• Title, Summary, Keyword: Safety Behavior

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Effect of Behavior Based Safety Program on Safety Behavior, Safety Climate and its Satisfaction (행동기반안전관리 프로그램이 안전행동, 안전 분위기 및 만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Jeong Mo;Kwon, Young Guk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.109-119
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    • 2018
  • This study has performed to identify the effect of safety behavior, safety climate and its satisfaction through the Behavior Based Safety Program for 5 sites of the same Company. The study result indicated that the level of recognized safety behavior, climate and its satisfaction improved by conducting observation of worker behavior, jobsite feedback, displaying feedback chart, safety training, behavior modification committee. Additionally, the participation level of safety activity and conformity level of safety rule improved. The recognized level of safety climate improved together with recognized safety value by management, safety participation of direct boss, communication with each other to be dealt with safety matter, safety training material to be contained unsafe behavior and practical hazard, understanding and conducting safety standard. In addition, The recognized level of satisfaction improved together with safety behavior and climate. As a result, this program provided an opportunities to correct worker's unsafe behavior to safe behavior in conjunction with increasing number of observation, providing additional time to have a safety check, safety suggestion to improve work situation and a permit to work rule. It will be integrated into health and safety management system to be able to reduce industrial accident.

The Effects of Stress Response on Safety Behavior : Moderating Effect of Safety Climate (스트레스 반응이 안전행동에 미치는 효과: 안전 분위기의 중재효과)

  • Lee, Jae-Hee;Moon, Kwang-Su;Oah, She-Zeen
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of stress response on safety behavior and to explore moderating effect of safety climate between stress response and safety behavior. 224 workers were asked to respond to the questionnaires that measured various demographic variables, stress response, safety climates and safety behaviors. A hierarchical regression was conducted to identify variables that had significant relationships with safety behavior and to examine moderating effect of safety climate between stress response and safety behavior. Results indicated that the depression response significantly predicted safety behavior. It was found that the safety climate was also a significant predictor for safety behavior. In addition, safety climate had a moderating effect on the relation between depression and anger responses and safety behavior.

A Study on the Relationship of Factors Related to Cabin Crews' Safety Behavior: Integration of TPB & SCT (객실승무원의 항공기 안전의도와 안전행동의 영향요인 분석: TPB와 SCT 통합모델)

  • KIM, Gee-Yun;PARK, Sang-Beom
    • The Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business
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    • v.10 no.11
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    • pp.57-69
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate systematic and comprehensive explanation about safety behavior by applying integrated model of Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and Social Cognitive Theory (SCT). By showing the interrelationship of effects of factors affecting safety behavior in a single model, comprehensive understanding regarding safety behavior will be possible. Research design, data, and methodology: This study try to integrate the two theory, TPB and SCT, to introduce background factors, such as safety culture, affecting cognitive factors of subjective norm, safety attitude, perceived behavioral control, safety consciousness, which are again affecting behavior intention of the TPB. We composed 73 questionnaire to analyse the relationship among factors affecting safety behavior. The questionnaire were distributed to stewards and stewardesses of KAL, ASIANA, and LCCs. 422 were collected and used for analysis. Factor analysis, regression analysis, and control effect analysis were conducted using SPSS windows version 2.0. Results: The safety culture, safety atmosphere, and safety education/training were turned out to affect subjective norm, safety attitude, perceived behavioral control, safety consciousness. And the cognitive factors also showed to affect safety intention significantly. The results that safety intention affects safety behavior was found. Also there are control effect of cost consciousness and punishment while safety intention affects safety behavior. Conclusions: Safety is the virtue that should be given first priority to in our daily life. To secure safety, everyone in an organization should have high level of safety intention and conduct safety behavior. The study results provide systematic and comprehensive understandings on the relationship among factors affecting cabin crews' safety behavior. The results will help design safety related regulations, education/training, and support employees to engage in safety behavior related activities.

College Students' Safety Behaviors in the Dental Technology Laboratory Predicted by the Theory of Planned Behavior (치기공전공 대학생의 실습실 안전 행동에 대한 계획된 행위 이론 검증)

