• Title/Summary/Keyword: Rural hypertensives

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Hypertension Management Status in Rural Hypertensives (농촌지역(農村地域) 고혈압환자(高血壓患者)의 고혈압(高血壓) 관리행태(管理行態))

  • Kim, Hyun-Sook;Kam, Sin;Kim, Jong-Yeon;Park, Ki-Soo;Lee, Kyeong-Soo
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.93-106
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    • 2003
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate the treatment status and its related factors of the rural hypertensives. Methods: A questionnaire survey was performed to 618 rural hypertensives during September, 2002. Results: The proportion of those who were compliant to the antihypertensive medication was 68.9%. The compliance rate to the antihypertensive medication was significantly related with sex and economic status(p<0.05). That is, if they were female, higher economic level, the regular antihypertensive medication rate was higher. The regular antihypertensive medication rate was higher when they had higher knowledge for hypertension, higher severity for hypertension of him or her(p<0.01). And the compliance rate to the antihypertensive medication was significantly related with hypertensives' own explanatory model for hypertension(p<0.01). The rate of drug use except antihypertensives was 12.5%. The rate of drug use except antihypertensives was higher when they experienced side effects of antihypertensive drug and when they had irregular medication for antihypertensive drug(p<0.01). The rate of medical equipment use was 18.9%. The utilization rate of medical equipment such as jade mat, germanium material was significantly related with age, experience of side effects of antihypertensive drug, medication status for antihypertensive drug(p<0.05). The rate of folk therapy use was 16.2%. The rate of folk therapy use was higher when they had no family, when they had knowledge about hypertension on the average, when they had hypertension over 10 years(p<0.05), and when they experienced side effects of antihypertensive drug and when they had irregular medication for antihypertensive drug(p<0.01). The rates of drug use except antihypertensives, medical equipment use, and folk therapy were significantly related with hypertensives' own explanatory model for hypertension(p<0.05). Conclusions: On consideration of above findings, it would be essential to provide knowledge about hypertension and its treatment, and severity of hypertension complications through health education.

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Therapeutic Compliance and Its Related Factors of Patients with Hypertension in Rural Area (농촌지역 주민의 고혈압 치료순응도와 관련요인)

  • Lee, Sang-Won;Chun, Byung-Yeol;Yeh, Min-Hae;Kang, Yun-Sik;Kim, Keon-Yeop;Lee, Young-Sook;Park, Ki-Soo;Son, Jae-Hee;Oh, Hee-Sook;Ahn, Moon-Young;Lim, Pu-Dol;Kam, Sin
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.215-225
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    • 2000
  • Objective : The purpose of this study was to examine the therapeutic compliance and its related factors in the rural hypertensives. Method : A questionnaire survey and blood pressure measurement were performed to 3,876 residents of a rural area, and 660 hypertensives were selected as subjects of study. The study employed a hypothetical model which was composed of constructs from the health belief model and KAP model. The analysis techniques employed included contingency table analysis and structural equation modeling. Result : The proportion of those who were compliant to the treatment of hypertension was 44.2% of subjects. As the result of structural equation modeling, when patients had more favorable attitude toward treatment, higher perceived benefit, or lower perceived barriers to treatment, the therapeutic compliance was significantly higher(T>2.0). When patients had more knowledge about hypertension, or higher perceived severity of hypertension, the attitude toward the treatment of hypertension was more favorable significantly(T>2.0). And when patients had the support for treatment from family or neighbor, the attitude toward treatment was more favorable(T>2.0). When patients had experience of health education, they had more knowledge, higher perceived susceptibility of complication, perceived severity for hypertension, and perceived benefit of treatment, compare to patients without health education(T>2.0). Conclusion : In consideration of above findings, in order to improve the therapeutic compliance in the rural hypertensives, it would be necessary to change attitude, perception, knowledge about hypertension and its treatment, by various methods such as effective health education and programs for maintaining the supportive environment for hypertension treatment.

