• Title/Summary/Keyword: Return spring

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Static Characteristics of Electro-Hydraulic Spring Return Actuator (전기유압식 스프링복귀 액추에이터 정특성)

  • Jung, G.H.
    • Journal of Drive and Control
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.8-14
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    • 2012
  • Electro-hydraulic spring return actuator(ESRA) is utilized for air conditioning facilities in a nuclear power plant. It features self-contained, hydraulic power that is integrally coupled to a single acting hydraulic cylinder and provides efficient and precise linear control of valves as well as return of the actuator to the de-energized position upon loss of power. In this paper, the algebraic equations of ESRA at steady-state have been developed for the analysis of static characteristics that includes control pressure and valve displacement of pressure reducing valve, flow force on flapper as well as its displacement over the entire operating range. Also, the effect of external load on piston deviation is investigated in terms of linear system analysis. The results of static characteristics show the unique feature of force balance mechanism and can be applied to the stable self-controlled mechanical system design of ESAR.

A Study on the Stiffness of Wave Washer Spring (웨이브 와셔 스프링의 강성치에 관한 연구)

  • 이수종;왕지석
    • Journal of Advanced Marine Engineering and Technology
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.74-81
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    • 1996
  • The wave washer springs are widely used in non-return valves of fluid, especially in air check valves to confirm the rapid shut-off of valve propers. The stiffness of wave washer springs used in suction and exhaust valves of reciprocating air compressor play an important role on efficiency of the compressor. If the stiffness of the spring is too high, the pressure differences necessary to open the valves become high and the volumetric efficiency of cylinder decreasse. If the stiffness of the spring too low, the valve can not be closed rapidly and the inverse flow of air can take place. So, the optimum stiffness of valve spring is very important and it will be very helpful that the stiffness of wave washer springs to be used in suction and exhaust valves can be calculated in design stage of air compressor. In this paper the formula for calculating the spring constant of wave washer spring is introduced using bending and torsion theory of frames. The experiments are also carried out to measure the spring constants of several samples. It is proven that the calculated spring constants of wave washer springs are coincided well with measured values and that the formula presented in this paper for calculating the spring constants of wave washer spring is very useful for design of valves used in reciprocating air compressor.

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Analysis of the Truck Fire Caused by Return Spring Defect of a Braking System during Expressway Driving (고속도로 주행 중 제동장치 리턴스프링 결함으로 발생한 트럭화재의 분석)

  • Kim, Younhoi;Lee, Euipyeong
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.148-155
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    • 2014
  • Most truck fires breaking out on the expressway are directly damaged by fire destruction of truck and freight and many of them cause indirect damage such as serious traffic holdups. This study analyzed the fire causes and their liability of the 25-ton truck fire breaking out during expressway driving. This truck fire was caused by manufacturing defect of return spring of a braking system. The fire liability rested with a maker(manufacturer) rather than a truck owner or a driver and the maker also bore fire liability based on the Product Liability Law.

A study on the behavior of the piston with orifice hole in the cylinder of a gas spring (가스스프링 실린더내의 오리피스 홀을 갖는 피스톤 거동에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Nam-Gyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.12
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    • pp.125-130
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    • 2019
  • A gas-spring has been used in many areas and its use is increasing because it can be designed for a range of purposes. In this study, the behavior of a piston with an orifice hole inside the gas-spring cylinder was predicted using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The piston was designed to reduce the reaction force if the gas-spring is compressed and to move at a low speed when it is returned. The analysis showed that if the initial gas pressure in the gas-spring is increased to a certain level, the speed of the piston would not decrease with time but will remain constant. The effects of orifice hall size on the piston return speed were investigated. Reducing the size of the orifice hole will increase the pressure difference on both sides of the piston, reduce the piston speed, and make it more constant. On the assumption of a constant speed of the piston, a theoretical solution to the return speed of the piston was derived according to the initial gas pressure, and the results for several initial gas pressures were compared with those of CFD. Comparison studies showed similar results for both methods.

무진동 조이스틱을 이용한 전동 휠체어 제어에 관한 연구

  • 홍준표;권오상;이응혁;김병수;홍승홍
    • Proceedings of the ESK Conference
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    • pp.145-149
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    • 1997
  • General joystick using spring only has a vibration when operaor drops the joystick. If it is used as input of motorized wheelchair, its system have a serious problem which operator fall into dangerous situation. Therefore, In this paper proposed non-vibration joustick which control a motorized wheelchair. Non-vibration joystick was designed which return to origin point when operator drops joystick by mistake. Reflected force of non- vibration joystick is defined as addition displacement and variation rate. And each parameter has elasticity of spring and viscosity of DC servo motor. Through simulation for virtual environment, we found two coefficient to return origin point smoothly when a disabled person drops the joystick. In case of larger elastic coefficient of spring than viscous coefficient, we confirmed the result has the equal vibration of general joystick (under-damping). In opposite case, joystick returned to origin point with excessive force. As a application of non-vibration joystick, we experimented wall-following controlling. In this trial, we corroborated that joystick follows smoothly around the corridors.

