• Title/Summary/Keyword: Stress response

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The effects of job characteristics and psychological stress response on accidents, and the mediating effect of psychological stress response (직무특성과 심리적 스트레스 반응이 사고빈도에 미치는 효과 및 심리적 반응의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Wan-Il;Ahn, Kwan-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.41-49
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    • 2013
  • This paper reviewed the relationship among job characteristics, psychological stress response, and accidents, and the mediating effect of psychological stress response between job characteristics and accidents. Based on the responses from 176 employees, the results of multiple regression analysis appeared as follow; 1) autonomy, importance and feedback effect negatively on psychological stress response. 2) psychological stress response effects positively on accident frequency. 3) psychological stress response mediates fully between autonomy and accident. 4) psychological stress response mediates partly between feedback and accident.

Effects of Aggressive Stress Response Mediation on Clinical Practice Stress and Satisfaction (적극적 스트레스 대처매개 중재가 임상실습 스트레스와 만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jeong-Yun;Hwang, Hye-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Health Science
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.1345-1354
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study aimed to determine the mediating effects of aggressive stress response on the association between clinical practice stress and clinical practice satisfaction in ophthalmic optics majors and provide basic data that could help form opticians' professionalism and make clinical practice more effective. Methods: This study was conducted in 236 sophomores and juniors in Daegu and North Gyeongsang Province who had finished clinical practice. Hierarchical regression analysis and mediating effect testing were performed to determine the associations among clinical practice stress, clinical practice satisfaction, and aggressive stress response and determine the mediating effects of aggressive stress response on the association between clinical practice stress and clinical practice satisfaction. Results: Clinical practice stress was significantly negatively correlated with clinical practice satisfaction and aggressive stress response (p<0.01), and aggressive stress response was significantly positively correlated with clinical practice satisfaction (p<0.01). The association between clinical practice stress and clinical practice satisfaction was more likely to be explained by the addition of clinical practice stress than by being aggressive stress response controlled, which statistically significantly met the criteria for mediating effects (p<0.001). Conclusions: It is necessary to pay more attention to program development and teaching methods within the department of ophthalmic optics so that ophthalmic optics majors can utilize aggressive stress response to overcome clinical practice stress effectively and improve clinical practice satisfaction.

Decrease in Stress Response and Related Factors After Transition to Consecutive Day Shift from Day and Night Shift: A Motor Assembly Factory Case (주야2교대제에서 주간연속2교대제로의 전환 후 스트레스반응의 감소와 관련인자: 일개 완성차 제조사의 사례)

  • Song, Hansoo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.426-435
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The major objective of this study was to analyze stress response after a change to consecutive day shifts from day and night shifts in a motor assembly factory. Methods: Using a survey conducted by a labor union, we collected data on stress response index(SRI), lifestyle factors, work-family conflict and job stress before and after a shift system change. We analyzed the transition on the SRI among 222 workers. The cut-off point for the SRI was a T-score over 60. Results: The high risk stress response group was 20.3% of the population before the shift system change. After the shift system change it decreased to 11.3%. After the shift system change, social support improved, leisure time became more sufficient, work-family conflict declined, and sleep quality in the night shift week improved. In multivariable linear regression, among workers under 40 years old sleep quality on night shift, leisure time sufficiency, social support and work-family conflict contributed to the improvement of stress response. Among workers over 40, work-family conflict contributed to the improvement of stress response. Conclusions: The change to consecutive day shifts improved stress response and mediated with improved nighttime sleep, decreased work-family conflict, increased leisure time and improved work-family conflict.

A Study of Depression, Anxiety, Stress Response and Self-care by Gender in Diabetic Patients (당뇨병 환자의 성별 우울, 불안, 스트레스 반응과 자가관리의 관계연구)

  • Song, Min-Sun;Cho, Young-Im
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.145-152
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the depression, anxiety, stress response and self-care, to analyze the correlation among depression, anxiety, stress response and self-care by gender, and to determine factors associated with self-care in diabetic patients. Method: The subjects of this study were 103 participants with diabetes mellitus. Data were analyzed by chi-square test, t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis by using SAS program. Result: Items for self-care evaluation by gender were significant differences in hospital visit, hypoglycemia preparation, proper hygiene, taking a rest, foot injury check, drinking, and smoking. The female patients are more likely to have higher self-care score than the male patients. However, there were no differences in depression, anxiety and stress response by gender. In male patients, there were positive correlations between the degree of depression and stress response, the degree of anxiety and stress response. In female patients, there were positive correlations between the degree of depression and stress response, the degree of anxiety and stress response. In multiple regression analysis, gender and experienced admission is associated with self-care. Conclusion: We should consider integrated approaches for psychological problems in the management of diabetic patients.

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The Relationship between Stress Response and Oxidative Stress among Healthy Volunteers (정상인에서의 스트레스 반응 정도와 산화스트레스 사이의 상관관계 연구)

  • Byun, Soon-Im;Kim, Ji-Young;Cho, Seung-Hun;Kim, Jong-Woo;Hwang, Wei-Wan
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.27-38
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    • 2009
  • Objective : This study was to examine a relationship among subjective psychological stress, physical stress response and oxidative stress. Methods : The subjects were consisted of 87 healthy volunteers. To assess subjective psychological stress, SRI(stress response inventory) was completed. To assess psychological and physical stress response, HRV(Heart Rate Variability) were tested. To assess oxidative stress, d-roms(Derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolites test) test was conducted. Subjects were divided into 3 groups depending on SRI(Stress Response Inventory) score, low stress response(LSR: lower than 30 percentile), Medium(MSR: 30-70 percentile) and high stress response(HSR: higher than 70 percentile). The Relationship between Stress Response and Oxidative Stress was estimated by correlation and One-way ANOVA analysis. Results : There were no significant differences of demographic data among 3 groups. There was a significant difference of oxidative stress among 3 groups. Conclusion : Our results suggest that there is a weak positive correlation between subjective psychological stress and oxidative stress. There is a significant difference of oxidative stress between HSR group and LSR group.

