• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pinus densiflora

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On the Populus maximowiczii Forest of Sangcheon Ravine, Mt. Seolag (설악산 상천 계곡의 황철나무)

  • Yim, Yang-Jai
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.95-103
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    • 1984
  • The Populus maximowiczii dominated forest of the Sangcheon ravine, Mt. Seolag, is distributed in the area with the conglemerates substrate, along the ravine stream from 170m to 550m in altitude. Toward the both slopes of the northern and southern peak from the stream side, the zonal distribution of vegetation was recognized; P. maximowiczii forest of Pinus densiflora forest and deciduous broad leaved forest. The pure community of P. maximowiczii with even more 80-98% in relative basal area (aspen basal area/basal area) was found in the ravine area from 360m to 420m in altitude, the optimal ranges in the species and community by two dimensional ordination with thermal and xeric cline axis. The species compete with Pinus densiflora, in the ravine stream side, and with deciduous broad leaved tree species such as Fraxinus rhynchophylla, Prunus sargentii, Lindera obtusiloba, in the mountain slope sides. On the other hand, the ravine vegetation, including the aspen forest, was classified into Pinus densiflora, Pinus densiflora-Carpinus laxiflora, Pinus densiflora-Populus maximowiczii, jessoensis, Acer mono-Fraxinus rhynchophylla, Carpinus laxiflora-Quercus mongolica, Quercus variabilis-Quercus ariena, Quercus ariena, Quercus variabilis-Stephanandra incisa, Picrasma quassioides-Celtis sinensis, Betula davurica-Zanthoxylum schinifolium and Styrax obassia-Lindera obtusiloba association.

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Antimicrobial Activity of Medicinal Plant Extracts against Streptococcus mutans II

  • Eum, Jin-Seong;Park, Young-Doo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.865-869
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    • 2008
  • This study was carried out to research antimicrobial agents from medicinal plants, Pueraria thunbergiana, Sophora flavescens, Lonicera japonica, Pinellia ternata, Dictamnus dasycarpus, Paeonia lactiflora, Angelica dahurica, Spirodela polyrhiza, Cryptotympana pustulata, Pinus densiflora, Cimicifuga heracleifolia, Bupleurum falcatum, Magnolia kobus, Artemisia princeps, Houttuynia cordata, Forsythia koreana, Arctium lappa, Castanea crenata, Aster tataricus, Citrus unshiu, Gardenia jasminoides, Ledebouriella seseloides, Hovenia dulcis, Prunus sargentii. The ethanol extracts of 24 medicinal plants were tested for the antimicrobial activity against Streptococcus mutans. The extracts of Sophora flavescens, Pinus densiflora, Cimicifuga heracleifolia, Gardenia jasminoides and Ledebouriella seseloides showed antimicrobial activity against Streptococcus mutans. The extracts of Pinus densiflora and Sophora flavescens among these medical plants showed significant antimicrobial activity against Streptcoccus mutans. These results suggested that the extracts from Pinus densiflora and Sophora flavescens could be the potential source of antimicrobial agents against S. mutans.

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Analysis of Interspecific Association and Ordination on the Forest Vegetation of Mt. Odae (오대산 삼림식생의 종간친화력 및 서열분석)

  • 이호준;변두원;김창호
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.291-300
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    • 1998
  • The forest vegetation of Mt. Odae based on the interspecific relationship was classified into 4 groups : Quercus mongolica, Pinus densiflora, Quercus variabilis and Patrinia saniculaefolia. Thirty-one species of Quercus mongolica group including Quercus mongolica and Acer mone, 12 species of Pinus densiflora group comprising Pinus densiflora and Spodiopogon sibiricus, 6 species of Quercus variabilis group and 4 species of Patrinia saniculaefolia were positively correlated. in the results of species ordination by principal component analysis, 7 clusters by the humidity and acidity of soil, 4 clusters by the humidity and light intensity and 7 clusters by the acidity and light intensity were formed. The plot ordination showed that the distribution of species based on the humidity, soil acidity and total organic matters was in the order of Pinus densiflora, Quercus variabilis and Quercus mongolica groups, and based on the light intensity was in the order of Quercus variabilis, Pinus densiflora and Quercus mongolica groups.

