• Title/Summary/Keyword: Track coordinate system

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A Study on the Dynamic Analysis of Railway Vehicle by Using Track Coordinate System (트랙좌표계를 이용한 철도차량의 동역학 해석에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Juseok
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.122-130
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    • 2013
  • Rail geometries such as cant, grade and curvature can be easily represented by means of a track coordinate system. In this analysis, in order to derive a dynamic and constraint equation of a wheelset, the track coordinate system is used as an intermediate stage. Dynamic and constraint equations of railway vehicle bodies except the wheelset are written in the Cartesian coordinate system as a conventional method. Therefore, whole dynamic equations of a railway vehicle are derived by combining wheelset dynamic equations and dynamic equations of railway vehicle bodies. Constraint equations and constraint Jacobians are newly derived for the track coordinate system. A process for numerical analysis is suggested for the derived dynamic and constraint equations of a railway vehicle. The proposed dynamic analysis of a railway vehicle is validated by comparison against results obtained from VI-RAIL analysis.

KOMPSAT EOC Grid Reference System

  • Kim, Youn-Soo;Kim, Yong-Seung;Benton, William
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.349-354
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    • 1998
  • The grid reference system (GRS) has been useful for identifying the geographical location of satellite images. In this study we derive a GRS for the KOMPSAT Electro-Optical Camera (EOC) images. The derivation substantially follows the way that SPOT defines for its GRS, but incorporates the KOMPSAT orbital characteristics. The KOMPSAT EOC GRS (KEGRS) is designed to be a (K,J) coordinate system. The K coordinate parallel to the KOMPSAT ground track denotes the relative longitudinal position and the J coordinate represents the relative latitudinal position. The numbering of K begins with the prime meridian of K=1 with K increasing eastward, and the numbering of J uses a fixed value of J=500 at all center points on the equator with J increasing northward. The lateral and vertical intervals of grids are determined to be 12.5 km about at the 38$^{\circ}$ latitude to allow some margins for the value-added processing. The above design factors are being implemented in a satellite programming module of the KOMPSAT Receiving and Processing System (KRPS) to facilitate the EOC data collection planning over the Korean peninsula.

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Golf Green Slope Estimation Using a Cross Laser Structured Light System and an Accelerometer

  • Pham, Duy Duong;Dang, Quoc Khanh;Suh, Young Soo
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.508-518
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    • 2016
  • In this paper, we propose a method combining an accelerometer with a cross structured light system to estimate the golf green slope. The cross-line laser provides two laser planes whose functions are computed with respect to the camera coordinate frame using a least square optimization. By capturing the projections of the cross-line laser on the golf slope in a static pose using a camera, two 3D curves’ functions are approximated as high order polynomials corresponding to the camera coordinate frame. Curves’ functions are then expressed in the world coordinate frame utilizing a rotation matrix that is estimated based on the accelerometer’s output. The curves provide some important information of the green such as the height and the slope’s angle. The curves estimation accuracy is verified via some experiments which use OptiTrack camera system as a ground-truth reference.

Development of Ship Route Track System Based on Digital Sea Chart with the Capability of Precise Coordinate Analysis of GPS

  • Kang, In-Joon;Kang, Ho-Yun;Chang, Yong-Ku;Mun, Do-Yeoul
    • Korean Journal of Geomatics
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.7-14
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    • 2003
  • For GIS to land and sea in Korea, GIS on land was almost completed with big cities by NGIS(National Geographic Information System) business. However, MGIS(Marine Geographic Information System) being constructed by the National Oceanographic Research Institute is still constructing geography information and definition of attribute information and real condition. We are being studied on research to get maximized the ripple effect linking GPS and Navigation techniques on GIS. GPS in accuracy is divided into navigation and precise surveying equipment. Now, GPS technology has been developed very much and low price GPS equipments are introducing. But expense on GPS equipment is high yet. Therefore, GPS equipment for navigation is used on cheap GPS equipment in a car or ship. In this paper, the author used algorithm to convert ellipsoid coordinate between WGS84 and Bessel ellipsoid and to analyze map projection between BESSEL ellipsoid and UTM plane coordinate system. And the author developed ship navigation system with cheap GPS equipment using algorithm of ellipsoid conversion and map projection. The author proposed the necessity on constructing MGIS to manage many ships.

