• Title, Summary, Keyword: SH-SY5Y cell line

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Neuroprotective effects of resveratrol on 6-hydroxydopamine-induced damage of SH-SY5Y cell line (6-Hydroxydopamine 유발 SH-SY5Y 세포주 손상에 대한 resveratrol의 신경보호 효과)

  • Chang, Geon-Cheon;Kim, Hyoung-Chun;Wie, Myung-Bok
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.54 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2014
  • Parkinson's disease is known to exhibit progressive degeneration of the dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra via inhibition of glutathione metabolism. It is well known that 6-Hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) induces Parkinson's disease-like symptoms, while resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene) has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. In the present study, we investigated the neuroprotective effects of resveratrol, a phytoalexin found in grapes and various plants, on 6-OHDA-induced cell damage to the SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cell line. Resveratrol (5 and 10 ${\mu}M$) inhibited 6-OHDA (60 ${\mu}M$)-induced cytotoxicity in SH-SY5Y cells and induced a reduction of the number of apoptotic nuclei caused by 6-OHDA treatment. Additionally, the total apoptotic rate of cells treated with both resveratrol (10 ${\mu}M$) and 6-OHDA (60 ${\mu}M$) was less than that of 6-OHDA treated cells. Resveratrol also dose-dependently (1, 5 and 10 ${\mu}M$) scavenged reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced by 6-OHDA in SH-SY5Y cells and prevented depletion of glutathione in response to the 6-OHDA-induced cytotoxicity in the glutathione assay. Overall, these results indicate that resveratrol exerts a neuroprotective effect against 6-OHDA-induced cytotoxicity of SH-SY5Y cells by scavenging ROS and preserving glutathione.

Hsp27 Reduces Phosphorylated Tau and Prevents Cell Death in the Human Neuroblastoma Cell Line SH-SY5Y

  • Ahn, Junseong;Kim, Hyeseon;Park, Jong-Sang
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.1503-1507
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    • 2013
  • The two major symptoms characterizing Alzheimer's disease are the formation of amyloid-${\beta}$ extracellular deposits in the form of senile plaques and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) that consist of pathological hyperphosphorylated tau protein aggregated into insoluble paired helical filaments (PHFs). Neurons of the central nervous system have appreciable amounts of tau protein, a microtubule-associated protein. To maintain an optimal operation of nerves, the microtubules are stabilized, which is necessary to support cell structure and cellular processes. When the modified tau protein becomes dysfunctional, the cells containing misfolded tau cannot maintain cell structure. One of the pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease is hyperphosphorylated tau protein. This paper shows that the small heat shock protein from humans (Hsp27) reduces hyperphosphorylated tau and prevents hyperphosphorylated tau-induced cell death of the human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y.

Neuroprotective Effects of Cervi Cornu in MPP+ Treated SH-SY5Y Cells (MPP+로 유도된 신경 독성에 대한 녹각의 보호 효과)

  • Yeo, Sujung
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 2020
  • Objectives : Parkinson's disease, a progressive neurodegenerative disease, is caused by the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. There is no clear treatment or remedy for Parkinson's disease; therefore, the development of novel therapies related to anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects is required. This study was performed to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of water extracts from Cervi Cornu (CC) in dopaminergic cells. Methods : We studied effects of CC on apoptosis, cell death and inflammation in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells treated by methylpyridinium ion (MPP+). SH-SY5Y cell line was treated with CC for 24 hours and then 500 μM MPP+ for 18 hours. Results : Cervi Cornu treatment inhibited the decrease in tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) expression and decreased the activation of inflammatory factors mitochondrial cytochrome C oxidase (COX2) and inducible NO synthase (iNOS) against MPP+ neurotoxicity. Apoptosis factors BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator (BAX) levels were decreased and B-Cell CLL/Lymphoma 2 (BCL2) levels were increased. Conclusions : These results suggest that CC treatment had neuroprotective effects in the SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells against toxicity induced by MPP+. The results suggest new possibilities of CC for the treatment of Parkinson's disease.

