• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pinus densiflora

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Disturbance and Regeneration Process of the Pinus densiflora Forest in Mt. Worak (월악산에 분포하는 소나무(Pinus densiflora)림에서의 교란체제와 천이 과정)

  • 김홍은;권기철;정택상
    • Journal of Korea Foresty Energy
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.79-85
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    • 2000
  • Mortality patterns ad changes of vegetation in newly formed gaps were investigated to examine the succession process of Pinus densiflora forest located at Mt. Worak. The main findings from this study were as follows: ⑴ The forest was dominated by P. densiflora and Quercus variabilis in the oversotry, while Q. mongolica, Q. serrata and Fraxinus sieboldiana in the mid-story. ⑵ In all study areas, the standing dead type was the most common factor influencing gap-forming mortality. ⑶ DBH analysis showed that Pinus densiflora community was replaced by Quercus variabilis community first, and then by quercus mongolica and quercus serrata community. ⑷ Seedlings of P. densiflora were discovered only at dry sites of the gap.

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Phytosociological Studies of Pinus densiflora Forest in Islets of Southwestern Coast, Korea (한국 서남해 도서의 소나무(Pinus densiflora S. et Z.)림에 대찬 식물사회학적 연구)

  • Yang, Hyo-Sik
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.197-204
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    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to analyze Pinus densiflora forest in islets of southwestern coast of the Korean peninsula by the phytosociological methods. As a result of the investigation of 26 quadrats, the pine forest was classified two communities and six subcommunities : Ardisia japonica-Pinus densiflora community and Isodon japonicus-Pinus densiflora community, and Farfugium japonicum subcommunity, Quercus serrata subcommunity, Typical subcommunity of Ardisia japonica-P. densiflora community, Juniperus rigida subcommunity, Pourthiaea villosa subcommunity and Typical subcommunity of Isodon japonicus-P. densiflora community. The subsidiary knowledges from this study provide practical information to clarify the syntaxonomy of natural pine forest of the Korean peninsula by the phytosociological methods.

: Plant Commumity Structure of Pinus densiflora Forests in Odaesan National Park (오대산 국립공원 소나무림의 식물군집구조)

  • Lee, Kyong-Jae;Cho, Woo;Han, Bong-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.115-125
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    • 1996
  • To investigate the plant community structure in Pinus densiflora forests of Odaesan National Park, fourty plots(each size was 100m$^{2}$) were set up in Sogumgang and Woljongsa area. The classification by the TWINSPAN and DCA ordination techniques were applied to the survey area. Pinus densiflora forests were divided into five community types, which were Betula schmidtii-Acer pseudosieboldianum-Styrax obassia, Quercus variabilis-S. obassia, Q. serrata-Q. vareabilis, Q. mongolica, Abies holo[hylla. The successional trend of Pinus densiflora forests was seem to be seral stage from Pinus densiflora to Quercus spp.. And Abies holophylla was competition species with Pinus densiflora in Woljongsa area. So, management of Pinus densiflora forests requires to conserve for the diversity of mountain landscape resource and gene science.

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Bordered Pit Structure Observed by FE-SEM in Main Wood Species of Pinaceae Grown in Korea

  • Ahmed, Sheikh Ali;Chun, Su-Kyoung
    • Journal of the Korea Furniture Society
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.23-28
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    • 2006
  • An experiment was conducted to investigate the pit structure of four kind of pine wood species grown in Korea. Torus diameter, margo width, margo lattice size, diameter of pit aperture and pit border width were taken under consideration for explaining the pit structure difference among Pinus densiflora, Pinus rigida, Pinus koraiensis and Larix kaempferi. Torus diameter was found highest in Pinus rigida and the lowest in Pinus densiflora. Margo lattice size varied with torus diameter. Wider torus lowered the margo lattice size. Highest margo width was found in Pinus rigida while the lowest one was found in Pinus koraiensis. Pit aperture diameter was found highest in Pinus densiflora and lowest in Pinus koraiensis. In Pinus rigida, pit border was found the highest and the lowest was found in Larix kaempferi. Pit aperture diameter and pit border were increased gradually from pith to bark while there was a decreasing trend in the margo lattice size measuring from the pith to bark.

