• Title, Summary, Keyword: Skeletal Class III malocclusion

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A STUDY ON THE DIFFERENCE OF THE SKELETAL MATURITY IN NORMAL OCCLUSION AND MALOCCLUSION (정상교합자와 부정교합자의 골성숙도 차이에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Suk Hoon;Chung, Kyu Rhim
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.111-122
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    • 1990
  • To investigate the relationship of skeletal maturity among the normal occlusion group and each malocclusion groups, the author used hand and wrist X-ray of 133 Korean 13 year old boys (normal occlusion 30, Class I malocclusion 35, Class II malocclusion 35 and Class III malocclusion 33) and assessed their skeletal maturity. In this study, fourteen skeletal maturity stages were selected from; Radius, Hamate, Pisiform, Ulnar sesamoid of the metacarpophalangeal joint of the first thumb, proximal phalanges of the first, second and third finger, middle and distal phalanx of the third finger. The difference of skeletal maturity of each malocclusion groups in relative to normal occlusion group and that of each malocclusion groups were analyzed. The findings of this study can be summerized as follows: 1. Average skeletal maturity stage of each groups were MP3cap stage in normal occlusion group, H-2 stage in Class I malocclusion group, midstage between S and H-2 stage in Class II malocclusion group, MP3cap stage in Class III malocclusion group. 2. There was no significant difference in skeletal maturity of Class I malocclusion and Class III malocclusion groups in relative to normal occlusion group. 3. There was significant retardation of skeletal maturity in Class II malocclusion group in relative to normal occlusion group. 4. There was no significant difference in skeletal maturity between Class I and Class II malocclusion groups. 5. There was no significant difference in skeletal maturity between Class I and Class III malocclusion groups. 6. There was significant retardation of skeletal maturity in Class II malocclusion group in relative to Class III malocclusion group.

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A cephalometric comparison of Skeletal Class III malocclusion and Cleft lip and palate patients (골격성 제 III급 부정교합환자와 구순구개열환자의 두부방사선계측치의 비교)

  • Baik Hyoung-Seon;Yu Hyung-Seog;Jeon Jai-min
    • Korean Journal of Cleft Lip And Palate
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.59-67
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    • 2003
  • A cephalometric study was performed to reveal differences between skeletal Class III malocclusion patients and cleft lip and palate patients, The material for this study consisted of 16 males (mean age 19.8, range 17-29) and 9 females(mean age 19.4, range 16-27) with cleft lip and palate, and 222 Skeletal Class III malocclusion patients(males 106, females 116), Cephalometric tracing and measurements were done by one investigator. Results were followed: 1. Cleft lip and palate group had more retrusive maxilla than the skeletal Class III malocclusion group. 2, Cleft lip and palate group had smaller effective maxillary and mandibular length than skeletal Class III malocclusion group, and the difference was more prominent in the mandible than in the maxilla. 3. Dental compensation was not observed in the upper incisors of cleft lip and palate group and in the lower incisors it was smaller than skeletal Class III group. 4, In the Gonial angle and lower anterior facial height values, there was no significant difference between cleft lip and palate and skeletal Class III malocclusion group. These results can be used in orthodontic treatment planning and orthognathic surgery for the cleft lip and palate patients.

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The correlation between dental compensation and craniofacial morphology in skeletal Class III malocclusion (골격성 III급 부정교합자의 치성보상과 두개안면골격의 상관관계에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon, Young-Jin;Park, Su-Byung;Son, Woo-Sung
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.209-219
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    • 1997
  • This investigation was designed to analyze the degree of dental compensation according to horizontal components of craniofacial skeleton and to investigate correlation between dental compensation and craniofacial pattern in skeletal class III malocclusion. The material selected for this study consisted of standard lateral cephalogram of 59 subjects in normal occlusion group, 91 subjects in mild skeletal class III malocclusion group and 58 subjects in severe skeletal class III malocclusion group. The mild skeletal class III malocclusion group was divided into two groups, one was class III malocclusion without anterior crossbite group and the other was class III malocclusion with anterior crossbite group. The data were analyzed by Quick-ceph image program. The results were as follows. 1. Mild skeletal class III malocclusion without anterior crossbite group showed the most labial inclination of upper incisors, followed by severe skeletal class III malocclusion group and mild skeletal class III malocclusion with anterior crossbite group, the Latter showing the least. The amount of lingual inclination of lower incisors was the largest in severe skeletal class III malocclusion group, and there was no statistically significant difference between mild skeletal claw III malocclusion without anterior crossbite group and mild skeletal class III malocclusion with anterior crossbite group. 2. There were little differences in vertical skeletal structure between mild skeletal class III malocclusion without anterior crossbite group and mild skeletal class III malocclusion with anterior cwssbite group, they showed statistically significant differences in the upper incisors measurements. 3. The measurements of lower incisors in mild skeletal class III malocclusion without anterior crossbite group and upper incisors in mild skeletal class III malocclusion with anterior crossbite group represented a high correlation with skeletal structure. Especially, ∠IMPA and ∠FMIA of lower incisor measurements, and ∠U1-FH ∠U1-SN of upper incisor measurements showed high correlation with skeletal structure in each group. 4. ∠IMPA and ∠FMIA of lower incisor measurements showed high correlation with skeletal structure in all groups. ∠U1-FH, ∠U1-SN and U1-facial plane(mm) of upper incisor measurements represented higher correlation with skeletal structure than any other upper incisor measurements.