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The Effects of Stress Response on Safety Behavior : Moderating Effect of Safety Climate (스트레스 반응이 안전행동에 미치는 효과: 안전 분위기의 중재효과)

  • Lee, Jae-Hee;Moon, Kwang-Su;Oah, She-Zeen
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of stress response on safety behavior and to explore moderating effect of safety climate between stress response and safety behavior. 224 workers were asked to respond to the questionnaires that measured various demographic variables, stress response, safety climates and safety behaviors. A hierarchical regression was conducted to identify variables that had significant relationships with safety behavior and to examine moderating effect of safety climate between stress response and safety behavior. Results indicated that the depression response significantly predicted safety behavior. It was found that the safety climate was also a significant predictor for safety behavior. In addition, safety climate had a moderating effect on the relation between depression and anger responses and safety behavior.

Stress response: Physiological and Behavioral Aspects (스트레스반응의 생 행동적 접근)

  • Kim, Keum-Soon
    • Perspectives in Nursing Science
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.61-75
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    • 2005
  • Physical and psychological events can produce stress response in various degrees. Stress affects many aspects of physiology including both brain and peripheral elements which is represented as hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis. Brain elements consist of corticotropin-releasing hormone(CRH), locus ceruleus(LC)-norepinephrine(NE)/autonomic system. Peripheral elements include pituitary-adrenal axis and the autonomic nervous system, which coordinate the stress response. Current trend of the stress researches is emphasizing the mechanisms of the stress response which is adaptive or become maladaptive. This review introduces 1) the concepts of stress, 2) physiological and behavioral aspects of stress responses, 3) the consequences of stress response, 4) the measurements of stress and 5) stress management for those interested in stress research.

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Relationships between Sleepiness, Stress Response, and Anxiety Symptoms of Students in a University (대학생의 주간 졸림과 스트레스, 불안과의 관련성)

  • Kim, Pu Yong;Ryu, Seuk Hwan
    • Anxiety and mood
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.137-142
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    • 2014
  • Objective : The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship among daytime sleepiness, depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and stress response of students in a university Methods : A total of 557 students were recruited in this study. The participants filled out stress response inventory, Epworth sleepiness scale, overall anxiety severity and impairment scale, and quality of life scale. Results : Excessive daytime sleepiness group showed higher scores in all factors in stress response inventory, overall anxiety severity and impairment scale, and quality of life scale. Sleepiness might be correlated with somatization and depression and anger in Stress response inventory. Conclusion : Excessive daytime sleepiness group exhibited poor quality of life scale. Screening about overall quality of sleep, such as mood and anxiety should be considered for students in a university.

Relationship among Stress, Anxiety-depression, Muscle Tone, and Hand Strength in Patients with Chronic Stroke: Partial Correlation

  • Kim, Myoung-Kwon;Choe, Yu-Won;Kim, Seong-Gil;Choi, Eun-Hong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.27-33
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    • 2018
  • PURPOSE: This study was conducted to identify the relationships among stress response inventory, hospital anxiety and depression, muscle tone and stiffness, and hand strength in chronic stroke patients. METHODS: A total of 14 chronic stroke patients voluntarily agreed to this experiment and were included in this study. All measurements were performed in one day and in a room without noise. The tests conducted in this study were as follows: muscle tone and stiffness of the upper trapezius hand grip measurement. Subjects were also asked to complete surveys describing the following: stress response inventory and hospital anxiety and depression scale. RESULTS: There were significant correlations among stress response inventory and hospital anxiety and depression, stress response inventory and hand strength, and hospital anxiety and depression and hand strength (P<.05). There were high positive correlations between stress response inventory and hospital anxiety and depression (r=.979), while there were moderate negative correlations between stress response inventory and hand strength (r=-.415) and between hospital anxiety and depression and hand strength (r=-.420). CONCLUSION: The results of the present study indicate that there is a relationship among stress response inventory, hospital anxiety and depression, and hand strength in patients with chronic stroke.

Mediating Effects of Sleep Quality on the Relationship between Job Stress and Stress Response of Shift-Working Nurses (교대근무 간호사의 직무스트레스와 스트레스반응과의 관계에서 수면의 질의 매개효과)

  • Kil, Suk Yong;Oh, Won-Oak;Heo, Yoo Jin;Suk, Min Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.266-274
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The aim of this research was to identify the mediating effect of sleep quality on the relationship between job stress and stress response of shift-working nurses. Methods: The participants in this study were 150 nurses who had more than 6 months of shift-working experience. A survey was conducted from May to June 2017 in a hospital in Gyeonggi-do, South Korea. The data were collected through self-report questionnaires. The collected data were analyzed using SAS 9.4 program. The analysis was based on Baron and Kenny's model to examine the mediating effects of sleep quality on the relationship between job stress and stress response of shift-working nurses. Results: In the first and second steps, job stress was identified as a significant predictor of sleep quality (β= .29, p= .001) and stress response (β = .24, p= .004). In the third step, sleep (B = .55, p< .001) was observed as a significant predictor of stress response, and the direct relationship between job stress and stress response was not significant (β= .07, p= .291). Sleep quality was found to exhibit complete mediating effect on the relationship between job stress and stress response. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that strategies for managing the stress of shift-working nurses should include effective ways to ensure sleep quality.