• Title, Summary, Keyword: Traditional medicine

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Systematic Review of Traditional Korean Emergency Medicine (응급(應急) 한의학에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Hee Young;Han, Yoo Ri;Lee, Han Byul;Yang, Gi Young;Chae, Han
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.117-133
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : Traditional Korean Emergency Medicine (EM) has been developing for thousands of years, however its value was not properly considered after 19th century modernization. The purpose of this study was to review the current status of EM in Korean Medicine and suggest methods for improvement. Methods : We performed systematic reviews of the definition, current medical system, and educational curriculum of EM in Western Medicine, traditional Korean and Chinese Medicine, and integrated Western and traditional Chinese medicine with the use of medical classics and text books. We also analyzed the trends in published research articles to discuss the current situation in the field of traditional Korean EM, and to provide methods for its establishment and development with traditional Korean medicine. Results : The definition of EM as a treatment of acute disease shares common understanding among traditional Korean, Chinese, and Western medicine. We presented descriptions of EM in many medical classics, however current law and EM service does not include these. As for the review of publications during the last 20 years, we found 21 articles in several fields that confirmed the need for more investigation. Conclusion : Traditional Korean EM has a long history and clinical experiences that can be found in medical classics, textbooks and research articles. There is an urgent need for more studies on traditional Korean EM as an emergency medical service system, and in terms of educational curriculum and related policies to improve Evidence-Based teaching.

Comparative Study of Characterizing Components and Biological Activities of Bangpungtongseong-san Formulation (방풍통성산 제제의 성분 및 생리활성 비교 연구)

  • Kim, Jung Ok;Choi, Hye Min;Lee, Hee Hyun;Moon, Sung Ok;Kim, Jong Bum;Lee, Hwa Dong
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.322-329
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the quality of two different commercial Bangpungtongseong-san (BTS) extract granules (BTS-2 and BTS-3) by comparing with BTS decoction (BTS-1). The contents of characterizing components and biological activities of two different commercial BTS extract granules were compared with those of the BTS decoction. The contents of characterizing components were analyzed with HPLC. The antioxidative effects were determined by measuring 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhygrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging and superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activity. Also, we compared the effects on lipid accumulation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production during differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. The contents of five components except liquiritin and sennoside A were higher in BTS-1. The DPPH radical scavenging and SOD-like activity were higher in BTS-1. BTS-1 significantly inhibited lipid accumulation during differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and showed stronger effects than BTS-2, BTS-3. In addition BTS-1 showed stronger inhibition effects on ROS production during differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes than BTS-2, BTS-3. These results indicate that BTS decoction has strong biological activities than commercial BTS extract granules. It is also consistent with the contents of characterizing components.

A Survey of the Medicinal Herbs Used in the Traditional Korean Tea (한방차의 원료로 사용된 한약재 조사연구)

  • Park, Hoyoung;Jin, Sunyeong;Park, Soyeon;Lee, Sangjae
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : The aim of this study is to analyze medicinal herbs, the ingredients of traditional Korean Tea, focusing on efficacy in the traditional Korean medicine. Through this study, for vitalizing traditional Korean Tea market, the researchers attempt to explain the superiority of traditional Korean Tea. And it will be used basis data on further traditional Korean Tea. Methods : We conducted a research targeting traditional Korean Tea in domestic market from June through December 2014, and finally 205 kinds of Tea were selected and analyzed. Results : 48 kinds of medicinal herbs were used alone as ingredients in the traditional Korean Tea containing just one medicinal Herb. and 87 kinds of medicinal herbs were used as ingredients in the traditional Korean Tea containing more than two kinds medicinal Herbs. In the classification of the medicinal Herbs by part for use, roots and rhizome is most used. In the classification of efficacy of medicinal herbs, tonifying and replenishing medicinal herbs are most popular as ingredients in the traditional Korean Tea. Conclusions : Medicinal herbs have been widely used in the traditional Korean Tea. Tea consumers concern about not only the efficacy but also the taste, scent and color. Therefore, further study about these things would be required to demonstrate the superiority of the traditional Korean Tea.

