• Title/Summary/Keyword: STL

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Evaluation of Mechanical Properties and Washability of 3D Printed lace/voil Composite Fabrics Manufactured by FDM 3D printing Technology (FDM 3D 프린팅 기술로 제작된 3D 프린팅 레이스/보일 복합직물의 역학적 특성 및 세탁성 평가)

  • Lee, Sunhee
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.353-359
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    • 2018
  • In this study, fused deposition modellig(FDM) 3D printing technology has been applied directly to polyester voil fabric to produce 3D printed lace/voil composite fabrics. A stereolithograpy(STL) file with a lace type 3D modelling under the various thickness were prepared and transformed into a g-code file using a g-code generator. The extrusion conditions for FDM 3D printing were controlled by 50mm/s of nozzle speed, $235^{\circ}C$ of nozzle temperature, $40^{\circ}C$ of heating bed temperature. 3D printed lace/voil composite fabriscs manufactured by 3D printing based on FDM using a thermoplactic polyurethane(TPU) filaments were obtained. To evaluate the mechanical properties and washability of the fabricated 3D printed lace/voil composite fabric, KES-FB system test, washing fastness test and dry cleaning resistance test were conducted. As 3D printing thickness increased, KOSHI, NUMERI, and FUKURAMI of 3D printed lace/voil composite fabric increased. From the results of the primary hand value test, 3D printed lace/voil composite fabrics were confirmed to be applicable to women's summer garments. As a result of the washability and dry cleaning resistance test of the 3D printed lace/voil composite fabrics, all samples were graded 4-5.

A study on the machining accuracy of dental digital method focusing on dental inlay

  • Bae, Eun-Jeong;Jeong, Il-Do;Kim, Woong-Chul;Kim, Ji-Hwan
    • The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.321-327
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    • 2018
  • PURPOSE. The purpose of this study was to compare the cutting method and the lamination method to investigate whether the CAD data of the proposed inlay shape are machined correctly. MATERIALS AND METHODS. The Mesial-Occlusal shape of the inlay was modeled by changing the stereolithography (STL). Each group used SLS (metal powder) or SLA (photocurable resin) in the additive method, and wax or zirconia in the subtractive method (n=10 per group, total n=40). Three-dimensional (3D) analysis program (Geomagic Control X inspection software; 3D systems) was used for the alignment and analysis. The root mean square (RMS) in the 2D plane state was measured within $50{\mu}m$ radius of eight comparison measuring points (CMP). Differences were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and post-hoc Tukey's test were used (${\alpha}=.05$). RESULTS. There was a significant difference in RMS only in SLA and SLS of 2D section (P<.05). In CMP mean, CMP 4 ($-5.3{\pm}46.7{\mu}m$) had a value closest to 0, while CMP 6 ($20.1{\pm}42.4{\mu}m$) and CMP 1 ($-89.2{\pm}61.4{\mu}m$) had the greatest positive value and the greatest negative value, respectively. CONCLUSION. Since the errors obtained from the study do not exceed the clinically acceptable values, the lamination method and the cutting method can be used clinically.

Mixed-reality simulation for orthognathic surgery

  • Fushima, Kenji;Kobayashi, Masaru
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.38
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    • pp.13.1-13.12
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    • 2016
  • Background: Mandibular motion tracking system (ManMoS) has been developed for orthognathic surgery. This article aimed to introduce the ManMoS and to examine the accuracy of this system. Methods: Skeletal and dental models are reconstructed in a virtual space from the DICOM data of three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) recording and the STL data of 3D scanning, respectively. The ManMoS uniquely integrates the virtual dento-skeletal model with the real motion of the dental cast mounted on the simulator, using the reference splint. Positional change of the dental cast is tracked by using the 3D motion tracking equipment and reflects on the jaw position of the virtual model in real time, generating the mixed-reality surgical simulation. ManMoS was applied for two clinical cases having a facial asymmetry. In order to assess the accuracy of the ManMoS, the positional change of the lower dental arch was compared between the virtual and real models. Results: With the measurement data of the real lower dental cast as a reference, measurement error for the whole simulation system was less than 0.32 mm. In ManMoS, the skeletal and dental asymmetries were adequately diagnosed in three dimensions. Jaw repositioning was simulated with priority given to the skeletal correction rather than the occlusal correction. In two cases, facial asymmetry was successfully improved while a normal occlusal relationship was reconstructed. Positional change measured in the virtual model did not differ significantly from that in the real model. Conclusions: It was suggested that the accuracy of the ManMoS was good enough for a clinical use. This surgical simulation system appears to meet clinical demands well and is an important facilitator of communication between orthodontists and surgeons.

