• Title, Summary, Keyword: Region innovation policy

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Analysis and Implications of Innovative Brand Tasks by Local Government Type (지방자치단체 유형별 혁신 브랜드과제 분석과 시사점)

  • Kim, Dea-Wook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.128-137
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    • 2019
  • This study typified and analyzed local governments' innovation policy through brand task and provided policy implications. A total of 844 local governments' brand task were used to classify the policy fields of the brand task by eight types of local governments. The main analysis results are summarized as follows. First, the ratio of social economy/local economy was the highest in all local government. Second, there is a difference in the policy fields that are focused by local governments. Third, the selection of innovation policy reflects the specificity of the region. Fourth, local government focusing on the type of brand task were differentiated. Therefore, these results confirm the theoretical relevance of the typology of local government suggested in the theoretical background. Policy implications are as follows: the necessity of innovation policy for revitalization of local economy, establishment of innovation policy in accordance with local characteristics, and propagation of excellent innovation policy.

Regional Innovation System in France (프랑스의 지역혁신체계 발전과정과 혁신기업 창업체계)

  • Moon, Nam-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.525-536
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    • 2009
  • In the period of rapid economic growth, it is possible to practice the growth policy by factors input and the regional development policy by the dispersion of growth. But, in the period of weakened growth, this model loses its theoretical and practical merit. The endogenous regional development model that can efficiently cope with a international competition and a uncertainty of international economy become an alternative policy of growth and regional development. France, which had a problem of overcrowding in the capital region by the centralized growth policy and regional development policy, phase the regional innovation system policy in order to establish the foundation of an endogenous regional development from the 1970's. The regional innovation system policy in France which pursues simultaneously the systematic regional knowledge creation and the regional development is very suggestive to the regional innovation system policy in Korea that pursues the endogenous regional development and the solution of the regional disparity.

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A policy approach to enhance the innovative activities of SMEs using regional innovation cluster (중소기업 혁신능력 향상을 위한 정책적 접근 : 지역혁신 클러스터 관점)

  • Han, Jung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.1396-1406
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    • 2006
  • The policy aims of Regional Innovation Cluster(RIC) are not making the RIC itself but promoting the competitiveness of Small and Medium Enterprises(SMEs) in the region. Also, it goes without saying that small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) do the key roles of regional economic growth. This paper indicates that the innovative capabilities of SMEs are the crucial factors of the success of Regional Innovation Cluster. In order to improve SMEs' capabilities for innovation, knowledges are vital including codified knowledge or tacit knowledge. In cluster, the linkages especially among researchers and factory workers is important to innovative activities, and universities have to of for knowledge, education programs and new researchers fully qualified to SMEs. Also, regional governments and medias positively participate the cluster as helpers. Based upon the research results, some policy implications have been suggested concerning the policy supports to enhance innovative activities of SMEs within the Regional innovation Cluster.

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The theory and application of holistic innovation policy: Cases of Finland and Korea (총체적 혁신정책의 이론과 적용: 핀란드와 한국의 사례)

  • Seong, Ji-Eun;Song, Wi-Chin
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.555-579
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    • 2007
  • This study analysed theory and application of holistic innovation policy in the 3rd generation innovation policy with cases of Finland and Korea. Innovation policy areas of both countries are expanding from simple goal of economic development to extensive goals such as sustainable development, quality of life, balanced growth etc. Also administrative system changed in order to let technical innovation on the center of national operation and reorganized relation and structure of relative policies like manpower, education, region policy. Particularly, Korea is in embryo standing for S&T driven society since Noh's government. But, there are differences in embodiment degree and feature between both countries. Finland reinvigorate field of public opinion due to corporatism tradition as a Scandinavian institution. Government support system developed co-program and co-policy beyond territory of individual ministry to raise policy effectiveness. However, concept of the Korean innovation policy is ahead of the times but maintained framework of developing country. And there is no active participation of private sector and civil society because transition process accomplished on the top-down method, It could hardly progress toward transition in spite of various efforts to carry out a reform.

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Industrial and Innovation Networks of the Long-live Area of Honam Region (호남 장수지역의 산업 연계와 혁신 네트워크)

  • Park Sam Ock;Song Kyung Un;Jeong Eun Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.78-95
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze industrial and innovation networks of long-live area of Honam Region and to suggest a policy direction for regional development of rural areas where have been neglected in the knowledge-based information society. Four counties (Sunchang, Damyang, Gokseong, and Gurye) in the Southwestern region of Korea are regarded as long-live belt of Korea. Production and innovation networks :Ire analyzed based on intensive surveys of firms in the belt. Major findings from the surveys are as follows. First, there are considerably strong local networks of production firms in terms of supply of input materials and labor. There are strong backward industrial linkages of the production firms with agricultural activities and considerable forward linkages with tourism industry. In addition, Internet is becoming a useful tool for sales of the new products. Second, the analysis of the innovation networks in the long-live area suggests the development of 'virtual innovation cluster' in the era of knowledge-based information society. The results imply that this innovation networks can be developed as a virtual innovation cluster in the rural areas, which can be the basis for the development of rural innovation systems.

