• Title/Summary/Keyword: Pulsed Nd:YAG laser

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Wound Healing After Gingivectomy Using Pulsed Nd : YAG Laser In The Rat (백서에서 Pulsed Nd : YAG Laser에 의한 치은절제술후의 치유양상)

  • Kim, Ok-Su;Chung, Hyun-Ju
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.293-308
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    • 1996
  • Recently, dental laser have been applied for removal of soft tissues, hemostasis and blood coagulation, removal of benign and malignant tumor, treatment of leukoplakia, aphthous ulcer and herpetic lesion, implant second surgery, removal of granulation tissue, frenectomy, clinical crown lengthening, gingivectomy, gingivoplasty, and treatment of dentin hypersensitivity. Even though the frequency of laser treatment is increasing, the research on the healing process after gingivectomy using pulsed Nd : YAG laser is very rare. The purpose of this study was to observe and compare the wound healing after gingivectomy using scalpel and pulsed Nd : YAG laser in the rat. Gingivectomy was performed using pulsed Nd : YAG laser(SUNRISE Technologies, U.S.A., 1.5 Watts, 10 pps) on the buccal gingiva of right maxillary first molar and using scalpel(No.12) on the contralateral side. Those sites treated by surgical scalpel were designated as the control, and by pulsed Nd : YAG laser as the experimental group. Animals were sacrificed at 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 11 and 14 days postoperatively, and specimens were histologically observed under light microscope. The results were as follows : 1. Clinical observation Normal color and shape were observed at the 5th day ill the control group and the 7th day in the experimental group. 2. Histologic findings 1) In the control group, denser inflammatory infiltration was observed. 2) Epithelialization started at the 2nd day in the control group, similar to the experimental group, and completed at the 11th to the 14th day postoperatively. 3) In the experimental group, connective tissue showed the vacuole formation and degenerative change during early healing period. Healing of connective tissue was slower in the experimental group than in the control group by 2 days. 4) In the both groups, wound healing was completed at the 2nd week. From this study, gingivectomy using pulsed Nd : YAG laser seems to result in a little delayed wound healing process, compared to the gingivectomy using scalpel. Considering the clinical advantages of laser surgery, pulsed Nd : YAG laser might be useful device for gingivectomy.

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A Study on the Anesthetic Effects of Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser Irradiation to the Oral Mucosa and the Teeth (Nd:YAG 레이저 조사에 의한 치아 및 구강점막의 마취효과)

  • 최재갑
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 1998
  • The aim of the study was to evaluate the anesthetic Effecs of pulsed Nd:YAG laser irradiation to the oral mucosa and the teeth. Twenty subjects who didn't have a history of significant systemic or current oral disease were included in this study. All the subjects were divided randomly into the experimental group and the control group with 10 for each group. Pain thresholds were measured with Weighted Needle Pinprick Sensory Threshold Test for the mucosal surface of lower lip and with electric pulp test for the upper right central incisor respectively, before and immediately after pulsed Nd:YAG laser irradiation in the condition of 2 watt, 20pps for 2 minute at 10mm distance. The experiment was double-blinded clinical trial. The results were as follows : 1. The mean pain threshold of the mucosal surface of lower lip for Weighted Needle Pinprick Sensory Threshold Test was 2.94(1.00g for the contral group respectively, and there was no statistical difference between two groups. 2. The mean pain threshold of the mucosal surface of lower lip was significantly increased immediately after pulsed Nd:YAG laser irradiation. 3. The mean pain threshold of the upper right central incisor for eledtric pulp test was 34.50(4.97V in the experimental group and 34.00(13.08V in the control group respectively, and there was no statistical difference between two groups. 4. The mean pain threshold of the upper right central incisor was significantly increased immediately after pulsed Nd:YAG laser irradiation.

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A Study on the Antibacterial Effects of Pulsed Nd: YAG Laser Irradiation to Streptococcus Mutans (Pulsed Nd : YAG Laser 조사의 Streptococcus mutans에 대한 효과)

  • Woo-Cheon Kee
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 1997
  • In order to investigate the antibacterial effects of pulsed Nd:YAG Laser concerning to Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus mutans was cultured and standardized and plated in 96 well plates. After that, black dye and chlorhexidine were applied and pulsed Nd:YAG Laser was irradiated to plates. Experimental groups which was applied with black dye and chlorhexidine were divided into 5 groups by concentration. And experimental groups and control group were subdivided as unlased and lased of 20, 40, and 60J. After laser irradiation, All groups were plated in agar plates and incubated for 18 hours. Bacterial colonies were counted and analysed comparitively, and the temperature of culture medium was measured on every laser irradiation. The results were obtained as follows; 1. In case of laser irradiation only, there is no significant reduction in number of Streptococcus mutans by irradiated energy of laser. 2. In case of black dye application, there is no difference by concentration of black dye but there is decrease when applied Laser and black dye simultaneously. 3. When applied chlorhexidine, the number of Streptococcus mutans was decreased according to increase of concentration, but there is no difference by irradiated energy of laser. 4. The temperature of culture medium was increased according to increase of irradiated energy of Laser, and the number of Streptococcus mutans was reduced remarkably just above 50 centigrade and killed above 70 centigrade. As above results, pulsed Nd:YAG Laser has well-absorbing affinity to black dye. And antibacterial effect of pulsed Nd:YAG Laser against Streptococcus mutans is seemed to be due to increase of temperature.