Chemical constituents of Dicentra spectabilis and their anti-inflammation effect

  • Kim, A Hyeon;Jang, Ji Hun;Woo, Kyeong Wan;Park, Jong Eel;Lee, Ki Ho;Jung, Ho Kyung;An, Byeongkwan;Jung, Won Seok;Ham, Seong Ho;Cho, Hyun Woo
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.61 no.1
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    • pp.39-46
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    • 2018
  • Column chromatographic separation of the MeOH extract from the roots of Dicentra spectabilis yielded fourteen compounds, menisdaurin (1), menisdaurilide (2), trans-N-p-coumaroyltyramine (3), trans-N-p-feruloyltyramine (4), 4-O-feruloylquinicacid (5), chlorogenic acid (6), 3-O-feruloylquinicacid (7), ferulic acid (8), protopine (9), Kaempferol 3,7-di-O-${\beta}-{\text\tiny{D}}$-glucopyranoside (10), kaempferol 3-O-${\beta}-{\text\tiny{D}}$-glucopyranosyl-7-O-${\alpha}-{\text\tiny{L}}$-rhamnopyranoside (11), ${\alpha}-rhamnoisorobin$ (12), astragalin (13), and nicotiflorin (14). Their structures were determined on the basis of NMR spectroscopic data. Among them, compound 1, 3-8, and 10-14 isolated from this plant were reported for the first time. The isolated compounds (1-14) were tested for nitric oxide (NO) inhibitory activity on lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Compound 3, 4 and 12 significantly inhibited NO production. Moreover, Compound 3 suppressed pro-inflammatory cytokines ($TNF-{\alpha}$, $IL-1{\beta}$ and IL-6) in a dose- dependent manner. These data suggest that compound 3 possess anti-inflammatory activity and might be useful natural materials for development of anti-inflammatory agent.

A Qualitative Study on Traditional Korean Medicine Treatment for Child Patients with Night Crying - With a Focus on Descriptions by Main Fosterers - (야제 환아의 한의치료에 대한 질적 연구 - 주양육자의 서술을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Hyejin;Jeon, Chaeheun;Kim, Eunji;Kim, Hyunho;Leem, Jungtae;Ryu, Suhyang
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.44-53
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    • 2018
  • Objectives This study sets out to examine treatment experiences of child patients with night crying based on the traditional Korean medicine. Also, the study traces the process in which clients chose traditional Korean medicine treatment, and proposes a possible future direction of Korean medicine treatment. Methods The investigator conducted a semi-standardized open-ended question interview with two main fosterers of a child who received traditional Korean medicine treatment for night crying, and examined two fosterers' experiences of a child with the traditional Korean medicine treatment. Their interviews were recorded with their facial expressions and acts for analysis. Collected data was analyzed based on the Grounded theory. Results The participants felt a sense of responsibility, worry, and fear for their children with night crying. They had easy access to traditional Korean medicine doctors who were in the community and had positive experiences with traditional Korean medicine treatment. They reported that some people had been forced to use traditional Korean medicine, had misunderstandings about traditional Korean medicine, and had prejudice that night crying is not a disease. They felt there was a room for improvement in terms of the high medical expenses and the absence of a cooperative system between Oriental and Western medicine. Conclusions As the first qualitative study on night crying based on the traditional Korean medicine treatment, this study proposed a future direction for traditional Korean medicine treatment for night crying in the shoes of fosterers. The findings showed that the fosterers chose traditional Korean medicine treatment for night crying child based on their feelings, accessibility and experiences with traditional Korean medicine. Fosterers felt a need for improvement of the general public's perceptions about Korean medicine treatment on night crying, and a cooperative system between Oriental and Western medicine.

Jugyupsukgo-tang on Managing Symptoms Caused by Radiation Therapy in a Patient with Breast Cancer: a Case Report (죽엽석고탕으로 방사선 치료 후 발생한 야간해수, 구갈, 피로가 개선된 유방암 환자 1례)

  • Lee, Soomin;Lee, Jeeyoung;Chae, Jin;Choi, Seongheon;Song, Anna;Lee, Sookyung;Jung, Yeehong
    • Journal of Korean Traditional Oncology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.23-31
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : The purpose of this case study is to demonstrate the effectiveness of Traditional Korean Medicine as an adjunctive management for breast cancer treatment. Methods : A 56 year-old female patient diagnosed with stage IA(pT1cN0M0) of breast cancer was admitted our hospital. The patient had surgical resection followed by radiation therapy, and conducted adjuvant therapy with aromatase inhibitor. The patient's chief complaints were dry cough, thirst and fatigue, all of which were caused by radiation therapy. Traditional Korean herbal medicine was prescribed for symptom management. The patient's subjective symptoms such as cough, thirst and fatigue were evaluated by NRS. Results : Fatigue was significantly improved within a week. The severity of dry cough and thirst also was decreased after a few courses of herbal medicine treatment. Conclusion : This case study suggests that Tradition Korean Medicine would be beneficial for the patients who are suffering from adverse effects of the standard treatment of cancer.

