• Title/Summary/Keyword: Tong's acupuncture

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A Philological study on the clinical application of Tong's acupuncture by the principle of mutual communication between organ and bowel. (장부상통의 원리를 이용한 동씨기혈(董氏奇穴)의 임상활용에 관한 문헌고찰(文獻考察))

  • Jeong, Neon-Sik;Yim, Yun-Kyoung
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.199-209
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    • 2005
  • Objectives & Methods : This study aims to investigate the application of the principle of the mutual communication between organ and bowel(臟腑相通) on Tong's acupuncture. We classified the frequently used Tong's acupuncture points according to the principle of the mutual communication between organ and bowel. Results & Conclusions : Considering the locations and indications of the most frequently used points among the 740 master Tong's acupuncture points, we could reach the following conclusions; 1. The chief virtues of 66 master Tong's acupuncture points could be explained by the principle of mutual communication between organ and bowel. 2. Among the relationships of mutual communication between organ and bowel, the most frequently applied relationship was relationship which applied to 16 master Tong's acupuncture points, and the , , , , and followed. 3. Considering the body regions, 13 out of 66 master Tong's acupuncture points which the relationship of mutual communication between organ and bowel was applied to, were located at the 1-1 region, and the same number at the U region, the others were at the 7-7, 3-3, 2-2, 4-4, 10-10, 6-6, 5-5 regions in the order of the number of the points, and none at the 9-9 region.

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Effects of Added Tong's Acupuncture on NIB Stroke Scale and MBI in Stroke Patients (동씨침(董氏鍼)을 가미(加味)한 치료(治療)가 중풍환자(中風患者)의 NIH Stroke Scale과 MBI상의 기능 회복에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Tai-sung;Son, In-seok;Kim, Cheol-hong;Seo, Jung-chul;Youn, Hyoun-min;Jang, Kyung-jeon;Song, Choon-ho;Abn, Chang-beohm
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.35-45
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    • 2002
  • Objective : The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of tong's acupuncture on recovery of motor disorders in stroke patients. Methods : Twenty two patients with poststroke-hemiplegia were randomized into two groups. Ten patients(test group) treated by 2 methods-tong's acupuncture and body acupuncture. The other twelve patients(control group) treated only by body acupuncture. The activity of daily living was measured with a National Institutes of Health stroke scale(NlHSS) and Modified Barthel Index(MBI). The therapy was performed one a day for 2 weeks. Results: In terms of score of NIHSS. the test group showed statistically meaningful decrease after 2 week treatment. but the control group showed statistically meaningful decrease after I week(p<0.05). And in terms of score of MBI. the test group showed statistically meaningful increase after 2 week treatment. but the control group showed statistically meaningful increase after I week(p<0.05). There was no statistically meaningful difference after 1 and 2 week treatment between the groups. Conclusions: These results support that test group has almost same effectness compared with control group in improvement of the activity of daily living of poststroke-hemiplegic patients.

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The Exchange of Acupuncture&Moxibustion in the 18th Century between Korea and Japan -Based of the Joseon TongShinSa (Emissary)'s Record of Catechism on Medicine- (18세기 한일 침구학의 교류 - 조선통신사 의학문답기록을 중심으로 -)

  • Oh, Jun-Ho;Cha, Wung-Seok
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2006
  • Objectives: The subject of this research is the catechism on medicine between the doctors of Joseon and Japan in the 18th century through Choson Delegation(朝鮮通信使 ). Methods: The author intended to review and analyze the contents of catechism related to Acupuncture and Moxibustion and determined the characteristics of Joseon and Japan ?s Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Results: At the time, Japanese doctors had a grasp on most theories of Acupuncture and Moxibustion and were very specialized clinically. They usually used filiform needles with various techniques, and already they had many different schools in practice. However, they wanted to know if their Acupuncture and Moxibustion skills were up to the international standard, especially to Joseon, whom they regarded as a country advanced in Acupuncture and Moxibustion. They wanted to com- pare and contrast their Acupuncture and Moxibustion with Joseon's. 18th century Joseon was high time for Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Various tools were used in surgery, and varieties of needles were used to stimulate acupuncture points. The development of tools evinces the precision of Joseon's Acupuncture and Moxibustion at the time. Also, comprehensive works such as DongUiBoGam(東醫寶鑑) and UiHaklpMun( 醫學入門) greatly influenced Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Because of this impact, it can be deduced that Acupuncture and Moxibustion emphasizing Jang(臟) and Bu(腑) organs and Internal Injury developed greatly. In addition, acupuncturist Holm(許任)'s fame continued from the 17th century into the 18th century, and his medical practice left a huge mark on not only Joseon but other eastern Asian countries as well. Conclusions: We found out the evidences that there were a lot of exchanges of acupuncture and moxibustion between Korea and Japan based of the Joseon TongShinSa (Emissary)'s record of catechism on medicine in the 18th century.

