• Title, Summary, Keyword: RANS equation

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Numerical Simulation of 2-D Wing-In-Ground Effect (2차원 해면효과의 수치계산)

  • Yang Chen-Jun;Shin Myung-Soo
    • 한국전산유체공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.90-98
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    • 1998
  • 본 논문은 2차원 해면효과의 수치계산 결과를 정리하였다. 지면으로부터의 높이변화에 따른 점성유동장을 계산하기 위하여 지배방정식으로는 비압축성 RANS방정식을, 시간에 대하여 서는 음해법으로 프로그램을 구성하였다. 압력항은 가상압축성을 도입 4차 수치확산항을 추가하는 것에 의해 계산하였으며, 높은 레이놀즈수에서의 효과적인 계산을 위해 Baldwin-Lomax 난류 모델을 도입하였다. 해면효과가 없는 무한유중에서의 NACA-0012단면 계산결과를 실험데이터와 비교하는 것에 의해 프로그램의 타당성을 확인하였다. NACA-6409와 두께비 $4.6\%$의 날개에 대하여 해면효과를 고려한 계산을 수행하였다. 높이의 변화에 따라 계산된 무차원계수, 압력 및 속도분포는 해면효과의 특성을 잘 보여주고 있다.

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Numerical Viscous Flow Analysis of Ducted Marine Propeller (Ducted Marine Propeller의 점성 유동 수치 해석)

  • Yu Hye-Ran;Jung Young-Rae;Park Warn-Gyu
    • 한국전산유체공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.188-193
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    • 2003
  • The present work solved 3D incompressible RANS equation on a rotating, non-orthogonal multi-blocked grid system to efficiently analyze ducted marine propulsor with rotor-stator interaction. To handle the interface boundary between a rotor and a stator maintaining the conservative property, the sliding multiblock technique using the cubic spline interpolation and the bilinear interpolation technique were applied. To validate present code, a turbine flow having rotor- stator interaction was simulated. Time averaged pressure coefficients were compared with experiments and good agreement was obtained. After the code validation, the flowfield around a single-stage ducted marine propulsor was simulated.

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Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Flow around 2-D Airfoils in Ground Effect (CFD에 의한 2차원 지면 효과익 주위의 난류유동계산)

  • H.H. Chun;R.H. Chang;M.S. Shin
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.28-40
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    • 2002
  • Turbulent flows around two-dimensional wing sections in ground effect are analysed by incompressible RANS equations and a finite difference method. The Baldwin-Lomax algebraic turbulence model is used to simulate high Reynolds number flows. The main purpose of this study is to clarify the two-dimensional ground effect and its flow characteristics due to different ground boundary conditions, i.e., moving and fixed bottom boundary. As a first step, to validate the present numerical code, the computational result of Clark-Y(t/C 11.7%) is compared with published numerical results and experimental data. Then, NACA4412 section in ground effect is calculated for various ground clearances with two bottom boundary conditions. According to the computational results, the difference in the lift and moment simulated with the two bottom boundary conditions is negligible, but the drag force simulated by the fixed bottom is to some extent smaller than that by the moving bottom. Therefore, it can be concluded that the drag force measured in a wind tunnel with the fixed bottom could be smaller than that with the moving bottom.

Numerical simulation of cavitating flow past cylinders

  • Park, Warn-Gyu;Koo, Tae-Kyoung;Jung, Chul-Min;Lee, Kurn-Chul
    • 한국전산유체공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.327-333
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    • 2008
  • The cavitating flow simulation is of practical importance for many engineering systems, such as marine propellers, pump impellers, nozzles, injectors, torpedoes, etc. The present work has developed a base code for simulating cavitating flows past cylinders and hydrofoils. The governing equation is the Navier-Stokes equation based on homogeneous mixture model. The momentum and energy equation is in the mixture phase while the continuity equation is solved in liquid and vapor phase, separately. The solver employs an implicit preconditioning algorithm in curvilinear coordinates. The computations have been carried out for the cylinders with spherical, 1- and 0-caliber forebody and hydrofoil of ALE and NACA cross-section and, then, compared with experiments and other numerical results. Fairly good agreements with experiments and numerical results have been achieved. The present base code has shown the feasibility to solve the cavitating flow past supercavitating torpedo after the improvement for compressibility effects and interactions with hot exhaust gas of propulsive rocket.

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Numerical simulation of cavitating flow past cylinders

  • Park, Warn-Gyu;Koo, Tae-Kyoung;Jung, Chul-Min;Lee, Kurn-Chul
    • 한국전산유체공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.327-333
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    • 2008
  • The cavitating flow simulation is of practical importance for many engineering systems, such as marine propellers, pump impellers, nozzles, injectors, torpedoes, etc. The present work has developed a base code for simulating cavitating flows past cylinders and hydrofoils. The governing equation is the Navier-Stokes equation based on homogeneous mixture model. The momentum and energy equation is in the mixture phase while the continuity equation is solved in liquid and vapor phase, separately. The solver employs an implicit preconditioning algorithm in curvilinear coordinates. The computations have been carried out for the cylinders with spherical, 1- and 0-caliber forebody and hydrofoil of ALE and NACA cross-section and, then, compared with experiments and other numerical results. Fairly good agreements with experiments and numerical results have been achieved. The present base code has shown the feasibility to solve the cavitating flow past supercavitating torpedo after the improvement for compressibility effects and interactions with hot exhaust gas of propulsive rocket.