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Vegetation Structure of the Bulguksa Buddhist Temple Forest in the Gyeongju National Park (경주국립공원 불국사 사찰림의 식생구조)

  • Kang, Hyun-Mi;Choi, Song-Hyun;Lee, Soo-Dong;Cho, Hyun-Seo;Kim, Ji-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.787-800
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the vegetation structure of Bulguksa around Buddhist Temple Forest in the Gyeongju National Park. To do so, forty-two plots($100m^2$) were set up and surveyed. The surveyed plots were divided into four groups according to the analysis of classification by TWINSPAN; (I) Pinus densiflora-Pinus koraiensis community, (II) Pinus densiflora community, (III) Pinus densiflora-Acer palmatum community, (IV) Acer palmatum-Pinus densiflora community. The results of vegetation structure analysis were; Bulguksa around Buddhist Temple Forest in the Gyeongju National Park were dominated by Pinus densiflora. IV community, influx of Acer palmatum in Pinus densiflora community, Acer palmatum-Pinus densiflora community are believed to be a change to the community. But, recent spontaneously is growing Quercus variabilis, Quercus aliena, Quercus serrata, Quercus mongolica in understory and shrub layer. Later, it is expected that Pinus densiflora competition. The forest vegetation age of the study area is Pinus densiflora were dominant trees in forest was 30~100 years, old while that of Acer palmatum was 30~36 years old.

Historical Buildings as Resources for Paleo-Studies: A Case Study on Tree-Ring Dating of Keunjungjeon Hall in Seoul

  • Park, Won-Kyu;Kim, Se-Jong;Han, Sang-Hyo;Han, Su-Won;Kim, Yo-Jung
    • The Korean Journal of Quaternary Research
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.139-144
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the species and to date the woods used in the Keunjung-jeon Hall, main building of the Kyungbok palace in Seoul. Samples (144) were divided into two parts, pillars (52) and other wood materials (92). Only two species were identified. They were Abies holophylla Max. and Pinus densiflora Sieb. et Zucc.Eleven among 20 Pyungju (outer pillars) were Abies holophylla, and 9 were Pinus densiflora. Seven among 12 Naejinkoju (inner pillars) were Abies holophylla, and 5 were Pinus densiflora. Three among 4 Gwikoju (inner corner pillars) were Abies holophylla, and one was Pinus densiflora. In the other wood materials, only 2 of 92 were Abies holophylla, and the others were Pinus densiflora. Tree-ring dating proved that this building was reconstructed during late 1860s. It also revealed that the old woods cut in the 17th century were reused.

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Forest Vegetation and Soil Environment on Mt. Mohu (모후산 삼림식생과 토양환경)

  • Lee, Ho-Joon;Kang, Jae-gu;Chun, Young-Moon;Kim, Jong-Hong;Bae, Byung-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.367-383
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    • 1995
  • The relationship between floristic composition and soil environmental factors was investigated in the forest vegetation of Mt. Mohu.The forest vegetation unit of the Mt. Mohu could be divided into three communities, Quercus mongolica community, Pinus densiflora community and Quercus variabilis community. There were two subcommunities in Quercus mongolica community, which were Rhododendron schlippcubachii subcommunity and Stephanandra incisa subcommunity. The Quercus mongolica community was distributed at the altitude of 600~900 m, Pinus densiflora and Quercus variabilis communities were distributed on south-west slope at the altitudes of 430~520 m and 400~500 m, respectively.The DBH class of dominant species in each community showed that Quercus mongolica had 9 individuals/a at 11~15 cm class, Quercus variabilis 5.6 individuals/a at 11~15 cm class, and Pinus densiflora 8 individuals/a at 16~20 cm class. Quercus mongolica. Quercus variabilis and Pinus densiflora communities showed a bell-shape distribution.The contents of organic matter and soil water, and cation exchange capacity of the soil increased and the pH decreased in proportion to increased altitude. The soil environmental conditions of Quercus mongolica community were more favorable than those of Pinus densiflora and Quercus variabilis communities.The supposed successional sere of the forest vegetation of Mt. Mohu was as follows: Pinus densiflora community.Quercus variabilis community.Quercus mongolica community

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Quantitative Analysis of Taxifolin, (+)-Catechin and Procyanidin B1 from the Preparation of Pinus densiflora (PineXol®) (적송제제(PineXol®)로 부터 Taxifolin과 (+)-Catechin, Procyanidin B1의 함량분석)

  • Hwang, Yoon Jeong;Yin, Jun;Le, Thi Tam;Youn, Sung Hye;Ahn, Hye Shin;Kwon, Suk Hyung;Min, Bok Kee;Yun, Seong Ho;An, Yeoung Eun;Lee, Min Won
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.246-250
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    • 2016
  • Pinus densiflora contained diverse phenol compounds like flavonoid, phenylpropanoid and tannin. PineXol$^{(R)}$ is nutraceutical preparation which was treated from bark of Pinus densiflora. Validation and contents determination of taxifolin, (+)-catechin and procyanidion B1 for the preparation of Pinus densiflora (PineXol$^{(R)}$) were confirmed using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). As a result, content of taxifolin, (+)-catechin and procyanidin B1 were, respectively 4.90%, 2.35% and 8.19%. These analysis method and results could be used as important basic data for the preparation of Pinus densiflora.