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A radiographic study of temporomandibular joints in skeletal class III malocclusion (골격성 III급 부정교합자의 측두하악관절에 관한 방사선학적 연구)

  • Kim Sung-Eun;Kim Jae-Duk
    • Imaging Science in Dentistry
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.85-90
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    • 2003
  • Purpose : To investigate the differences between the position of the mandibular condyles in temporomandibular joints of patients presenting with normal occlusion and skeletal class III malocclusion. Materials and Methods: Forty-two subjects with normal occlusion and thirty-seven subjects exhibiting skeletal class III malocclusion prior to orthodontic treatment were included in the study. Transcranial radiographs of each subject were taken at centric occlusion and 1 inch mouth opening. The positional relationship between the mandibular condyles with articular fossae and articular eminences at two positional states were evaluated and analyzed statistically. Results: The mandibular condyles of the skeletal class III malocclusion group were found to be located more anteriorly from the center of the articular fossae compared to the normal occlusion group in centric occlusion. The mandibular condyles of the skeletal Class III malocclusion group were located more superiorly from the middle of articular height than those of the normal occlusion group in centric occlusion. However, these differences were not statistically significant. At 1 inch mouth opening, the mandibular condyles of the skeletal class III malocclusion group were placed more posteriorly from the articular eminences than those of the normal occlusion group. The mean angle of the articular eminence posterior slope were 56.51 ° ± 6.29° in the normal occlusion group and 60.37° ± 6.26° in the skeletal Class III malocclusion group. Conclusions: The mandibular condyles of the skeletal Class III malocclusion group were placed more anteriorly at centric occlusion and more posteriorly at 1 inch mouth opening when compared with those of the normal occlusion group.

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Relationship between Class III malocclusion and hyoid bone displacement during swallowing: a cine-magnetic resonance imaging study

  • Gokce, Sila Mermut;Gokce, Hasan Suat;Gorgulu, Serkan;Karacay, Seniz;Akca, Eralp;Olmez, Huseyin
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.190-200
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    • 2012
  • Objective: The displacement of the hyoid bone (HB) is a critical biomechanical component of the swallowing function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the swallowing-induced vertical and horizontal displacements of the HB in subjects with 2 different magnitudes of skeletal Class III malocclusion, by means of real-time, balanced turbo-field-echo (B-TFE) cine-magnetic resonance imaging. Methods: The study population comprised 19 patients with mild skeletal Class III malocclusion, 16 with severe skeletal Class III malocclusion, and 20 with a skeletal Class I relationship. Before the commencement of the study, all subjects underwent cephalometric analysis to identify the nature of skeletal malformations. B-TFE images were obtained for the 4 consecutive stages of deglutition as each patient swallowed 10 mL of water, and the vertical and horizontal displacements of the HB were measured at each stage. Results: At all stages of swallowing, the vertical position of the HB in the severe Class III malocclusion group was significantly lower than those in the mild Class III and Class I malocclusion groups. Similarly, the horizontal displacement of the HB was found to be significantly associated with the severity of malocclusion, i.e., the degree of Class III malocclusion, while the amount of anterior displacement of the HB decreased with an increase in the severity of the Class III deformity. Conclusions: Our findings indicate the existence of a relationship between the magnitude of Class III malocclusion and HB displacement during swallowing.

A STUDY OF THE CALCIFICATION OF THE SECOND AND THE THIRD MOLARS IN SKELETAL CLASS II AND III MALOCCLUSIONS (골격성 II급 및 III급 부정교합자의 제2, 제3대구치의 석회화에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jae Oh;Chung, Kyu Rhim
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.123-133
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    • 1990
  • The work was undertaken to evaluate the calcification of the second and the third molars in skeletal Class II and III malocclusions. The differences in the calcification stages between skeletal Class II and III malocclusion were evaluated and statistically analysed from panoramic radiographs of 202 males and females ranging in age from 11 to 15 years old. The results were as follows, 1. The calcification stages of the second and the third molars were not different between the skeletal Class II and III malocclusions in each age groups of both sexes. 2. The calcification stages of lower second and third molars of the skeletal Class III malocclusion are more advanced than those of the skeletal Class II malocclusion in male. 3. The clacification stages of upper second and third molars are more advanced than those of lower second and third molars in skeletal Class II malocclusion. 4. The calcification stages of lower second and third molars are more advanced than those of upper second and third molars in skeletal Class III malocclusion.

