• Title/Summary/Keyword: SWMM 5

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Development of a Parameter Estimation Support System for SWMM 5 (SWMM 5의 매개변수 추정지원 시스템 개발)

  • Jung, Tae Hun;Lee, Sangho
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.529-533
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    • 2016
  • 미국 환경청의 SWMM 5(storm water management model 5)는 유역의 홍수유출 모의 및 연속 유출 모의를 할 수 있는 모형으로서 국내뿐만 아니라 세계적으로 많이 사용되고 있는 모형이다. SWMM 5와 같은 유역 유출모형에서 결과의 적절성을 향상시키기 위해서는 모형에 사용되는 매개변수를 올바르게 추정할 필요가 있다. 하지만, 외국의 정교한 유역 유출모형들이 우리나라에서 제대로 적용되고 있지 못하는 이유 중 하나는 적절한 매개변수의 추정이 이루어지지 못하고 있는 점이다. 이러한 문제를 해결하고자 SWMM 5의 매개변수 추정 지원 시스템을 개발하였다. SWMM 5의 매개변수 추정지원 시스템은 민감도 분석, 최적화 기법에 의한 모형 자동보정, 매개변수 할당 및 도움 모듈로 이루어져 있다. SWMM 5의 매개변수 추정 지원 시스템에 사용되는 최적화 기법은 전역최적화 기법 중 하나인 SCE-UA(shuffled complex evolution-University of Arizona) 이다. SWMM 5의 매개변수 추정 지원 시스템의 개발은 국내 수자원 기술자들의 SWMM 5에 대한 이해 및 활용도를 더욱 향상시켜줄 것으로 기대한다.

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An Analysis of Flood Mitigation Effect Applying to LID in Mokgamcheon Watershed using SWMM Model (SWMM 모형을 이용한 목감천 유역의 LID 시설 적용 홍수저감효과 분석)

  • Jang, Yeongsun;Mun, Sungho;Yang, Sunglin
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 2013
  • PURPOSES: In this study, flood mitigation effect of drainage asphalt concrete pavement were analyzed by a SWMM 5.0 program in order to evaluate the low impact development (LID) based on the drainage asphalt concrete pavements. METHODS: In order to determine the porosity parameters of drainage asphalt concretes, the specimen mixtures were manufactured using the conditions presented in the previous study. The numerical simulation was conducted using the SWMM 5.0 program considering the flood mitigation effect of drainage asphalt concrete pavements. The effect of flood reduction can be observed when drainage asphalt concrete pavements were applied to Mokgamcheon watershed. The flood mitigation effect analysis of Mokgamcheon watershed as well as continuous simulation of subwatershed runoff were performed through this study. RESULTS : The analysis of drainage asphalt concrete pavements was carried out for evaluating the effect on runoff, resulting in: the peak flow decreases up to 1.26~9.53% after drainage asphalt concrete pavements applied in the SWMM 5.0 program furthermore, the discharge decreases up to 0.55~4.11%. CONCLUSIONS: As a result, the reduced peak flow and discharge were found through the SWMM 5.0 program. It can be concluded that the flood is effectively reduced when the drainage asphalt concrete pavements are used.

Multipurposed Detention Pond Design for Best Management Practice in Urban Watershed Using SWMM 5.0 (SWMM 5.0을 이용한 도시 소유역 다목적 저류지 BMPs 설계)

  • Park, Woong-Seo;Jang, Suk-Hwan;Park, Dae-Ryong
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.116-120
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    • 2007
  • 도시 지역 소규모 단지 개발 후 유출량 증가로 인한 하류지역의 첨두유량의 조절은 도시 호우 관리에서 가장 중요한 고려 대상중의 하나이다. 최적관리를 위한 단지 내 유수지는 오리피스와 위어를 이용하여 높은 첨두율을 개발전의 첨두유량으로 조절하는 역할을 담당 한다. 이 연구에서는 도시 개발에 따른 단지 내 다목적 저류지를 설치하여 첨두유량을 조절하기 위하여 오리피스와 위어가 설치된 저류지를 어떻게 설계하는지 검토하였다. 적용 대상은 전형적인 도시소유역 단지개발지역에 적용하였다. 저류지는 재현기간 2년 10년 그리고 100년 설계 강우에 대한 첨두유량을 조절할 수 있도록 설계되었다. 또한 도시화의 진행으로 인한 불투수면적의 증가에 따른 예민도 분석을 실시하여 유출량의 증가와 하류단에서 나타나는 첨두유량의 변화를 검토하였다. 설계 저류지 모의를 위하여 SWMM 5.0을 사용하였다.

