• Title, Summary, Keyword: TBARS Value

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Microbiological Changes and TBARS Values during Storage of Kochujang-Gulbi (고추장굴비의 저장성 향상에 관한 연구)

  • 신미진;강성국;김정목
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.1137.1-1141
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    • 2001
  • Kochujang-gulbi, a traditional food in Chonnam province of Korea, was prepared with kochujang and dried gulbi slices. The crude lipid contents of kochujang and gulbi in the product were 3.08% and 15.6% at 0 day, respectively. After 7 days, the lipid contents were changed to 8.15% and 9.72%. The moisture content and VBN of kochujang and gulbi in the product were reached to the equilibrium after 7 days. In the kochujang-gulbi product, the TBARS value in gulbi was reduced because the lipid from gulbi permeated into kochujang, while the value in kochujang was increased. To prevent the growth of microorganisms and lipid oxidation from the kochujang-gulbi, 0.5% (w/v) garlic extract, citron essential oil, or ethanol was added to the product. The garlic extract and ethanol were very effective to inhibit the growth of mold and yeast at 2$0^{\circ}C$. The products treated with the garlic extract and citron oil were shown significantly lower microbial number than control for 30 days storage. The addition of citron oil to kochujang-gulbi showed lower TBARS value than other treatment.

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Relationship of Specific Microbial Growth and TBARS Value in Radiation-Sterilized Raw Ground Pork

  • Kim, Jae-Kyung;Jo, Cheo-Run;Kim, Hyun-Joo;Lee, Kyong-Haeng;Kim, Yeung-Ji;Byun, Myung-Woo
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.312-316
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    • 2004
  • Sterilized raw ground pork was inoculated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) and Lactobacillus casei (LC) to investigate the relationship between microbial growth and 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) values. The analyses including microbial growth, pH, and TBARS values were performed during 3 weeks of storage at room temperature $(20^{\circ}C)$. The radiation-sterilized control sample did not show any microbial growth, but the samples inoculated at different levels (diluted twice vs non-diluted) exhibited differences until 1 week. However, the difference disappeared at weeks 2 and 3. The pH of raw ground pork inoculated with PA increased, but that of LC decreased. The pH of non-inoculated samples increased slightly after storage. The TBARS values in non-inoculated and LC inoculated with pork increased, but TBARS remained unchanged in samples inoculated with PA after 1 week. Results indicated that the microbial growth level and strains can influence the TBARS value of raw ground pork. Thus, it is important to use samples exposed to the same microbial conditions to compare the oxidation of lipids in meat samples.

Effects of Dietary Peroxidizability Index Values on Hepatic TBARS and Antioxidant Enzyme Activity in 7,12-dimethylbenz[$\alpha$]anthracene-treated Rats

  • Kang Min Jeong;Shin Myoung Suk;Park Tung Nan;Lee Sang Sun
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.14-19
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    • 2006
  • Breast cancer may be the consequence of free radical damage, which is partially caused by the excessive intake of dietary fat and imbalances in antioxidant scavenger system;. In this experiment, we examined! the effects of dietary peroxidizability index (PI) values on hepatic thiobmbituric acid reaction substances (TBARS) and antioxidant enzyme activities in rats treated with 7,12-dimethylbenz[$\alpha$]anthracene (DMBA). Female Sprague-Dawley rats were used and 7,12-DMBA (20 mg/kg body weight) was gastrically intubated at seven weeks of age in order to induce mammary tumors (MT). The levels of dietary PI were 36, 81, 126 and 217 (LPI, MLPI, MHPI and HPI), while dietary polyunsaturated/saturated fatty acids ratio was maintained at the same level (1.0). Fat used in the experiment was mixed with soybean oil, com oil, palm oil, perilla oil, sesame oil, fish oil, and beef tallow. Experimental diets were given for the following 20 weeks. We measured tumor numbers and weights, and then assayed the hepatic TBARS levels and antioxidant enzyme activities such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and glutathione reductase (GR). The incidence of Mr was the lowest in the MHPI group. The hepatic TBARS level was significantly raised with increasing dietary PI value. The hepatic SOD and GR activities were differed significantly by dietary PI value. The hepatic SOD activity was negatively correlated with dietary PI value and GR activity was the highest in the rats fed the MHPI diet. When the dietary P/S ratio is kept at 1.0, adequate dietary PI value (PI value of 126) may reduce the incidence and growth of Mr, but this benefit may be lost with higher dietary PI value. These results suggest that the awareness of dietary PI values may help to decrease breast cancer incidence and growth.