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A STUDY ON CALCIFICATION OF THE SECOND MOLARS IN SKELETAL CLASS III MALOCCLUSIONS (골격형 III급 부정교합자의 제2 대구치 석회화과정에 관한 연구)

  • Cha, Kyung Suk
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.101-108
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    • 1981
  • This investigation was designed to compare the calcification degree of maxillary second permanent molar to mandibular second permanent molar in skeletal Class III Malocclusion. The material selected for this study consisted in standand lateral cephalogram study model and orthopantomogram of two hundred fifty seven Korean Children, one hundred twenty one boys and one hundred twenty four girls, aged 6 through 12 years, having skeletal Class III Malocclusion. On the basis of findigs of this study, the following results were obtained 1. In the stage of completion of crown, there was no significant difference in calcification degree between maxillary second molar and mandibular second molar of both boys and girls in skeletal Class III Malocclusion. 2. From 8 years of age at the stage of beginning root formation to 12 years of age, the calcification degree of mandibular second molar was more advanced than Maxillary second molar of both boys and girls in skeletal Class III Malocclusion.

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MORPHOLOGY OF MANDIBULAR SYMPHYSIS AND POSITIONING OF LOWER INCISORS IN THE SKELETAL CLASS III MALOCCLUSIONS (골격성하악전돌증의 하악결합의 형태 및 절치의 위치에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Won-Sik
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.149-153
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    • 1985
  • The purpose of this study was to pursue the morphology and position of mandibular symphysis and the positioning of lower incisors in 36 male and female adults with severe skeletal Class III malocclusion indicated for surgical orthodontic treatment. The following results were obtained. 1. Skeletal Class III malocclusion samples had thinner labio-lingual depth and more lingual inclination of mandibular symphysis than that of normal occlusion in both sexes. 2. Male and female with the skeletal Class III malocclusion showed marked lingual tipping of lower incisors. 3. In skeletal Class III malocclusion samples, lingual basal bone was thinner than that of normal occlusion in both sexes.

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CASE REPORTS ON TREATMENT OF SKELETAL CLASS III MALOCCLUSION WITH RME AND FACEMASK (급속상악확장장치와 Facemask를 이용한 골격성 III급 부정교합 환아의 치험례)

  • Kim, Sug-Eui;Yang, Kyu-Ho
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.604-612
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    • 1998
  • The majority of Class III malocclusion have maxillary retrusion. Thus, it becomes obvious that management of most skeletal Class III malocclusion cases should include maxillary protraction as major objective. Additionally, in Class III malocclusion with posterior crossbite, RME "disarticulates" the maxilla and initiates cellular response in the sutures, allowing a more positive reaction to protraction forces. Using facemask with RME helped in correction of skeletal Class III malocclusion by the anterior displacement of maxilla and maxillary dentition, and changing the direction of the growth of mandible. Thus, acceptable improvement in the Class III profile was performed.

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A STUDY ON THE VERTICAL DYSPLASIA IN THE SKELETAL CLASS III MALOCCLUSION (골격형(骨格型) III급(級) 부정교합자(不正咬合者)의 수직부조화(垂直不調和)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Shin, Mun-Chang
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.333-354
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    • 1990
  • This study was designed to analyse vertical dysplasia such as open bite or deep bite in persons with skeletal Class III malocclusion. The subjects consisted of 60 control patients, 40 Class III open bite patients and 40 Class III deep bite patients. The mean age was 19.8 years in the control group, 17.8 years in the Class III open bite group and 16.5 years in the Class III deep bite group. The results were as follows: 1. In Class III malocclusion patients, the characteristics of the vertical dysplasia are under the palatal plane. 2. In Class III malocclusion patients, the items showing the characteristics of the vertical dysplasia are mandibular plane angle, lower gonial angle, lower facial height, dental height & inclination of the upper first molar, interincisal angle, maxillary & mandibular occlusal plane angle. 3. In Class III malocclusion patients, LPFH/LAFH ratio shows the highest significance among the facial height ratios. 4. In Class III malocclusion patients, open bite group has a upward cant of maxillary occlusal plane & downward cant of mandibular occlusal plane. And deep bite group has a downward cant of maxillary occlusal plane & upward cant of mandibular occlusal plane. 5. In Class III malocclusion patients, the molar teeth of the open bite group are measially inclined and those of the deep bite group are upright.

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