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Vegetation Structures Analysis and Management Plan Proposal for Seokseong Fortress in Buyeo-Gun (부여 석성산성의 식생 구조 및 관리 방안)

  • Yee, Sun;Lee, Donghyuk;Lee, Jihye;Song, Hokyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.23-33
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    • 2009
  • Vegetation structure of Seokseong fortress in Buyeo-Gun was investigated to suggest a desirable management proposal. Communities by phytosociological method were classified into Pinus rigida-Pinus densiflora community and Quercus variabilis community. The importance value of Pinus rigida, Pinus densiflora, Quercus variabilis, Pinus thunbergii, and Quercus acutissima were 127.06, 70.29, 69.63, 12.39 and 8.57. According to breast diameter analysis results, it is expected that the importance value of Pinus rigida, Pinus densiflora, and Quercus variabilis will be continuously increased. It should be prepared that vegetation management plan over the castle wall should be considered before the repair or restoration of castle wall. Vegetation management around castle wall should be carried out according to the mid or long-term plan and it would be needed to consider the gradual changes from planted Pinus rigida to the historical vegetation of Pinus densiflora.

Growth Characteristics of Landscaping Trees by Container Size in Production of Standard Size

  • Jeong, Myeong Il;Jeong, Na Ra;Han, Seung Won;Kim, Jae Soon
    • Journal of People, Plants, and Environment
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.451-463
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of container size on growth of Zelkova serrata, Acer palmatum, Crataegus pinnatifida, Pinus densiflora, Chionanthus retusus, Ilex serrata, Viburnum erosum, and Hibiscus syriacus in container. This study used 22 L, 38 L, and 52 L container and measured seedling height, root collar diameter, seeding quality index (SQI), biomass. Acer palmatum, Pinus densiflora and Ilex serrata were high in 22, Crataegus pinnatifida in 38 L, and Zelkova serrata, Chionanthus retusus, Viburnum erosum, and Hibiscus syriacus in 52 L regarding the relative growth of height and root diameter in statistical significance. The H/D ratio was fine for Zelkova serrata, Pinus densiflora, Chionanthus retusus, Ilex serrata at 22 L, Acer palmatum and Crataegus pinnatifida for 38 L, and Viburnum erosum and Hibiscus syriacus for 52 L. Seeding Weight of Acer palmatum, Pinus densiflora was heavy at 22 L. Chionanthus retusus, Ilex serrata, Viburnum erosum, Hibiscus syriacus were heavy at 38 L, Zelkova serrata, and Crataegus pinnatifida were heavy at 52 L. Zelkova serrata, Crataegus pinnatifida, Pinus densiflora, and Ilex serrata were fine at 22 L, Acer palmatum, Chionanthus retusus, Viburnum erosum at 38 L, Hibiscus syriacus at 52 L about T/R ratio. For SQI, Acer palmatum, and Pinus densiflora were high in 22 L, Chionanthus retusus, Ilex serrata, and Viburnum erosum in 38 L, Zelkova serrata, Crataegus pinnatifida, and Hibiscus syriacus in 52 L. Seedling quality was considered to be appropriate when the growth was balanced between the above and below ground. As a result, it is effective to cultivate Acer palmatum and Pinus densiflora at 22 L, Chionanthus retusus, Ilex serrata, and Viburnum erosum at 38 L, and Zelkova serrata, Crataegus pinnatifida, and Hibiscus syriacus at 52 L.

Vegetation Structure of the Ridge Area of Naesosa in the Byunsan Peninsula National Park (변산반도국립공원 내소사 지역의 능선부 식생구조)

  • Kim, Bong-Gyu;Um, Tae-Won
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.135-142
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    • 2009
  • To investigate the vegetation structure of mountain ridges ranging from Sebong to Gwaneumbong 23 plots($400m^2$) set up with random sampling method were surveyed. Two groups of Pinus densiflora community, Pinus densiflora-Quercus variabilis-Quercus serrata community were classified by cluster analysis. Pinus densiflora, Quercus variabilis, Quercus serrata, Carpinus laxiflora, and Quecus mongolica were found as a mostly dominant woody plant species in the ridge area from Sebong to Gwaneumbong. In the future, the importance percentage of Pinus densiflora might be decreased, but those of Quercus variabilis, Quercus serrata, Carpinus laxiflora, and Quecus mongolica might be increased. High positive correlations were proved between Quercus variabilis and Fraxinus sieboldiana, Acer palmatum and Ilex macropoda, Cornus kousa and Platycarya strobilacea, Sorbus alnifolia and Carpinus laxiflora, and relatively weak negative correlations were proved between Pinus densiflora and Carpinus laxiflora, Fraxinus sieboldiana and Carpinus laxiflor, Quecus mongolica and Sorbus alnifolia, Ilex macropoda and Sorbus alnifolia. Species diversity index(H') of investigated groups was ranged $0.665{\sim}1.169$.