Cosmetic Efficacy of Red Pinus densiflora and Its Epidermis Penetration with Polymer Micelle and Cell Penetrating Peptide

  • An, Gyu Min;Park, Su In;Shin, Moon Sam
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.10-24
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    • 2019
  • This study aimed to investigate the effects and epidermis penetration system with polymer micelle of Red Pinus densiflora extract. In the antioxidant test, the total concentration of polyphenol compounds was determined to be $137.5163{\pm}7.70mg/g$ in ethanol extract, $133.956{\pm}1.57mg/g$ in hydrothermal extract. The DPPH radical scavenging effects were $95.29{\pm}0.15%$ in ethanol extract at 1,000 mg/L. Elastase inhibition rates were $100.00{\pm}2.85%$ in ethanol extract at 2,000 mg/L. The antimicrobial effect of the ethanol extraction was higher than that of hydrothermal extractions. In the epidermal permeability experiment, it was confirmed that the permeation of the polymer micelle containing the Red Pinus densiflora's ethanol extract and cell penetrating peptides was remarkable. Here, we confirmed that ethanol extract of Red Pinus densiflora displayed excellent the effects in antioxidant test and epidermis penetration system with polymer micelle. As a result, Red Pinus densiflora extract has potential to be used as a safe and natural cosmetic material in the future.

Species Competetion and Productivity in a Natural Mixed Forest of Pinus densiflora and Quercus variabilis at Mt. Mohu Area (전남(全南) 모후산지역(母后山地域) 소나무-굴참나무 혼효림(混淆林)의 종간경쟁(種間競爭) 및 물질생산(物質生産))

  • Park, In Hyeop;Moon, Gwang Sun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.88 no.4
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    • pp.462-468
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    • 1999
  • A natural mixed forest of Pinus densiflora and Quercus variabilis in Mt. Mohu area was studied to investigate patterns of species competition and productivity. Ten $10m{\times}10m$ plots were set up and eight sample trees of each Pinus densiflora and Quercus variabilis were harvested for dimension analysis. Mean tree age of Pinus densiflora was 33 years and that of Quercus variabilis was 26 years. DBH and height of Quercus variabilis were larger than those of Pinus densiflora untill tree age 15. After tree age 15, height of Quercus variabilis was higher than height of Pines densiflora while DBH of Quercus variabilis was smaller than DBH of Pines densiflora. For a tree of a given DBH, there was little difference in leaf dry weight between Pines densiflora and Quercus variabilis. For a tree of a given DBH, dry weights of stem wood, stem bark and branches of Quercus variabilis weighed more than those of Pinus densiflora, and the differences between the dry weights of the two species became greater as DBH increased. Net assimilation ratio of Quercus variabilis was higher than that of Pinus densiflora, and biomass accumulation ratio of Quercus variabilis was lower than that of Pinus densiflora. It may be given as a conclusion that Quercus variabilis was superior to Pinus densiflora in species competition owing to faster height growth, higher net assimilation ratio, and lower biomass accumulation ratio. Aboveground stand biomass was 87.7t/ha and aboveground stand net production was 8.3t/ha/yr.

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No Trace of Introduced cpDNA of Pinus thunbergii in Pinus densiflor for. erecta Postulated as an Introgressive Hybrid between Pinus densiflora and Pinus Thunbergii (소나무와 곰솔간 이입교잡종(移入交雜種)으로 추정(推定)되어온 금강송(金剛松)에 있어서 곰솔 cpDNA 의 부재(不在))

  • Hong, Yong-Pyo;Kim, Kyu-Sik;Noh, Eui-Rae;Shin, Eun-Myeong;Kim, Zin-Suh
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.87 no.4
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    • pp.543-548
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    • 1998
  • Portions of chloroplast genes(psbD and rbcL) were amplified from Pinus thunbergii(Japanese black pine : black pine) and Pinus densiflora(Japanese red pine : red pine) by PCR and digested by a restriction enzyme, HaeIII, respectively. Two species specific cpDNA markers were identified. With the observed cpDNA markers, paternal inheritance of cpDNA in pine hybrids was verified in an artificial hybrid family between black pine(Chollanam 37) and red pine(Chungchongbuk 3). On the basis of paternal inheritance of chloroplast genome in a hybrid, 2 portions of cpDNA amplified from 115 individuals of Pinus densiflora for. erecta were screened to detect any traces of black pine specific cpDNA markers in P. densiflora for. erecta which has been postulated as an introgressive hybrid between red pine and black pine(Hyun el al., 1967). All the analyzed individuals of Pinus densiflora for. erects revealed the identical profiles of HaeIII digested psbD and rbcL genes to red pine. This result suggests that there is no introduced chloroplast genome of black pine in Pinus densiflora for. erecta and that there is no concrete evidence of treating P. densiflora for, erecta as an introgressive hybrid between red pine(♀) and black pine(♂).

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