• Title/Summary/Keyword: Successful aging

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Cross-Cultural Study of Successful Aging in Korean and Western Society (한국사회와 서구사회의 성공적 노화의 구성요소에 대한 비교 문화적 연구)

  • Paik, Jee-Eun;Choi, Hye-Kyoung
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.25 no.2 s.86
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    • pp.137-153
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the similarities and differences of elements of successful aging in Western and Korean society using a background of time and dominant values of each society. Content analysis of concepts and components of 'successful aging' was performed based on 12 Korean articles and 23 Western articles. The major findings were: (1) The studies of successful aging accomplished since 2001 and the studies that explore the elements of successful aging perceived by the elderly mentioned diverse elements as essential to successful aging. (2) There were both common and distinct components of successful aging in Western and Korean society. Some of the essential components for successful aging were commonly accepted, but others were varied and unique, reflecting the period of experience and cultural values. These results could be used to better understand unique successful aging of the Korean elderly, as well as to establish a basis of intervention that meets the specific demands of this population.

Predictors of Successful Aging in Korean Older Women Based on Successful Aging Theory (SAT) (Successful Aging Theory (SAT)에 근거한 여성노인의 성공적 노화 예측요인)

  • Kim, Eun-Joo;Kim, Young-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.378-387
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore predictors of successful aging in older Korean women based on a recent mid-range nursing theory, the Successful Aging Theory (SAT). Methods: This study utilized a descriptive correlational design. The convenience sample was composed of 174 older women living in the community. Successful aging was measured using the Successful Aging Inventory (SAI). Transcendence was measured using the Self-transcendence Scale (STS). Adaptation was measured using the Coping behavior scale. Stepwise multiple regression was used to identify significant predictors of successful aging. Results: Transcendence, adaptation, and religion were shown to be predictive of successful aging. This regression model explained 56% of the variance in successful aging. The factor with the highest influence was transcendence which explained 52% of the variance. Conclusion: Gerotranscendence-promoting interventions can be an important consideration in caring for older Korean women. Adaptation and spirituality should be included in a holistic aging care.

Analysis of Research on Successful Aging - Focused on Journal Papers - (성공적 노화에 관한 연구동향 - 학술지 게재논문을 대상으로-)

  • Cho, Myoung Hee
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.231-249
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to suggest the academic roles and direction of the successful aging in journal papers. For this purpose the trends of research on the successful aging were analyzed by means of reviewing articles published from 2002 to 2012 in journal papers of korea. Data were collected by using keyword library database. 86 papers was to analyze to find out overall the research streaming of theme, method and subject. As results, there were increased considerably the number of research in successful aging every year. Secondly, the study of successful aging had been performed more in social welfare. The research trends had focused on the successful aging, but the research had some limitations in simply introducing the definition and general plan.

A Comparative Study on the Factors Affecting the Successful Aging between Users and Non-users of Kyung-ro-dang for Community Care Policy Activation (커뮤니티케어 활성화를 위한 농촌지역 경로당 이용 노인과 비이용 노인 간 성공적 노화 관련 요인 비교)

  • Song, Gue-Rum;Nam, Eun-Woo;Jin, Ki-Nam
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.412-421
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    • 2019
  • Background: The purpose of this study was to identify the status of Successful Aging among the elderly aged 65 and over in rural areas and to compare factors related with Successful Aging between "kyung-ro-dang" users and non-users. Methods: A total of 181 elderly aged 65 or older were selected from four districts (Heung-upri, Mejiri, Sajerri, and Daeanri) of Wonju city. A survey method using face to face interviews was applied to collect information. Successful aging was measured on a 5-point Likert-type scale using the successful aging scale developed for the Korean elderly, which indicates the higher the score, the higher the level of successful aging. Descriptive statistics, bivariate, and multivariate analyses were computed; the level of significance was set at 5%. Hierarchical polynomial regression was applied to find out the factors associated with successful aging. Results: Of the total, 112 elders used kyung-ro-dang and 69 elders who did not use kyung-ro-dang. The level of successful aging of the elderly was higher among kyung-ro-dang users than non-users. The factors related to successful aging among kyung-ro-dang users were walking and social participation. Users who walk more than 4 times per week and social participation activities have a higher level of satisfaction. In the case of non-users, a higher level of monthly income, having a spouse, social support, and social participation associated with a higher level of successful aging. Conclusion: Monthly income, social participation, and social factors were found to be related to successful aging along with physical and mental health conditions among the elderly in rural areas. Therefore, it can be concluded that income, social as well as mental and physical factors, are more critical for successful aging in the rural community care in Korea.

The Perception of Successful Aging among Korean Elderly (노인들의 인식을 통한 한국적인 성공적 노화의 개념)

  • Choi, Hye-Kyoung;Paik, Jee-Eun;Seo, Sun-Young
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.23 no.2 s.74
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to examine how Korean elderly perceive elements of successful aging, and to explore the meanings of a successful life in the contexts of the life experiences of the Korean elderly. From life-contextual perspectives, this study explored differences in perception on successful aging by gender and by class (economic status). Forty elderly persons aged 65 and over participated in this study. The data on the perceptions of successful aging in their own life contexts were collected through in-depth interviews. The major result of this study indicates that there are differences in the key theme of successful aging by class (economic status), because cultural and economic contexts influenced the elderly persons' perception of successful aging. This study will help researchers, educators, and practitioners to understand successful aging experience as well as establish the concept of successful aging among Koreans.