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Treatment Status and Its Related Factors of the Hypertensives Detect ed Through Community Health Promotion Program (지역사회 보건사업에서 발견된 고혈압환자의 치료실태와 관련요인)

  • Kam, Sin;Kim, In-Ki;Chun, Byung-Yeol;Lee, Sang-Won;Lee, Kyung-Eun;Ahn, Soon-Ki;Jin, Dae-Gu;Lee, Kyeong-Soo
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.133-146
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the treatment status and its related factors of the newly detected rural hypertensives through community health promotion program. A questionnaire survey and blood pressure measurement were performed to 6,977 residents of a rural area, and 282 hypertensives detected by blood pressure measurement were selected as subjects of the study. The study employed the health belief model as a hypothetical model. The major results of this study were as follows: The proportion of person experienced treatment among hypertensives was 12.0%. Treatment experience rate was significantly related with age and educational level(p<0.01). That is, if they were older, lower educational level, the treatment experience rate was higher. The major reasons of no treatment were 'they had not hypertensive symptoms ' (45.6%), 'their blood pressure was not high so much that they received treatment ' (43.2%). The chief facilities for treatment were public health institutions(57.9%) such as health center and health subcenter, and hospital/ clinics(29.8%). The treatment experience rate was higher when they had higher perceived severity for hypertension, lower perceived barrier to treatment, although statistically not significant. Treatment experience rate was significantly related with cues to action and health education experience(p<0.05). That is, if they had hypertension related symptoms such as headache previously, patients suffered from hypertension complication and health education experience for hypertension, the treatment experience rate was higher. In multiple logistic regression analysis for treatment experience, having a cerebrovascular patient in their acquaintance and the experience of health education for hypertension were significant variables. On consideration of above findings, it would to be essential to provide knowledge about hypertension and its treatment, and severity of hypertension complications through health education.

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A Study on Therapeutic Compliance of Hypertensive Patients in a Rural Health Subcenter (일개 농촌지역 보건지소 고혈압 환자의 치료지속성)

  • Song, Min-Keun
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.155-164
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    • 2002
  • Hypertension is the most frequent disease of chronic circulatory diseases and major intermediate cause or risk of the cerebrovascular disease which is a leading cause of death in Korea. Therefore, management of hypertension is an important issue in Korean healthcare. Especially, therapeutic compliance of hypertensives is very important because the hypertensive patients should receive anti-hypertensive treatment as long as the condition exists. However, many patients drop out of treatment, which is a major problem that needs to be solved through a hypertension control program. This study was carried out to provide basic data and counter measule for the hypertension control program in the community which aimed to keep the patients receiving treatment continuously. In order to investigate compliance of hypertensive patients during three months follow-up and the rate of control of hypertension, the data were collected during February, 2001, by reviewing medical records of 295 hypertensive patients who had been registered to Gunnam-myeon health subcenter before November, 2000. The author also study the dropout reasons by interviewing 58 patients among 68 dropout patients. The results were as follows: 1. Among the 295 subjects, 108(36.6%) were male and 187(63.4%) were female. Statistically, female hypertensives had a higher mean age than male(64.6 vs 66.3, p<0.05). 2. The 54.9% of the patients took anti-hypertensive medicine continuously for the past three months. And 19.3% had drug intermittently, and 25.8% dropped out of treatment. 3. Among several variables, such as sex, age, health insurance, the time taken from a patient's village to the health subcenter, only the last one was found to be significantly related to therapeutic compliance in the contingency table analysis. 4. The dropout reasons by multiple response were as follows, 'no symptom or no problem' (23.9%), 'change to other hospitals'(19.4%), 'geographical barrier'(17.9%), 'change to a neighborhood drugstore' (14.9%), 'immobility'(7.5%), 'economic barrier'(6.0%), 'unsatisfactory services of the health subcenter'(4.4%). 5. The mean blood pressure of 295 subjects was $144.9{\pm}12.9/86.88{\pm}8.6mmHg$. 6. The 32.5% of the subjects were controlled below 140/90mmHg. Conclusions: In order to improve the low rates of treatment and control of hypertension in rural hypertensives, a more active and systematic hypertension control program, including out-reaching follow-up management, is required in rural area. Especially, for health education of hypertensive patients, emphasis should placed on correcting wrong attitude toward hypertension.

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