• Title, Summary, Keyword: Supercapacitive property

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Electrochemical Properties of Polyaniline Electrodes Prepared by Chemical Synthesis and Electrodeposition: Revisited with High-Scan-Rate Behaviors

  • Nam, Ji Hyun;Woo, Cho Hyeon;Kim, Kwang Man;Ryu, Kwang Sun;Ko, Jang Myoun
    • Journal of Electrochemical Science and Technology
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.80-84
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    • 2012
  • The polyaniline (PANI) electrodes are prepared by chemical synthesis and electrodeposition methods and their supercapacitive properties are characterized and compared by morphology observation, cyclic voltammetry as a function of scan rate, and impedance spectra analysis. In particular, the supercapacitive properties obtained in the range of higher potential scan rates (e.g., over $200mV\;s^{-1}$) are emphasized to be capable of utilizing adequately the high power capability of supercapacitor. As a result, the PANI electrode by the electrodeposition shows superior specific capacitance (max. $474F\;g^{-1}$ at $10mV\;s^{-1}$ and about $390F\;g^{-1}$ at $500mV\;s^{-1}$) than those by the chemical synthesis method. This is mainly due to highly porous structure obtained by the electrodeposition to yield higher specific surface area.

Supercapacitive Properties of Carbon Electrode in an Electrolyte Containing a Newly Synthesized Two-Cation Salt

  • Cho, Won-Je;Yeom, Chul-Gi;Ko, Jang-Myoun;Lee, Yong-Min;Kim, Sang-Hern;Kim, Kwang-Man;Yu, Kook-Hyun
    • Journal of Electrochemical Science and Technology
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.63-67
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    • 2011
  • To examine the effects of a two-cation ionic liquid as an electrolyte component of a supercapacitor, 1,4-bis(3-methylimidazolium-1-yl)butane tetrafluoroborate ($MIBBF_4$), dissolved in propylene carbonate (PC) or acetonitrile (ACN), is newly synthesized and tested here for potential use as an electrolyte of capacitor. The $MIBBF_4$ salt exhibits higher ionic conductivity in ACN than in PC. The supercapacitive properties of capacitors containing an activated carbon electrode and various electrolytes are evaluated using cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The capacitor adopting the $MIBBF_4$/ACN electrolyte shows the largest specific capacitance at low scan rates, whereas the capacitor adopting the 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate $(EMIBF_4)$/ACN electrolyte shows the largest specific capacitance at high scan rates.

Supercapacitive Properties of Composite Electrode Consisting of Activated Carbon and Di(1-aminopyrene)quinone

  • Kim, Kwang Man;Lee, Young-Gi;Park, Jeong Ho;Ko, Jang Myoun
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.252-259
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    • 2016
  • Di(1-aminopyrene)quinone (DAQ) as a quinone-containing conducting additive is synthesized from a solution reaction of 1-aminopyrene and hydroquinone. To utilize the conductive property of DAQ and its compatibility with activated carbon, a composite electrode for a supercapacitor is also prepared by blending activated carbon and DAQ (3:1 w/w), and its supercapacitive properties are characterized based on the cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge/discharge. As a result, the composite electrode adopting DAQ exhibits superior electrochemical properties, such as a higher specific capacitance of up to $160F{\cdot}g^{-1}$ at $100mV{\cdot}s^{-1}$, an excellent high-rate capability of up to $1,000mV{\cdot}s^{-1}$, and a higher cycling stability with a capacitance retention ratio of 82% for the 1,000th cycle.

Supercapacitive Properties of Polyaniline Electrode Electrodeposited on Carbon Nanotube/Acetonitrile-Butadiene Rubber as a Flexible Current Collector

  • Park, Jee-Hye;Kim, Sang-Hern;Ko, Jang-Myoun;Lee, Young-Gi;Kim, Kwang-Man
    • Journal of Electrochemical Science and Technology
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.211-215
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    • 2011
  • Flexible sheets consisting of acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber (NBR) and carbon nanotube (CNT) are newly prepared varying the composition (CNT 20-25 wt.%) for use as a current collector of supercapacitor electrodes. The as-prepared CNT/NBR is electrodeposited with aniline using potentiodynamic cyclic voltammetry to yield a polyaniline (PANI)/CNT/NBR composite electrode. It is confirmed that the electrical conductivity of CNT/NBR current collector can be enhanced as the content of CNT increases. Cyclic voltammetry result shows that the sample of PANI/CNT(25 wt.%)/NBR composite achieves a maximum specific capacitance ($134.9\;F\;g^{-1}$) at $5\;mV\;s^{-1}$. Such supercapacitor application is possibly originated from the synergistic effects consisting of higher polarity of nitrile groups in NBR, conducting pathway of CNT, and electroactive property of PANI.

