• Title, Summary, Keyword: Slab bridge

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Behavior of Fastening system of HSR bridge ends deck on Slab Track installed Bridge (슬래브궤도가 부설된 고속철도 교량단부 체결장치의 거동)

  • Chun, Dae-Sung;Choi, Jung-Youl;An, Hea-Young;Park, Yong-Gul
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1637-1646
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    • 2008
  • Deformations of bridge deck ends on abutment can cause extreme deformations on track. Especially, since slab track was fixed onto the bridge deck slab on concrete slab track installed bridges, deformations of bridge deck ends directly affect the slab track behavior, and thus these interactions can bring about the premature failure of rail fastenings or other deteriorations to lower the serviceability. In this study, a foreign standard to evaluate forces on track components caused by the track-bridge interactions and the behavior of bridge deck ends was investigated and for real scale bridges. It was found that rail support spring coefficients, as well as toe loads, support spacing were very important parameters.

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Live Load Distribution of Prestressed Concrete Girder Bridge with Curved Slab

  • Park Sun-Kyu;Kim Kwang-Soo;Kim Jin-Ho;Choi Jung-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.709-717
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    • 2004
  • The existing AASHTO Standard Specification have some inadequacies in expressing wheel load distribution of bridge which has specific shape of curved bridge instead of straight bridge. Thus, this research presented the finite element analysis and modelling technique of prestressed concrete girder bridge having curved slab and the expression of wheel load distribution was suggested as the ratio of bending moment utilizing the result of finite element analysis of prestressed concrete girder bridge having cowed slab. The considered parameter of girder distribution expression is the curvature of slab, span length, girder space, cross beam space and number of lanes. Though the suggested girder distribution expression is generally underestimated below AASHTO Standard Specification, once the curvature of slab increases, the suggested expression gets larger than AASHTO LRFD Standard Specification.

Long-Term Performance Evaluation of a GFRP Slab Bridge (GFRP 슬래브 교량의 장기성능 평가)

  • Ji, Hyo-Seon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.349-360
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    • 2012
  • This paper describes a detailed assessment of the structural safety, serviceability, capacity rating and long-term performance of a glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) slab bridge superstructure. This first all-GFRP slab bridge was installed in Korea on May 2002. The GFRP slab bridge is a simply supported, its length is 10.0 m, and is designed to carry two-lane traffic and has an overall width of 8.0m. The GFRP slab bridge is a sandwich structure with a corrugated core, fabricated by hand lay-up process with E-glass fibers and vinyl ester resins. The assessment of long-term performance for the GFRP slab bridge in 2004, 2011 includes a field load testing identical to that performed in 2002. The assessment indicates that the GFRP slab bridge has no structural problems and is structurally performing well in-service as expected. The assessment may provide a baseline data for the capacity ratings assessment of the GFRP slab bridge and also serve as part of a long-term performance of all-GFRP bridge superstructure.

Investigation of serviceability of bridge deck ends on concrete slab track-installed bridges considering track-bridge interaction (궤도-교량 상호작용을 고려한 콘크리트 슬래브궤도 부설 교량의 단부 사용성 검토)

  • Jang, Seung-Yup;Yang, Sin-Chu;Kim, Jong-Tae
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1875-1881
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    • 2007
  • Deformations of bridge deck ends on abutments or on transition between bridge decks can cause extreme deformations on track. Especially, since slab track is fixed onto the bridge deck slab on concrete slab track-installed bridges, deformations of bridge deck ends directly affect the track behavior, and thus these interactions can bring about the premature failure of rail fastenings or other deteriorations to lower the serviceability. In this study, a foreign standard to evaluate forces on track components caused by the track-bridge interactions and the serviceability of bridge deck ends is investigated, and for the real bridges, the serviceability of bridge deck ends according to several parameters of bridge and track is analyzed. It is found that arrangements and spring coefficients of bridge bearings, as well as distance between bridge bearing and last rail support, support spacings, rail support spring coefficient, are very important parameters.

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Structural Behavior of a RC Bridge Slab Retrofitted with Carbon Fiber Sheet under Large Repeated Load

  • Park, Hae-Geun
    • KCI Concrete Journal
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.61-68
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    • 2002
  • An experimental investigation on the flexural fatigue behavior of a RC bridge slab retrofitted with Carbon Fiber Sheet (CFS) is presented. The test slab was almost identical to the slab of a highway viaduct in terms of the amount of reinforcement, quality of concrete and thickness of the slab, which was 18cm. Repeated load corresponding to 3.0, 4.5 or 6.0 times of the design load was applied to the test slab. Normal type and high-elastic modulus type of CFS were used for strengthening. The test slabs were loaded in dry or wet condition. Two different types of an-choring system were adapted. Some of the test slabs were damaged by the repeated load and retrofitted by CFS, then loaded again to see the improvement of the fatigue life. Infrared Thermography was also performed to investigate the debonding condition of CFS. From the test results, Carbon Fiber Sheet can be applied to the RC bridge slabs as a feasible retrofitting material.

