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Diatoms (Bacillariophyceae) from Orissa State and Neighbouring Regions, India

  • Jena, Mrutyunjay;Ratha, Sachitra Kumar;Adhikary, Siba Prasad
    • ALGAE
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.377-392
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    • 2006
  • Seventy eight taxa of Bacillariophyceae belonging to 1 species of Aulacoseira, 1 species of Cyclotella, 1 species of Tabellaria, 1species of Diatoma, 1 species of Thallasionema, 1 species of Grammatophora, 1 species of Fragilaria, 8 species of Synedra, 2 species of Achnanthes, 1 species of Cocconeis, 1 species of Diadesmis, 1 species of Diplonies, 2 species of Gyrosigma, 3 species of Pleurosigma, 15 species of Navicula, 4 species of Pinnularia, 3 species of Stauroneis, 1 species of Eunotia, 2 species of Himantidium, 11 species Gomphonema, 5 species of Cymbella, 1 species of Cocconema, 4 species of Amphora, 1 species of Rhopalodia, 5 species of Nitzschia and 1 species of Surirella were reported from different fresh water habitats of Orissa state and its neighbouring regions of India. All the taxa were recorded for the first time from this region.

New Frontiers of Knowledge on Nepalese Plant Science

  • Shrestha, Gyan L.;Shrestha, Bhushan
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.71-80
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    • 1994
  • Nepal, with its unique geographical and ecological features due to its abrupt rise in altitude, plays significant role in biological evolution. Existence of numerous wild relatives of the present-day cultivated agricultural crop plants in this small Himalayan nation may serve as a potential source of several yet unidentified desirable genes that are needed for future incorporation in the improvement of cultivated crop plants. This report includes 82 different wild relatives of 41 genera under 19 families of 37 agricultural crops of Nepal(Table 1). It serves as the sample of the glossary of these wild relatives of crop plants in Nepal. Under food grain crop plants of gramineae, leguminoceae and polygonaceae families, 16 different wild species namely wild rices(7 species), wild relatives of wheat plant(3 species), wild arhar(3 species), wild fingermillets(1 species) and wild buckwheat(2 species) have been identified in different parts of the country. Similarly, under vegetable crop plants of Araceae, Amaranthaceae, Crucifereae, Cucurbitaceae, Dioscoreaceae, Labiteae, Leguminosae, Liliaceae, Malvaceae, Polygonaceae, Solanaceae and Umbellifereae, 37 different wild species-wild colocasia(1 species), wild amaranths(3 species), wild leafy vegetables(2 species), wild gourds(3 species), wild cucumber(1 species), wild yams(4 species), wild mints(3 species), wild fenugreeks(4 species), wild pea(1 species), wild beans(3 species), wild garlics(2 species), wild spinach(3 species), wild lady's finger(1 species), wild spinach(3 species), wild eggplants(2 species) and wild carrot(one species) have also been identified. In case of wild relatives of cultivated orchard plants, 11 different wild species namely wild mango(one species), wild banana(one species), wild strawberry(one species), wild pear(one species), wild cherries(2 species), wild apple(one species) and wild grapes(3 species) have been identified, Among 19 different wild species of economic crop plants, five wild species of sugarcane, one species of wild sunhemp, two wild relatives of cotton, three wild relatives of rose, two wild species of tobacco, four wild species of turmeric and two wild species of tea have also been identified. This report includes only sample of the total wild species of the present-day cultivated agricultural crop plants. Further exploration on this economic botany will help the country in cataloging the wild relatives of cultivated crop plants and their future use in crop improvement.

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1884 FLOWERING PLANT SPECIES IN VIETNAM - POTENTIAL SELECTIONS FOR TREATMENT OF DISEASES

