• Title, Summary, Keyword: Plasma Etching

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Surface Analysis of Fluorine-Plasma Etched Y-Si-Al-O-N Oxynitride Glasses

  • Lee, Jung-Ki;Hwang, Seong-Jin;Lee, Sung-Min;Kim, Hyung-Sun
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.38.1-38.1
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    • 2009
  • Plasma etching is an essential process for electronic device industries and the particulate contamination during plasma etching has been interested as a big issue for the yield of productivity. The oxynitride glasses have a merit to prevent particulate contamination due to their amorphous structure and plasma etching resistance. The YSiAlON oxynitride glasses with increasing nitrogen content were manufactured. Each oxynitride glasses were fluorine-plasma etched and their plasma etching rate and surface roughness were compared with reference materials such as sapphire, alumina and quartz. The reinforcement mechanism of plasma etching resistance of the YSiAlON glasses studied by depth profiling at plasma etched surface using electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis. The plasma etching rate decreased with nitrogen content and there was no selective etching at the plasma etched surface of the oxynitride glasses. The concentration of silicon was very low due to the generation of SiF4 very volatile byproduct and the concentration of aluminum and yttrium was relatively constant. The elimination of silicon atoms during plasma etching was reduced with increasing nitrogen content because the content of the nitrogen was constant. And besides, the concentration of oxygen was very low on the plasma etched surface. From the study, the plasma etching resistance of the glasses may be improved by the generation of nitrogen related structural groups and those are proved by chemical composition analysis at plasma etched surface of the YSiAlON oxynitride glasses.

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Silicon Etching Process of NF3 Plasma with Residual Gas Analyzer and Optical Emission Spectroscopy in Intermediate Pressure (잔류가스분석기 및 발광 분광 분석법을 통한 중간압력의 NF3 플라즈마 실리콘 식각 공정)

  • Kwon, Hee Tae;Kim, Woo Jae;Shin, Gi Won;Lee, Hwan Hee;Lee, Tae Hyun;Kwon, Gi-Chung
    • Journal of the Semiconductor & Display Technology
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.97-100
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    • 2018
  • $NF_3$ Plasma etching of silicon was conducted by injecting only $NF_3$ gas into reactive ion etching. $NF_3$ Plasma etching was done in intermediate pressure. Silicon etching by $NF_3$ plasma in reactive ion etching was diagnosed through residual gas analyzer and optical emission spectroscopy. In plasma etching, optical emission spectroscopy is generally used to know what kinds of species in plasma. Also, residual gas analyzer is mainly to know the byproducts of etching process. Through experiments, the results of optical emission spectroscopy during silicon etching by $NF_3$ plasma was analyzed with connecting the results of etch rate of silicon and residual gas analyzer. It was confirmed that $NF_3$ plasma etching of silicon in reactive ion etching accords with the characteristic of reactive ion etching.

Plasma etching behavior of RE-Si-Al-O glass (RE: Y, La, Gd)

  • Lee, Jeong-Gi;Hwang, Seong-Jin;Lee, Seong-Min;Kim, Hyeong-Sun
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.49.1-49.1
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    • 2010
  • The particle generation during the plasma enhanced process is highly considered as serious problem in the semiconductor manufacturing industry. The material for the plasma processing chamber requires the plasma etching characteristics which are homogeneously etched surface and low plasma etching depth for preventing particulate contamination and high durability. We found that the materials without grain boundaries can prevent the particle generation. Therefore, the amorphous material with the low plasma etching rate may be the best candidate for the plasma processing chamber instead of the polycrystalline materials such as yttria and alumina. Three glasses based on $SiO_2$ and $Al_2O_3$ were prepared with various rare-earth elements (Gd, Y and La) which are same content in the glass. The glasses were plasma etched in the same condition and their plasma etching rate was compared including reference materials such as Si-wafer, quartz, yttria and alumina. The mechanical and thermal properties of the glasses were highly related with cationic field strength (CFS) of the rare-earth elements. We assumed that the plasma etching resistance may highly contributed by the thermal properties of the fluorine byproducts generated during the plasma exposure and it is expected that the Gd containing glass may have the highest plasma etching resistance due to the highest sublimation temperature of $GdF_3$ among three rare-earth elements (Gd, Y and La). However, it is found that the plasma etching results is highly related with the mechanical property of the glasses which indicates the cationic field strength. From the result, we conclude that the glass structure should be analyzed and the plasma etching test should be conducted with different condition in the future to understand the plasma etching behavior of the glasses perfectly.

