• Title, Summary, Keyword: Traffic accident

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The characteristics of traffic accidents and Its Counter-measures in Small-Medium City - With the case of Andong City - (중소도시 교통사고의 실태분석과 교통경찰의 대응전략 - 안동시를 중심으로)

  • Park, Dong-Kyun;Lee, Sang-Kwang
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.7
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    • pp.155-189
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    • 2004
  • The mission of the police as described by law is to guard the life, body and property of all citizens. Such duties should be accurately performed based on legal and democratic procedures because the works of the police are directively influencing the overall lives of the citizens by restricting their freedom. We are frequently watching the traffic police on the street or road. Traffic policing aims to reduce crime and the opportunities for criminal activity in relation to the use of roads, that is to improve road user behavior in order to reduce accidents. The characteristics of traffic accident change is not similar in each traffic condition. The purpose of this study is to analysis a type characteristics of traffic accident change, such as number of deaths and wounded persons by the time, the vehicle, the type the road, the age group. Based on the characteristics of traffic accident change, traffic accident countermeasures are proposed, in which some variable of traffic policies such as traffic facilities, traffic regulation, and traffic safety education.

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An Implementation of Traffic Accident Detection System at Intersection based on Image and Sound (영상과 음향 기반의 교차로내 교통사고 검지시스템의 구현)

  • 김영욱;권대길;박기현;이경복;한민홍;이형석
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.501-509
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    • 2004
  • The frequency of car accidents is very high at the intersection. Because of the state of a traffic signal, quarrels happen after accidents. At night many cars run away after causing an accident. In this case, accident analyses have been conducted by investigating evidences such as eyewitness accounts, tire tracks, fragments of the car or collision traces of the car. But these evidences that don't have enough objectivity cause an error in judgment. In the paper, when traffic accidents happen, the traffic accident detection system that stands on the basis of images and sounds detects traffic accidents to acquire abundant evidences. And, this system transmits 10 seconds images to the traffic center through the wired net and stores images to the Smart Media Card. This can be applied to various ways such as accident management, accident DB construction, urgent rescue after awaring the accident, accident detection in tunnel and in inclement weather.

A Study about Establishment of Discrimination Model of Impact Factors of Big Traffic Accident -With Laws Violation Type- (대형교통사고 영향요인의 판별모델 구축에 관한 연구 -법규위반 유형을 중심으로-)

  • 오윤표;고상선
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.59-74
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    • 1992
  • The change of industrial structure, the expansion of economic scale, the elevation of national life level and rapid motorization bring about social problems that are traffic accident, traffic congestion, etc. Especially, big traffic accidents bring about the great number of dead and wounded person with damage of property. But there are no study results available mainly focused on the big traffic accident analysis. Accordingly, this study is essentially for the factor analysis of big accident types including laws violation and the assaulting driver's death using Quantification ll method.

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Development of Traffic Accident Forecasting Model in Pusan (부산시 교통사고예측모형의 개발)

  • 이일병;임현정
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.103-122
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    • 1992
  • The objective of this research is to develop a traffic accident forecasting model using traffic accident data in pusan from 1963 to 1991 and then to make short-term forecasts('93~'94) of traffic accidents in pusan. In this research, several forecasting models are developed. They include a multiple regression model, a time-series ARIMA model, a Logistic curve model, and a Gompertz curve model. Among them, the model which shows the most significance in forecasting accuracy is selected as the traffic accident forecasting model. The results of this research are as followings. 1. The existing model such as Smeed model which was developed for foreign countries shows only 47.8% explanation for traffic accident deaths in Korea. 2. A nonliner regression model ($R^2$=0.9432) and a Logistic curve model are appeared to be th gest forecasting models for the number of traffic accidents, and a Logistic curve model shows th most significance in predicting the accident deaths and injuries. 3. The forecasting figures of the traffic accidents in pusan are as followings: . In 1993, 31, 180 accidents are predicted to happen, and 430 persons are predicted to be deaths and 29, 680 persons are predicated to be injuries. . In 1994, 33, 710 accidents are predicted to happen, and 431.persons are predicted to be deat! and 30, 510 persons are predicted to be injuried. Therefore, preventive measures against traffic accidents are certainly required.