  • BACH, TRAN THE;KIM, JOO-HWAN
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • 2018.10a
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    • pp.22-22
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    • 2018
  • Based on medicinal plant references from Vietnam, 1884 flowering plant species (194 families, 956 genera) can be used to treat 30 diseases or have 4 valuable uses such as Tranquillizer, Detoxify, Galactopoietic and Diuretic. 23 species (15 families, 18 genera) for Tranquillizer, 94 species (50 families, 79 genera) for Vaginitis, 18 species (13 families, 15 genera) for Paralytic, 6 species (6 families, 6 genera) for Obese, 60 species (28 families, 50 genera) for Flu, 63 species (37 families, 56 genera) for Eyesore, 96 species (45 families, 77 genera) for Toothache, 97 species, (50 families, 86 genera) for Detoxify, 18 species (18 families, 18 genera) for Syphilis, 80 species (50 families, 71 genera) for Asthma, 17 species (8 families, 11 genera) for HIV AIDS, 56 species (41 families, 54 genera) for Gonorrhoea, 378 species (108 families, 56 genera) for Dysentery, 31 species (22 families, 29 genera) for Galactopoietic, 131 species (69 families, 116 genera) for Diuretic, 11 species (9 families, 9 genera) for Mump, 737 species (129 families, 626 genera) for "Snack bite", 23 species (18 families, 22 genera) for Urolithiasis, 134 species (56 families, 122 genera) for Malaria, 462 species (113 families, 323 genera) for Rheumatism, 55 species (34 families, 49 genera) for Diabetes, 87 species (42 families, 70 genera) for Heart and blood pressure diseases, 70 species (46 families, 63 genera) for Haemorrhoids, 21 species (16 families, 20 genera) for Cancer, 42 species (27 families, 38 genera) for Gastritis, 154 species (66 families, 129 genera) for Hepatitis, 5 species (5 families, 5 genera) for Keratitis, 81 species (42 families, 75 genera) for Sore throat, 11 families (9 families, 11 genera) for Encephalitis, 72 species (41 families, 66 genera) for Nephritis, 10 species (6 families, 8 genera) for Sinusitis, 22 species (17 families, 20 genera) for Sterile, 19 species (14 families, 17 genera) for Cirrhosis, 3 species (3 families, 3 genera) for Brain hemorrhage. Each species can be used to treat some diseases. The information of species can be used to orient researches fast and effectively.

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The avifauna at Chunsoo bay (Seosan A and B area)

  • Cho, Sam-Rae
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.163-170
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    • 2003
  • Seosan A, B area is located on 36°42' of north parallel and 126°27' of east longitude. It consisted of broad artificial lakes and reclaimed agricultural lands; there is Ganwalho lake in A area and Bunamho lake in B area. Total birds surveyed four times in 2001 at the A area are 105,580 of 11 orders, 28 families, 89 species. Among them, resident species were 21 species including Pica pica. Twenty species including Cuculus canorus were summer migrants, and 30 species including Platalea leucorodia were winter migrants. Seventeen species including Limosa limosa were occasionally species. And Rostratula benghalensis was an unconfirmed species. Species diversity index (H') was 0.72; species equally common index (e/sup H'/) was 2.06. In January, maximum observed 102,121 individuals. However in July 52 species were observed most variously. There were total 81,152 birds observed with 11 orders, 22 families, and 71 species at the B area. Fifteen species including Falco tinnumculus were resident species. Summer migrants were 18 species including Ixobychus sinensis. Winter migrants were 25 species including Ciconia boyciana. Thirteen species including Tringa glareola were occasionally species. Species diversity index (H') was 0.281; species equally common index (e/sup H'/) was 1.325. In January, maximum observed 78,433 individuals. However in Silly 42 species were observed most variously.

A Fundmental Study on the Medicinal Plant For Cut Plants (절화로 이용할 수 있는 약용식물에 관한 기초 연구)

  • 서병기
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.143-151
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    • 1995
  • The development of medicinal plants for cut plants and landscape plants were conducted through the literiture survey. The results were as follows: We selected 38 species of medicinal plants including 7 medicinal woody plants for cut plant and landscape plants from 450 medicinal plants. There were 8 species of Compositae, 4 species Ranunculaceae, 3 species Rosaceae and Umbelliferae, 2 species Polygonaceae and Campanulaceae respectively. The anthesis of Cornus officinalis, Magnolia denudata, Forsythia koreana of medicinal woody plants flowering before leaf spreading come to early than the anthesis of other medicinal plants. There were 4 species(11%) over 10cm of the flower diameter, 6 species(16%) over 5cm below 10cm, 19 species(50%) over 1cm below 5cm and 9 species(24%) 1cm below. In terms of flower color, 11 species(29%) were white, 9 species(24%) yellow, 6 pecies(16%) red, 5 species(13%) violet and 3 species(8%) were blue aided violet. In terms of the flowering by month, 12 species(32%) on July, 9 species(24%) on May, 6 species(16%) on June and August respectively, and 3 species(8%) on March. The most medicinal plants were propagated by division and seeding easily, but woody medicinal plants of 7 species of this study were propagated by cutting and grafting easily. The percentage of usage of parts of medicinal plants including woody medicinal plants was that roots were 20 species(53%), flowers 6 species(16%), fruits and all part of medicinal plants were 4 species(11%), and seeds and stem including leaves 2 species(5%) respectively.