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The Bibliogrphical Study on the Allergic Rhinitis (알레르기性 鼻炎에 對한 文獻的 考察)

  • Kim, Hyun-Ah;Jung, Ji-Chun
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.53-84
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    • 1994
  • The study has been carried out to investigate of the Allergic Rhinitis by referring to 87 literatures. The results were as follows; 1. In oriental medical science, Allergic Rhinitis is belong to the category of the 'BiGu'(鼻구) 'GuChe'(구체). The 'Gu'(구) of the BiGu means watery rhinorrhea, the 'Che'(체) of the GuChe means sneezing. 2. The cause of a disease summarize the weak of Lung, Spleen and Kidney, and invasion into the nasal cavity of PoongHan etc a wrong air. Sometimes the pathologial change appear PoongHan changeHwa(風寒化火), HwaYeol is hidden in the inside(火熱內伏). The contributing factors are found a season(spring, winter), an abnormal weather(運氣 : 少陰 少陽 陽明 司天, 歲金不及), an emotional stress, an external wound of the harmful air, a food allergens and fatigue, a contact of substances, a sunlight etc. 3. Predominant symptoms are watery rhinorrhea, sneezing and nasal obstruction. Sometimes accompanic symptoms are nasal bleeding, mucopurulent rhinorrhea, olfactory disturbance, nasal polyp, rhinolalia clausa, respiratory disfunction etc. 4. The treatment-methodes is as follows, OnBoPaeJang GeoPoongSanHan(溫補肺臟 祛風散寒), GeonBilkGi(健脾益氣), BoSinNabGi (補腎納氣). The treatmentherbs is as follows, OnBoJiLuDan GaGam(溫補止流丹 加減), OkByeongPoongSan plus ChangIJaSan GaGam(玉屛風散合 蒼耳子散 加減), BoJungIkGiTang GaGam plus SoCheongLyongTang(補中益氣湯加減 配合 小靑龍湯), SinGiHwan GaGam(腎氣丸加減), GaeJiTang(桂枝湯) etc. 5. The external treatment is as follows, JeokBi(滴鼻), ChuiBi(吹鼻), SaekBi(塞鼻), stick and herbs-injection on the acupuncture-point, pressure ear acupuncture-point, herbs-pillow etc. 6. The acupuncture-moxa treatment is as follows, the methodes of cure apply TongJoGyeongGi(通調經氣), SanTongBiGui(宣通鼻竅) etc. Predominent acupuncture-points are YoungHyang(迎香), InDang(印堂), BiTong(鼻通), SangSeong(上星), HabGok(合谷) and so on. As mentioned above, from now on, it's need to the oriental medical scientific study of the Immunity and Allergy and to the external treatment's application for the ascent of the treatment-effect of the allergic disease.

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The Study on The ischemic heart disease Explained In Nei-jing(內經) (내경(${\ll}$內經(${\gg}$)에 나타난 허혈성 심질환에 대한 연구)

  • Hong, Tian-Biao;Lee, Won-Chul
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.144-156
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    • 1998
  • This study has been carried out to investigate the cause, pathological mechanism and treatment of symptoms regarded as the ischemic heart disease in Nei-jing(內經). I've got the following conclusions. 1. From the side of xing-bi(胸痺), the ischemic heart disease(IHD) was caused by that the energy in one's heart wasn't extended in the way of Yin-xie(飮邪), namely waste matter of human body and symptoms and treatment wern't written. 2. From the side of xin-bi (心痺), HID was catched by the mechanisms that the blood vessel is blocked. or the heart's blood was deficient owing to the mutation of mo-bi(脈痺), the lack of yang-ming(陽明) and excessive thoughts and worry and others. The symptoms were feeling oppressed in one's brest, palpitating, sudden dyspnea, the dryness of thorat, frequent belching and the fear by the inverse flow of the energy(氣). The treatment was that the yin(陰) was cured immediately, but the yang(陽) mustn't be attacked. 3. From the side of xing-tong(心痛), IHD was suffered from by mechanisms that following the han-sa(寒邪), namely the cold makes a invasion on humanbody, the vessel was blocked, spasm, filled and the amount of blood flow was poor, or caused by injury of vessel, the inverse flow and the disease of shi-dong(是動病) of shou-shao-xin-jing(手少陰心經) and so on. The pain was cramped into the upper and lower back or lower abdomen or throat and accompanied with nausea, abdominal dropsy, constipation, the impending of breathing and so on. The cure was mainly that acupuncture was applied at the jin-su(筋縮) region or meridian in relation to symptoms, but if the pain were severe, acupuncture mustn't be applied. The prog nosis was worse. 4. From the side of xing-tonge(心痛), IHD was divided into zhen-xing-tong(眞心痛) and jue-xing-tong(厥心痛), but pi-xiog-tong(脾心痛) and wei-xing-tong(胃心痛) out of jue-xing-tong(厥心痛) also included the symptoms of the digestive disease.

