• Title, Summary, Keyword: Traditional East Asian Medicine

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Medicine within Society, Society within Medicine : An Anthropological Exploration of Korean Medicine in South Korea and Traditional Chinese Medicine in China (사회 속의 의료, 의료 속의 사회 : 한국의 한의학과 중국의 중의학에 대한 의료인류학적 고찰)

  • Kim, Tae-Woo;Han, Chang-Ho
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.111-125
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : One of the fundamental premises of medical anthropology is the interconnectedness of medicine and society. Recent ethnographies of medicine demonstrate that the interconnectedness of the social and the medical not just evokes relatedness of the two parties, but also emphasizes the agency of the constituents, mutually shaping and being shaped. Against this backdrop, this study attempts to anthropologically investigate Korean medicine in South Korea and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in China. Methods : The findings are based on anthropological studies of East Asian medicine employing long-term fieldwork about Korean Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine. Results : TCM is characterized by standardization, hospitalization, and scientization, by which simplification, collectivization, and biomedicalization prevail in contemporary traditional medicine in China. In contrast, Korean medicine is characterized by diversity, care delivery by individual private clinics, and a considerable distance from biomedicine. To understand the divergence of the two East Asian medicines, one should consider the social contexts intervening into the medical contents, such as the role of the state and dominant discourses in given historical periods. Conclusions : Korean medicine in South Korea and TCM in China demonstrate well the hybridity of the social and the medical, suggesting that, for more comprehensive understanding of the medical, the social should be paid attention to.

A Comparative Study of Feature Extraction Methods for Authorship Attribution in the Text of Traditional East Asian Medicine with a Focus on Function Words (한의학 고문헌 텍스트에서의 저자 판별 - 기능어의 역할을 중심으로 -)

  • Oh, Junho
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.51-59
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    • 2020
  • Objectives : We would like to study what is the most appropriate "feature" to effectively perform authorship attribution of the text of Traditional East Asian Medicine Methods : The authorship attribution performance of the Support Vector Machine (SVM) was compared by cross validation, depending on whether the function words or content words, single word or collocations, and IDF weights were applied or not, using 'Variorum of the Nanjing' as an experimental Corpus. Results : When using the combination of 'function words/uni-bigram/TF', the performance was best with accuracy of 0.732, and the combination of 'content words/unigram/TFIDF' showed the lowest accuracy of 0.351. Conclusions : This shows the following facts from the authorship attribution of the text of East Asian traditional medicine. First, function words play an important role in comparison to content words. Second, collocations was relatively important in content words, but single words have more important meanings in function words. Third, unlike general text analysis, IDF weighting resulted in worse performance.

A Proposal for Use in Research Methodology of Traditional Medicine in East Asia - Historical Evidence-Based Medicine - (전통한의학 연구방법론의 현대화에 대한 소고(小考) - 역사적 근거중심의학에 대한 제언 -)

  • Eom, Seok-Ki;Kim, Se-Hyun;Choi, Won-Cheol
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.89-105
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    • 2010
  • Research methodology on Traditional Medicine in East Asia refers to logical thinking system, empirical positivism system and methodology of developing these knowledge systems. Logical thinking system of abstract concepts such as analogy or abduction and positivism system of reasonable explanation such as the five elements and their characteristic theory have been used in various ways empirically or in the form of humanities and knowledge system was developed through parallel structure of empirical positivism and exegetical studies. After the 16th century, evidence was required along with the tradition of putting emphasis on rationality, logicality and empirical positivism and characteristics of medical humanities can be found in emphasizing on medical ethics. Data that can be considered as structural review paper or meta analysis from original data of research on Traditional East Asian Medicine should be evaluated as historical evidence which is equivalent to specialist opinion, descriptive disease research, single case report or case series. Historical evidence based medicine is a research method using Historical evidence to selectively support data that are faithful to traditional theory with higher possibility to be used in future traditional east Asian medicine that links between traditional knowledge and scientific research methodology. Moreover, historical evidence based medicine tries to re-evaluate the value of traditional knowledge and ultimately, guides the direction of development of traditional medicine through scientific rationality based on history and culture.