The Relationship of Life Satisfaction, Health Behaviors and Successful Aging in the Elderly (지역사회 노인의 생활만족도, 건강행위와 성공적 노후간의 관계)

  • Lee, Seon-Hye;Moon, Myeong-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.204-214
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was conducted in order to the relationship between life satisfaction, health behaviors, and successful aging and factors associated with successful aging. Methods: Participants in this study included 159 elders living in one city. Data on life satisfaction (Choi's Life Satisfaction Scale for Korean elderly, 1984), health behaviors (Choi & Kim's Health Behaviors Scale for Korean elderly, 1997), and successful aging (Kim & Shin's Successful Aging Scale for Korean elderly, 2005) were collected by trained interviewers. For analysis of collected data, the PASW 18.0 program was used, which included descriptive analysis, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and Multiple regression. Results: Results showed a positive correlation between life satisfaction, health behaviors, and successful aging. Life satisfaction, self-perceived health status, and health behavior explained 60.8% of successful aging. Conclusion: There is a need to help improve health behavior and self-perceived health status of elders. We should also understand life satisfaction over their life span and establish a program that encourages healthy behavior in the community. Accordingly, these efforts will allow for achievement of a more successful aging process for the elderly.

In Search of a Definition of Successful Aging: A Review of Literature (성공적인 노화 정의를 위한 문헌연구)

  • 홍현방;최혜경
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.145-154
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    • 2003
  • As the life-expectancy is ever-increasing, and the proportion of the elderly population is growing steadily in every society of the world, it is ever more important to establish what factors allow certain elderly people to age successfully and remain relatively independent while others grow old less successfully and require extensive intervention. However, there is no consensus yet as to what successful aging means. Researchers have defined successful aging in a variety of ways. This study attempted to define the concept of successful aging and to clarify some dimensions of it through literature review. Previous approaches of studying successful aging and related themes were examined. Early perspectives including activity, disengagement, and continuity theories, Selective Optimization with Compensation (SOC) model by Baltes and Baltes, three different conceptions of successful aging, that is, psychological well-being, physical health, and wisdom, and MacArthur research on successful aging have been reviewed for this study. The definition derived from the review is: Keeping up continuous developmental processes to achieve wisdom or ego-integrity, without suffering any major disabilities in either physical or mental functioning, while maintaining psychological well-being and employing SOC strategies, and participating in positive relationships with significant others. The dimensions of successful aging are 1) personal resources, including physical health, cognitive competences, self esteem, and social support 2) adaptation process of SOC, and 3) psychological aspects, including psychological well-being and wisdom.

Successful Aging according to Korean Elderly: The Definition, Types, and Predicting Variables (한국노인들이 기대하는 성공적인 노화의 개념, 유형 및 예측요인)

  • Paik Jee-Eun;Choi Hye-Kyoung
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.23 no.3 s.75
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2005
  • This study explored the elements, types, and determining factors of successful aging for the Korean elderly. In order to examine the expectations of the Korean elderly, a sample of 377 elderly aged 65 and over living in Seoul and Kyunggi areas was selected and interviewed. The elements of successful aging that the Korean elderly pointed out in the interviews were: 'peaceful and comfortable life', 'self-maintenance,' 'secure social support,' and 'ostentation.' The expected elements of successful aging were further classified into three types of successful aging: 'idealized expectation.' 'self-centered expectation,' 'balanced self-other expectation.' The elderly groups sorted by the types exhibited significant differences in terms of demographic characteristics, self-evaluated economic status, and self-evaluated health status. The variables that affected the expectations were age, level of education, marital status, gender, and self-evaluated health condition. However, further analysis revealed that the factors that affected the expectation for successful aging were different for male and female elderly. The results suggest that the successful aging of Korean elderly should be understood in the context of Korean society and culture. The results could be used to better understand varied and unique life of Korean elderly, as well as in establishing a basis of intervention that meets the specific demands of the Korean elderly.

Psychosocial Stress, Memory, and Successful Aging of the Community-Residing Elderly (지역사회 노인의 심리사회적 스트레스, 기억과 성공적 노화)

  • Lee, Hae Kyung;Lee, Kye Hee
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.89-97
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    • 2021
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to identify the relationship among psychosocial stress, memory, and successful aging of the community-residing elderly. Methods: 152 people over 65 years old living in D area were interviewed, from August 1st, 2020 to October 30th, 2020. The outcomes were measured by Psychosocial Well-being Index (PWI), Mini-Memory Test (MiMeT) and successful aging. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression. Results: There was a positive correlation between successful aging and memory. There was a negative correlation between psychosocial stress and successful aging, and between psychosocial stress and memory. Psychosocial stress was identified as a predictor of successful aging, which explained 26.4% of total variance of successful aging. Conclusions: When we prepare intervention programs which improve successful aging for community-residing older adults, we need to consider psychosocial stress. In addition, stress management programs for successful aging should be developed to improve current successful aging.

The Effects of elderly's Depression and Social Capital on Successful Aging (노인의 우울 및 사회적 자본이 성공적 노화에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Sang Nam
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.29-42
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study aimed to examine the effect of successful aging on depression and social capital(trust, norm, participation, network) of the elderly. Methods: Samples were obtained from 184 people aged over 65 years old in one county of Kyungsangbukdo. Data were analyzed with t-test, ANOVA and regression analysis. Results: First, depression, social capital and successful aging were significantly different by age, economic status and religion. Secondly, regression analysis showed that depression affected a negative influence on successful aging in Model 1, which analyzed only depression. However, Model 2, which analyzed depression and social capital at the same time, showed that only social capital affected successful aging. Conclusions: It was suggested to develop health promotion and social participation program are required for successful aging of the elderly.