• Title/Summary/Keyword: Quality of Life

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Effect of Tourists' Shopping Satisfaction on Quality of Life (여행 중 쇼핑활동이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Yangjin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.1039-1049
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    • 2017
  • This study investigated the effect of shopping satisfaction on travel satisfaction, travel specific quality of life and overall quality of life for Korean vacation tourists. Tourist evaluations on those four variables were confirmed first. The effect of shopping satisfaction on the other variables was then investigated. The effect of demographics was also identified. An on-line survey method was used to obtain data of 20's-50's tourists, while factor analysis, regression analysis, ANOVA, and Duncan test were applied to analyze data. The results were as follows. First, shopping satisfaction of the vacation travel showed a positive effect on tour satisfaction, which affected the quality of life after travel. Second, travel specific quality of life had a significant effect on overall quality of life and confirmed the bottom-up spillover effect. Third, the perception of shopping satisfaction, travel satisfaction, travel specific quality of life, and overall quality of life differed by demographic factors. Women and young tourists revealed high satisfaction scores in shopping and travel; in addition, wealthy travelers showed a higher quality of life. Occupation tended to partly affect satisfaction and quality of life. The findings implied that travel and tourists' shopping are an important element to enhance the quality of life.

The Elders' General Quality of Life and Oral Health-related Quality of Life (일부 노인의 일반적 삶의 질과 구강건강관련 삶의 질에 관한 연구)

  • Bae, Ji-Young
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Health Science
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.466-475
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    • 2015
  • Purpose. The purpose of this study was conducted to identify the elders' general quality of life and oral health-related quality of life. Method. Questionnaire survey was conducted on 241 elders' living in Pohang area from August to September 2014. The results were obtained from t-test, one-way ANOVA analysis, pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression analysis. Results. Oral health status had significant correlations with gender, age, education, income, drink and hypertension. Oral health-related quality of life showed the highest relationships with age; oral health status and general quality of life showed the highest relationships with monthly income; and, age and education period also showed influence on general quality of life. Conclusions. Therefore, it is required to strengthen oral health improvement program and oral health education for improvement of elders' quality of life.

A Study of Quality of Life in Middle-aged Men (중년남성의 삶의 질에 대한 연구)

  • 이영휘
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.539-549
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    • 2002
  • This study was undertaken to examine the degree of quality of life and to analyze the factors affecting those quality of life in middle-aged men. Method: The subjects of this study were 208 men aged by 35-55 from 3 business enterprises located in Seoul and Incheon. Data collection was conducted through the use of 5 questionnaire. Result: There were significant differences in the quality of life according to marital status, religion, educational level, number of children and total house income. A positive correlation was found between quality of life and all independent variables i.e., health promoting behaviors, health perception, social support, self-esteem and self-efficacy. Stepwise Multiple Regression Analysis revealed that the most powerful predictor was self-esteem. Self- esteem, health perception, health promoting behaviors, marriage, and social support accounted for 65% of the variance in quality of life in middle-aged men. Conclusion: All independent variables i.e., health promoting behaviors, health perception, social support, self-esteem and self-efficacy were related with quality of life in middle-aged men. Therefore it is necessary to develop the nursing intervention with these variables to increase the quality of life for middle-aged men.

Quality of Life of Women Undergoing Chemotherapy for a Gynaecological Oncological Disease in Turkey

  • Akkuzu, Gulcihan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.1277-1280
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    • 2012
  • Aim: Studies have shown effects of surgery, radiation and chemotherapy on quality of life in cases of gynaecological cancer. Very few studies are available examining the quality of life of individuals in Turkey who have been diagnosed with gynaecological cancer and undergoing treatment. Method: This study was performed to evaluate the quality of life of such patients using the EORTC-QLQ-C30 Quality of Life Index. Chi-square Yates, Mann-Whitney-U tests and variance analysis used for statistical analizing. Results: The EORTC-QLQ-C30 Quality of Life Index mean points for "general well-being and quality of life" of the patients were found to be $60.5{\pm}25.0$. In the sub-groups of the Quality of Life Index determined fatigue ($60.1{\pm}24.8$), economic difficulties ($46.9{\pm}33.3$), pain and loss of appetite ($42.9{\pm}27.8$; $42.9{\pm}34.0$) and insomnia ($40.1{\pm}34.0$) were the symptoms most reported to have a negative effect on quality of life. Statistical significance was noted for marital status and income status (p<0.05) but not educational level. Conclusion:Determination of quality of life of women with a diagnosis of gynaecological oncological disease who are undergoing chemotherapy enables provision of a more comprehensive and higher quality of care.

