• Title/Summary/Keyword: Stroke rehabilitation

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Comparison with Importance and Performance in Rehabilitation Nursing Needs Perceived by Stroke Patients Admitted to a Rehabilitation Hospital and Nurses (재활병원에 입원한 뇌졸중 환자와 간호사가 인식하는 재활 간호요구의 중요도와 수행정도 비교)

  • Lee, Eun Hee;Ko, Eun
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.30-42
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study compared the importance and performance of rehabilitation nursing needs perceived by stroke patients and nurses. Methods: A total of 275 subjects were divided into two groups. One group was 136 stroke patients and the other was 139 nurses. Data were collected with the Rehabilitation Nursing Service Inventory. The data were analyzed by t-test and ANOVA using the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. Results: The degree of importance and performance in rehabilitation nursing needs perceived by the stroke patients were $3.69{\pm}0.47$ and $3.48{\pm}0.50$, respectively, showing a significant difference (t=21.04, p<.001). The degree of importance and performance perceived by nurses were $3.84{\pm}0.42$ and $3.60{\pm}0.45$, respectively, showing a significant difference (t=26.53, p<.001). A significant difference in the degree of importance and performance in rehabilitation nursing needs was also observed between stroke patients and nurses (t=-2.78, p=.006; t=-2.12, p=.035). Conclusion: These findings showed that there was a perception gap between stroke patients and nurses. Therefore, it will necessary to identify methods for reducing this perception gap and developing rehabilitation nursing intervention considering the rehabilitation nursing needs of stroke patients.

Literature Review of Electroacupuncture for Stroke Rehabilitation (전침이 중풍재활에 미치는 영향에 대한 문헌적 고찰)

  • Lee, Jong-Soo;Sim, Woo-Jin
    • The Journal of Korea CHUNA Manual Medicine
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.97-109
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    • 2002
  • Objectives : Electroacupuncture(EA) has been suggested as a treatment for stroke rehabilitation. But whether, how much, by what mechanism and when it is effective has not been answered satisfactorily. Therefore it is important to critically review clinical trials and laboratory researches about EA for stroke rehabilitation. Subjectives : We researched various recent sources of EA for stroke rehabilitation such as medical journals and especially tried to review methodologically best randomized controlled trials(RCTs). Results and Conclusions : 1) EA increases brain plasticity, activity, blood flow and secretion of neuropeptides in CNS. 2) EA is significantly effective at the case that more than half of the neural motor pathway is reserved. 3) The acupoints, frequncy and intensity of EA should be determined by patient-specific symptoms of stroke. 4) More studies is needed for merdian functions for stroke rehabilitation.

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Patients' Lived Experience in Rehabilitating from Stroke (뇌졸중 환자의 재활 경험)

  • Lee, Young-Ae
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.20-30
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    • 2001
  • Stroke is known as a detrimental disease that leaves serious sequelae. The stroke patients suffer from limitations of physical and social activities. The patients try to adapt themselves to the limitations in order to achieve rehabilitation. This study was performed to clarify the lived experience of rehabilitation from the stroke patients. In collecting data for this study, in-depth personal interviews were made by a researcher from February to April in 2001 at rehabilitation clinics and physical therapy centers locate in Iksan city. The methodological approach was van Manen's hermeneutic phenomenological methodology in order to understand the meaning and nature of stroke patients' experiences in rehabilitating their physical limitations. Collected data were analyzed with phenomenological way of study that was develope by van Manen. The 8 patients who agreed to participate in this research were inter viewed by researcher under the private and comfortable environment. Personal interviews were done three or five times per each patients and each interview took 70 to 90 minutes. The statements were analyzed and finally revealed three essential themes : Theme 1 - Desperateness to achieve freedom again Theme 2 - Seizing hope of recovering Theme 3 - Seeking support from family members, relatives and friends Based on these themes, stroke patients' rehabilitation experience are described as following. The stroke patients have strong desire to achieve freedom again in order to escape from social isolation. The stroke patients want to go back to the state of their previous health state. The stroke patients strongly try to do anything for their recovering and also to have positive thinking. In the other hand, they feel pity for themselves through desperation, fear, sorrow, and self-pity. The stroke patients have dissatisfaction about neighbors' rumor and attitude toward themselves. The stroke patients have experiences to rely on neighbors' support seeking a warm word of consolation. This research showed us that van Manen's hermeneutic phenomenological methodology leads us to understand stroke patients' rehabilitation process more comprehensibly. Based on this research, it is suggested that further studies provide a foundation for the development of a rehabilitation theory for Korean stroke patients.