Effects of vacuum and high-oxygen modified atmosphere packaging on physico-chemical and microbiological properties of minced water buffalo meat

  • Jaberi, Rahimeh;Kaban, Guzin;Kaya, Mukerrem
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.421-429
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    • 2019
  • Objective: In this study, the effects of vacuum (VP) and high-oxygen modified atmosphere ($80%\;O_2+20%\;CO_2$) packaging (HiOx-MAP) on physico-chemical and microbiological properties of minced water buffalo meat were investigated. Methods: After minced meat preparation, samples were packaged under VP and HiOx-MAP and stored at $2^{\circ}C{\pm}0.5^{\circ}C$ for 14 days. Samples taken on certain days were subjected to total aerobic mesophilic bacteria, total aerobic psychrotrophic bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, Pseudomonas, Enterobacteriaceae and yeast-mold counts as well as pH, color ($L^*$, $a^*$, and $b^*$) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) analyses. Results: In minced water buffalo meat packaged under HiOx-MAP, TBARS value exceeded 1 mg malondialdehyde/kg on the 4th day of the storage. In VP samples, TBARS value remained close to initial TBARS value during storage. According to the findings, $a^*$ value was determined to be high in the HiOx-MAP samples within initial days of the storage. However, no significant changes in $a^*$ value were observed in VP samples during storage. In contrast, the mean value of $L^*$ was detected as higher in HiOx-MAP sample than VP samples. The count of psychrotrophic bacteria increased more than that of mesophilic bacteria during storage. The growth of Enterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonas was delayed in both the packaging methods. However, lactic acid bacteria exhibited more growth in VP samples compared to MAP samples. Conclusion: The lipid oxidation proceeded faster than expected in minced water buffalo meat packed with HiOx-MAP method. This situation adversely affected the $a^*$ value. On the other hand, similar microbiological results were obtained in both packing methods.

Effects of CLA-vegetable Oils and CLA-lard on TBARS, Color and Fatty Acid Composition of Emusion-type Sausage (식물성유와 동물성유 CLA가 유화형 Sausage의 지방산패도, 육색 및 지방산 조성의 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • 박구부;문성실;이정일;하영래;주선태
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.71-79
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    • 2001
  • Emulsion-type sausages were manufactured to investigate the effects of CLA-vegetable oils and CLA-lard on quality of emulsion-type sausage. Each treatments replaced pork back fat with CLA-sesame oil (CLA-SO), CLA-lard (CLA-LD) and CLA-safflower seed oil (CLA-SSO) were stored during 1, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days at 4$^{\circ}C$. The changes in physico-chemical properties, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances(TBARS) and fatty acid composition of each treatments were measured during 1, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days at 4$^{\circ}C$. The pH values of all treatments significantly(p<0.05) decreased as storage time increased. Sausage products containing CLA-vegetable oils showed higher pH value than that of CLA-lard among the treatments. Color a*-value of CLA-SSO was higher than that of other treatments. During storage, TBARS values of treatments were significantly (p<0.05) increased, sausage products containing CLA-vegetable oils showed lower (p<0.05) TBARS value than CLA-lard, and TBARS of sausage products containing CLA-SSO was the lowest. This result indicated that CLA concentration in emulsion-type sausage did affect the lipid oxidation stability. Fatty acids composition was changed by addition of CLA-vegetable oils and CLA-lard. All kinds of fatty acids content decreased whereas CLA content extremely increased by replacement of CLA-vegetable oils and CLA-lard. The level of CLA content in CLA-vegetable oils was higher than CLA-lard. It may be concluded that emulsion-type sausage could be manufactured using CLA-vegetable oils as a pork fat substitutor without any negative effects on general components or physico-chemical properties.