Application of Systems Biology to Traditional Korean Medicine (시스템생물학의 한의학적 응용)

  • Park, Yeongchul;Lee, Sundong
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.99-110
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    • 2016
  • In Korea and China, traditional medicine's holistic approaches, based on the views of whole-body and whole-person, have been applied to make the solution of health problem. However, these holistic approaches of traditional korea or chinese medicine have been limited in interpreting their theories in a view of modern scientific aspects of medicine. This limitation seems to be mainly due to the reductionism approaches of modern scientific medicine. Traditionally, science has taken a reductionism approach; dissecting biological systems into their constituent parts and studying them in isolation. However, systems biology based on omics technologies is providing a new thought and method for traditional medicine's research and interpretation. Systems biology uses integrity study as the characteristic and bioinformatic technology as the key method for connecting reductionism and holism. Therefore, it has much in common with the theory of traditional medicine. It was reviewed that how systems biology is applied to traditional medicine in Korea and China. Also it was suggested that more future researches on interpretation between traditional medicine and systems biology must be focused on personalized medicine since systems biology will have a major impact on future personalized therapeutic approaches.

Education for a Traditional Medicine in Medical Schools in Japan (일본 의과대학에서의 전통의학 교육의 현황 조사연구)

  • Myeong, Ye-Seul;Ahn, Soo-Yeon;Son, Chang-Gue
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.12-17
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : This study aimed to overview the current education status of a traditional medicine by medical schools in Japan. Methods : We surveyed the literatures regarding a traditional medicine education in Japan, and get the information via email-interview with an officer of medical schools in Japan as well as from their websites. Results : Japan's education ministry presented the appropriateness of education for traditional medicine to medical students in 2001, and most of medical schools begun to set up the classes in Japan. We received the detail information of the traditional medicine education from 21 medical schools. Nineteen colleges(approximately 90%) of those have the regular classes for traditional medicine while two colleges don't have the education program for the traditional medicine. Most of medical schools have single class for introduction of traditional medicine, and have average $16.2{\pm}8.8$ hours during the $4^{th}$ grade(61.9%). Conclusions : We presented the general feature of education for traditional medicine in Japan, and this result would be basic information for an establishment of a strategy regarding the enhancement of national competitiveness of traditional Korean medicine.

A Comparative Study on the Urinalysis of the Tibetan Medicine and the Traditional Korean Medicine (티베트 의학과 한의학의 요진법에 대한 비교 고찰)

  • Kim, Hyun-Koo;Ahn, Sang-Woo;Han, Chang-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.53-66
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    • 2010
  • This study focuses on the contents about the Urinalysis which is the most representative one of the Tibetan medicine. Also, this study compares it with the Urinalysis of Traditional Korean medicine. This study focuses on the simple history, the theoretical system, the diagnosis and the urinalysis mainly based on the documents related to the Tibetan medicine. Also, through the comparison with the contents of textbook of Traditional Korean Medicine and the urinalysis shown in the Dongeuibogam(東醫寶鑑) which is the representative Korean medical book, the difference between Tibetan Medicine and Traditional Korean Medicine will be observed. The contents related about the urinalysis of the Tibetan medicine are more specific than those of Traditional Korean Medicine. By observing the color, scent, vapor and sediment of one's urine together with periodic changes more thoroughly, it is possible to find out the cause of a certain disease. However, Traditional Korean Medicine examines the medical conditions mainly based on the state of discharge and fever, showing a clear difference. The Tibetan medicine has an extremely specific type of urinalysis in comparison with that of Traditional Korean Medicine. It is the only characteristic of the Tibet medicine, which cannot be found in any other traditional medicine. By applying the viewpoint of the doctor who diagnoses the patient by measuring his or her pulse, it is possible to make the diagnosing process more specific and accurate. It is expected that the follow-up study will be continuously executed with the introduction of the system for the urinalysis of the Tibetan medicine to Traditional Korean medicine.