Comparison of the Effects of 13-cis Retinoic Acid and Melatonin on the Viabilities of SH-SY5Y Neuroblastoma Cell Line

  • Tosun, Murat;Soysal, Yasemin;Mas, Nuket Gocmen;Karabekir, Hamit Selim
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.57 no.3
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    • pp.147-151
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    • 2015
  • Objective : Neuroblastoma is one of common childhood tumors. Although its mortality is very high, there is no effective treatment yet. The aim of this project is to evaluate cytotoxic effects of melatonin (MLT) an endogen hormone and 13-cis retinoic acid (13-cis-RA) also named as isotretinoin an analogue of vitamin A on neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line. Methods : In this study, SH-SY5Y cell line was used. After cell culture, the cells were exposed to different doses of MLT and 13-cis-RA. 24 and 48 hours later. While the viabilities was estimated with MTT cell viability assay test, apoptotic indexes were calculated after staining with TUNEL based apoptosis kit. Results : It was observed that MLT has very effective cytotoxic potential than 13-cis-RA on neuroblastoma cell line. At the same time, when MLT and 13-cis-RA were combined, this effect was potentiated. On the other hand, it was found that the effect of 13-cis-RA individually on neuroblastoma cells was very slight. Conclusion : We suggest that in the treatment of patient with neuroblastoma, MLT is very effective and also this effect can be augmented by combination with 13-cis-RA.

Effects of Danchun-hwan on Oxidative Damage of Human Neural Cell (단천환이 사람신경세포의 산화적 손상에 미치는 영향)

  • 한상혁;김명선;이지현;김도환;나영훈;조광호;박래길;문병순
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.183-192
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    • 2000
  • Objectives : The present study was carried out to investigate the effects of Danchun-hwan(DCH) on the peroxynitrite-induced neural cell death in human neuroblastoma cell line, SH-SY5Y. Methods : The cultured cells were pretreated with DCH and exposed to 3-morpholinosydnonimine(SIN-1) that simultaneously generates NO and superoxide, thus possibly forming peroxynitrite. The cell damage was assessed by using MTT assay and crystal violet staining. Results : Exposure of the cells to SIN-1 for 24hr induced 75% apoptotic cell death, as evaluated by the occurrence of morphological nuclear changes characteristic of apoptosis using 4', 6-diamidino-2-phenylinole(DAPI). However, pretreatment of SH-SY5Y with the water extracts of DCH, inhibited the apoptotic cell death in a dose-dependent manner. DCH also inhibited SIN-1-induced apoptotic caspase 3-like protease activity in a dose-dependent manner. DCH recovered the depleted glutathione levels by SIN-1. Conclusions : Taken together, it is suggested that DCH protected human neuroblastoma cell line, SH-SY5Y, from the free radical injury mediated by peroxynitrite by a mechanism of elevating antioxidant, GSH.

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The increased expression of CD99 in a differentiated neuroblastoma cell line (신경모세종의 분화에 따른 인체 CD99의 표현의 증가)

  • Choi, Eun Young;Lee, Im-Soon
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.53-60
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    • 2001
  • Background: The human mic2 gene is a pseudoautosomal gene that encodes a cell surface antigen, CD99. High levels of CD99 constitute a tumor marker in Ewing s sarcoma (ES). We have recently demonstrated that CD99-induced apoptosis occurs only in undifferentiated ES cells, not in differentiated ES cells, raising the possibility of the involvement of CD99 in neural ontogeny. Methods: To elucidate the relations between the expression of CD99 and the differentiation of neural cells and the mechanism by which the expression of CD99 is regulated, we analyzed the differential patterns of CD99 expression in SH-SY5Y by treatment of 12-O-tetradecanoyl-13-phorbol acetate (TPA) and retinoic acid. In addition, to explore the transcriptional activity of CD 99 during neural cell differentiation, SH-SY5Y cells were transiently transfected with a CD99 promoter-driven luciferase construct, and treated with the inducers. Results: In immunoblotting and flow cytometry, the expression level of CD99 was increased on differentiated SH-SY5Y cells induced by TPA and retinoic acid. The luciferase activity was elevated by the treatment with TPA, known to mature SH-SY5Y cells toward a sympathetic neuronal lineage, whereas retinoic acid inducing a sympathetic chromaffin lineage displayed little effect. Conclusion: The result indicates that CD99 might be expressed only on cells maturing toward a neuronal lineage among differentiating primitive neuronal cells. In addition, the expression of CD99 seems to be regulated at the transcriptional level during the differentiation.

