• Title/Summary/Keyword: Shock

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An Experimental Study on Micro Shock Tube Flow (Micro Shock Tube 유동에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Park, Jin-Ouk;Kim, Gyu-Wan;Kim, Heuy-Dong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • pp.350-355
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    • 2012
  • Past few years have seen the growing importance of micro shock tubes in various engineering applications. A pharma ballistic technique is one such application which uses micro shock tube to accelerate drug particles and penetrate into skin, thus avoiding the usual injection drug delivery system. But for the efficient design of such instruments requires the detailed knowledge of shock characteristics and flow field inside a micro shock tube. Due to many factors such as boundary layer, low Reynolds number and high Knudsen number shock propagation inside micro shock tubes will be quite different from that of the well established macro shock tubes. In the present study, experimental studies were carried out on a micro shock tube of 3 mm diameter to investigate flow characteristics and shock propagation. Pressure values were measured at different locations inside the driven section. From the experimental values other parameters like shock velocity, shock strength were found and shock wave diagram was constructed.

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Analysis for Anti-shock Characteristics of Underwater Acoustic Transducers to the Explosive Shock (수중폭발충격에 대한 수중음향 트랜스듀서의 내충격 특성 해석)

  • Goh, Byeong-Jun;Seo, Hee-Seon
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.1108-1114
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    • 2006
  • Underwater acoustic transducers can be exposed to a underwater explosive shock caused by various types of underwater weapon. So, a robust anti-shock design is required for transducers to endure the underwater explosive shock. To check the anti-shock characteristics of a transducer, underwater explosive shock test is needed. The conditions of underwater explosive shock test are set up referring to various oversea explosive shock test specifications, and the explosive shock pressure values are calculated according to those conditions. Transient analyses art: carried out for two kinds of underwater acoustic transducer model to verify the anti-shock characteristics. The applied model has robust anti-shock characteristics enough to endure the explosive shock up to 2300 psi. In the future, the transducer design should be certified through the fields test, and modified if needed.

Numerical Visualization of the Unsteady Shock Wave Flow Field in Micro Shock Tube

  • Arun, Kumar R.;Kim, Heuy-Dong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.40-46
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    • 2012
  • Recently micro shock tube is extensively being used in many diverse fields of engineering applications but the detailed flow physics involved in it is hardly known due to high Knudsen number and strong compressibility effects. Unlike the macro shock tube, the surface area to volume ratio for a micro shock tube is very large. This unique effect brings many complexities into the flow physics that makes the micro shock tube different compared with the macro shock tube. In micro shock tube, the inter- molecular forces of working gas can play an important role in specifying the flow characteristics of the unsteady shock wave flow which is essentially generated in all kinds of shock tubes. In the present study, a CFD method was used to predict and visualize the unsteady shock wave flows using the unsteady compressible Navier-Stokes equations, furnished with the no-slip and slip wall boundary conditions. Maxwell's slip equations were used to mathematically model the shock movement at high Knudsen number. The present CFD results show that the propagation speed of the shock wave is directly proportional to the initial pressure and diameter of micro shock tube.

An Experimental Study on Micro Shock Tube Flow (Micro Shock Tube 유동에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Park, Jin-Ouk;Kim, Gyu-Wan;Kim, Heuy-Dong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.74-80
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    • 2012
  • Past few years have seen the growing importance of micro shock tubes in various engineering applications like micro combution, micro propulsion, particle delivery systems. But in order to efficiently apply Micro Shock Tube to such areas require the detailed knowledge of shock characteristics and flow field inside a micro shock tube. Due to many factors such as boundary layer, low Reynolds number and high Knudsen number shock propagation inside micro shock tubes will be quite different from that of the well established macro shock tubes. In the present study, experimental studies were carried out on micro shock tubes of two diameters to investigate flow characteristics and shock propagation. Pressure values were measured at different locations inside the driven section. From the experimental values other parameters like shock velocity, shock strength were found and shock wave diagram was constructed.

The Shock-Test Result and Analysis Using Dual-Pulse Shock Testing Machine (이중충격파형 충격시험장비를 이용한 충격시험 결과 및 분석)

  • Bae, Jongsoo
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.342-348
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    • 2018
  • The important issue of equipment installed in maritime weapon system is shock survivability against underwater explosion(UNDEX). If the shock survivability of equipment should not be guaranteed, the successful mission also could not be achieved. For that reason, the shock-resistance of each equipment under UNDEX environment should be demonstrated before deployment at combat field. However, the actual UNDEX test on the ocean is too expensive to conduct. Also, it has diverse dangerous factors. The main characteristic of UNDEX is a dual-pulse shock. The vertical shock test machine able to simulate dual pulse shock signal on the ground will be introduced in this paper. The dual-pulse shock signal presented in certain shock standard was achieved with this shock-test machine on the ground. The analytical procedure to set a test condition was verified by comparing simulation result with experiment result.