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Analysis of Urban Flood Damage Using SWMM5 and FLUMEN Model of Sadang Area in Korea

  • Li, Heng;Kim, Yeonsu;Lee, Seungsoo;Song, Miyeon;Jung, Kwansue
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.396-396
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    • 2015
  • Frequent urban floods affect the human safety and economic properties due to a lack of the capacity of drainage system and the increased frequency of torrential rainfall. The drainage system has played an important role in flooding control, so it is necessary to establish the effective countermeasures considering the connection between drainage system and surface flow. To consider the connection, we selected SWMM5 model for analyzing transportation capacity of drainage system and FLUMEN model for calculating inundation depth and time variation of inundation area. First, Thiessen method is used to delineate the sub-catchments effectively base on drainage network data in SWMM5. Then, the output data of SWMM5, hydrograph of each manhole, were used to simulate FLUMEN to obtain inundation depth and time variation of inundation area. The proposed method is applied to Sadang area for the event occurred in $27^{th}$ of July, 2011. A total of 11 manholes, we could check the overflow from the manholes during that event as a result of the SWMM5 simulation. After that, FLUMEN was utilized to simulate overland flow using the overflow discharge to calculate inundation depth and area on ground surface. The simulated results showed reasonable agreements with observed data. Through the simulations, we confirmed that the main reason of the inundation was the insufficient transportation capacities of drainage system. Therefore cooperation of both models can be used for not only estimating inundation damages in urban areas but also for providing the theoretical supports of the urban network reconstruction. As a future works, it is recommended to decide optimized pipe diameters for efficient urban inundation simulations.

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Inundation Analysis on the Region of Lower Elevation of a New Port by Using SWMM5 and UNET Model - Yongwon-dong, Jinhae-si (SWMM5와 UNET 모형을 이용한 신항만 저지대 침수분석 - 진해시 용원동)

  • Lee, Jung-Min;Lee, Sang-Ho;Kang, Tae-Uk
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.442-451
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    • 2008
  • We analyzed characteristics of rainfall-runoff for the channel of Yongwon area made by a new port construction. And we conducted inundation analysis on the region of lower elevation near the coast. SWMM5 was calibrated with the storm produced by the typhoon Megi from August 19 to August 20 in 2004, and was verified with the storm from August 22 to August 22 in 2004. We performed hydraulic channel routing of Yongwon channel about typhoon Megi from August 19 to August 20 in 2004 by UNET model which is a hydraulic channel routing. The simulated runoff hydrographs were added to the new stream as lateral inflow hydrographs and a watershed runoff hydrograph was the upstream boundary condition. The downstream boundary condition data were estimated by the measured stage hydrographs. The maximum stage that was calculated by hydraulic channel routing was higher than the levee of inundated region in typhoon Megi. Thus we can suppose an inundation to have been occurred. We performed inundation analysis about typhoon Megi from August 19 to August 20 in 2004 and flood discharge of return period 10~150 years. And we estimated each inundation area. The inundation areas by return periods of storms were estimated by 3.4~5.7 ha. The causes of inundation are low heights of levee crests (D.L. 2.033~2.583 m), storm surges induced by typhoons and reverse flow through the coastal sewers (D.L. -0.217~0.783 m). A result of this study can apply to establish countermeasure of a flood disaster in Yongwon.

The Water Circulation Improvement of Apartment Complex by applying LID Technologies - Focused on the Application of Infiltration Facilities - (LID 기술 적용을 통한 공동주택단지 물순환 개선 연구 - 침투시설 적용을 중심으로 -)

  • Suh, Joo-Hwan;Lee, In-Kyu
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.41 no.5
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    • pp.68-77
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    • 2013
  • Change in the Global Climate causes flood, drought, heavy snow, and rainfall patterns in the Korean Peninsula. A variety of alternatives related to climate change are considered. The foreign researchers are interested in Low Impact Development(LID); the utilization of water resources and eco friendly development, over 10 years ago. The research and development of related technology has been advanced to apply LID techniques in order to develop several projects in the country. However, sharing of technology or system that can be used easily in the private sector is insufficient. The performance of the elements of LID Technology has not been fully agreed. LID elements of this technology are easy to apply to Apartment complex. The elements are classified technology. The infiltration of elements performs the functions of apartment complex landscaping space technology applied to the target. The water cycle simulation(SWMM 5.0) and technology the implementation of the effectiveness is also verified. For this purpose, three different places in apartment complex to target by SWMM5.0 U.S. EPA conducted utilizing simulated rainfall and applying LID techniques before and after the simulated water cycle (infiltration, surface evaporation, and surface runoff) were conducted. The importance of green space in the LID techniques of quantitative and qualitative storm water control as well as the role of Apartment Housing is to promote Amenity. Remember that the physical limitations of apartment complex and smooth water circulation system for the application of LID integrated management techniques should be applied. To this end, landscapes, architecture, civil engineering, environmental experts for technical consilience between the Low Impact Development efforts are required.