Comparison between Word Embedding Techniques in Traditional Korean Medicine for Data Analysis: Implementation of a Natural Language Processing Method (한의학 고문헌 데이터 분석을 위한 단어 임베딩 기법 비교: 자연어처리 방법을 적용하여)

  • Oh, Junho
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.61-74
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    • 2019
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to help select an appropriate word embedding method when analyzing East Asian traditional medicine texts as data. Methods : Based on prescription data that imply traditional methods in traditional East Asian medicine, we have examined 4 count-based word embedding and 2 prediction-based word embedding methods. In order to intuitively compare these word embedding methods, we proposed a "prescription generating game" and compared its results with those from the application of the 6 methods. Results : When the adjacent vectors are extracted, the count-based word embedding method derives the main herbs that are frequently used in conjunction with each other. On the other hand, in the prediction-based word embedding method, the synonyms of the herbs were derived. Conclusions : Counting based word embedding methods seems to be more effective than prediction-based word embedding methods in analyzing the use of domesticated herbs. Among count-based word embedding methods, the TF-vector method tends to exaggerate the frequency effect, and hence the TF-IDF vector or co-word vector may be a more reasonable choice. Also, the t-score vector may be recommended in search for unusual information that could not be found in frequency. On the other hand, prediction-based embedding seems to be effective when deriving the bases of similar meanings in context.

Application of Traditional East Asian Herbal Medicine for Atrophic Vaginitis: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials (위축성 질염에 대한 한약 투약의 효과 : 체계적 문헌 고찰)

  • Park, Eo-Jin;Jo, Hee-Geun
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.227-244
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of application of Traditional East Asian Herbal Medicine (TEAM) in the treatment of Atrophic Vaginitis (AV). Methods: Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) were obtained from PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, CNKI, RISS, NDSL, and KISS. The risk of bias was assessed by using Cochrane's risk of bias tool, and RevMan 5.3 software was used. Results: 26 RCTs with 3,162 patients were identified and reviewed. Among them, 21 RCTs observe the effect of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine. 23 RCTs reported treatment groups was statistically effective than control groups in the study. Also, the recurrence rate was estimated in 10 RCTs and was lower than control groups. 12 studies observed adverse events (AEs) and severe AEs were not reported. Conclusions: This review suggested that TEAM was safe and effective in the treatment of AV. TEAM may also decrease the recurrence rate. However, this could not be proven conclusively. To ensure evidence-based clinical practice, well-designed trials with larger sample sizes are needed.

Systematic network analysis of herb formula in Traditional East Asian Medicine discloses synergistic operation of medicinal herb pairs with statistical significance

  • Lee, Jungsul;Jeon, Jongwook;Choi, Chulhee
    • CELLMED
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.11.1-11.5
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    • 2015
  • Traditional East Asian Medicine (TEAM) prescriptions typically consist of several herbs based on the assumption that the herbs operate synergistically and/or cooperate on several related pathways simultaneously. This is a general concept that is widely accepted in TEAM, but it has not been tested systematically. To check this assumption statistically, we have text mined traditional Korean medicine text the Inje-ji(仁濟志, Collections of benevolent savings), a text that contains more than 5000 herb-cocktail prescriptions. We created herb-pairing network based on herb-herb pairing specificity and performed a systematic network analysis. Herbs were shown to be used selectively with other herbs and not randomly. Moreover, herb pairs were more specifically associated with symptoms than were single herbs. Single herbs and combinations of herbs specifically used for diabetes mellitus were successfully identified. As conclusion, herb-pairings in TEAM are not randomly constructed; instead, each herb was selectively used with other herbs. In terms of statistical significance, herb pairs were more specifically associated with symptoms than were single herbs alone. Collectively, these results suggest that it may be important to understand the interactions among multiple ingredients contained in herb pairs rather than trying to identify a single compound to resolve symptoms.

Current Status of Clinical Study on Traditional East Asian Medicine Using Taiwan Health Insurance Claim Data (대만 건강보험청구데이터(NHIRD)를 이용한 전통 동아시아 의학(TEAM) 임상연구의 현황)

  • Jeung, Chang-Woon;Jo, Hee-Geun;Seol, Jae-Uk
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.67-75
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    • 2017
  • Objectives The study of the clinical effects of traditional east asian medicine (TEAM) using Taiwan national health insurance claim dataset (NHIRD) is useful in Korean Medicine research. We reviewed the clinical studies of TEAM using NHIRD as a whole through this study. Methods We comprehensively searched PUBMED and NHIRD DB for clinical effects of TEAM study using NHIRD from inception to 17, January 2017. As a result, 40 studies investigating the contribution of TEAM intervention to health benefit have been confirmed. We analyzed publication time, target disease, sample size, outcome measurement and main result of 40 searched studies. Results The number of TEAM studies using NHIRD grdually increasing. The topics of the team study using NHIRD covered a wide range of subjects including cardiovascular disease, tumor, gynecological disease, diabetes and kidney disease. The studies have shown large samples and reported significant effects on severe diseases. Conclusions The results of this study suggest that the study of Korean Medicine using Big data will be useful for decision making related to health care in Korea. However, considering the limited domestic Korean health insurance data, it will be necessary to activate the big data research of Korean Medicine through the establishment of a separate cohort in Korea.

