• Title/Summary/Keyword: Stress, Psychological

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A Comparative Study on the Relationship among Posttraumatic Stress, Psychological Wellbeing, and Depression by SEM - Focusing on Policemen and Firefighters (구조방정식모형에 의한 외상후 스트레스와 심리적 복지감 및 우울 간의 관계 비교 고찰 - 경찰공무원과 소방공무원을 중심으로)

  • Bae, Jeom-Mo
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.109-117
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    • 2012
  • The author analyzed and compared the relationship mechanism among measured variables effecting to posttraumatic stress and posttraumatic stress, psychological wellbeing, and depression in the case of 360 policemen and 360 firefighters working in Korean police stations and fire stations by the structural equation modeling. The results showed that firefighters' posttraumatic stress deteriorated psychological wellbeing and depression more than policemen's posttraumatic stress did. In conclusion, systematic prevention and management program for posttraumatic stress and mental health of public servants are needed.

The Moderating Effect of Kindergarten Teachers' Resilience in the Relation Between Job Stress and Psychological Burnout (유치원교사의 직무스트레스와 심리적 소진의 관계에서 회복탄력성의 조절효과)

  • Ryu, Seul Gi;Kim, Sang Lim
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.25-31
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    • 2020
  • We aimed to investigate the moderating effect of kindergarten teachers' resilience in the relation between job stress and psychological burnout. The subjects were 164 early childhood teachers in Metropolitan area, South Korea. We measured subjects' job stress, psychological burnout, and resilience using the questionnaires. The collected data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation analyses, and the analyses of hierarchical regression using SPSS 21.0. As results, kindergarten teachers' job stress showed the significantly positive correlation with their psychological burnout, but resilience showed the significantly negative correlation with it. It was found that kindergarten teachers' resilience had the moderating effect in the relation between job stress and psychological burnout.

Quality of Sleep and Affecting Factors according to Gender in College Students (대학생의 성별에 따른 수면의 질과 영향요인)

  • Park, Min-Jeong;Chung, Mi Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.187-195
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to measure quality of sleep (PSQI) and to investigate the affecting factors according to sex in college students. The participants in this study were 214 students from 4 universities. The data were analyzed by t-test, chi-square test and multiple regression using SPSS/WIN 24.0 program. The mean score of quality of sleep was 2.83, for male students are 2.70 and female students 3.06. In multiple regression analysis, physical stress, psychological stress and exercise were significant predictors and explained 25.4% of quality of sleep for male students. In female students, physical stress, psychological stress and drinking were significant predictors and explained 39.2% of quality of sleep. It is necessary to develop and apply education and counseling that can solve factors affecting the quality of sleep of college students.

The Mediating Effect of Social Support and Stress on Optimism and Psychological Well-being in Clinical Nurses (임상간호사의 낙관성과 심리적 안녕감 간의 관계에서 사회적 지지와 스트레스의 매개효과)

  • Sohn, Sue Kyung;Kim, Mi Sook;Lee, Young Sin;Park, Hae Kyeong;Roh, Mi Young
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.63-71
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study proposed to identify the mediating effect of social support and stress on optimism and psychological well-being in clinical nurses. Methods: Data were collected through structured questionnaires. The participants of this study were 207 clinical nurses who worked at hospitals in the metropolitan cities of B & U. Data were collected from September 3 to September 30, 2013. The data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe's test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression with SPSS WIN v 20.0. Results: The mean scores of optimism, social support, stress, psychological well-being were $3.61{\pm}0.62$, $3.65{\pm}0.64$, $0.82{\pm}0.59$, $3.36{\pm}0.38$ respectively. Social support and stress showed mediating effects between optimism and psychological well-being. Conclusion: Based on this study, intervention programs to reduce stress and create support systems for clinical nurses should be developed to improve their psychological well-being.

The Influence of Subjective Health on Depression in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease: Mediating Effects of Perceived Stress (관상동맥질환자의 주관적 건강이 우울에 미치는 영향: 스트레스 인지 매개효과)

  • Jin, Hyekyung
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.61-69
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    • 2021
  • Purpose: This study investigated the mediating effect of perceived stress in the relationship between subjective health and depression in patients with coronary artery disease. Methods: This secondary analysis study used data from the 2016-2018 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Study participants included 466 patients over 20 years of age with coronary artery disease. Measures included questions about general characteristics, subjective health, perceived stress, and depression. The data were analyzed using complex sample design, descriptive analysis, Rao-Scott ��2 statistic, and multivariate logistic regression analysis with the SPSS 24.0 program. Results: Subjective health influenced depression, and perceived stress partially mediated it. Conclusion: To prevent depression in patients with coronary artery disease, it is necessary to develop effective stress management strategies.