  • Park, Jong-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.15-27
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    • 2009
  • Background and Goals: This study set out to apply the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), which is known to provide good explanations about human behavior, and test it to see if it could predict safety behavior by affecting the intention for safety behavior and perceived behavioral control and if intention for safety behavior would be influenced by attitude toward behavior, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control. Methods: The subjects were 98 dental technology majors in D City. The questionnaires were distributed, filled out and collected on the spot. Each item was measured on a seven-point scale, and it's interpreted that the higher mean of each item would translate into safety behavior. Results: The analysis results of the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) variables indicate that only subjective norm ($\beta$ = .528, p < .000) had explanatory power of 27.2% (F = 37.170, P <.001) for intention for safety behavior. The results show that subjective norm and attitude toward behavior affect intention for safety behavior. The analysis results of the TPB variables revealed that intention for safety behavior had explanatory power of 26.6% (F = 36.072, p <.000) for behavior. When intention was added by perceived behavioral control, the explanatory power increased to 34.5% (F = 26.530, p <.000). And when it's added by knowledge, the explanatory power increased to 39.0% (F =21.661, p <.000). The results suggest that intention has the biggest influence on predicting safety behavior. Conclusion: The results show that the TPB model by Ajzen (1985) has greater forecasting power for intention and act of safety behavior than the TRA model by Fishbein & Ajzen (1980) and the TPB model can applied in the prediction of safety behavior. Thus safety behavior is considered as behavior whose determination control is limited. And safety education programs that add knowledge to the TPB variables will help the students promote their safety behavior.

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An Effect of Safety Leadership Coaching Program on Safety Behaviors of Construction Workers: Based on Behavior Based Safety (안전 리더십 코칭 프로그램이 건설 현장 근로자들의 안전 행동에 미치는 효과 : 행동기반 안전관리(Behavior Based Safety: BBS)를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Jidong;Oah, Shezeen;Moon, Kwangsu
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2018
  • This study examined the effect of safety leadership coaching program on managers' safety management and workers' safety behaviors in construction site. Three or four managers and about one hundred workers at each site participated in this study. Safety leadership coaching program consisted of safety leadership education, goal setting, self-monitoring and feedback on workers' safety behavior, reward for three safety management behaviors; (1) safety observations of workers safety behavior and (2) providing positive feedback on safe behavior (3) providing corrective feedback on risk behavior and daily safety education for workers. Dependent variables were the percentage of safe behaviors of workers and frequency of managers' safety management behaviors. A nonconcurrent AB multiple baseline design across settings was adopted. After baseline(A), safety leadership coaching program (B) was introduced to each site. The results showed that safety leadership coaching program was effective to increase managers' and workers' safety behaviors. These results suggest that safety leadership coaching program developed in this study would be an alternative treatment technique to improve construction safety management. In addition, the implications, limitations of this study, and future studies are discussed.

Effects of School Safety Education on the Safety Behavior among Elementary School Students in Korea (학교 안전교육이 초등학생의 안전생활 실천에 미치는 효과)

  • Jung, Myung-Ae;Park, Kyung-Min;Kwon, Young-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.566-576
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to examine the effects of school safety education on the safety behavior among elementary school students. Sixty-two 4th grade students were sampled from an elementary school in Pohang city and divided into one experimental group and one control group. The safety education has been provided to the experimental group for 4 weeks The data were collected before, just after, and 8 weeks after the education. In the pre-test, the general characteristics and safety behavior between two groups were measured. The experimental group was given school safety education twice a week for 4weeks. They also filled out the self behavior check list. In the post-test and follow up-test safety behavior was collected. The data analysis was done using $X^2$-test. t-test. Repeated measures ANOVA, analysis of simple main effect and time contrast methods, they were processed with an SPSS Win 9.0/pc. The results of this study are summarized as follows: 1) There were no differences between experimental group and control group on the general characteristics and safety behavior in the pre-test. 2) The hypothesis: 'The experimental group which was given school safety education will show higher scores on safety behavior than the control group which was not given this was supported(F=6.43 p=0.01). 3) The subhypothesis 1 : 'The scores on the indoor safety behavior of the experimental group which was given school safety education will show higher than those of the control group which were given this was supported(F=3.59 p=0.03). 4) The subhypothesis 2 : 'The scores on the outdoor safety behavior of the experimental group which was given, school safety education will show higher than those of the control group which was not given this was supported(F=5.70 p =0.00). In consequence, the experimental group which was given school safety education scored higher on safety behavior than the control group. Therefore, school safety education should continue to encourage safety behavior among elementary school students.

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Influence of Safety Leadership of Manager in Construction Site on Workers' Safety Attitude and Behavior : Focused on Self-Serving Bias (건설현장 관리자 안전 리더십이 근로자 안전 태도와 행동에 미치는 효과 : 자기 고양 편향을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Jong Hyun;Moon, Kwangsu
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.76-83
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    • 2020
  • This study examined the effects of perceptual differences of safety leadership between managers and workers on workers' safety attitudes and behavior in two construction sites. In addition, the mediating role of safety attitude between safety leadership and safety behavior across discrepancy level of safety leadership. This study was conducted on two first-tier construction companies within the 100th place in 2019. Two companies were similar in size(100 - 150 billion won) and process from the basement frame finishing stage to start of the ground structure of apartment. In A Site, 40 managers and 73 workers, 42 managers and 77 workers in B site participated the survey on managers' safety leadership, and workers' safety attitude and behavior. The results showed that there was no significant difference between the safety leadership scores assessed by the manager and workers at site B. However, the safety leadership scores assessed by the managers were significantly higher than that by the workers at site A. The workers' safety attitudes and behaviors at site B were higher than those of workers at site A. Moreover, Site B was significantly higher in the effects of safety leadership on safety behavior than Site A. At site B, safety leadership had a significant influence on safety behavior even after controlling the safety attitude of workers. At site A, safety leadership had no significant effect on safety behavior after controlling safety attitude. These findings suggest that there is managers' self-serving bias on safety leadership in site A and that this bias of leadership can negatively affect workers' safety attitude and behaviors. In addition, it can be seen that if the self-serving bias on safety leadership occurs, the manager's safety leadership has less influence on workers' safety behavior.