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Computational Analysis of Three-Dimensional Turbulent Flow Around Magnetically Levitated Train Configurations in Elevated Track Proximity (고가궤도에 근접한 자기부상열차 형상 주위의 3차원 난류유동에 대한 수치해석)

  • Maeng, J.S.;Yang, S.Y.
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.9-25
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    • 1994
  • In the present study, the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations, together with the equations of the $k-{\varepsilon}$ model of turbulence, were solved numerically in a general body-fitted coordinate system for three-dimensional turbulent flows around the six basic shapes of the magnetically levitated train(MAGLEV). The numerical computations were conducted on the MAGLEV model configurations to provide information on shapes of this type very near the elevated track at a constant Reynolds number of $1.48{\times}10^{6}$ based on the body length. The coordinate system was generated by numerically solving a set of Poisson equations. The convective transport equations were discretized using the finite-analytic scheme which employed analytic solutions of the locally-linearized equations. A time marching algorithm was employed to enable future extensions to be made to handle unsteady and fully-elliptic problems. The pressure-velocity coupling was treated with the SIMPLER-algorithm. Of particular interests were wall effect by the elevated track on the aerodynamic forces and flow characteristics of the six models calculated. The results indicated that the half-circle configuration with extended sides and with smooth curvature of sides was desirable because of the low aerodynamic forces and pitching moment. And it was found that the separation bubble was occured at wake region in near the elevated track.

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Physical property control for a batch polymerization reactor

  • Kim, In-Sun;Ahn, Sung-Mo;Rhee, Hyun-Ku
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.263-266
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    • 1996
  • A method to determine an optimal temperature trajectory that guarantees polymer products having controlled molecular weight distribution and desired values of molecular weight is presented. The coordinate transformation method and the optimal control theory are applied to a batch PMMA polymerization system to calculate the optimal temperature trajectory. Coordinate transformation method converts the original fixed-end-point, free-end-time problem to a free-end-point, fixed-end-time problem. The idea is that by making the reactor temperature track the optimal temperature trajectory one may be able to produce polymer products having the prespecified physical property in a minimum time. The on-line control experiments with the PID control algorithm have been conducted to establish the validity of the scheme proposed in this study. The experimental results show that prespecified polymer product could be obtained with tracking the calculated optimal temperature trajectory.

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A Study on Performance Analysis of Articulated Robot System for Smart Factory Based on Monitoring Simulator

  • Kim, Hee Jin;Kim, Dong-ho;Jung, Kum-jun;Han, Sung-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
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    • v.23 no.6_1
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    • pp.889-896
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    • 2020
  • We describe a new approach to the analyze the control performance of robotic manipulator based on the monitoring system. The structure of monitoring simulator is consist of seven modes such as control state mode, coordinate mode, input/output mode, program mode, parameters mode, and track mode. The applied control algorithme consists of an time varying feed-forward and feedback controller. The proposed scheme is simple in structure, fast in computation, and suitable for real-time implimemtation. Moreover, this scheme does not require any accurate dynamic modeling and values of parameters. Performance of the proposed monitoring system is illustrated by simulation and experiment for robot manipulator with six degrees of freedom.

Dynamics of Track/Wheel Systems on High-Speed Vehicles

  • Kato Isamu;Terumichi Yoshiaki;Adachi Masahito;Sogabe Kiyoshi
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.spc1
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    • pp.328-335
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    • 2005
  • For high speed railway vehicles, we consider a vibration of flexible track/wheel system. It is very important to deal with the complex phenomena of high-speed vehicles that can be occurred in the vertical vibration of the system. From a viewpoint of multibody dynamics, this kind of problem needs accurate analysis because the system includes mutual dynamic behaviors of rigid body and flexible body. The simulation technique for the complex problems is also discussed. We consider the high-speed translation, rail elasticity, elastic supports under the rail and contact rigidity. Eigen value analysis is also completed to verify the mechanism of the coupled vertical vibration of the system.

A New Control Strategy for a Three-Phase PWM Current-Source Rectifier in the Stationary Frame

  • Guo, Qiang;Liu, Heping;Zhang, Yi
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.994-1005
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    • 2015
  • This paper presents a novel power control strategy for PWM current-source rectifiers (CSRs) in the stationary frame based on the instantaneous power theory. In the proposed control strategy, a virtual resistance based on the capacitor voltage feedback is used to realize the active damping. In addition, the proportional resonant (PR) controller under the two-phase stationary coordinate is designed to track the ac reference current and to avoid the strong coupling brought about by the coordinate transformation. The limitations on improving steady-state performance of the PR controller is investigated and mitigated using a cascaded lead-lag compensator. In the z-domain, a straightforward procedure is developed to analyze and design the control-loop with the help of MATLAB/SISO software tools. In addition, robustness against parameter variations is analyzed. Finally, simulation and experimental results verify the proposed control scheme and design method.

Realization for Moving Object Tracking System in Two Dimensional Plane using Stereo Line CCD

  • Kim, Young-Bin;Ryu, Kwang-Ryol;Sun, Min-Gui;Sclabassi, Robert
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.157-160
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    • 2008
  • A realization for moving object detecting and tracking system in two dimensional plane using stereo line CCDs and lighting source is presented in this paper. Instead of processing camera images directly, two line CCD sensor and input line image is used to measure two dimensional distance by comparing the brightness on line CCDs. The algorithms are used the moving object tracking and coordinate converting method. To ensure the effective detection of moving path, a detection algorithm to evaluate the reliability of each measured distance is developed. The realized system results are that the performance of moving object recognizing shows 5mm resolution and mean error is 1.89%, and enables to track a moving path of object per 100ms period.

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