The Ancient Understanding of Epidemic Development (고대인들의 역병 인식;"삼국사기"를 중심으로)

  • Choi, Seong-Woong;Yoo, Woon-Jun;Kim, Hong-Kyoon
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.39-43
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    • 2007
  • The history of medicine has a strong correlation to the ancient development of epidemics. Although the study of the history of East Asian Traditional Medicine does not put much emphasis in understanding the flow of medical history in relation to epidemics, it largely impacted the development of this epidemic and the compilation and evolution of treatment methods. The same was true for Korea as they linked development of epidemics, unusual natural conditions, and social phenomenons from ancient documents. This study methodically classifies the epidemics mentioned in ${\ulcorner}$三國史記${\lrcorner}$ and concludes on how ancient Koreans understood epidemics.

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A Study for Database of Uibang Yuchui (醫方類聚) and Its Value as the Intellectual Property of Traditional Korean Medical Knowledge (지식재산으로서의 의방유취의 가치와 DB구축의 필요성에 관한 소고)

  • Ahn, Sang-Woo;Han, Jiwon;Park, Joo-Young;Cha, Wung-Seok
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.123-134
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    • 2018
  • Today, knowledge itself has become a resource which must be protected by the pertinent community of its contributors and users, from being manipulated or distorted by third-party players. The preservation of knowledge in relationship to the cultural context of its origins, has been recognized by international organizations intent on maintaining authentic voice and perspective. Globally, the WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization) organizes the annual IGC (Intergovernmental Committee) meeting to address various issues associated with each country's utilization of intellectual and bio source property. Korean Medicine is the official name for the traditional medicine that has been inherited from the cultures of the Korean Peninsula. It is one of the four practices of East Asian Medicine including Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) from China, Kampo Medicine of Japan, and Sino-Vietnamese Medicine in Vietnam. As a cultural treasure representing centuries of evolving knowledge, Korean Medicine is protected under intellectual property rights afforded by WIPO, and must be understood in relationship to, and distinct from, TCM. It is understood that China has a strong political purpose to claim all the traditional medicines of the East Asian region under the name of TCM, including Korean Medicine. In fact TCM was authorized as the representative name for all East Asian medicine by decisions made by the ISO (International Standard Organization) in 2015. This paper proposes a pilot study on how to protect the intellectual property of Korean Medicine from efforts by China to claim it under the umbrella of TCM. Using the Uibang Yuchui (醫方類聚, Classified Collection of Medical Formulas) this paper suggests establishing a Database of UBYC, which was published in 1477 by the Joseon Korea government. UBYC was the reorganized version of contemporary East Asian medical sources, and has already hundreds of year's rich indigenous and culturally specific medical history of Korea, from which Korean Medicine has been built.

Study on the Tri-origin of Asian Medical History Based on the Contents of Dong-Eui-Bo-Gam ("동의보감(東醫寶鑑).집례(集例)"에 근거한 동아시아 전통의학 역사의 삼원적 구조;한의학과 중의학의 비교 연구)

  • Kim, Byoung-Soo;Kang, Jung-Soo
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.746-753
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    • 2008
  • East Asian traditional medicine(Asian medicine) should be understood correctly on the basis of Asian medical network. For the correct understanding we analyzed Asian medical history which could be divided into three categories based on Dong-Eui-Bo-Gam. There are three mechanisms of human diseases, which are the pathogenesis of six external etiological factors(wind, cold, summer-heat, dampness, dryness and fire) due to affection by exopathogen [外感六氣], the pathogenesis of five viscera due to internal injury [內傷五藏], and the pathogenesis of physical constitution due to vital activity [生命體質]. While Chinese medicine has mainly developed the pathogenesis of the former two, Korean traditional medicine has mainly developed the pathogenesis of physical constitution.