Support-generation Method Using the Morphological Image Processing for DLP 3D Printer (DLP 3D 프린터를 위한 형태학적 영상처리를 이용한 서포터 생성 방법)

  • Lee, Seung-Mok;Kim, Young-Hyung;Eem, Jae-Kwon
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Information Technology
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.165-171
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    • 2017
  • This paper proposes a method of support-generation using morphological image processing instead of geometric calculations. The geometric computational cost is dependent on the shape, but our method is independent on the shape. For obtaining the external support area for extrusion shape, we represents morphological operations between two sliced layer images and shows results of each operation stages. Internal support area is evaluated from erosion and opening operations with the sliced-layer image. In these support areas, the supporter image is generated using the designed support structures. Also, we made a DLP printer and the STL model included supporter-structure is printed by the DLP printer. We confirmed the necessity of support-generation method with the support structures individually dependent on materials by looking at the printed results.

Comparison of 2-dimensional marginal and internal fitness for the monolithic zirconia prosthesis using intraoral scanner and extraoral scanner: in vitro (Extraoral scanner와 intraoral scanner를 이용하여 제작된 zirconia crown의 2차원 변연 및 내면 적합도 비교: in vitro)

  • Lee, Tae-Hee;Lee, Ha-Bin;Kim, Ji-hwan
    • Journal of Technologic Dentistry
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.187-193
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare two-dimensional fitness of the monolithic zirconia prosthesis by using different type of scanner. Methods: No. 26 abutment tooth of FDI system was selected for the study. Using the extraoral scanner and intraoral scanner, the abutment tooth was scanned 10 times and the scanned files were saved as STL files. CAD/CAM system was used to produce the monolithic zirconia prosthesis. marginal and internal gap of the monolithic zirconia prosthesis were measured by digital microscope(x160) and applied silicone replica technique was applied. t-test, a statistical software, was used to perform data analysis. Results: Marginal gap $mean{\pm}SD$ of the monolithic zirconia prosthesis was $33{\pm}7.5{\mu}m$ with extra oral scanner and $34.7{\pm}11.1{\mu}m$ with intraoral scanner. axial gap mean was $40.5{\pm}3.5{\mu}m$ with extra oral scanner and $44.6{\pm}11.6{\mu}m$ with intraoral scanner. occlusal gap mean was $110.1{\pm}25.4{\mu}m$ with extra oral scanner and $64{\pm}9.7{\mu}m$ with intraoral scanner. Conclusion: In this study, fabricating zirconia prosthesis with different type of scanner was clinically applicable.

Finite Element Analysis of Wrist Orthosis with 3D Printing (3D 프린트를 통해 제작된 손목 보조기의 유한요소해석)

  • Choi, Hyeun-Woo;Kang, Inyeong;Noh, Gunwoo;Seo, Anna;Lee, Jong-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.947-953
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to manufacture a wrist brace using a computerized tomography system, clinical design software (MediACE 3D Program), and 3D printer. After acquiring the Dicom file of the upper limb with a computed tomography, the wrist brace was designed using the MediACE 3D Program to create a "stereolithography" file. The designed wrist brace was printed using a 3D printer. To verify the effectiveness of wrist assistive device manufactured by 3D printing technology, the stress distribution of the pressure and orthosis applied to bone and skin is represented by finite element analysis. It is expected that the wrist brace can be manufactured by reinforcing the part where the damage caused by pressure and breakage of the brace frequently occurs with the result of finite element analysis when producing the wrist brace.

Analysis of Sound Insulation Performance of Honeycomb Composite Panels for Cruise Ships (크루즈선박용 허니컴 패널의 차음 성능 해석)

  • Kwon, Hyun-Wung;Hong, Suk-Yoon;Roh, Jae-Ouk;Song, Jee-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.234-240
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, the interface matrix of honeycomb composite panel has been derived by the governing equation of a honeycomb sandwich panel. The interface matrix of honeycomb panel is added to the previously developed transfer matrix method, thus analysis of the multi-layered insulation composite panel with honeycomb is accomplished. Furthermore, predictions of sound transmission loss(STL) for the ship's insulation panel with honeycomb and mineral wool are presented. The insulation performance of the honeycomb used for skin of the ship's insulation panel is better than that of 0.35 mm steel panel by 2dB, approximately. Although honeycomb panel has inefficient insulation performance beside steel panel, honeycomb panel achieve improvements in the performance of weight reduction. The surface density of the panel with honeycomb is rather than with steel by $5.2kg/m^2$. It is decrease in weight by 31.7 %.