Relationships between Climate and Tree-Rings of Pinus densiflora in the Ridges of the Baekdudaegan, Korea (백두대간 마루금일대 소나무의 연륜생장과 기후와의 관계)

  • Park, Sang-Gon;Joo, Sung-Hyun;Lee, Kwang-Hee;Park, Won-Kyu
    • Journal of agriculture & life science
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2010
  • To examine the relationship between climate and tree-ring growth of Pinus densiflora S. et Z. growing in the ridges of the Baekdudaegan, it was analyzed the sample cores of 48 trees were collected from 21 sites. After the pattern of tree rings of all Pinus densiflora were cross-dating each other, it was recognized the growth of Pinus densiflora was affected by climate largely when tree-ring chronologies were standardized to remove the age-related growth. As a cluster analysis was conducted to examine the similarity of chronologies, three clusters were classified, the tree-ring growths of Pinus densiflora was not by regional or elevational gradients but by the growth tree-ring width amplitude as micro-site growth environments. Correlation coefficients between the chronologies of three clusters and monthly climate (temperature and precipitation) factors were obtained. As a result, tree-ring growth of Pinus densiflora was more affected by temperature than precipitation and the trees of high-growth cluster possessed less climatic influences.

Population Dynamics of Pinus densiflora for. erecta at Sokwang-Ri, Uljin-Gun in Southeastern Korea

  • Yun, Chung-Weon;Bae, Kwan-Ho;Hong, Sung-Cheon
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.341-348
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    • 2001
  • Population dynamics of the oldest relic stand of Pinus densiflora for. erecta which remains as a status of patch in Sokwang-Ri area, Uljin-Gun, was studied to provide the basic data for conservation of the oldest pine stand in Korea. The upper slope site and ridge site including total 12 plots mainly represented Pinus densiflora for. erecta and Quercus mongolica. These two tree species showed reverse J-shaped distribution. From this information, it was concluded that intensive interspecific competition between two species could be occurring. Age distribution of P. densiflora for. erecta on the sites above middle slope area was indicated bi-modal type or tri-modal type which was known as an age structure of climax forest. Therefore, it was estimated that Pinus densiflora for. erecta population could be continuously maintained in the each patch above middle slope area. In the valley sites, hardwood species such as Q. mongolica, Q. variabilis, Styrax obassia and Acer pseudosieboldianum occupied most part of the under crown-cover area and their seedlings and saplings were developing into the closed upper layer crown because the height of upper layer crown reached about 35 meters and such a high crown height was more suitable for light utilization by plants of under layer. The growth patterns were mainly fluctuated for the entire life time of the oldest tree caused by frequent disturbance. And the initial growth curves of the mature trees and suppressed juvenile trees showed different tendencies along the sites.

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Vegetation Structures Analysis and Management Plan Proposal for the Sungheung Fortress in Buyeo-the Old city of Baekje (백제의 고도(古都) 부여 성흥산성(聖興山城)의 식생구조 및 관리방안)

  • Yee, Sun;Song, Ho-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.85-100
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    • 2011
  • Vegetation structure of Sungheung fortress in Buyeo was investigated to suggest a desirable management proposal. Forset communities by phytosociological method were classified into Pinus densiflora community, Quercus serrata community and Quercus aliena community. The importance value of Pinus densiflora, Quercus aliena, Quercus serrata, Quercus variabilis, Castanea crenata, Styrax japonica, Quercus acutissima and Prunus sargentii were 34.81, 13.57, 12.63, 6.73, 6.40, 4.70, 4.54 and 3.65. According to breast diameter analysis results, it is expected that the importance value of Pinus densiflora and Quercus spec. will be continuosly increased. It should be prepared that vegetation management plan over the castle wall should be considered before the repair or restoration of castle wall. Vegetation management around castle wall should be carried out according to the mid or long-term plan and it would be needed to consider the gradual changes from planted Pinus rigida to the historical vegetation of Pinus densiflora.