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Efficiency Improvement of Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser using Pulse Superposition Technique (펄스중첩기술을 적용한 펄스형 Nd:YAG 레이저의 효율개선)

  • Kwak, B.G.;Jung, J.H.;Lee, D.H.;Hong, J.H.;Kim, H.J.;Cho, J.S.
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1864-1866
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    • 1997
  • In this study, we designed the pulse superposition network consisting of a six-mesh and a three-mesh network, and fabricated the electrical power supply and the single elliptical resonator. We have developed a tec.bnique forming the step-pulse shape of pulsed Nd:YAG laser by using one shot multivibrater and have studied on the effect of two pulses superposition for the output and efficiency improvement of pulsed Nd:YAG laser by superposing a sinusoidal pulse on a main pulse.

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Comparison of Output Characteristics of Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser using PFN Method with Multiple-Mesh (다단메쉬 PFN방식 펄스형 Nd:YAG 레이저의 출력특성 비교)

  • Joung, J.H.;Kwak, B.G.;Kim, D.H.;Moon, J.K.;Kim, H.J.;Cho, J.S.
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1900-1902
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    • 1997
  • In order to obtain various waveforms of current pulse applied at the flashlamp, we have fabricated a Pulsed Nd:YAG laser by PFN with multiple-mesh formed LC network. we have obtained various waveforms of current pulse by adjusting the values of L and C, compared these waveforms of current pulse with laser beam, and then analyzed the laser output energy. We have got relations for $E_{TH}$ and $E_L$ at each mesh which supplies energy with flashlamp and found that output of Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser for 2-mesh, 5-mesh coincided with computer's simulation, PSPICE.

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A Scanning Electron Microscopic Study on the Effect of Nd:YAG Laser Irradiation on the Sclerotic Dentin (Nd:YAG레이저조사가 경화상아질에 미치는 영향에 관한 주사전자현미경적 연구)

  • Kim, Moon-Hyeon;Shin, Keum-Back
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.397-410
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    • 1999
  • In order to obtain the basic data concerning the optimal parameters in using Nd:YAG laser as a therapeutic modality to dentinal hypersensitivity, the author prepared 3 sections of sound dentin and 10 sections of sclerotic dentin with thickness of $0.5mm{\pm}0.1mm$ from human extracted teeth of anteriors and premolars, and applied the laser energy from a fiberoptic delivered, free running, pulsed Nd:YAG laser (wavelength 1064nm, pulse duration $120{\mu}sec$, fiber diameter $320{\mu}m$) to surfaces of sound and sclerotic dentin sections for 1 second with contact/unidirectional moving mode of the fiber under speed of 3mm~4mm/sec and parameters of 0.5W/10Hz, 1.0W/10Hz, 1.5W/10Hz, 2.0W/10Hz: $62J/cm^2$, $124J/cm^2$, $187J/cm^2$, $249J/cm^2$. The author comparatively evaluated the characteristics of ultrastructural changes on surfaces of sound and sclerotic dentin sections irradiated by the pulsed Nd:YAG laser using the scanning electron microscopy. A fairly ill-defined bordered surface of partially closed and melted dentinal tubules can be seen on the scanning electron microscopic feature of the sound dentin surface irradiated by the pulsed Nd:YAG laser with energy density of $62J/cm^2$. The physical modification of sound dentin surface extensively occurred depended on the increase of energy density from $62J/cm^2$ to $124J/cm^2$, $187J/cm^2$, $249J/cm^2$. While, a fairly well-defined bordered surface of partially closed and melted dentinal tubules with thickened peritubular dentin can be seen on the scanning electron microscopic feature of the sclerotic dentin surface irradiated by the pulsed Nd:YAG laser with energy density of $62J/cm^2$. The physical modification of sclerotic dentin surface of a fairly rough, shallow depression with many cracks, thickened peritubular dentin and structureless dentinal tubules extensively occurred depended on the increase of energy density from $62J/cm^2$ to $124J/cm^2$, $187J/cm^2$, $249J/cm^2$ compared to those of sound dentin surface irradiated by the pulsed Nd:YAG laser under the same parameters. Therefore, it is recommended that the pulsed Nd:YAG laser as a therapeutic modality to dentinal hypersensitivity should be applied with the less energy density than $62J/cm^2$ on the sound dentin surface, and its energy density on the partially sclerotic dentin surface should be lower than that on the sound dentin surface to preserve tooth from unnecessary excessive structural destruction.

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Investigation of Zircaloy-4 weldability using a pulsed Nd:YAG laser (펄스형 Nd:YAG 레이저를 이용한 지르칼로이-4 용접특성 조사)

  • 김수성;김덕현;김철중;이종민
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.23-31
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    • 1991
  • Laser beam weldability of zircaloy-4was investigated using a pulsed Nd: YAG laser of 200W average power. Mechanical properties of laser and GTA bead-on-plate welded zircaloy-4 test specimens were compared. The influence of plasma generated during laser welding was analyzed and optimum laser welding parameters were investigated.

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