Home Nursing and Quality of Life in Parents of Children with Atopic Dermatitis (아토피피부염 환아 부모의 가정관리와 삶의 질)

  • Kwon, In-Soo;Seo, Yeong-Mi
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.401-408
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was done to assess the home nursing and quality of life of parents caring for preschool children with atopic dermatitis and to identify the factors which influence quality of life. Methods: Participants in the study were 149 parents of preschool children with atopic dermatitis attending a kindergarten and a nursery school in S city. Parent completed a set of questionnaires (assessing demographic factors, home nursing, quality of life). Descriptive analysis, t-test, ANOVA and multiple regression were used to analyze the data. Results: The mean score for home nursing was $3.06{\pm}0.38$ and for quality of life, $4.18{\pm}0.74$. The lowest scored question in the 13 question on quality of life was that of frustration related to itching sensation. Significant factors that affect quality of life were severity and home care. These variables explained 21% of variance in quality of life (F=21.17, p<.001). Conclusion: The results indicate that severity of childhood atopic dermatitis and home nursing impact on the quality of life of parents. Using the above findings, health professionals who work with children with atopic dermatitis and their parents need to develop specific nursing interventions that will promote health of children with atopic dermatitis and quality of life in their parents.

The Effects of Stress and Depression on the Quality of Life in Single Elderly Households (고령자 1인 가구의 스트레스와 우울증이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Seok-hwan;Kim, Eun-yeob
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.43-52
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    • 2018
  • Objects: In this study, we analyzed the correlation between stress and depression related to the quality of life of one elderly household, and analyzed the influence of stress and depression on the quality of life. In this study, I tried to make a plan for improving the quality of life for one elderly. Methods: In this study, the frequency and percentage according to the general characteristics of one elderly household were frequency analyzed. And the mean and standard deviation of stress, depression, quality of life were analyzed on average. And continuous analysis of stress, depression, quality of life, etc., conducted a technical analysis. Relationship to stress, depression, quality of life, correlation analysis was done. The effect of stress and depression on the quality of life was linear regression analysis. SPSS Version 23.0 was used for analysis. Result: Increased stress and increased depression in elderly single households was a static (+) correlation. And the results of the regression analysis showed that the higher the stress and depression of one elderly household, the lower the quality of life. Conclusion: For the improvement of the quality of life of one elderly household, the government should support stress and depression prevention programs according to sex, age, number of chronic diseases.

Quality of Life Using WHOQOL-Bref in Taegu (WHOQOL-Bref를 이용한 대구시민의 삶의 질)

  • 이종렬;박천만
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.129-154
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    • 2000
  • This study aims at providing the basic data necessary for developing a model of and the policies for the improved quality of life of the adult population by measuring and analyzing factors affecting the quality of life based on a WHOQOL-Bref survey of 1,200 persons above the age of 20 residing in Taegu Metropolitan City area. 1. The factors affecting their quality of life were measured as follows: The physical conditions got the highest point of 3.31 while the psychological conditions got 3.20 and the environmental conditions got the lowest point of 3.09. The overall quality of life was rated to be at 3.11 2. General conditions affecting the quality of life, such as the economic conditions, health conditions and stress all turned out to be variables having significant differences(p〈0.01) in all the factors affecting the quality of life. 3. Through the analysis, we also found out the positive correlation exists among all the factors determining the quality of life(p〈0.01), while the psychological factor turning out to have the highest correlation value(r=0.640) with the overall quality of life. 4. To find out the factors affecting all the aspects of quality of life, we also conducted a multiple regression analysis employing the general characteristics as an independent variable. The health, economic and stress conditions all turned out to be significant in all aspects(p〈0.01). Summarizing the above analysis, the quality of life has a high correlation with the psychological, physical and environmental conditions. It has also turned out that the health, economic and stress conditions have the greatest influence on the quality of life. Therefore, it is believed to be necessary that a comprehensive program be developed to promote the public health and to formulate a model for improvement of the people's quality of life that can enhance their physical, psychological and social health conditions.