The Urban Water Cycle Planning Elements and Hydrologic Cycle Simulation for Green City (녹색도시 물순환 계획요소 및 수문순환 모의)

  • Lee, Jung-Min;Kim, Jong-Lim
    • LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.271-278
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    • 2012
  • The climate change and global warming has been a world-wide issue. Also, the green growth has been a widely adopted strategy for national and regional development. In particular, after the Kyoto Protocol to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change was declared, the low carbon society was inevitable phenomenon. The hydrologic cycle in urban catchment has been changed due to the expansion of impervious area by rapid urban development. This paper has examined the Water cycle planning elements for green city in the scale of urban planning as well as site planning including housing site. In this study, the SWMM5-LID (Storm Water Management Model5-LID) model was used to simulate the hydrologic cycle of the test catchment as a typical urban catchment. We performed continuous simulation on urban runoff before and after the development of the test catchment and after the installation of Green city planning Elements.

Introduction of Decision Support System for Design of Low Impact Development Based on SWMM5.1: WMAM (SWMM5.1을 기반으로 한 저영향개발 시설의 설계를 위한 의사결정지원시스템: WMAM)

  • Song, Jae Yeol;Chung, Eun-Sung;Kim, Soo-Hyun;Lee, Sang-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.321-321
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    • 2016
  • 도시화와 토지이용 변화로 인하여 도시지역의 불투수면적이 증가하고 있으며, 이로 인해 발생하는 홍수, 가뭄, 수질악화 등의 해결은 수자원 계획 및 관리에 있어서 중요한 과제이다. 저영향개발(LID, Low Impact Development) 기법은 물 순환 체계를 복원할 수 있는 대안으로 도시지역에서 물 관리를 통해 하천 복원 및 수자원 관리를 가능하게 해주는 기술로써, EPA SWMM의 업그레이드 버전에서는 저영향개발 기술과 관련된 시설의 설계를 통한 유출 모의가 가능해졌다. 그러나 SWMM 모형 내에서 저영향개발 시설을 설계 및 계획하기 위해서는 저영향시설과 관련된 다양한 매개변수들을 입력해야하며, 효과적인 시설의 설계를 위해서는 반복적인 모의 수행이 동반된다. 이에 본 연구에서는 SWMM 모형을 기반으로 저영향개발 시설의 설계를 위한 의사결정지원시스템인 WMAM(Water Management Analysis Module)을 개발하였다. WMAM은 저영향개발 시설과 관련된 다양한 매개변수 중에서 최종 유출량에 영향을 미치는 매개변수의 추출이 가능하다. 또한, 저영향개발 시설의 설계 및 계획 매개변수에 대한 다양한 시나리오를 생성하고, 짧은 시간에 동시에 모의 분석을 수행하여 수문학적 측면에서 효과적인 시나리오를 도출해준다. 본 연구에서는 WMAM의 효과성을 보여주고자 A대학교를 모델링한 SWMM 모형에 저영향개발 시설 중 하나인 침투트렌치의 (1)계획 전과 (2)계획 후, 그리고 (3)WMAM을 적용하였을 경우의 첨두유량과 침투손실 결과를 비교하였다. 침투트렌치 설치 전의 첨두유량은 약 0.48 CMS로 세가지 경우 중 가장 높은 값을 보였으며, 침투트렌치 설지 후와 WMAM을 활용한 경우의 첨두유량은 점차 낮아졌다. 또한, 침투손실량을 보면 설치전에는 약 0.28 m로 가장 낮았으며, 설치 후 그리고 WMAM을 활용하였을 경우는 점차 그 값이 높아졌다. 본 연구를 통해, WMAM이 저영향개발 시설의 설계 및 계획에 있어서 수문학적으로 효과적인 결과를 보이는 것을 확인할 수 있었으며, 향후 보완과 추가 개발을 통해 수자원 계획 및 관리에 있어서 유용한 프로그램이 될 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.

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Analysis of Water Cycle Effect according to Application of LID Techniques (LID 기법 적용에 따른 물순환 효과분석)

  • Lee, Jungmin;Lee, Yun;Choi, Jongsoo
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.411-421
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    • 2014
  • At present, the development in rainwater management approach is still insufficient due to the numerous adverse effects of urbanization. Storm water management is being developed to restore the natural state of water cycle undergoing several processes which were hindered such as infiltration and evapotranspiration. Low Impact Development (LID) was established in order to reduce the negative effects of urbanization to our environment. These developments can be used to respond to the effects of climate change such as heat island phenomenon. The effects of the development of new town in the district plan with application of LID facilities were studied and reported. Typically, LID facilities were applied in small scale development and were rarely used in large-scale development. Most of studies, however, did not assessment the effects of large-scale development projects with LID application to the natural water cycle. This study was conducted to simulate the urban hydrologic cycle simulation on Asan-Tangjeong in Korea. This study may be used in urban hydrologic cycle simulation and establishment of an urban water management plan in the future. Lastly, this study generated a model using the recently updated SWMM5 which determined the hydrologic cycle simulation after installation of LID facilities.