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Comparative Analysis of Track-Bridge Interaction of Sliding Slab Track and Rail Expansion Joint for Long-Span Railway Bridge (장경간 철도 교량에 적용된 슬라이딩 궤도와 레일신축이음장치의 궤도-교량 상호작용 비교)

  • Lee, Kyoung Chan;Jang, Seung Yup;Lee, Jungwhee;Choi, Hyun Sung
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.169-177
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    • 2016
  • Sliding slab track system, which consists of low friction sliding layer between track slab and bridge deck, is recently devised to reduce track-bridge interaction effect of continuously welded rail(CWR) without applying special devices such as rail expansion joint(REJ). In this study, a series of track-bridge interaction analyses of a long-span bridge with sliding slab track and REJ are performed respectively and the results are compared. The bridge model includes PSC box girder bridge with 9 continuous spans, and steel-concrete composite girder bridge with 2 continuous spans. The total length of the bridge model is 1,205m, and the maximum spacing between the two fixed supports is 825m. Analyses results showed that the sliding slab track system is highly effective on interaction reduction since lower rail additional axial stress is resulted than REJ application. Additionally, horizontal reaction forces in fixed supports were also reduced compared to the results of REJ application. However, higher slab axial forces were developed in the sliding slab track due to the temperature load. Therefore, track slab section of the sliding slab track system should be carefully designed against slab axial forces.

Numerical study of stress states near construction joint in two-plate-girder bridge with cast-in-place PC slab

  • Yamaguchi, Eiki;Fukushi, Fumio;Hirayama, Naoki;Kubo, Takemi;Kubo, Yoshinobu
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.173-184
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    • 2005
  • For reducing construction cost, two-plate-girder bridges are getting popular in Japan. This type of bridge employs a PC slab, which is often cast-in-place. In such a case, concrete is not usually cast over the whole slab at one time: some portions are constructed earlier than the rest. Therefore, a construction joint is inevitably created. Due to the drying shrinkage of concrete, tension stress may occur in concrete slab. High tensile stress can be expected near the construction joint where concretes with different ages meet. Moreover, prestressing is not applied over the whole length of slab at one time. This may also serve as a source of tensile stress in the slab. Thus there is a chance that cast-in-place PC slab, especially near the construction joint, may be subjected to tensile cracking. In the present study, stress states near the construction joint in the cast-in-place PC slab of a two-plate-girder bridge are investigated numerically. The finite element method is employed and the three-dimensional analysis is conducted to see the influence of dry shrinkage and prestressing. The stress states in the PC slab thus obtained are discussed. The simplified model of a plate girder for this class of analysis is also proposed.

Analysis of Post-tensioned Bridge by Specially Orthotropic Laminate Theory (I) - Reinforced Concrete Slab Bridge (특별직교이방성 이론에 의한 포스트 텐션된 교량의 해석(I) - 철근 콘크리트 슬래브교 -)

  • 김덕현;원치문;이정호
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.135-140
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    • 2001
  • A post-tensioned reinforced concrete slab bridge is analyzed by specially orthotropic laminate theory. Symmetrically reinforced slab with tension and compression steel is considered for convenience of analysis. Each longitudinal and transverse steel layer is regarded as a lamina, and material constants of each lamina is calculated by the use of the rule of mixture. This bridge is under uniformly distributed vertical loads, and axial loads and end moments due to post-tensioning. In this paper, finite difference method is used for numerical analysis of this bridge. Theory and analysis method of specially orthotropic laminate plates used in this paper can be used for design of new bridges, and maintenance and repair of old bridges.

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Analysis of Post-tensioned Slab Bridge by Means of Specially Orthotropic Theory (특별직교이방성 이론에 의한 포스트텐션 슬래브교의 해석)

  • Han, Bong-Koo;Bang, Bae-San
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Advanced Composite Structures
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    • v.1 no.4
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    • pp.13-17
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    • 2010
  • A post-tensioned slab bridge is analyzed by the specially orthotropic theory. Each longitudinal and transverse steel layer is regarded as a lamina, and material constants of each lamina is calculated by the use of rule of mixture. This slab bridge with simple support is under uniformly distributed vertical and axial loads. In this paper, the finite difference method and the beam theory are used for analysis. The result of beam analysis is modified to obtain the solution of the plate analysis. The result of this paper can be used for post-tensioned slab bridge analysis by the engineers with undergraduate study in near future.

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A Study on the Safety Assessment of Curved Hollow RC Slab Bridge Structures (곡선형 RC 중공 슬래브교의 안전성 평가 사례 연구)

  • Chai, Won-Kyu;Jo, Byung-Wan;Kim, Kwang-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.96-100
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    • 2006
  • In this thesis, the crack investigation, the damage investigation, the drawing check, and the structural analysis were performed on a curved hollow RC(reinforced concrete) slab bridge structure to assess the structural safety of that. From the crack investigation result, main reason of crack occurrence is guessed with travelling of the large truck. Therefore reinforcement of slab structure is necessary by using the steel plate. When structural analysis, the straight beam model, the curved beam model, and the curved plate model is used. From the results of structural analysis for curved hollow RC slab bridge, the maximum bending moment and the maximum shear force was not a difference in each models. But the vertical displacement of mid span using the curved beam model was greater than that using the other models.