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Relationships among Rehabilitation Motivation, Perceived Stress and Social Support in Stroke Survivors (뇌졸중 환자가 지각한 스트레스, 사회적 지지 및 재활 동기와의 관계)

  • Moon, Ji-Young;Cho, Bok-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.24-31
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify related factors of stress, social support and rehabilitation motivation of stroke survivors and analyze their relationship. Method: A sample of 106 stroke survivors completed face-to-face interviews. The levels of stress, social support and rehabilitation motivation were measured by the Neuman's stress, Multidimentional Scale Perceived Social Support and Han's Rehabilitation Motivation, respectively. The t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation were conducted using the SPSS 17.0. Results: The mean scores of stress, social support and rehabilitation motivation were 3.3 (SD=0.76), 3.2 (SD=0.88), and 3.4 (SD=0.49) respectively. Compared to stroke survivors who had no spouses, those with spouses had a lower level of stress (t=9.52, p=.003), a higher level of social support (t=7.32, p=.008) and a higher level of rehabilitation motivation (t=15.39, p=.001). The rehabilitation motivation was significantly higher in stroke survivors with higher education (F=5.00, p=.001), more monthly income (F=15.39, p=.001), greater income satisfaction (F=3.80, p=.026), shorter duration of disease (F=3.64, p=.030) and absence of dysarthria (t=6.81, p=.010). Stress, social support and rehabilitation motivation are significantly related with each other. Conclusion: The findings suggest that these significant factors should be considered when caring for stroke survivors.

Anatomical Correlates of Neuropsychological Deficits Among Patients With the Cerebellar Stroke

  • Shin, Min A;Park, Oak Tae;Shin, Joon-Ho
    • Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.924-934
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    • 2017
  • Objective To investigate the anatomical correlates of the neuropsychological deficits in patients with the cerebellar stroke. Methods We screened patients who were admitted to the National Rehabilitation Center with the cerebellar stroke between October 2012 and November 2016. The patients with the cerebellar stroke who underwent neuropsychological testing for which the Seoul Neuropsychological Screening Battery (SNSB) or the SNSB-II were enrolled. The neuropsychological function capacities were compared in accordance with the stroke type (hemorrhagic vs. ischemic) and the location (right/left anterior, right/left posterior intermediate, right/left posterior lateral lobe, and vermis). Mean z-scores were computed to compare the patient performances with the population averages. Results Twenty-six patients (15 with ischemic stroke and 11 with hemorrhagic stroke) with a mean age of $54.8{\pm}16.6$ years were assessed $8.8{\pm}9.2$ months after the stroke. Differences in the neuropsychological functioning according to the stroke type were not observed. All of the numerical subtests of the stroke patients showed significantly poorer performances compared with the population averages (mean z-score <0), and some of the subtests revealed abnormal performances in attention-, visuospatial function-, memory-, and frontal/executive function-related tasks (mean z-score <-1). The patients with the presence of a lesion in the right posterior intermediate lobe of the cerebellum showed a poorer performance in the subtests evaluating the executive function including the Korean-version Stroop Test (p=0.04), the Digit Symbol Coding Test (p=0.01), and the Korean-version Trail Making Test (p=0.02) compared with the patients without that lesion. Conclusion The present study confirms that the cerebellar stroke affects the neuropsychological functioning which is associated with the anatomical site of stroke.

Comparison of Motivation for Rehabilitation, Family Support and Adherence to Rehabilitation between Depressive and Non-depressive Stroke Patients (뇌졸중 환자의 우울 유무에 따른 재활동기, 가족지지 및 재활이행 간의 비교)

  • Park, An Suk;Ko, Eun;Kang, Hee Sun
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.138-147
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare motivation for rehabilitation, family support and adherence to rehabilitation and identify factors predicting adherence to rehabilitation between depressive and non-depressive stroke patients. Methods: Stroke patients admitted to rehabilitation hospitals (n=159) participated in the study. Data were collected through self-reported questionnaires including general characteristics, depression, motivation for rehabilitation, family support and adherence to rehabilitation. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, $x^2$ test, Pearson correlation coefficients and logistic regression using the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. Results: 62.9% of the subjects were identified as depressive patients. Motivation for rehabilitation (F=48.18, p=.020) and adherence to rehabilitation (F=9.68, p=.002) in depressive stroke patients were significantly lower than non-depressive stroke patients. Family support also in depressive group was lower than non-depressive group but there was no statistical significance (F=2.35, p=.127). Motivation for rehabilitation (OR=11.46), family support (OR=1.05) and onset period (less than 2 year)(OR=3.61) predicted the good adherence to rehabilitation in depressive stroke patients. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that health professionals need to identify factors affecting adherence to rehabilitation and provide a nursing intervention considering the depression especially when caring for stroke patients.