The Effect of Safety Culture on the Safety Awareness and Safety Behavior of Manufacturing Workers (안전문화가 제조업 종사자의 안전의식과 안전행동에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Ki-Seok;Ahn, Byung-Joon;Rhim, Jong-Kuk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.65-75
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of safety culture on the safety awareness and safety behaviors of manufacturing workers, and to suggest ways for manufacturing workers to understand the safety culture and improve safety awareness and safety behavior. In order to verify this, data were collected from 282 research subjects for 1 month from August 1 to 31, 2018, using the manufacturing workers in the Seoul and Gyeonggi area as a population. The results of the study are as follows. First, the safety culture (safety climate, safety procedures) has a positive effect on the safety awareness (recognition of importance, interest and participation inducement) of the manufacturing workers. Second, the safety culture (safety climate, safety procedures) has a positive effect on the safety behavior (safety planning, safety check) of manufacturing workers. Third, safety awareness (recognition of importance, interest and inducement of participation) has a positive influence on the safety behavior (safety planning, safety check) of manufacturing workers. Fourth, the safety awareness (recognition of importance, interest and inducement of participation) appears to have a partial mediating effect in relation to safety culture (safety climate, safety procedure) and safety behavior (safety planning, safety check) of manufacturing workers. The implication of this study is that although the industrial accidents have occurred in the manufacturing industry in recent years, the studies on the workers in the manufacturing industry are insufficient. However, this study is meaningful that it has suggested ways for manufacturing workers to understand the safety culture and improve the safety awareness and safety behavior by analyzing the effects of safety culture on safety awareness and safety behavior of manufacturing workers.

The Relationship between Empowering Leadership, Directive Leadership, Safety Communication, and Safety Behavior for Air Force Combat Pilots: The Moderated Mediating Effect of Safety Motivation (공군 전투조종사의 임파워링 리더십, 지시적 리더십, 안전의사소통 및 안전행동과의 관계: 안전동기의 조절된 매개효과)

  • Kong, Manseok;Park, Jiyoung;Shin, Yonghwan;Sohn, Young Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.8-30
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between empowering leadership, directive leadership, safety communication, and safety behavior. Also, we examined whether safety motivation had a moderated mediating effect on this relationship. We collected the surveys from 343 combat pilots of the Republic of Korea Air Force for the analysis. Our structural equation modeling analysis revealed that there was a positive relationship between empowering leadership and safety behavior, and safety communication fully mediated the relationship. However, there is no relationship between directive leadership and safety behavior. Also, our results showed that safety motivation moderated the relationship between empowering leadership and safety communication, but not the relationship between directive leadership and safety communication. Furthermore, the relationship between empowering leadership and safety behavior through safety communication varied significantly with the degree of safety motivation, such that the higher the safety motivation, the higher the impact of empowering leadership on safety behavior through safety communication. Finally, we discussed the implications of these results, study limitations, and practical suggestions for future research.

Predicting Patient Safety Behaviors of Nurses in Inter-Hospital Transfer (전원 관련 안전간호수행에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Park, Sunhee;Lee, Taewha
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.230-238
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate predictors of nurses' patient safety behavior during inter-hospital transfer. The study was based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Methods: A descriptive survey design was used. Data were collected with a self-administrated 39-item questionnaire completed by 111 nurses from a university hospital in Seoul, South Korea. The questionnaire was developed based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) guideline and included measure of self-reported past patient safety behaviors, intentions, attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavioral controls. Ethical approval was granted by the hospital review board. Hierarchical regression analyses were carried out. Results: The average score of patient safety behavior was $4.21{\pm}0.63$ (5 point scale). The TPB variables explained 49.9%of the variance in patient safety behavior. Intention and subjective norm were the most significant predictors of nurses' patient safety behavior. Attitude was related to nurses' patient safety behavior. Conclusion: TPB variables predicted the nurses' patient safety behavior during inter-hospital transfer of patients except for perceived behavioral controls. The results of this study suggest that better strategies for subjective norms and intentions related to patient safety behavior will be helpful in safety culture reform.