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A Short Reveiw on the Acupoints Used in Cocaine Studies (코카인 연구에 사용된 경혈에 대한 소고(小考))

  • Lee, Bong Hyo;Lim, Sung Chul;Kim, Jae Soo;Lee, Yun Kyu;Lee, Hyun Jong;Jung, Tae Young;Lee, Sang Nam
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.145-150
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : The aim of this study is to review the acupoints used in cocaine studies and interpret the effectiveness in an aspect of meridian theory of Korean medicine. Methods : Authors searched 50 articles in PubMed, 16 in KISS, 9 in OASIS, 40 in NDSL, and 19 in DBPIA, with the keyword of 'cocaine' or 'acupuncture'. The articles written in English only were included. The articles related with cocaine(abuse, dependence, sensitization, intake, withdrawal sign, withdrawal syndrome, reinstatement, seeking) only were subjected. The articles which used manual- or electro-acupuncture were included, and auricular was excluded. Results : The most frequently used acupoint was HT7, while LI4, LU9, ST36, and SP6 were used once respectively. HT7 could be understood to be used from the meaning of the name as well as the theory that Heart Meridian is deeply related with the brain function. LU9 seems to be used to enhance the effect of HT7. LI4 is thought to control reverting yin that flows toward the top of head following the theory of Jang Bu Sang Tong. ST36 appears to be used because it could regulate stress reaction that reverting yin is associated with. SP6 seems to have effect on brain function due to its ability to control spiritual disorder. Conclusions : The acupoints used in the cocaine studies are thought to influence the brain function through diverse mechanism, and Jang Bu Sang Tong theory seems to be involved in the mechanism, at least in part.

Serotonin Transporter Gene Polymorphism in Korean Stroke Patients-277 Case Control Study (한국인 중풍 환자의 Serotonin Transporter 유전자다형성-환자 대조군 연구 277례)

  • Seo, Jung-Chul;Kim, Jong-In;Kim, Youn-Mi;Nam, Tong-Hyun;Baek, Yong-Hyeon;Choe, Bong-Keun;Kim, Youn-Jung;Kim, Chang-Ju;Chung, Joo-Ho;Yin, Chang-Sik;Kim, Ee-Hwa;Han, Sang-Won;Koh, Hyung-Kyun;Kim, Chang-Hwan
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.111-117
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    • 2002
  • 목적 : 본 연구는 serotonin transporter (5-HTT) 유전자다형성이 중풍의 발병과 관련이 있는지 알아보기 위해 수행하였다. 대상 : 경희의료원 한방병원에 입원한 중풍환자 139명과 각 병원 중풍 기왕력이 없는 건강인 138명을 대상으로 하였다. 방법 : 각 그룹에서 개개인마다 DNA를 분리 정제한 후 Taq polymerase로 증폭하여 한천 겔에서 전기영동을 하여 잘려진 DNA fragment의 양상을 관찰하였다. 결과 : L/L, L/S, S/S의 세가지 유전자형이 검출되었으며 중풍군과 대조군 사이에 유의성 있는 차이는 발견되지 않았다. 개별 allele 빈도에 있어 중풍군과 건강인 사이에는 통계적인 유의성이 나타나지 않았다. 결론 : 이상의 결과를 통하여 5-HTT 유전자다형성은 중풍의 발병과는 직접적인 관련이 없는 것으로 사려되며 더 많은 환자를 대상으로 다른 환경요인 또는 유전자와 연관성에 대한 심도깊은 연구가 필요하다고 하겠다.

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A Case Report : Remission of Spasmodic Torticollis Confirmed with Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Rating Scale (TWSTRS) And Tsui Score for Outcome Measure (사경증 평가도구를 통해 관해를 확인한 경련성 사경증 환자 1례)

  • Nam, Tong-Hyun
    • The Journal of the Society of Korean Medicine Diagnostics
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.101-110
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    • 2010
  • Objective : A case of idiopathic spasmodic torticollis rapidly improved after Oriental Medical treatments and supplementary trigger point injection is reported. Methods & Results : The oriental medical treatment for spasmodic torticollis including acupuncture, bee-venum therapy, herb medication, taping therapy, chuna therapy and physical therapy was performed for pain alleviation, and trigger point steroid injections were also performed. The Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Rating Scale (TWSTRS) and the Tsui Score were used for outcome measure of the spasmodic torticollis. After treatment for 15 days, the TWSTRS showed a decrease from 56 to 22.3 and the Tsui score also decreased from 13 to 5. Conclusions : We concluded that the oriental medical treatment including acupuncture, bee-venum therapy and taping therapy rapidly induced spasmodic torticollis to remission.

