• Title, Summary, Keyword: South-North Korea trade

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A Plan for Cooperation in Fisheries between South and North Korea for Unification in the 21st Century (21세기(世紀) 통일기반(統一基盤) 구축(構築)을 위한 수산협력(水産協力) 방안(方案) - 수산물교역을 중심으로 -)

  • Pak, Myong-Sop
    • THE INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE & LAW REVIEW
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    • v.14
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    • pp.323-348
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    • 2000
  • Facing the current difficulties of fisheries industry nationally and internationally, economic cooperations between South and North Korea are needed urgently. Applying the process of economic integration to fisheries sector of separated nation, cooperation processes are divided as follows; (1) indirect and direct fisheries trade, (2) reciprocal use of fishing grounds, (3) joint venture in fisheries sector, (4) free movement of production factors and common fisheries policy. Here, fisheries trade falls under economic interchange stage. Reciprocal use of fishing ground and fisheries joint venture come in economic cooperation stage. Finally. free factor movement and common fisheries policy are related with economic integration stage. This paper investigates the schemes for fisheries cooperation between South and North Korea in preparation for a unified Korea, focusing on fisheries trade. The paper is composed of 5 chapters. Chapter 2 discusses structure and characteristics of North Korea trade, and trade situation between South and North Korea. Then, the present condition of North Korea fisheries industry and fisheries trade trend between South and North Korea are presented in chapter 3. Next, chapter 4 tackles the most common problems encountered in fisheries trade between South and North Korea, and the devices and schemes to raise fisheries trade between South and North Korea. Finally, chapter 5 summarizes and concludes the research results.

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A Study On the Introduction of Electronic Commerce Between South and North Korea (남북한 교역 확대를 위한 전자상거래 도입 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Choong-Bae;Jung, Jae-Woo
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.135-156
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    • 2005
  • Since July 7 mutual declaration in 1988 which is a landmark for South-North Korean relations, Inter-Korean Trade has been set out. During the period, the Inter-Korean Trade has been ups and downs depending on the Inter-Korean relations and economic situation of both countries. South Korea became one of the major three trading countries of North Korea's trading partners in 2000, when the sum of annual trade volume reached the record 425million US dollars. A rapidly increasing number of countries including North Korea are developing national policies and strategies to promote the digital economy, recognizing the potential benefits of e-business as an engine of growth and development. However, the trade structure of South-North Korea remains very simple in terms of its contents. Furthermore trade procedure many limitations especially electronic commerce in North Korea has many obstacles to working properly. The information in Inter-Korean trade cannot be shared in common. South Korean firms have suffered repeatedly trial and error and excessive competition took place among South Korean firms. Institutional inertia related to mutual trade, political and military Impacts on Inter-Korean economic relations, abnormal industrial structure of North Korea and insufficiency of SOC could be mentioned as major problems in Inter-Korean trade as well. Several measures should be taken in order to cope with those problems. First of all, South Korean government should provide valuable information to business firms about North Korean economy and business environments. It is suggested that forums related to inter-Korean trade hold in regular base between South and North Koreas and establish the system of business information sharing. Second, the government should improve various laws and regulations to respond to the realistic needs of inter-Korean trade. That is, detailed measures should be taken to guarantee investment in electronic commerce. Third, it is desirable to start with the mutual agreement between South and North Korea.

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A Study of the Effects of Trade between North Korea and China on the Conflict between South Korea and North Korea (북한·중국 간 교역이 남한·북한 간 분쟁관계에 미친 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Ju, Sung Whan
    • International Area Studies Review
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.361-383
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    • 2009
  • This study extends theoretically the expected utility model of trade-conflict developed by Polacheck if a third country is involved, and analyses empirically how trade between North Korea and China affects to the political conflict between South and North Korea. The results of empirical analysis show that North Korea's exports to South Korea and China do not affect the conflict or cooperative relations between South and North Korea. But North Korea's imports from South Korea and China affect to the conflict between South and North Korea: increasing of North Korea's imports to South Korea reduce conflict between South and North Korea, but increasing of North Korea's imports to China increase conflict between South and North Korea.

Problems and Solutions of Commercial Arbitration Committee of South-North Korea (남북상사중재위원회 운영상의 문제점과 활성화방안)

  • Choi, Seok-Beom;Park, Geun-Sik;Kim, Tae-Hwan;Kim, Jae-Hak;Park, Sun-Young
    • Journal of Arbitration Studies
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.157-181
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    • 2007
  • The commercial relationship between South and North Korea is defined under the concept of economic relation and cooperation. To resolve any dispute that can arise from the trade and investment relations between South and North Korea, 'Agreement on the Procedures to Resolve Commercial Arbitration of South-North Korea' came into force in August 2003. Commercial Arbitration Committee of South-North Korea will be organized as the member lists of the committee were exchanged in July 2006 between South and North Korea. This committee must become a central system to settle the trade and investment disputes between South and North Korea. North Korea's Foreign Economic Arbitration Act was enacted to provide the foreign investors with the safe measures in their investments such as dispute resolution. But this Act can not dispute the trade and investment disputes between South and North Korea. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the activation of arbitration between South and North Korea by studying Commercial Arbitration Committee of South-North Korea introduced by Agreement on the Procedures to Resolve Commercial Arbitration of South-North Korea and Agreement on the Construction and Operation of Commercial Arbitration Committee of South-North Korea and finding the problems and solutions of Commercial Arbitration Committee of South-North Korea.