The Study of Correlation between Physical Fitness and Stress of Female

  • Lee Han-Yong;Yang Yoon-Kwon
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.99-108
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between physical fitness, and physical and psychological stress of females. The subjects of this study were 139 adult women, without a specific medical illness. The stress level was evaluated by Derogetis's checklist-90-Revision symptom of physical and psychological stress (Cronbach's a=0.88, 0.87). The physical fitness factors in this study were cardiopulmonary endurance, muscle endurance, muscle strength, power, agility, and flexibility. To analyze the data to examine the relationship between the physical and psychological stress, and physical fitness, correlation analysis was applied. The findings of this study were as follows. First, among the physical fitness factors, cardiopulmonary endurance, along with muscle strength and power had significant relations with physical stress (p<.01). Second, among the physical fitness factors, cardiopulmonary endurance showed a significant relation with psychological stress (p<.05).

Psychological Factors Affecting Medical Conditions: Dermatologic Conditions (피부과 질환에 영향을 미치는 심리적 요인)

  • Han, Jin-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.228-234
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    • 1998
  • The importance of psychological factors in dermatologic disorders has been recognized for several decades. However, there have been few reports on the management of psychodermatologic disorders. Psychodermatologic conditions can be divided into three broad subgroup in the dermatologic point of view ; first, psychiatric disorders manifesting as dermatological symptom, second, dermatoses mainly caused by emotional factors, i.e., stress, or determined by complex psychophysiological mechanism, and third, psychological symptoms secondary to dermatological conditions, i.e., anxiety or depression. This article describes first two major categories of psychodermatologic disorders and attempts to provide brief guideline for each psychodermatologic condition in view of the clinical interface between dermatology and psychiatry.

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Moderating Effect and Mediation Effect of Social Support in the Relationship between Art Therapist's Job Stress and Psychological Burnout

  • Song, Shin-Young;Moon, Kyung-Rye
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.149-156
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    • 2020
  • In this paper, we propose the moderating effects and mediation effects of social support on the relationship between art therapists' job stress and psychological burnout. Based on the previous studies, this study set up four types of variables: 1) independent variable, 2) moderating variable, 3) mediation variable, and 4) dependent variable. Job stress was identified as an independent variable, social support was identified as both a moderating variable and mediation variable, and psychological burnout was identified as a dependent variable. To empirically conduct this study, a total of 200 questionnaires were distributed to art therapists. Consequently, a total of 150 survey responses were collected. The survey results are as follows. First, there were not differences in job stress, psychological burnout, and social support due to personal environmental factors. This included career, employment type and working hours. Second, the result showed a high-level of correlation among job stress, psychological burnout, and social support. Third, social support was found to have a moderating effect on the relationship between the art therapists' job stress and psychological burnout. Forth, social support was found to have a moderating effect on the relationship between the art therapists' job stress and psychological burnout.

European Approaches to Work-Related Stress: A Critical Review on Risk Evaluation

  • Zoni, Silvia;Lucchini, Roberto G.
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.43-49
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    • 2012
  • In recent years, various international organizations have raised awareness regarding psychosocial risks and work-related stress. European stakeholders have also taken action on these issues by producing important documents, such as position papers and government regulations, which are reviewed in this article. In particular, 4 European models that have been developed for the assessment and management of work-related stress are considered here. Although important advances have been made in the understanding of work-related stress, there are still gaps in the translation of this knowledge into effective practice at the enterprise level. There are additional problems regarding the methodology in the evaluation of work-related stress. The European models described in this article are based on holistic, global and participatory approaches, where the active role of and involvement of workers are always emphasized. The limitations of these models are in the lack of clarity on preventive intervention and, for two of them, the lack of instrument standardization for risk evaluation. The comparison among the European models to approach work-related stress, although with limitations and socio-cultural differences, offers the possibility for the development of a social dialogue that is important in defining the correct and practical methodology for work stress evaluation and prevention.