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Antioxidative Effects of Several Compositae Plants (수 종의 국화과 식물의 항산화 쵸과)

  • 천상욱;김영민;한승관;최성규
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.14-19
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    • 2004
  • Aerial parts of Compositae plants were harvested from pastures and crop fields of Sunchon area at vegetative stage to determine their antioxidant activity. Among 13 species, three species Taraxacum officinate, Breea segeta, and Artemisia princeps were selected as potent plant materials. Through measurement by Rancimat and TBARS method, antioxidative effect was the greatest in Taraxacum officinate among plant species. Antioxidative index (AI) investigated by Rancimat showed Siegesbeckia glabrescensi was 1.51 while commonly-used antioxidants, BHT and ascorbic acid were 3.86 and 2.43, respectively. The highest TBARS value was also obtained from Taraxacum officinate(0.18) at 4 weeks after storage, indicating the plant had the strongest antioxidant activity during long time. Even though TBARS value (0.18) in Taraxacum officinate sample showed lower in all plants than two synthetic antioxidants(0.05-0.09), antioxidant activities of the plants were much higher than that of a control (1.01). The results suggest that the plants have antioxidant potential as an alternative natural antioxidant based on natural plant resources.

Effects of Dietary Supplementation of Mulberry Leaves and Dandelion Extracts on Storage of Chicken Meat (뽕잎과 민들레 추출물을 급여한 계육의 저장성에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Chang-Il;Kim, Young-Jik
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.313-321
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of mulberry leaves and dandelion extracts on pH, meat color, TBARS (thiobarbituric acid reactive substance), and VBN (volatile basic nitrogen). Two hundred broiler chickens were fed diets for five weeks containing 1% mulberry leaves extracts (T1), 2% mulberry leaves extracts (T2), 1% dandelion extracts (T3), and 2% dandelion extracts (T4). At the end of five weeks feeding experiment, broilers were slaughtered, and stored at $4^{\circ}C$ for five weeks. As storage time increased, the presence of mulberry leaves and dandelion extracts resulted in decreased pH, and $L^*$ and increased TBARS, VBN, and $a^*$ value in all treatment groups (P<0.05). The pH value, TBARS, and VBN were significantly decreased by the supplementation of mulberry leaves and dandelion extracts relative to the control (P<0.05). Therefore, mulberry leaves and dandelion extracts had the possibility to improve shelf life of chicken meat. Especially, T4 was significantly more effective in delay lipid oxidation compared to the control group. However, no significantly difference was found in pH, TBARS, and VBN among mulberry leaves and dandelion extracts treatment groups. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that compared to control group, supplementation of mulberry leaves and dandelion extracts were effective in decreasing pH, TBARS, and VBN and increasing $a^*$ value.

Determination of the Effect of Different Ground Mustard Seeds on Quality Characteristics of Meatballs

  • Caglar, Muhammed Yusuf;Gok, Veli;Tomar, Oktay;Akarca, Gokhan
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.530-543
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    • 2018
  • This study investigated the effect of yellow, black, and brown mustard seeds on color, lipid oxidation (thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances [TBARS]), and microbiological and sensory qualities of meatballs during storage. Heat treatment of mustard seeds affected the TBARS value of meatball samples (p<0.0001). The addition of mustard seeds decreased TBARS value of meatball samples (p<0.0001). Heat treatment of mustard seeds decreased the $L^*$, $a^*$ and $b^*$ values of meatball samples (p<0.0001). The meatball samples with mustard seeds increased $b^*$ value of meatball samples however it decreased $a^*$ value of meatball samples (p<0.0001). The addition of mustard seeds decreased aerobic mesophilic bacteria count (p<0.0001), Enterobacteriaceae count (p<0.0001), psychrophilic bacteria count (p<0.0001) and yeast and mold count of meatball samples (p<0.0001). On a given storage day, the yellow mustard added meatballs sample was given higher color, appearance, flavor, acceptability ratings than those added black and brown mustard. Regarding sensory and microbiological properties, mustard seed contributed to microbiological quality and sensorial properties of meatball samples.