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A Study on the Properties of Platinum Dry Etching using the MICP (MICP를 이용한 Platinum 건식 식각 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jin-Sung;Kim, Jung-Hun;Kim, Youn-Taeg;Joo, Jung-Hoon;Whang, Ki-Woong
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.279-281
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    • 1997
  • The properties of Platinum dry etching were investigated in MICP(Magnetized Inductively Coupled Plasma). The problem with Platinum etching is the redeposition of sputtered Platinum on the sidewall. Because of the redeposits on the sidewall, the etching of patterned Platinum structure produce feature sizes that exceed the original dimension of the PR size and the etch profile has needle-like shape.[1] Generally, $Cl_2$ plasma is used for the fence-free etching.[1][2][3] The main object of this study was to investigate a new process technology for the fence-free Pt etching. Platinum was etched with Ar plasma at the cryogenic temperature and with Ar/$SF_6$ plasma at room temperature. In cryogenic etching, the height of fence was reduced to 20% at $-190^{\circ}C$ compared with that of room temp., but the etch profile was not fence-free. In Ar/$SF_6$ Plasma, chemical reaction took part in etching process. The trend of properties of Ar/$SF_6$ Plasma etching is similar to that of $Cl_2$ Plasma etching. Fence-free etching was possible, but PR selectivity was very low. A new gas chemistry for fence-free Platinum etching was proposed in this study.

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The Characteristic Variation of Mask with Plasma Treatment (플라즈마 처리에 의한 마스크 특성 변화)

  • Kim, Jwa-Yeon;Choi, Sang-Su;Kang, Byung-Sun;Min, Dong-Soo;An, Young-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.111-117
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    • 2008
  • We have studied surface roughness, contamination of impurity, bonding with some gas element, reflectance and zeta potential on masks to be generated or changed during photolithography/dry or wet etching process. Mask surface roughness was not changed after photolithography/dry etching process. But surface roughness was changed on some area under MoSi film of Cr/MoSi/Qz. There was not detected any impurity on mask surface after plasma dry etching process. Reflectance of mask was increased after variable plasma etching treatment, especially when mask was treated with plasma including $O_2$ gas. Blank mask was positively charged when the mask was treated with Cr plasma etching gas($Cl_2:250$ sccm/He:20 $sccm/O_2:29$ seem, source power:100 W/bias power:20 W, 300 sec). But this positive charge was changed to negative charge when the mask was treated with $CF_4$ gas for MoSi plasma etching, resulting better wet cleaning. There was appeared with negative charge on MoSi/Qz mask treated with Cr plasma etching process condition, and this mask was measured with more negative after SC-1 wet cleaning process, resulting better wet cleaning. This mask was charged with positive after treatment with $O_2$ plasma again, resulting bad wet cleaning condition.

A Study on the Plasma Etching of Ru Electrodes using $O_2/Cl_2$ Helicon Discharges

  • Kim, Hyoun-Woo;Hwang, Woon-Suk
    • Corrosion Science and Technology
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.189-193
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    • 2003
  • The Ru etching using $O_2/C_{12}$ plasmas has been studied by employing the helicon etcher. The changes of Ru etch rate, Ru to $SiO_2$ etch selectivity and Ru electrode etching slope with varied process variables were investigated. The Ru etching slope at the optimized etching condition was measured to be $84^{\circ}$. We reveal that the Ru etching using $O_2/C_{12}$ plasma generates the $RuO_2$ thin film. Possible mechanism of Ru etching is discussed.

Malfunction detection in plasma etching process using EPD signal trace (EPD 신호검출에 의한 플라즈마식각공정의 이상검출)

  • 이종민;차상엽;최순혁;우광방
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1360-1363
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    • 1996
  • EPD(End Point Detection) is used to decide etching degree of layer which must be removed at wafer etching process in plasma etching process which is one of the most important process in semiconductor manufacturing. In this thesis, the method which detects malfunction of etching process in real-time will be discussed. Several EPD signal traces are collected in normal plasma etching condition and used as reference EPD signal traces. Critical points can be detected by applying differentiation and zero-crossing techniques to reference EPD signal. Mean and standard deviation of critical parameters which is memorized from reference EPD signal are calculated and these determine the lower and higher limit of control chart. And by applying statical control chart to EPD signals which are collected in real etching process malfunctions of process are detected in real-time. By means of applying this method to the real etching process we prove our method can accurately detect the malfunction of etching process and can compensate disadvantage of current industrial method.