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Perphenazine and trifluoperazine induce mitochondria-mediated cell death in SH-SY5Y cells

  • Hong, Seok-Heon;Lee, Min-Yeong;Shin, Ki-Soon;Kang, Shin-Jung
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.20-26
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    • 2012
  • Drug-induced parkinsonism has been associated with an increased risk for Parkinson's disease. Antipsychotic drugs have long been known to cause parkinsonian symptoms. However, it remains unclear whether antipsychotics can directly damage the nigrostriatal pathway. In the present study, we investigated the toxicity mechanism of two typical antipsychotics, perphenazine and trifluoperazine, in a human dopaminergic cell line, SH-SY5Y. Perphenazine and trifluoperazine induced mitochondrial damage as evidenced by fragmentation of mitochondria, activation of Bax, cytochrome c release and a decrease in cellular ATP level. In addition, activation of caspase-3 and apoptotic nuclei were observed following the drug treatment. However, pan-caspase inhibitor did not suppress the cell death induced by the antipsychotics, suggesting that the initiated apoptosis was possibly shifted to necrosis upon caspase inhibition. Damaged mitochondria may have induced oxidative stress since the drug-induced cell death was partially suppressed by an antioxidant. Taken together, our results suggest that perphenazine and trifluoperazine can induce apoptotic cell death in a dopaminergic cell line via mitochondrial damage accompanied by oxidative stress.

The role of p62 in ceramide induced neuronal cell death (Ceramide에 의한 신경세포 사멸과정에서 p62의 역할)

  • Joung, In-Sil
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.648-653
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    • 2009
  • p62 is a key component of protein aggregates found in brains of neurodegenerative diseases in which oxidative stress is involved in the pathogenesis. p62 was induced in SH-SY5Y, a neuroblastoma cell line, by hydroxydoparnine or $C_2-ceramide$ known to be related to neurodegenerative diseases. The over-expression of p62 showed the neuroprotective effect against the ceramide induced cell death. In addition, p62 became insoluble and cleaved forms as time proceeded after the ceramide treatment, suggesting the mechanism by which p62 is associated with aggregates in neurodegenerative diseases.

The Effect of Ethanol Extracts of Herba Prunellae, Flos Lonicerae and Radix Scutellaria on 6-OHDA Induced Oxidative Damage in the SH-SY5Y Cell Line (SH-SY5Y 세포주에서 하고초, 금은화, 황금 에탄올 추출물의 6-OHDA로 유도된 산화적 손상에 미치는 영향)

  • Min, Kwan-Sik;Kim, Su-Young;Kim, Min-Woo;Lee, Key-Sang
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.530-541
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : Categorized as 'cheongyeol' herbs, Herba Prunellae, Flos Lonicerae and Radix Scutellaria have been proven to have effect on degenerative brain disease, cerebrovascular disease and brain tumor because of their anti inflammation, antioxidant, or anticancer effects. In this study, we studied activity against reactive oxygen species and anti inflammation effect of these three 'Cheongyeol' herbs. Methods : We measured each herb's yield of ethanol extracts, phenolic contents and activities against DPPH, hydroxyl radical and superoxide anion. Also through 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) induced oxidative damage in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cell line, we measured antioxidant effect and NO activity of the three herbs. From the three herbs, we chose Prunella Herba, which showed the highest antioxidant effect, and studied its cell survival rate and anti inflammation effect through COX-2 and iNOS. Results : All three herbs showed significant results, and especially Prunella Herba showed significant effect on phenol contents, antioxidant effect on various active oxygen and antioxidant, and anti inflammation effect through cell line. Conclusions : Further study of the origin concept of 'cheongyeol' and research into specific mechanisms and role in treatment of cranial nerve disease, seems warranted.