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Three-dimensional Numerical Analysis of Dam-break Waves on a Fixed and Movable Bed (고정상 및 이동상 수로에서 댐 붕괴파의 3차원 수치해석)

  • Kim, Dae Geun;Hwang, Gun
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.31 no.4B
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    • pp.333-341
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    • 2011
  • This study analyzed the propagation of dam-break waves in an area directly downstream of a dam by using 3D numerical modeling with RANS as the governing equation. In this area, the flow of the waves has three dimensional characteristics due to the instantaneous dam break. In particular, the dam-break flows are characterized by a highly unsteady and discontinuous flow, a mixture of the sharp flood waves and their reflected waves, a mixture of subcritical and supercritical flow, and propagation in a dry and movable bed. 2D numerical modeling, in which the governing equation is the shallow water equation, was regarded as restricted in terms of dealing with the sharp fluctuation of the water level at the dam-breaking point and water level vibration at the reservoir. However, in this 30 analysis of flood wave propagation due to partial dam breaking and dam-break in channels with $90^{\circ}$ bend, those phenomena were properly simulated. In addition, the flood wave and bed profiles in a movable bed with a flat/upward/downward bed step, which represents channel aggradation or degradation, was also successfully simulated.

Computational modeling of the atmospheric boundary layer using various two-equation turbulence models

  • Juretic, Franjo;Kozmar, Hrvoje
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.687-708
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    • 2014
  • The performance of the $k-{\varepsilon}$ and $k-{\omega}$ two-equation turbulence models was investigated in computational simulations of the neutrally stratified atmospheric boundary layer developing above various terrain types. This was achieved by using a proposed methodology that mimics the experimental setup in the boundary layer wind tunnel and accounts for a decrease in turbulence parameters with height, as observed in the atmosphere. An important feature of this approach is pressure regulation along the computational domain that is additionally supported by the nearly constant turbulent kinetic energy to Reynolds shear stress ratio at all heights. In addition to the mean velocity and turbulent kinetic energy commonly simulated in previous relevant studies, this approach focuses on the appropriate prediction of Reynolds shear stress as well. The computational results agree very well with experimental results. In particular, the difference between the calculated and measured mean velocity, turbulent kinetic energy and Reynolds shear stress profiles is less than ${\pm}10%$ in most parts of the computational domain.

Free Surface Flow in a Trench Channel Using 3-D Finite Volume Method

  • Lee, Kil-Seong;Park, Ki-Doo;Oh, Jin-Ho
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.429-438
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    • 2011
  • In order to simulate a free surface flow in a trench channel, a three-dimensional incompressible unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations are closed with the ${\kappa}-{\epsilon}$ model. The artificial compressibility (AC) method is used. Because the pressure fields can be coupled directly with the velocity fields, the incompressible Navier-Stokes (INS) equations can be solved for the unknown variables such as velocity components and pressure. The governing equations are discretized in a conservation form using a second order accurate finite volume method on non-staggered grids. In order to prevent the oscillatory behavior of computed solutions known as odd-even decoupling, an artificial dissipation using the flux-difference splitting upwind scheme is applied. To enhance the efficiency and robustness of the numerical algorithm, the implicit method of the Beam and Warming method is employed. The treatment of the free surface, so-called interface-tracking method, is proposed using the free surface evolution equation and the kinematic free surface boundary conditions at the free surface instead of the dynamic free surface boundary condition. AC method in this paper can be applied only to the hydrodynamic pressure using the decomposition into hydrostatic pressure and hydrodynamic pressure components. In this study, the boundary-fitted grids are used and advanced each time the free surface moved. The accuracy of our RANS solver is compared with the laboratory experimental and numerical data for a fully turbulent shallow-water trench flow. The algorithm yields practically identical velocity profiles that are in good overall agreement with the laboratory experimental measurement for the turbulent flow.

Evaluation of Effective Wall Roughness for 3D Computational Analysis of Open Channel Flow (개수로 흐름의 3차원 전산해석을 위한 유효 벽면거칠기 산정)

  • Choi, Junwoo;Baek, Un Il;Lee, Sang Mok;Yoon, Sung Bum
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.28 no.6B
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    • pp.627-634
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    • 2008
  • In a numerical simulation of open channel turbulent flows using RANS (Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes) equations model equipped with VOF (Volume of Fluid) scheme, the determination of wall roughness for wall function was studied. The roughness constant, based on the law-of-the-wall for flow on rough walls, obtained by experimental works for pipe flows is employed in general wall functions. However, this constant of wall function is the function of Froude number in open channel flows. Thus, the wall roughness should be determined by taking into account the effect of Froude number. In addition, the wall roughness should be corresponding to Manning's roughness coefficient widely used for open channels. In this study, the relation between wall roughness height as an input condition and Manning's roughness coefficient was investigated, and an equation for effective wall roughness height considering the characteristics of numerical models was proposed as a function of Manning's roughness coefficient.

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Numerical Modeling of Hydrazine-Fueled Arcjet Thruster (하이드라진(N2H4) 아크젯 추력기의 수치적 모델링)

  • Shin, Jae-Ryul;Lee, Dae-Sung;Oh, Se-Jong;Choi, J.-Y.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.36 no.9
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    • pp.907-915
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    • 2008
  • The computational fluid dynamic analysis has been conducted for the thermo-chemical flow field in an arcjet thruster with mono-propellant Hydrazine (N2H4) as a working fluid. The Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations are modified to analyze compressible flows with the thermal radiation and electric field. the Maxwell equation, which is loosely coupled with the fluid dynamic equations through the Ohm heating and Lorentz forces, is adopted to analyze the electric field induced by the electric arc. The chemical reactions of Hydrazine were assumed to be infinitely fast due to the high temperature field inside the arcjet thruster. The chemical and the thermal radiation models for the nitrogen-hydrogen mixture and optical thick media respectively, were incorporated with the fluid dynamic equations. The results show that performance indices of the arcjet thruster with 1kW arc heating are improved by amount of 180% in thrust and 200% in specific impulse more than frozen flow. In addition thermo-physical process inside the arcjet thruster is understood from the flow field results.