Effect of Nickel Foam Current Collector on the Supercapacitive Properties of Cobalt Oxide Electrode (코발트 산화물 전극의 수퍼커페시터 성질에 미치는 니켈 폼 집전체 효과)

  • Yoon, Yu-Il;Kim, Kwang-Man;Ko, Jang-Myoun
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.368-373
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    • 2008
  • An electrode for supercapacitor using 3-dimensional porous nickel foam as a current collector and cobalt oxide as an active material was prepared and characterized in terms of morphology observation, crystalline property analysis, and the investigation of electrochemical property. The electrode surface showed that the cobalt oxide was homogeneously coated as the crystalline phase of $Co_3O_4$. Cyclic voltammetry for the $Co_3O_4$/nickel foam electrode exhibited higher specific capacitance values (445 F/g at 10 mV/s and 350 F/g at 200 mV/s) and excellent capacitance retention ratio (99% after $10^4$ cycles). It was proved that the nickel foam substrate played the roles in reducing the interfacial resistance with cobalt oxide and in improving the electrode density by embedding greater amount of cobalt oxide within it.

Supercapacitive Properties of Co-Ni Mixed Oxide Electrode Adopting the Nickel Foam as a Current Collector

  • Cho, Hyeon Woo;Nam, Ji Hyun;Park, Jeong Ho;Kim, Kwang Man;Ko, Jang Myoun
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.33 no.12
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    • pp.3993-3997
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    • 2012
  • Three-dimensional porous nickel foam was used as a current collector to prepare a Co-Ni oxide/Ni foam electrode for a supercapacitor. The synthesized Co-Ni oxide was proven to consist of mixed oxide phases of $Co_3O_4$ and NiO. The Co-Ni oxide/Ni foam electrode prepared was characterized by morphological observation, crystalline property analysis, cyclic voltammetry, and impedance spectroscopy. Cyclic voltammetry for the electrode showed high specific capacitances, such as 936 F $g^{-1}$ at 5 mV $s^{-1}$ and 566 F $g^{-1}$ at 200 mV $s^{-1}$, and a comparatively good cycle performance. These improved results were mainly due to the dimensional stability of the nickel foam and its high electrical contact between the electrode material and the current collector substrate.

Facile Low-temperature Chemical Synthesis and Characterization of a Manganese Oxide/multi-walled Carbon Nanotube Composite for Supercapacitor Applications

  • Jang, Kihun;Lee, Sung-Won;Yu, Seongil;Salunkhe, Rahul R.;Chung, Ildoo;Choi, Sungmin;Ahn, Heejoon
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.35 no.10
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    • pp.2974-2978
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    • 2014
  • $Mn_3O_4$/multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) composites are prepared by chemically synthesizing $Mn_3O_4$ nanoparticles on a MWCNT film at room temperature. Structural and morphological characterization has been carried out using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning and transmission electron microscopies (SEM and TEM). These reveal that polycrystalline $Mn_3O_4$ nanoparticles, with sizes of about 10-20 nm, aggregate to form larger nanoparticles (50-200 nm), and the $Mn_3O_4$ nanoparticles are attached inhomogeneously on MWCNTs. The electrochemical behavior of the composites is analyzed by cyclic voltammetry experiment. The $Mn_3O_4$/MWCNT composite exhibits a specific capacitance of $257Fg^{-1}$ at a scan rate of $5mVs^{-1}$, which is about 3.5 times higher than that of the pure $Mn_3O_4$. Cycle-life tests show that the specific capacitance of the $Mn_3O_4$/MWCNT composite is stable up to 1000 cycles with about 85% capacitance retention, which is better than the pure $Mn_3O_4$ electrode. The improved supercapacitive performance of the $Mn_3O_4$/MWCNT composite electrode can be attributed to the synergistic effects of the $Mn_3O_4$ nanoparticles and the MWCNTs, which arises not only from the combination of pseudocapacitance from $Mn_3O_4$ nanoparticles and electric double layer capacitance from the MWCNTs but also from the increased surface area, pore volume and conducting property of the MWCNT network.