• Title/Summary/Keyword: Species

Search Result 32,210, Processing Time 0.167 seconds

Scale Insects (Stenorrhyncha) Occurred on Fruit Trees in Korea (국내 과수에 발생하는 깍지벌레(진딧물아목)의 종류)

  • 권기면;한만종
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
    • /
    • v.42 no.4
    • /
    • pp.279-288
    • /
    • 2003
  • A total of 29 scale insect species belonging to 21 genera of five families were recognized on 11 fruit trees on the basis of specimens collected from 2001 to 2002 and specimens deposited in the Insect Collection of NIAST in Korea. Ten species were recognized on apple, nine species on pear, three species on peach, 14 species on unshiu orange, nine species on persimmon, two species on Japanese plum, one species on japanese apricot, 10 species on junos orange, one species on grape, four species on jujube and three species on kiwi fruit.

Photosynthetic Performances of Temperate Sargassum and Kelp Species Growing in the Same Habitat

  • Murakami, Hiroshige;Serisawa, Yukihiko;Kurashima, Akira;Yokohama, Yasutsugu
    • ALGAE
    • /
    • v.19 no.3
    • /
    • pp.207-216
    • /
    • 2004
  • Characteristics of photosynthesis-light and photosynthesis-temperature relationships were seasonally compared among 4 species, two temperate Sargassurn (S. ringgoldianum and S. spathulophyllum) and two temperate kelp (Ecklonia cava and Eisenia bicyclis), growing in the same habitat in Oura Bay, Shimoda, central Japan. The photosynthesis-irradiance (P-I) curve of each species at the in situ temperature and the photosynthesis-temperature (P-T) curve at near saturation irradiance (400μmol·m^(-2)·s^(-1)) were determined by using differential gas-volumeters. Maximum photosynthetic rates (Prnax) for P-I curves of the two Sargassurn species were higher from summer to autumn than from winter to spring, while those of the two kelp species showed little difference among seasons. Net photosynthetic rates (Pn) at 100-400μmol·m^(-2)·s^(-1) of the Sargassurn species were higher than those of the kelp species in autumn, spring and summer, while in winter the rates were about the same between the Sargassurn and kelp species. Among seasons, the light saturation index (1k) values, dark respiration rates and light compensation points of Sargassurn species differed more than those of kelp species. Optimum temperature for P-T curves of Sargassurn species was 29℃ and that of kelp species was 27℃ in summer, while in winter the former was 27℃ and the latter was 25℃. Pn at 400 μmol·m^(-2)·s^(-1) at 10-33℃ of Sargassurn species were considerably higher than those of kelp species from spring to summer, while from autumn to winter the rates at 5-27℃ were about the same between the two. At supra-optimum temperatures, Pn of kelp species decreased more sharply than those of Sargassurn species in each season. These facts indicate that the two temperate Sargassurn species have a higher potential photosynthetic performance under warmer conditions than the two temperate kelp species even though they grow in the same habitat.

Molecular Data Concerning Alloploid Character and the Origin of Chloroplast and Mitochondrial Genomes in the Liverwort Species Pellia borealis