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THE ANALYSIS AND DIAGNOSIS OF SOWN PASTURE VEGETATION 2. GROUPING AND CHARACTERIZATION THE SOWN AND WEED SPECIES BY MEANS OF PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS

  • Kawanabe, S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.245-250
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    • 1991
  • Analysis of the characteristics and the grouping of the species of sown and weeds in artificial pastures was studied applying the principal component analysis method. Presency and coverage of six sown species and fifteen weed species which occurred in pastures of under-grazing and optimumgrazing were subject to analysis. From field survey, species were divided into three groups: the group A included five species such as Festuca arundinacea, Lolium perenne and Dactylis glomerata, etc., the group B included eleven species such as Polygonum longisetum, Agrostis alba and Rumex obtusifolius, etc., and the group C included five species such as Miscanthus sinensis, Rubus palmatus and Artemisia princeps, etc. The group A species corresponded to good pasture conditions and management. On the contrary, the group C species occurred in poor pasture conditions with inadequate management. The group B species corresponded to intermediate pasture conditions and management. Interrelated pair species co-existing and species non-co-existing were discovered. Factor loading as negative for the group A species. positive for the group C species and positive but lower than the group C species for the group B species. From these results it is concluded that the principal component analysis seems to one of the useful tools for the analysis of characteristics of species and the diagnosis of sown pasture vegetation, although further studies are required to get more general information about species characteristics.

Weed Flora of Sidewalk at the University Campus (대학 캠퍼스내 보도블록에 출현한 잡초 식물상)

  • Lee, Sang-Hwa;Lee, Kyoo-Seock;Kim, Ki-Nam;Song, Ho-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.53-61
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    • 2007
  • Most of the plants and trees are landscaping plants at the university campus, Thus, the natural flora can be found on sidewalks like urban area. In order to investigate the flora on sidewalks of the university campus, the vegetation survey was done. The study site is Natural Science Campus, Sungkyunkwan University which is located at Suwon, Korea. Vascular plants surveyed were consisted of 130 taxa, 39 families, 99 genera, 115 species, 15 varieties. Indigenous weeds was 101 species (77.7%). Naturalized weeds was 29 species (22.3%). In the families, Compositae 30 species (23%), Gramineae 18 species (14%), Leguminosae 9 species (7%), Caryophyllaceae 8 species (6%), Cruciferae 8 species (6%), Polygonaceae 5 species (4%), Euphorbiaceae 5 species (4%), Scrophulariaceae 4 species (3%), Rosaceae 3 species (2%), Violaceae 3 species (2%), Convolvulaceae 3 species (2%) and etc. 34 species (27%). Life Form of flora in the site by Raunkiaer classification was Therophytes 67 species (51.5%), Hemicryptophytes 46 species (35.4%), Geophytes 8 species (6.2%), Nanophanerophytes 4 species (3.1%), Phanerohytes 3 species (2.3%) and Chamaephytes 2 species (1.5%). Naturalized Ratios was 10.7%.

A Study on the Anthesis and Flower Color Characteristics of Deciduous Woody Landscape Plants (낙엽조경수목의 개화 및 화색에 관한 연구)

  • 서병기;심경구
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.149-160
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    • 1995
  • We investigated the seasonal changes flower color of 163 deciduous woody landscape plants in the Suwon region from January 1, 1992 to March 20, 1993. The results were as follows; 1. By the month of anthesis of woody landscape plants, only one plant of Hamamelis japonica flowered in February, 15 species in March, 48 species in April, 63 species in May, 23 species in June, 12 species in July, and one plant of Hydrangea paniculata was flowered in August. 2. The flowering period was about 220 days from February 24, 1992 that Hamamelis japonica was anthesis to October 5, 1992 when Hydrangea paniculata was deblossomed. 3. By the flowering period of woody landscape plants, 81 species continued for 11 days through 20 days, and Rosa spp., 118 days, Hibiscus syriacus 'Yungkwang', 80 days, Largerstroemia indica, 65 days, and 6 species continued for 41 through 60 days, 10 species were 31 through 40 days, 43 species were 21 through 30 days, and 20 species were for less than 11 days. 4. The woody landscape plants flowering before leaf spreading, Hamamelis japonica, Abeliophyllum distichum, Prunus mume 'Hwahyangmi', Prunus mume 'Baekkaha', Lindera obtusiloba, Cornus officinalis, Prunus armeniaca. The others were plants with leaves spreading white flowering; Forsythia ovata 'Tetra gold', Forsythia ovata, Corylus hetrophylla, Rhododendron mucronulatum, Magnolia denudata, Forsythia koreana 'Seoul Gold', Forsythia koreana, Magnolia stellata, Acer negundo 'Elegans', Magnolia kobus, Forsythia viridissima 'Bronxensis', Prunus yedoensis, Prunus leveilleana var. pendula, Prunus persica for. albiplena, Prunus tomentosa, Prunus persia, Magnolia liliflora, Prunus glandulosa for. sinensis, Cercis chinensis, Poncirus trifoliata. 5. In terms of flower color based on KBS standard color number, 83 species were white, 44 species wer red, 21 species were yellow, 12 species were violet, and 3 species were green. 6. In terms of the flower color by month. Hamamelis japonica was yellow February. Flower colors in March were : yellow-7 species, red-3 species and white-5 species. Flower colors in April were : White-21 species, red-19 species and yellow-6 species. Flower colors in May were : White-36 species, red-16 species. The white flowers in June were 16 species. Flower colors in July were : white-4 species, red-4 species. 7. The white flower color of woody landscape plants of trees was 35 species. The red flower color was 18 species, yellow flower color was 5 species, violet flower color was 2 species, and green flower color was 3 species. Also the white flower color of woody landscape plants of shrubs was 48 species, red flower color was 25 species, yellow flower color was 17 species and violet flower color was 10 species. 8. The new 'Cultivars' of woody landscape plants are needed to introduced the development of planting design. 9. Present data of illustrated books of plants should be checked by new data that was studied in this research.