Analysis of Shock Mechanism and Actuator Behavior of HDD (내충격성 향상을 위한 HDD Actuator의 거동 연구)

  • 손진승;좌성훈;이행수;홍민표
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.449-454
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    • 2001
  • The shock performance of hard disk drives has been a serious issue for portable computers and AV application HDD. Focusing on the motion of an actuator, we investigated non-operational shock mechanism and studied several parameters that affect the shock performance by experimental analysis. It was found that there are two important factors fort the actuator to endure high shock revel. One is a shock transmissibility and the other is a beating between the arm blade and the suspension. To generalize the shock transmissibility, the concept of shock response spectrum was introduced. The shock response spectrum of the actuator system was obtained experimentally and compared with that of an analytical single degree of freedom model. It was found that there was a good agreement. The first bending natural frequency of the arm blade was found to be the most important factor for the low shock transmissibility. By applying the shock response spectrum and avoiding the beating, we could design an actuator of high shock performance.

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Effects of the Length and Diameter of Shock Tube on the Shock Train Phenomenon (충격파관의 길이와 직경이 Shock Train 현상에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Dong Wook;Kim, Tae Ho;Yoon, Young Bin;Kim, Heuy Dong
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.41 no.9
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    • pp.615-622
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    • 2017
  • A normal shock wave is initially formed in the shock tube that migrates towards the closed end of the tube, which, in turn, leads to the reflection of shock. Due to the interaction of the reflected shock with the boundary layer, bifurcation of the shock wave takes place. A shock train will be generated after the bifurcated shock wave approaches the contact surface. Until now, only a few studies have been conducted to investigate this shock train phenomenon inside the shock tube. For the present study, a CFD analysis has been performed on a two dimensional axisymmetric model of a shock tube using unsteady, compressible Navier-Stokes equations. In order to investigate the detailed characteristics of the shock train phenomenon, quantitative studies have been performed by varying shock tube length, diameter under fixed diaphragm, and pressure ratio inside a shock tube.

THE FUNDAMENTAL SHOCK-VORTEX INTERACTION PATTERNS THAT DEPEND ON THE VORTEX FLOW REGIMES

  • Chang, Keun-Shik;Barik, Hrushikesh;Chang, Se-Myong
    • Journal of computational fluids engineering
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.76-85
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    • 2009
  • The shock wave is deformed and the vortex is elongated simultaneously during the shock-vortex interaction. More precisely, the shock wave is deformed to a S-shape, consisting of a leading shock and a lagging shock by which the corresponding local vortex flows are accelerated and decelerated, respectively: the vortex flow swept by the leading shock is locally expanded and the one behind the lagging shock is locally compressed. As the leading shock escapes the vortex in the order of microseconds, the expanded flow region is quickly changed to a compression region due to the implosion effect. An induced shock is developed here and propagated against the vortex flow. This happens for a strong vortex because the tangential flow velocity of the vortex core is high enough to make the induced-shock wave speed supersonic relative to the vortex flow. For a weak shock, the vortex is basically subsonic and the induced shock wave is absent. For a vortex of intermediate strength, an induced shock wave is developed in the supersonic region but dissipated prematurely in the subsonic region. We have expounded these three shock-vortex interaction patterns that depend on the vortex flow regime using a third-order ENO method and numerical shadowgraphs.

Numerical Simulation of the Effect of Finite Diaphragm Rupture Process on Micro Shock Tube Flows (Micro shock tube 유동에 대한 유한 격막 파막과정의 영향에 관한 수치 해석적 연구)

  • Arun Kumar, R.;Kim, Heuy Dong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.37-46
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    • 2013
  • Recent years have witnessed the use of micro shock tube in various engineering applications like micro combustion, micro propulsion, particle delivery systems etc. The flow characteristics occurring in the micro shock tube shows a considerable deviation from that of well established conventional macro shock tube due to very low Reynolds number and high Knudsen number effects. Also the diaphragm rupture process, which is considered to be instantaneous process in many of the conventional shock tubes, will be crucial for micro shock tubes in determining the near diaphragm flow field and shock formation. In the present study, an axi-symmetric CFD method has been applied to simulate the micro shock tube, with Maxwell's slip velocity and temperature jump boundary conditions. The effects of finite diaphragm rupture process on the flow field and the shock formation was investigated, in detail. The results show that the shock strength attenuates rapidly as it propagates through micro shock tubes.

Experimental Study Shock Waves in Superfluid Helium Induced by a Gasdynamic Shock Wave Impingement

  • Yang, Hyung-Suk;Nagai, Hiroki;Murakami, Masahide;Ueta, Yasuhiro
    • Proceedings of the Korea Institute of Applied Superconductivity and Cryogenics Conference
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    • pp.43-47
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    • 2000
  • Two modes of shock waves, a compression shock wave and a thermal shock wave, propagating in He II have been investigated. The shock waves are at a time generated by the impingement of a gasdynamic shock wave onto a He II free surface in the newly developed superfluid shock tube facility. Superconductive temperature sensors, piezo-type pressure transducers and visualization photograph were used for the measurement of them and the phenomena induced by them were investigated in detail. It is found that the compression by a compression shock wave in He II causes temperature drop because He II has negative thermal expansion coefficient. the thermal shock wave is found to be of a single triangular waveform with a limited shock strength. The waveform is similar to that generated by stepwise strong heating from an electrical heater for relatively long heating time. In the experiments at the temperatures near the lambda temperature, no thermal shock wave is sometimes detected in shock compressed He II. It can be understood that shock compression makes He Ii convert to He I in which no thermal shock wave is excited.

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