  • Pacak, Andrezej
    • Journal of Plant Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.2 no.2
    • /
    • pp.101-108
    • /
    • 2000
  • The liverwort Pellia borealis is a diploid, monoecious, allopolypliod species (n=18) that as it was postulated, originated after hybridization and duplication of chromosome sets of two cryptic species: Pellia epiphylta-species N (n=9) and Pellia epiphylla-species 5 (n=9). Our recent results have supported the allopolyploid origin of P.borealis. We have shown that the nuclear genome of P.borealis consists of two nuclear genomes: one derived from P.epiphylla-species N and the other from P.epiphylla-species 5. In this paper we show the origin of chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes in an allopolyploid species P.borealis. To our knowledge there is no information concerning the way of mitochondria and chloroplast inheritance in Brophyta. Using an allopolyploid species of p. borealis as a model species we have decided to look into chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes of P.borealis, P.epiphylla-species N and P.epiphylla-species S for nucleotide sequences that would allow us to differentiate between both cryptic species and to identify the origin of organelle genomes in the alloploid species. We have amplified and sequenced a chloroplast $tRNA^{Leu}$ gene (anticodon UAA) containing an intron that has shown to be highly variable in a nucleotide sequence and used for plant population genetics. Unfortunately these sequences were identical in all three liverwort species tested. The analysis of the nucleotide sequence of chloroplast, an intron containing $tRNA^{Gly}$ (anticodon UCC) genes, gave expected results: the intron nucleotide sequence was identical in the case of both P.borealis and P.epiphyllaspecies N, while the sequence obtained from P.epiphyllasperies S was different in several nucleotide positions. These results were confirmed by the nucleotide sequence of another chloroplast molecular marker the chloroplast, an intron-contaning $tRNA^{Lys}$ gene (anticodon UUU). We have also sequenced mitochondrial, an intron-containing $tRNA^{Ser}$ gene (anticodon GCU) in all three liverwort species. In this case we found that, as in the case of the chloroplast genome, P.borealis mitochondrial genome was inherited from P.epiphylla-species N. On the basis of our results we claim that both organelle genomes of P.borealis derived from P.epiphylla-species N.

  • PDF

A Herbalogical Study on the Plants of Pteridaceae in Korea (한국산 고사리과 식물에 관한 본초학적(本草學的)연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Su;Jeong, Jong-Gil;Choi, Chan-Hun;Kim, Chae-Hyun
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
    • /
    • v.23 no.3
    • /
    • pp.33-40
    • /
    • 2008
  • Objectives : For the purpose of developing Korean herbalogy of the plants belonging to Pteridaceae in Korea, the literatures of the successive generations have been thoroughly investigated to prepare this article. Methods : The examined herbalogical books and research papers which published at home and abroad. Results : 1: There are totaled to 12 genera and 33 species in Pteridaceae in Korea and among them medicinal plants are 10 genera, 19 species, some 58% in total. 2: Adiantum genus is main kind enough that it has 5 species among 33 species in Pteridaceae, of which medicinal plants are 4 species. 3: The herb is the main medicinal parts if medicinal plants in the Pteridaceae, which is used in 18 species. 4: According to nature and flavor of medicinal plants in the Pteridaceae, they were classified into cold 15 species, and cool 11; bitter taste 12, little bitter taste 11 and sweet taste 5 in the order. 5: According to meridian propism of medicinal plants in the Pteridaceae, they were classified into liver meridian 15 species, lung and large intestine meridian 8 species, heart meridian 6 species. 6: According to the properties and principal curative action, they were classified into drugs for clearing away heat 24 species, drugs for detoxification 22 species, drugs for promoting diuresis 12 species in the order. 7: The number of toxic species in the Pteridaceae was examined to be 2 species. Conclusions : There are totaled to 12 genera and 33 species in Pteridaceae in Korea and among them medicinal plants are 10 genera, 19 species, some 58% in total.

  • PDF

Identification of 12 radiation-resistant bacterial species in the phylum Proteobacteria new to Korea

  • Han, Joo Hyun;Maeng, Soohyun;Park, Yuna;Lee, Sang Eun;Lee, Byoung-Hee;Lee, Ki-eun;Kim, Myung Kyum
    • Journal of Species Research
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.85-104
    • /
    • 2020
  • In 2019, after a comprehensive investigation of indigenous prokaryotic species in Korea, a total of 12 bacterial strains assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria were isolated from soil. With the high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (>98.8%) and formation of a robust phylogenetic clade with the closest species, it was determined that each strain belonged to independent, predefined bacterial species. This study identified two species in the family Burkholderiaceae, one species in the family Comamonadaceae, two species in the family Oxalobacteraceae, one species in the family Micrococcaceae, one species in the family Bradyrhizobiaceae, one species in the family Methylobacteriaceae, one species in the family Rhizobiaceae, one species in the family Rhodocyclaceae, and one species in the family Sphingomonadaceae. There is no official report about these 12 species in Korea, so are described as unreported bacterial species in Korea in this study. Gram reaction, basic biochemical characteristics, colony, and cell morphology are also described in the species description section.