A Critical Assesment on the Shin-hwal-ryuk Policy as a New Regional Development Policy in Korea (신활력사업계획 수립 및 추진과정에 대한 평가와 개선 방안)

  • Lee, Jong-Ho
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.211-222
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    • 2007
  • This paper aims to evaluate the new regional development policy which is entirely focused on the lagging rural regions in Korea. The new regional development, called the shin-hwal-ryuk policy is to reflect the radical change in the idea and philosophy of rural development. Although traditional rural development policies were top-down-based and physical infrastructure-centered, the new rural development policy idea is based on bottom-up and soft infrastructure which is related to the promotion of regional innovation capacities. However, it is revealed that the new rural policy involves a variety of problems in the process of establishing and making progress the policy plan in a local level. In the operating process of the policy plan, the central government has shown too quick-tempered for achieving visible outcomes, while many of local government suffer from the lacks of professional capabilities to carry out the plan. I see that as a result of the mixture of these problems the new policy is regarded as 'passively localized process' by the central government rather than 'actively localizing process' by the region for building regional innovation capacity.

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Exploring the Transformative Regional Innovation Policy and Applying Local Energy Transition: The Case Studies of Gussing, Austria and Esbjerg, Denmark (전환적 지역혁신론의 탐색과 지역에너지 전환의 적용: 오스트리아 귀씽과 덴마크 에스비아르 사례를 중심으로)

  • HAN, Jae kak;LEE, Jung-pil;HA, Vara;SONG, Wichin
    • Journal of Science and Technology Studies
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.291-333
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    • 2019
  • The regional innovation policies so far have been separated from the social problems facing the local communities. The regional innovation policies, regarding the region as the location of the business, have focused on the invigoration of business innovation activities. However, as the recent emergence of the new paradigm of innovation policy aiming the sustainability, 'transformative innovation policy,' has led to a search for regional innovation policies that begin with solving the local social problems. This research paper deals with regional innovation theory that starts from searching for solutions and system transformation for social problems such as climate crisis and energy problems. The objective is to present a new framework called 'transformative regional innovation policy' and to improve its content through case studies by combining the results of the transformative innovation policy and the regional innovation policy studies. In particular, the contribution of this paper is to analyze and discuss the concept of the transition platform, which aims to solve the local social problems, through the case studies of Gussing, Austria and Esbjerg, Denmark. Lastly, it discusses the derived implications of the cases applied in Korean society.

Industry in a Networked World: Globalization and Localization of Industry" (네트워크세계의 산업: 산업의 세계화와 국지화)

  • 박삼옥
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.111-130
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    • 2002
  • Major purposes of this stud? are to analyze Korean firms'innovation networks and sources of knowledge for innovation and to understand their spatial dimensions. In the innovation networks, parent firms are most important for subcontracting firms, while suppliers, customers and competitors are relatively important for independent firms. However, in the future innovation networks, it is expected that government-sponsored research institutions and university wilt become more important on the one hand, networks with foreign firms will become more important on the other hand. Regarding the process of innovation, distance does not matter for the acquisition of codified knowledge. Spatial proximity is, however, critical for the acquisition of tacit knowledge because discussions and researches in a research division within a firm, personal networks of CEO and workers who are responsible for innovation activity, and inter-firm relations with suppliers and customer in a region are regarded important as sources of tacit knowledge. Overall, the innovation networks are different between the Capital Region and non-Capital Region as well as between the industrial complex and non-industrial complex, suggesting that different regional innovation strategies and policies should be established and implemented by considering such regional specificities. Finally, based on the results of this study several policy implications are suggested.

Fukuoka Next-generation Social System Creation Hub as a Regional Innovation Platform Strategy

  • Cha, Sang-Ryong
    • World Technopolis Review
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.125-134
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this article is to introduce and describe the case of Fukuoka Next-generation Social System Creation Hub based on the conceptual framework of regional innovation platform strategy. In short, it is a "government-issued" regional innovation platform strategy to improve innovativeness with limited creative capital through "borrowing" not money but network, wisdom, know-how, and ideas from each other between some stakeholder groups in a region. The Fukuoka Industry, Science & Technology Foundation, which is the coordinating institution of the whole program, plays the role of a platformer to unify various projects into the program crossing borders between stakeholder groups for building regional innovation platforms that lends intensive support to feedback loops between the program facilitator and its partners in the program. Thanks to being a government-issued one, it could be tied together with some wide ranging issues of policy on social innovations, such as the "low carbon society" or the "health and longevity society." But at the same time, it is a concern that many regional research institutions that have innovative potential and diverse ideas become governed by the platform without their noticing it and dealt with in the same way based on "selected" and "designated" strategic goals. Therefore, it seems that a regional innovation platform strategy is a kind of "double-edged sword" in public policy in the era of "panopticism of bureaucratic society" in Japan.