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Analysis of Benthic Macroinvertebrate Community and Biological Estimation of Water Quality at Creeks in the Cheonwang-bong of National Park of Mt. Jiri and Its Nearby Area (지리산 천왕봉 일대의 저서무척추동물 군집분석 및 생물학적 수질평가)

  • 배경석;길혜경;유병태
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.16-26
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    • 2003
  • Analysis of benthic macroinvertebrate community and biological estimation of water quality was conducted at the national park of Mt. Jiri and its nearby area in Gurye, Sancheong and Hadong-gun from June to November, 2002. Total taxa of benthic macroinvertebrates were 124 species, 45 families, 15 orders, 5 classes in 3 phyla. Aquatic insects were 33 species in ephemeroptera, 28 species in Trichoptera, 21 species in plecoptera, 13 species in Diptera, 8 species in odonata, 5 species in hemiptera and 5 species in coleoptera, respectively. Non-insects were 5 species in Mollusca, 2 species in Hirudinea, 1 species in oligochaeta and 1 species in crustacea, respectively. Ephemeroptera, trichoptera and plecoptera as indicators in clean water were very abundant. Occurrence species at each survey area was 68 species at Mt. 1025-goji, 59 species at Mt. Eungseok-bong, 57 species at Mt. Wangdeung-jae, 50 species at Mt. Cheonwang-bong and 39 species at Mt. 645-goji, respectively. Mean species diversity indices at Mt. Cheonwang-bong, Mt. 1025-goji, Mt. Wangdeung-jae, Mt. Eungseok-bong and Mt. 645-goji were 3.33, 3.03, 3.41, 3.02 and 2.91, respectively, According to the saprobic system based on the species diversity indices of benthic macroinvertebrates, most survey areas except some sites are determined as Limnosaprobic area.

A Study on the Stocked Effect of Fisheries Seeds at Whasung Sea area of Kyung Ki Province (경기도 화성해역의 수산종묘 방류 효과에 관한 연구)

  • SEO, Man-Seok;KIM, Ji-Hyun
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.135-144
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    • 2003
  • 1. The appearance of fisheries animals and plants of investigation areas were fishes, 20 species; algae, 9 species; molluska, 6 species; arthropod, 12 species; echinoderm, 5 species by confirmed appearance species. 2. The C.P.U.E by trap(1pcs of trap) were 3.95 species and weight of 2,098g, mainly catching species are greenling and jacopever(94.16%). The C.P.U.E by long liner(long liner 1coil, 100pcs) were 11.7species and weight of 6,418g, It occupied jacopever(35.63%) greenling(20.78%), bastard halibut(20.31%). The C.P.U.E of appearance species gill net(ipcs of gill net) were 5.05species and weight of 3,050g, It occupied jacopever(39.63%) greenling(29.83%), bastard halibut(17.47%). 3. The results of comparative analysis and natural species and stocked species, in case of bastard halibut, jacopever species were occupied species(83.33~92%), weight(86.86~96%). The stocked species were occupied species of 8.00~16.67%, weight of 4.00~13.14%. Provided the stocked projets were enacted effectively in future. The density of dwelling of stocked species were increase. Also, it will be contribute to the increase of fishermens income.