Manufacturing a Functional Bolus Using a 3D printer in Radiation Therapy (방사선치료에서 3D 프린터를 이용한 기능적 조직보상체의 제작)

  • Lee, Yi-Seong;Kim, Jeong-Koo
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.9-14
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    • 2020
  • Commercial plate bolus is generally used for treatment of surface tumor and required surface dose. We fabricated 3D-printed bolus by using 3D printing technology and usability of 3D-printed bolus was evaluated. RT-structure of contoured plate bolus in the TPS was exported to DICOM files and converted to STL file by using converting program. The 3D-printed bolus was manufactured with rubber-like translucent materials using a 3D printer. The dose distribution calculated in the TPS and compared the characteristics of the plate bolus and the 3D printed bolus. The absolute dose was measured inserting an ion chamber to the depth of 5 cm and 10 cm from the surface of the blue water phantom. HU and ED were measured to compare the material characteristics. 100% dose was distributed at Dmax of 1.5 cm below the surface when was applied without bolus. When the plate bolus and 3D-plate bolus were applied, dose distributed at 0.9 cm and 0.8 cm below the surface of the bolus. After the comparative analysis of the radiation dose at the reference depth, differences in radiation dose of 0.1 ~ 0.3% were found, but there was no difference dose. The usability of the 3D-printed bolus was thus confirmed and it is considered that the 3D-printed bolus can be applied in radiation therapy.

Surface Reconstruction for Cutting Path Generation on VLM-Slicer (VLM-Slicer에서 절단 경로 생성을 위한 측면 형상 복원)

  • Lee, Sang-Ho;An, Dong-Gyu;Yang, Dong-Yeol
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.19 no.7
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    • pp.71-79
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    • 2002
  • A new rapid prototyping process, Variable Lamination Manufacturing using a 4-axis-controlled hotwire cutter and expandable polystyrene foam sheet as a laminating material of the part (VLM-S), has been developed to reduce building time and to improve the surface finish of parts. The objective of this study is to reconstruct the surface of the original 3D CAD model in order to generate mid-slice data using the advancing front technique. The generation of 3D layers by a 4 axis-controlled hot-wire cutter requires a completely different procedure to generate toolpath data unlike the conventional RP CAD systems. The cutting path data for VLM-S are created by VLM-Slicer, which is a special CAD/CAM software with automatic generation of 3D toolpath. For the conventional sheet type system like LOM, the STL file would be sliced into 2D data only. However, because of using the thick layers and a sloping edge with the firstorder approximation between the top and bottom layers, VLM-Slicer requires surface reconstruction, mid-slice, and the toolpath data generation as well as 2D slicing. Surface reconstruction demands the connection between the two neighboring cross-sectional contours using the triangular facets. VLM-S employs thick layers with finite thickness, so that surface reconstruction is necessary to obtain a sloping angle of a side surface and the point data at a half of the sheet thickness. In the process of the toolpath data generation the surface reconstruction algorithm is expected to minimize the error between the ruled surface and the original parts..

The Study on Acupuncture and Moxibustion Treatment of Delayed Growth (성장장애(成長障碍)의 침구치료(鍼灸治療)에 관(關)한 고찰(考察))

  • Ryu, Seong-Ryong;Lee, Yun-Ho;Park, Dong-Suk
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.29-38
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : The objective of this study was to research delayed growth with acupuncture and moxibustion treatment. Methods : We search the oriental medical literature related to delayed growth, especially loose skull, pigeon chest(龜胸), turtle back(龜背), five kinds of flaccidity(五軟), five kinds of retardations(五遲) and infantile malnutrition(疳證). Results : 1. Loose skull is treated with moxibustion therapy of CV8(神厥) and two points(1.5cm upper and under of CV8) 2. Pigeon chest(龜胸) is treated with moxibustion therapy of GB38(外丘), ST18(乳根) and 6 points around of STl7(乳中). 3. Turtle back(龜背) is treated with moxibustion therapy of BLl3(肺兪), BL15(心兪) and BLl7(膈兪) 4. Acupuncture therapy of five kinds of flaccidity(五軟) was rare. but there are one case to stimulate Hwatahyeopcheok point using plum-blossom needle. 5. Five kinds of retardations(五遲) is treated with moxibustion therapy of BLl5(心兪) and two point of medial malleolus 6. Infantile malnutrition(疳證) is treated with acupuncture therapy of the spleen channel and stomach. channel, therapy using three-edged needle, cutting therapy(LUlO(魚際) and Sabong), moxibustion therapy(LRl3(章門) and BL2l(胃兪), and Ch'una therapy. Conclusion: We expect that acupuncture and moxibustion treatment of delayed growth will be applied practically in clinical medicine due to further study on delayed growth.

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