Effects of Achyranthis Radix Herbal-Acupuncture on Adjuvant Athritis in Rats (우슬약침(牛膝藥鍼)이 Rat의 Adjuvant 관절염(關節炎)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Chang, Tong-Young;Park, Hee-Soo
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.93-109
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    • 1999
  • To investigate effects of Achyranthis Radix herbal-acupuncture on adjuvant arthritis in rats, the edema rate, the number of WBC, the quantity of total protein, albumin and globuline in the blood serum and histological test of the muscular tissue were measured in the arthritis part. 1. After elicitating arthritis of Sprague dawley(SD) rats by injection of Freund's complete adjuvant for 2 weeks, normal saline was injected for the Exp. I group and Achyranthis Radix herbal-acupuncture was injected for the Exp. II group during 30days. Selected point was $D\acute{u}b\acute{i}(ST_{35})$ in both the groups. And then the volume of the paw were checked. The volume of the paw was $0.84{\pm}0.14mm$ in the Exp. I group and $0.47{\pm}0.11mm$ in the Exp.II group, the swelling of the paw was restricted significantly in the Exp. II group(p<0.05). 2. The number of WBC was $10.34{\pm}0.14(10^3/ml)$ in the normal group and $37.47{\pm}5.46(10^3/ml)$ in the Exp. I group. It was $21.24{\pm}2.58(10^3/ml)$ in the Exp. II group. This fact showed that the group Exp. II with Achyranthis Radix herbal-acupuncture was more effective than the Exp. II group in the treatment of arthritis(p<0.05). 3. The content of the total protein in the blood serum was $6.14{\pm}0.43g/dl$ in the normal group, $7.95{\pm}0.94g/dl$ in the Exp. I group, and $6.41{\pm}0.68g/dl$ in the Exp. II group. There was no significance in total protein between the Exp. II group and the Exp. I group from the statistical analysis. 4. The content of albumin in the blood serum was $2.94{\pm}0.13g/dl$ in the normal group, $2.01{\pm}0.48g/dl$ in Chang Tong-young the Exp. I group and $3.15{\pm}0.27g/dl$ in the Exp. II group. This fact showed that the Exp. II group had significant increase in the serum albumin from the statistical analysis compared with the Exp. I group. 5. The content of the globulin in the blood serum was $3.19{\pm}0.48g/dl$ in the normal group, $4.70{\pm}1.26g/dl$ in the Exp. I group and $3.26{\pm}0.57g/dl$ in the Exp. II group. There was no significance in the serum globulin between the Exp. II group and Exp. I group from the statistical analysis. 6. In histological finding, because of severe inflammatory reaction, remarkably irregular tissue and large amount of inflammatory cells were found in the Exp. I group. But the Exp. II group showed small amount of inflammatory cells, the refrained inflammatory state and even recovering state.

Clinical Study of Oriental-Western Collaborative Medical Treatment 1 Case of Patient with Glossopharyngeal Neuralgia (Glossopharyngeal neuralgia(설인신경통(舌咽神經痛)) 환자(患者) 1례(例)에 대한 임상적(臨床的) 고찰(考察))

  • Park, Chun-Ha;Cho, Myung-Rae;Yoon, Yeo-Choong;Leu, Choong-Ryul
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.180-187
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    • 2000
  • By process of treatment for a case which diagnosed as glossopharyngeal neuralgia and admitted from the 4th, August, 2000 to the 1st, September, 2000, the results are as follows. Method & Resuits : This patient was diagnosed as Flaring up of Heart-fire(心火上炎), medicated Gamichengsimyeonja-eum(JiaWeiQingXinLianZi-Yin) and acupunture therapy was taken on proximal acupoints of right throat and parotid and distal acupoints inciuding Yuji(L10, 魚際), Taixi(K6,太谿), Zhaohai(K3, 照海), Hegu(LI4, 合谷) and Taichong(Liv3, 太衝). And negative therapy was taken on some pressure points of Jianzhongshu(SI15, 肩中兪) Jianjing(G21, 肩井) and Futu(LI18, 扶突). As a result, the patient's paroxysmal megalgia was improved. Conclusion : I consider that idiopathic pain diseases including glossopharyngeal neuralgia can improved by Oriental-Western collaborative medical treatment and continuous research must be accumulated subsequently.

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