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Expanding the Imports of North Korean Fishery Products (북한산 수산물 반입제약요인 및 확대전략)

  • Sung, Souk-Kyung;Hong, Seong-Gul
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.89-105
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    • 2009
  • South Korea imports more than one hundred tons of fishery products every year from China, Japan, North Korea, etc. However, imported North Korean fishery products was only 4% of the total fishery products imported in 2007. Though South-North Trade as inter-Korean trade is exempted from tax, imports of North Korean fishery products have not been activated owing to import restrictions, insufficient quality control etc. Expanding imports of North Korean fishery products seems, however, to contribute to lessen the supply and demand unbalance in fishery products of South Korea. It will especially gratify a part of fresh and cold fishery products demand. Therefore, we need to expand the imports of North Korean fishery products by quality control improvement, reformation of origin certifying system, import liberalization etc. This study researches the demand and supply of fishery products of South and North Korea, the actual conditions of imports of North Korean fishery products, and suggests strategies to expand their imports. As the greatest reason to oppose imports of North Korean fishery products is the pricing pressure of domestically produced fishery products due to imports of North Korean fishery products, we need to research and analyze the distribution channels, retail markets, sales prices of imported North Korean fishery products to verify that imports of North Korean fishery products has not caused lower pricing of domestically produced fishery products.

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Sustainable Stepwise Promotion of South-North Korean e-MP (남북한 전자상거래의 지속가능한 단계별 추진방안)

  • Choi, Yong-Rok;Mun, Hyeong-Nam
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.69-86
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    • 2006
  • The trade volume between South and North Korea has reached 1 billion dollars in year 2005. This means the economic motives may prevail over the political concerns between two regimes from now on. At the same time, the direct telecommunication lines installed to promote the IT collaboration. Based on these monumental issues, the research focuses on the workable mechanism of the South-North Korean e-Market Place(e-MP) collaboration project. The research analyzes on the capabilities as well as willingness of the South and North Korea for the e-MP, and concludes with four stepwise approach to promote the South and North Korean e-MP. The first step initiates the web marketing integration, and then the second step provides the legal environments. The third step promotes the on-/off- trade-automation via infrastructure collaboration, and the final step expands and deepens the flexibility as well as openness of the e-MP.

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A Study on Complementary Issues for the Improvement of Trade Goods Management Systems between South and North Korea (남북간 교역물자 관리시스템의 개선과제에 관한 연구 -개성공단을 중심으로-)

  • Shim, Chong-Seok;Chung, Hee-Won
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.267-290
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    • 2010
  • The Kaes$\breve{o}$ng Industrial Park(KIP) is being developed in the region, as a collaborative economic development with South Korea. KIP construction started in June 2003, and in August 2003 North and South Korea ratified four tax and accountancy agreements to support investment. Pilot phase construction was completed in june 2004, and the KIP opened in December 2004. In the KIP's initial phase, 15 South Korean companies constructed manufacturing facilities. Three of the companies had started operations by march 2005. First phase plans envisaged participation by 250 South Korean companies from 2006, employing 100,000 people by 2007. Based on the 2009, 117 factories were employing approximately 41,000 north' workers and 1,000 south' staff. The industrial park is seen as a way for South Korean companies to employ cheap labour that is educated, skilled and speaks Korean which would make communication considerably easier. However the zone still faces a number of obstacles. In the view point of these obstacles, especially this study focused on the complementary issues for the improvement of trade goods management systems between South and North Korea. At the result of this study, it is suggested that, i) to establish portal system based on single window, ii) strengthen user-interface hands of logistic facilities, iii) stable foundations of trade and/or logistic management systems, iv) networking of IT infrastructure with South and North Korea, and so on.

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International Trade and Directed Technical Change in Developing Countries

  • KIM, MINHO
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.77-96
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    • 2019
  • This paper examines the relation between the skill premium and international trade given differences in the relative supply of skills across countries while allowing the South (developing countries) to develop its appropriate technology. Typical assumptions put forward in the literature state that either technology is exogenously given, or technical change is allowed only in the North (developed countries). I present a model of international trade with endogenous growth by allowing the South to direct its technology. The results show that more R&D is directed towards skill-augmenting technology in the North than in the South, in sectors with the same skill-intensity. Technical change induced by lowering trade costs can increase the skill premium in both the North and the South. This result can explain the empirical observation that the skill premium has increased within many developing countries after they experienced trade liberalization. Finally, the model predicts larger gains from trade compared with the model where technical change is either not allowed, or allowed only in the North.

A Study on Logistics Standardization Strategy of South and North Korea (남북한 물류표준화 방안에 관한 연구)

  • 고현우;유정상
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.24 no.69
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    • pp.121-132
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    • 2001
  • South and North Korea have many questions pending .Inter-Korea trade is the best actual problem among question pending. The biggest problem of inter-Korea trade in logistics cost. The logistics cost of inter-Korea is the highest position in the middle of foreign trade. We present that the cost reduction is possible by inter-Korea logistics standardization. This paper also shows logistics standardization strategy of South and North Korea.

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IT Infrastructure of North Korea and Cooperation to Introduce e-Trade between South and North Korea (북한의 IT인프라 현황과 남북한 전자무역의 도입을 위한 협력방안)

  • Choi, Seok-Beom
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.113-133
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    • 2005
  • North Korea has stressed Information Technology in policy fostering science as Kim Jong-il has been interested in IT industry. In view of development of e-business in Northeast Asia, South Korea is to cooperate with North Korea. It is the time to look into the current situation, strategy and issues of IT in North Korea. Although North Korea is forced to select the development of IT Industry as growth engine, the problems in the IT Infrastructure are as follows:lack in communication infrastructure, lack in diversity of software, low level of hardware, limited use of internet. This paper deals with the IT Infrastructure of North Korea and IT and e-Commerce Cooperation, introduction of e-Trade between South and North Korea.

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