Genetic Distances in Three Ascidian Species determined by PCR Technique

  • Yoon, Jong-Man
    • Development and Reproduction
    • /
    • v.20 no.4
    • /
    • pp.379-385
    • /
    • 2016
  • Seven oligonucleotides primers were shown to generate the shared loci, specific loci, unique shared loci to each species and shared loci by the three species which could be obviously scored. In the present study, 7 oligonucleotides primers produced 401 total loci in the Styela clava (SC) species, 390 in the Halocynthia roretzi (HR) and 434 in the Styela plicata (SP), respectively. Seven oligonucleotides primers generated 275 specific loci in the SC, 341 in the HR and 364 in the SP species, respectively. The oligonucleotides primer BION-23 generated 28 unique loci to each species in the SP species. Especially, the oligonucleotides primer BION-25 produced 7 unique loci to each species, which were identifying each species in the SP species. BION-17 distinguished 21 shared loci by the three ascidian species, major and/or minor fragments of sizes, which were identical in almost all of the samples. Based on the average bandsharing values of all samples, the similarity matrix ranged from 0.519 to 0.774 in the SC species, from 0.261 to 0.683 in the HR species and from 0.346 to 0.730 in the SP species. As regards average bandsharing value (BS) results, individuals from SC species ($0.661{\pm}0.081$) exhibited higher bandsharing values than did individuals from HR species ($0.555{\pm}0.074$) (P<0.05). The dendrogram obtained by the seven oligonucleotides primers indicates three genetic groups. In three ascidian species, the shortest genetic distance (0.071) exhibiting significant molecular difference was also between individual no. 20 and no. 21 within the SP species.

An Ecological Study on the Benthic macroinvertebrates in the Upper Region of the South Han River and Naktong River - Pongwha and Youngwol Region - (한강.낙동강 상류의 저서성 대형무척추동물에 관한 생태학적 연구 -봉화.영월권역을 중심으로-)

  • 배경석;원두희;유병태;김민영
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
    • /
    • v.14 no.4
    • /
    • pp.50-68
    • /
    • 1999
  • The present study was performed to examine on the fauna and standing crops of benthic macroinvertebrates in Pongwha and Youngwol region of upper parts of south han river and Naktons river. The Actual site suvry was caried out on the two times during the April·June to October·November, 1988. Main five areas are Mt. Awrawe(1,067m), Mt. Sontal (1,236m), Mt. Munsu(1,206m), Peak Okyopong(357m) and Mt. Pungnak(760m) area. Total taxa of benthic macroinvertebrates of the study area were 118 species, 45families12 orders, 5 classes in 4 phyla. Occurrence species according to the major taxa of aquatic insects were 35 species (29.66%) in ephemeroptera, 25 species(21.19%) in trichoptera, 25 species(21.19%) hemiptera, 1 species(0.85%) in megaloptera. Non-aqautic insect were 5 species in mollusca, 3 ratio was 8.5 percent. Occurrence species(plecoptera) at clean waters were appeared 12 species at Mt. Awrawe and Sontal area. Occurrence species at each survey area was 67 species at Mt. Awrawe area, 60 species at Mt. Sontal area, 43 species at Mt. Munsu area, 37 species at Mt. P'ungnak area and 34 species at Peak Okyo area, respectively. Species diversity indices were 2.96~3.80 at Mt. Awrawe area, 2.79~3.62 at Mt. sontal area, but 2.64~3.12, 1.59~2.46 and 1.98~2.59 at, Mt. Munsu, P'ungnak and Peak Okyo area, respectively. In this region, occurrence species and individual density were smaller than that of Dong river with good habitat, but those were more abundant than that of Poseong river with similar environment conditions. Therefore, occurrence species and individual density of the present survey region were appeared as somewhat abundant.