Changes of TBARS, VBN and Pathogens on Vacuum Packed Pork during Storage after Aging with Korean Traditional Sauces

  • Moon, Sung-Sil;Jin, Sang-Keun;Kim, Il-Suk;Park, Ki-Hoon;Hah, Kyung-Hee
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.322-330
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    • 2006
  • Sixteen semimembranous muscles were removed from sixteen left pig carcasses. They were cut into $7{\times}10{\times}2cm$ pieces and mixed randomly. Samples were assigned to four treatments: (T1) soy-based sauce; (T2) Kimchi-based sauce; (T3) pickled shrimp-based sauce; and (T4) onion-based sauce. Each sample was aged in a plastic box at $1^{\circ}C$ for 10 days, then vacuum packed and held at $1^{\circ}C$ for 28 days. The lightness and redness values of the aged pork were, in most cases, significantly increased on the surface and in the interior (p<0.05) by day 28 for all treatments, relative to day 1. The thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) value significantly (p<0.05) increased for T1 and T4 from day 1 until day 14, but decreased after 14 days of storage (p<0.05). The TBARS value for T3 decreased with storage time (p<0.05), although there was no difference between 14 and 28 days. The total volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) content increased significantly with storage time (p<0.05) for all treatments, with the exception of T2. Total plate counts (TPC) increased significantly (p<0.05) with increasing storage time for all treatments. On day 1, T2 had the highest TPC value (p<0.05), while T4 was lowest (p<0.05). On 28 day, T2 had the lowest TPC value (p<0.05), while T3 was highest (p<0.05). E. coli levels showed a significant (p<0.05) decrease with increased storage for T1, T2 and T4. These results indicate that T2 was move effective at inhibiting the growth of E. coli than the other pork samples. The levels of Lactobacillus spp. increased with storage time for all samples. These results suggest that traditional Korean ingredients could be utilized to extend the shelf-life of aged pork during storage.

Changes in Quality of Pork Patty Containing Red Wine During Cold Storage (Red wine을 첨가한 돈육 patty의 냉장 중 품질변화)

  • Youn, Dong-Hwa;Moon, Yoon-Hee;Jung, In-Chul
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.91-96
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    • 2007
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of addition of red wine on the water holding capacity, surface color, pH, TBARS value, VBN content and total bacterial counts of pork patties during cold storage. Pork patties were prepared by four type such as pork patty without red wine (control), pork paoy containing red wine 1% (RW-1), pork patty containing red wine 3% (RW-3) and pork patty containing red wine 5% (RW-5). The water holding capacity was increased significantly during cold storage, but was not influenced by addition of red wine (p<0.05). The $L^*$ (lightness), $a^*$ (redness) and $b^*$ (yellowness) value was low by addition of red wine, was decreased during cold storage (p<0.05). The pH of pork patties were tend to increased with increase in cold storage period, the pH of RW-3 and RW-5 were significantly lower compared to control and RW-1 (p<0.05). The TBARS value of pork patties were tend to increased with increase in cold storage period, by increasing the amount of addition of red wine, the TBARS value were tend to decreased (p<0.05). The VBN content and total bacterial counts of pork patties were tend to increased with increase in cold storage period, and by increasing the amount of addition of red wine, the VBN content and total bacterial counts were tend to decreased during cold storage.