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Development of Heat Control Valve Using SMA and Remote Controller for House Heating System (형상기억합금을 이용한 난방용 온도조절 밸브 및 원격 제어장치 개발)

  • Choi, Jeongju;Yeom, Jeongkuk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.6-11
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    • 2010
  • For the purpose of reducing the energy consumption in the house heating, the various devices have been developed. One of these is to control the flow in the heat pipe and the flow control valve using shape memory alloy(SMA) spring is proposed in our study. The proposed house heating system is to save the gas consumption and the remote control system is designed for the convenience of using the proposed valve. The developed valve consists of SMA spring, disk, return spring, and regulation handle. The regulation handle is for supplying the additional hot water and is controlled by remote-control-motor. In order to design the remote control system, the Zigbee wireless communication protocol is used. The performance of the proposed valve structure is shown through the experimental result.

A Study on Current Status and Improvement Plans of Ecosystem Conservation Fund Return Projects (생태계보전협력금 반환사업의 추진 현황과 개선 과제)

  • Cho, Dong-Gil;Kim, Sang-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.63-72
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to investigate the current status and the improvement plans of the ecosystem conservation fund return projects. In 2007, there was a reformation of the ecosystem conservation fund system but the fund return projects were not vitalized up until now. In this study, 35 of ongoing and finished fund return projects were investigated on their types, sites, costs, local governments, and time required to return the fund. Through the on-site survey of 9 finished projects (4 biotope, 2 corridor and 3 natural conservation facility projects), construction and management conditions were investigated. The main findings are as follows: Among the five fund return types, 17 cases were biotope restoration projects, 4 cases were ecological corridor projects, and 1 case was a nature replacement project. In the case of project sites, there were 14 cases near schools and public facilities, 8 cases near rivers or streams, and 2 cases near ponds or wetlands. For the construction costs, there were 19 cases (65% of all the projects) that cost less than 300 million won. In terms of the involvement of the local government, most of the fund return projects were concentrated in Gyeonggi province and Ulsan city, and there were some local governments outside of these regions that did not carry out any return projects at all. Lastly, in the case of fund return time required, 35% of the fund returns were completed within 5 months, but the overall average fund return time was 9.8 months. In respond to the above study results, the improvement plans to encourage fund return projects are as follows: To diversify return types and sites, piloting and modeling projects for the representative types and sites should be preceded. To emerge from customary small-scaled projects, incentives to encourage large-scale and ecological networking projects should be considered. In addition, in order to write up business plans for the fund return projects, long-term investigations of at least 2 seasons from spring to fall are necessary. Finally, for the continuous management and maintenance of the ecological fund return sites, easier way for the citizens to actively participate in the projects should be incorporated.

Application Study of Recoil Mechanism using Friction Springs (마찰스프링의 주퇴복좌장치 적용성 연구)

  • Cha, Ki-Up;Gimm, Hak-In;Cho, Chang-Ki
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.324-333
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    • 2012
  • The conventional medium and large caliber gun, in general, utilize the hydro-pneumatic recoil mechanism to control the firing impulse and to return to the battery position. However, this kind of mechanism may cause the problems like the leakages and the property changes in oil and gas due to the temperature variations between low and high temperatures. Accordingly, the friction spring mechanism has recently been researched as an alternative system. The friction spring mechanism consists of a set of closed inner and outer rings with the concentric tapered contact surfaces assembled in the columnar form, and can only be used under the compression load. When the spring column is axially loaded, the tapered surfaces become overlapped, causing the outer rings to expand while the inner rings are being contracted in diameter allowing an axial displacement. Because of friction between tapered contact surfaces, much higher spring stiffness is obtained on the stroke at the increase in load than the stroke at the decrease. In this paper, the dynamic equations regarding the friction spring system and the design approach have been investigated. It is also tried for a dynamic model representing the recoil motion and the friction spring forces. And the model has been proved from firing test using a gun system with friction springs. All the results show that the recoil mechanism using friction springs can substitute for the classic hydro-pneumatic recoil system.

Flood control analysis of the sea dike at estuary. (하구방조제의 홍수조절 해석)

  • 서승덕
    • Water for future
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.113-124
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    • 1977
  • Alone the southwesten coast of Korean peninsula, the extensive available arable acreages suited for forming are found in the development of tidal flats in the geographically curved bays with a motable tidal emplitude. It was found that the developments of these tidal flats cover an estimated area more than 276,000ha. In this paper, a flood control system by Pul's Storage Indication Method and Pul's Graphical Method at Return Periods-50 yrs, design rainfall-267mm per 48hrs and design flood-926c.m.s. and at 0.2meter control height above the High Water Ordinary Spring Tide Level (+11.0m) was studied. At the result, the flood demage in the reservoir at Return Periods-50 yrs and the tidal level at H.W.O.S.T.L. were satisfied to the below E.L. 11.20m (Flood Level in the reservoir). Well skilled flood control technique and management and control of draining sluice gate should be required for the disaster prevention from the flood and tide damage.

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