Three-dimensional kinematic motion analysis of door handling task in people with mild and moderate stroke

  • Lee, Jung Ah;Kim, Eun Joo;Hwang, Pil Woo;Park, Han Ram;Bae, Jae Hyuk;Kim, Jae Nam
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.143-148
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    • 2016
  • Objective: This study aimed to quantify one of the useful upper extremity movements to evaluate motor control abilities between the groups of people with mild and moderate arm impairments performing a door handling task. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: Twenty-one healthy participants and twenty-one persons with chronic stroke (9 mild stroke and 12 moderate stroke) were recruited for this study. Stroke participants were divided into 2 groups based on Fugle-Meyer Assessment scores of 58-65 (mild arm) and 38-57 (moderate arm). All they performed door handling task including the pronation and supination phases 3 times. We measured some movement factors which were reaction time, movement time, hand of peak velocity, hand of movement units to perform door handling task using the three-dimensional motion analysis. Results: The majority of kinematic variables showed significant differences among study groups (p<0.05). The reaction time, total and phase of movement time, hand of peak velocity, the number of movement units discriminated between healthy participants and persons with moderate upper limb stroke (p<0.05). In addition, reaction time, total and phase of movement time, the number of movement units discriminated between those with moderate and mild upper limbs of stroke patients (p<0.05). Conclusions: Three-dimensional kinematic motion analysis in this study was a useful tool for assessing the upper extremity function in different subgroups of people with stroke during the door handling task. These kinematic variables may help clinicians understand the arm movements in door handling task and consist of discriminative therapeutic interventions for stroke patients on upper extremity rehabilitation.

The Effects of Task-Oriented Circuit Training Using Rehabilitation Tools on the Upper-Extremity Functions and Daily Activities of Patients with Acute Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial

  • Moon, Jong-Hoon;Park, Kyoung-Young;Kim, Hee-Jin;Na, Chang-Ho
    • Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.225-230
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of task-oriented circuit training (TOCT) using the rehabilitation tools for upper extremity function upon the daily life of patients with acute stroke. Methods: Eighteen patients with acute stroke were randomly allocated into either the experimental group or the control group. The experimental group performed the TOCT program using rehabilitation tools, whilst the control group had neuro-developmental treatment. Both groups received 30 minutes of treatment per session, 5~6 times per week, for 4 weeks. The assessments conducted were the Fugl-Meyer assessment, motor activity log and stroke impact scale to compare the upper extremity function and activities of daily living. Results: The results showed a significant improvement in the TOCT group compared with the neurodevelopmental treatment group in the amount of motor activity use and high stroke impact score, indicating recovery (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The TOCT program using rehabilitation tools could have a positive impact on acute stroke patients use of their upper extremity.

The effects of virtual reality-based physical therapy in stroke patients

  • Kim, Charyong;Min, Won-Kyu
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.7-11
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    • 2013
  • Objective: Final goal of nerve advancement therapy is to provide maximum ability to function independently in life to patients. This paper appraises and describes basic concepts of the virtual reality (VR) based exercise program to improve functional movement for neurologically impaired patients. Design: Review article. Methods: Stroke patients from the physical therapy department while wearing comfortable clothing receive therapy and also VR based motion therapy administered by the therapist in charge. After evaluation of stroke patients, therapy includes an exercise program that is suitable for use with stroke patients; stroke patients wear head-mounted display while in front of the computer, where the camera is located; they follow the action on the screen and the computer perceives the operation of the stroke patients according to subject accomplishment. Results: According to obstacle condition of stroke patients using the method, which is various environments after setting, in stroke patients, there is a possibility of presenting suitable therapeutic environments. The display presentation of the method, which is identical, causes difficulty for all stroke patients. According to subject accomplishment; stroke patients result in execution of repetition training and deepening study, which leads to mobility. Conclusions: The VR based rehabilitation training programs is a difference of the existing video training program, is immediate feedback and compensation method. It will provide rehabilitation training services for the family of the patient whose condition could be improved with rehabilitative therapy where it is a continuous circumstance as a matter of the social welfare facility therapy.

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A Study of Motor Functional Evaluation in Stroke Patients (뇌졸중환자의 운동기능평가에 대한 연구)

  • Kang, Jeom-Deok
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.88-92
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of exercise on functional status in stroke patients. The understanding of the course of recovery after stroke and factors affecting outcomes are important in planning and evaluation of stroke rehabilitation. Methods: To predict the outcom of stroke patient, we measured in the beginnig of rehabilitation, on 36 patients. The variables were gender, age, duration of rehabilitation treatment, motor assessment scale(MAS). Results: The patient age in 50-59 years was 41.7%. The stroke left side motor weakness were found 55.6%. The duration of rehabilitation treatment in 2-3 months was 50.0%. In the difference 24.63 for motor assessment scale after a rehabilitation treatment had significantly higher than 10.86 for motor assessment scale at initial. Gender by motor assessment scale after a rehabilitation treatment was 25.7 in male and 23.2 in female(P<0.05). Past history by motor assessment scale after a rehabilitation treatment was 26.7 in hypertension, 24.6 in cardiac disorder and 21.8 in diabetes mellitus(P<0.05). Conclusion: The subjective symptoms of motor assessment scale after a rehabilitation treatment was significantly associated with gender.

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