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Dependence of cation ratio in Oxynitride Glasses on the plasma etching rate

  • Lee, Jung-Ki;Hwang, Seong-Jin;Lee, Sung-Min;Kim, Hyung-Sun
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.44.2-44.2
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    • 2009
  • Polycrystalline materials suchas yttria and alumina have been applied as a plasma resisting material for the plasma processing chamber. However, polycrystal line material may easily generate particles and the particles are sources of contamination during the plasma enhanced process. Amorphous material can be suitable to prevent particle generation due to absence of grain-boundaries. We manufactured nitrogen-containing $SiO_2-Al_2O_3-Y_2O_3$ based glasses with various contents of silicon and fixed nitrogen content. The thermal properties, mechanical properties and plasma etching rate were evaluated and compared for the different composition samples. The plasma etching behavior was estimated using XPS with depth profiling. From the result, the plasma etching rate highly depends on the silicon content and it may results from very low volatile temperature of SiF4 generated during plasma etching. The silicon concentration at the plasma etched surface was very low besides the concentration of yttrium and aluminum was relatively high than that of silicon due to high volatile temperature of fluorine compounds which consisted with aluminum and yttrium. Therefore, we conclude that the samples having low silicon content should be considered to obtain low plasma etching rate for the plasma resisting material.

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Carbon 계 유기막질 Plasma Etching에 있어 COS (Carbonyl Sulfide) Gas 특성에 관한 연구

  • Kim, Jong-Gyu;Min, Gyeong-Seok;Kim, Chan-Gyu;Nam, Seok-U;Gang, Ho-Gyu;Yeom, Geun-Yeong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.460-460
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    • 2012
  • 반도체 Device가 Shrink 함에 따라 Pattern Size가 작아지게 되고, 이로 인해 Photo Resist 물질 자체만으로는 원하는 Patterning 물질들을 Plasma Etching 하기가 어려워지고 있다. 이로 인해 Photoresist를 대체할 Hard Mask 개념이 도입되었으며, 이 Hardmask Layer 중 Amorphous Carbon Layer 가 가장 널리 사용되고 지고 있다. 이 Amorphous Carbon 계열의 Hardmask를 Etching 하기 위해서 기본적으로 O2 Plasma가 사용되는데, 이 O2 Plasma 내의 Oxygen Species들이 가지는 등 방성 Diffusion 특성으로 인해, 원하고자 하는 미세 Pattern의 Vertical Profile을 얻는데 많은 어려움이 있어왔다. 이를 Control 하기 인해 O2 Plasma Parameter들의 변화 및 Source/Bias Power 등의 변수가 연구되어 왔으며, 이와 다른 접근으로, N2 및 CO, CO2, SO2 등의 여러 Additive Gas 들의 첨가를 통해 미세 Pattern의 Profile을 개선하고, Plasma Etching 특성을 개선하는 연구가 같이 진행되어져 왔다. 본 논문에서 VLSI Device의 Masking Layer로 사용되는, Carbon 계 유기 층의 Plasma 식각 특성에 대한 연구를 진행하였다. Plasma Etchant로 사용되는 O2 Plasma에 새로운 첨가제 가스인 카르보닐 황화물 (COS) Gas를 추가하였을 시 나타나는 Plasma 내의 변화를 Plasma Parameter 및 IR 및 XPS, OES 분석을 통하여 규명하고, 이로 인한 Etch Rate 및 Plasma Potential에 대해 비교 분석하였다. COS Gas를 정량적으로 추가할 시, Plasma의 변화 및 이로 인해 얻어지는 Pattern에서의 Etchant Species들의 변화를 통해 Profile의 변화를 Mechanism 적으로 규명할 수 있었으며, 이로 인해 기존의 O2 Plasma를 통해 얻어진 Vertical Profile 대비, COS Additive Gas를 추가하였을 경우, Pattern Profile 변화가 개선됨을 최종적으로 확인 할 수 있었다.

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