  • PDF

A report of 34 unrecorded bacterial species in Korea, belonging to the Actinobacteria

  • Ko, Kwan Su;Cha, Chang-Jun;Im, Wan-Taek;Kim, Seung-Bum;Seong, Chi-Nam;Bae, Jin-Woo;Jahng, Kwangyeop;Cho, Jang-Cheon;Joh, Ki-seong;Lee, Soon Dong
    • Journal of Species Research
    • /
    • v.6 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-14
    • /
    • 2017
  • As a subset study to discover indigenous prokaryotic species in Korea in 2014, a total of 34 bacterial strains assigned to the phylum Actinobacteria were isolated from various environmental samples collected from activate sludge, biotite, freshwater, gut of marine organisms, mud flat, sediment, soil, spent mushroom compost and sea water. On the basis of high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity and a tight phylogenetic association with the closest species, it was revealed that each strain was assigned to independent and previously described bacterial species, with the exception of one isolate. There is no official report that these 34 species included in the phylum Actinobacteria have been described in Korea: 6 species of 5 genera in the order Corynebacteriales, 1 species of 1 genus in the order Frankiales, 2 species of 2 genera in the Micromonosporales, 14 species of 10 genera in Micrococcales, 2 species of 2 genera in the Propionibacteriales, 1 species of 1 genus in the Pseudonocardiales, 4 species of 2 genera in the Streptomycetales, 2 species of 2 genera in the Streptosporangiales and 1 species of 1 genus in the Solirubrobacterales. Gram reaction, cell and colony morphology, pigmentation, physiological characteristics, isolation sources and strain IDs are described in the section of species description.

Survey on the distribution of Macrofungi in Mongolia

  • Nyamsuren, Kherlenchimeg;Magsar, Urgamal;Batsumber, Solongo;Myagmardorj, Tseveendari;Tsogtbaatar, Enkhsaikhan;Cho, Youngho;Kwon, Ohseok
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
    • /
    • v.39 no.1
    • /
    • pp.91-97
    • /
    • 2016
  • This paper reports the species of macromycetes collected in Mongolia: all the species are new to the area. Brief notes on taxonomy, ecology and distribution of the species are added. A total of 30 species of macromycetes were registered, 1 belonging to the division Ascomycota and 29 to the division Basidiomycota. It has been registered that 30 species belong to 25 genera, 17 families and occur in the flora fungus of Mongolia, until now. Specimen for 150 of samples macromycetes collected from June to August, 2015 in Tuv, Arkhangai and Huvsgul were enveloped. Macromycetes have been occured in 9 of 16 geographic regions. According to our studies 2 species in Khubsgul region, 2 species in Khangai region, 3 species in Khingan, 3 species in Dornod Mongol, 1 species in Khentei regions newly registered respectively. As a result of this work, determined 7 species (23%) of macromycetes in forest steppe and steppe regions and 23 species (77%) of them in forest region. The trophic structure for the fungal species is as follows: 2 species lignophite (7%), 4 species moss saprophyte (13%), 5 species soil saprophyte (17%), 15 species mycorrhiz (50%) of all species were respectively.

A Study on Changing of Flora between Pre and Post of Restoration in Cheonggyechon Stream (청계천 복원 전·후의 식물상 변화 연구)

  • Kang, Soo Hak;Kim, Hyeong Guk;Koo, Bon Hak
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
    • /
    • v.10 no.3
    • /
    • pp.8-13
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study was surveyed to know changing flora between pre and post of restoration in cheonggyechon. As results, it was surveyed families 33, species 94 in 2003 and families 39, species 156 in 2005. In 2006, it was surveyed families 38, species 171. This result shows that cheonggyechon is unstable initial condition in restored stream ecosystem. Also, Naturalized species was 19 species in 2003 and it was respectively 44, 46 species in 2005, 2006. Hazard species of ecosystem was in common 3 species in three surveys. Recently, as time goes by, introduced species are increasing. And succession has mainly been progressed by one year or binary herbs. To administer restored stream ecosystem, monitoring is essential. Therefore, continuous monitoring about Naturalized species and Hazard species of ecosystem is also very important. Further, Because change of vegetation on pre and post of Restoration in Cheonggyechon Stream is very important, Monitoring will have been surveyed continuously.