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Cognitive Functions, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, Depression and Quality of Life in the Elderly with Mild Cognitive Impairment (경도인지장애 노인의 인지기능, 도구적 일상생활수행능력, 우울 및 삶의 질 관계)

  • Kim, Yeon Ok;Shim, Moon Sook
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.219-230
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This research study not only examine the relationship between cognitive function, IADL, depression and quality of life, but also clarifies factors impacting quality of life for the elderly. The purpose of this study is to administer health promotion programs and to improve quality of life for the elderly. Methods: Data were collected from May 20, to June 10, 2014. The participants were 157 elderly persons with mild cognitive injury (MCI), who had under 23 points on MoCa-K from three different senior welfare centers in Daejeon. The questionnaires were conducted by four university students after receiving instruction from the researcher and consisted of general characteristics, cognitive function, depression and quality of life. SPSS WIN 19.0 program was used for data analysis. Results: Cognitive function showed positive correlation with quality of life (r=175, p=.028). IADL did not show correlation with quality of life (r=-.005, p=.947). However cognitive function(r=-.344, p<.001) and depression (r=-.623, p<.001) showed negative correlation with quality of life. In addition, the factors impacting quality of life were cognitive function (${\beta}=.14$, p=.29) and depression (${\beta}=-.61$, p<.001) which accounted for 39% of quality of life. Conclusion: These findings showed that the participants had depression and their cognitive function was low. As a result, the more participants' cognitive function decreased, the more their quality of life decreased. In addition, the more their depression decreased, the more their quality of life improved.

Predictors of Quality of Life among Hemodialysis Patients (혈액투석환자의 삶의 질에 대한 영향요인)

  • Kim, Eun-Young;Kim, Jin-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.597-607
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    • 2004
  • Purposes: Quality of life is an important health outcome for hemodialysis patients. The purposes of this study were to identify the level of quality of life and to identify the predictors of quality of life among hemodialysis patients. Method: A descriptive correlational study was conducted. Data were collected from 103 hemodialysis patients at the hospitals in a community using structured questionnaire and medical record. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, correlation, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: Quality of life among hemodialysis patients was relatively lower than that of previous studies. In the final analysis, quality of life was predicted by presence of comorbidity, emotional health, gender, physical health, and knowledge of disease. These variables accounted for 45% of variance of the quality of life. The presence of comorbidity was the most significant predictor of quality of life among hemodialysis patients. Conclusion: Interventions to increase quality of life among hemodialysis patients such as health promotion program and educational program for dietary compliance are needed. These must be developed and applied.

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Health Related Quality of Life among Organ Transplant Recipients (장기이식환자의 건강관련 삶의 질)

  • 김금순;강지연;정인숙
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.365-375
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: This study was aimed to investigate the health related quality of life and related factors of organ transplant recipients. Method: The participants were 188 people who had liver(86), kidney(81), or heart(24) transplanted. Data on the demographic characteristics, transplantation-related characteristics, symptom frequency or discomfort measured by Transplant Symptom Frequency and Symptom Distress Scale by Lough et al(l987), and health related quality of life measured by SF-36(version 2) were collected. Result: Overall health related quality of life score was 492.1 for 100scoring and, 344.9 for norm based. Physical functioning showed the highest quality of life score (77.5) and vitality showed the lowest(51.l). The kidney transplanted showed the highest quality of life (504.4) and the heart transplanted showed the lowest(426.7) Quality of life was related with occupation(p=.016) and symtom discomfort(p < .0001). Conclusion: The health related quality of life of transplated patients was lower than the norm of American. Further studies need to be done to identify the norm of Korean and to investigate the effect of releving symptom discomfort on the increasing the health related quality of life.