain in the radial section and edge grain in the tangential section. Also, burl's figure was observed in Burl of Pinus densiflora wood. Pinus densiflora for. erecta Uyeki wood had volatile aroma compounds such as Camphene, Thymyl ether, ${\alpha}$-Longipinene, etc. Pinus densiflora wood had volatile aroma compounds such as ${\alpha}$-Longipinene, (+)-Cedrol, etc. The moisture soption, abrasion, hardness and roughness were very different between the two species.

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