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Analysis of Elderly Traffic Accidents Using Public Data (공공데이터를 활용한 노인교통사고 발생유형 분석연구)

  • Lee, Jeongwon;Lee, Choong Ho
    • Journal of Industrial Convergence
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.53-58
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    • 2019
  • It is important to collect and analyze the data from the traffic accident analysis system and the National Statistical Office to reduce the traffic accident rate of the elderly, who are the weakest. In particular, it is more important to analyze the data in areas where the elderly population is large and where accidents occur frequently. This paper visualizes and analyzes the data of elderly traffic accidents that occurred in recent 5 years in the area where many elderly people live in Buyeo-gun. The elderly traffic accident type, accident area, and location data of the elderly can be useful for the improvement measures and related decision making to reduce the elderly traffic accidents.

International Comparative Analysis of Traffic Safety Indicators related to Road Traffic Accidents (도로교통사고 안전지표의 국제간 비교분석 평가)

  • Kim, Sang Gu
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.429-438
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    • 2019
  • This study was to evaluate the level of traffic safety related to domestic traffic accidents by analyzing the international comparison of road traffic accident indicators and to set goals and directions of traffic accidents in Korea in the future. The research procedure was as follows: First, population, number of registered vehicles, roadway length, vehicle kilometers, injury accidents, fatalities, injuries were collected in 32 OECD countries. Second, we determined Korea's traffic safety rankings through international comparison of traffic accident rate. Finally, we analyzed the level of traffic safety by comparing Korea with the 7 advanced countries with the traffic accident rate per vehicle kilometers. The accident rate in Korea was greater than two times higher than those of the seven major developed countries, which showed that the level of traffic safety in Korea implied very low. Target values for domestic accidents were proposed based on the accident rate.

Estimating Traffic Accident Reduction Effect of Road Safety Facilities in Intersesctions (교차로에서의 도로·교통안전시설물의 교통사고 감소효과도 추정)

  • YOON, Yeo Il;LEE, Soo Beom;LIM, Joon Beom;PARK, Kil Soo;MOON, Jeong Sik
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.129-142
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    • 2017
  • Accident Black Spot Improvement Project is the representative road safety intervention to eliminate environmental risk factors on the roadway by installing road safety facilities. Although it is one of the main road safety projects in Korea, there has been a lack of effort analyzing the traffic accident reduction effects of this project. In this study, therefore, we selected 4,171 road black spots from 2004 to 2013 and investigated the traffic accident reduction effects of 5 road safety facilities by using "Comparison Group(C-G)" method. Through the analysis, it was found that the number of traffic accidents were lowered by 4.45% with traffic islands, 32.17% with road paved markers, and 24.13% with speed cameras, respectively. However, 0.61% with pedestrian fencing and 1.67% with skid resistant pavement were increased on the other hand. In addition, we also analyzed traffic accident reduction facilities' performance on specific types of collision mentioned in manual on road safety facilities by Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. It was shown that the number of bad weather traffic accidents were reduced by 52.96% with road paved markers, pedestrians accidents were reduced by 62.77% with pedestrian fencing and rear-end collisions were reduced by 26.00% with skid resistant pavement.

Analysis of Traffic Accident Reduction Effect When Introducing Motorcycle Safety Inspection (이륜자동차 안전검사제도 도입 시 교통사고절감효과 분석)

  • KOO, Jahun;JANG, Jinyoung;CHOO, Sang Ho
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.25-36
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze traffic accident reduction effect of the introduction of motorcycle safety inspection. To analyze the effect of motorcycle inspection, we first estimate the number of defective motorcycles, and calculate the probability of accident occurrences caused by the defect using four year traffic accident data. Finally, we estimate the number of reduced accidents due to the introduction of the inspection and the total reduced accident cost. In this study, we analyzed three scenarios. It is analyzed that when the safety inspection system is applied to all motorcycles, 642 cases of traffic accidents and 325 million won per year of traffic accident costs are reduced. It is approximately 0.1% of 2014 total traffic accident cost of 26.5725 trillion won per year. It suggests that the cost of traffic accidents and traffic accidents due to vehicle factors are reduced when the safety inspection system is introduced.

A Study on the Driver's License Renewal and Return Policy through the Recognition of the Elderly's Driving Pattern (고령자의 운전패턴 인식을 통한 운전면허증 갱신 및 반납 정책에 대한 연구)

  • Cho, Myeon-gyun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.213-222
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to derive the traffic accident risk index through the recognition of the elderly driver's driving pattern to reduce the traffic accident rate of elderly drivers and to reflect them in the renewal and return policy of driver's license accordingly. First, the traffic accident risk index is defined by analyzing the behavioral characteristics of older drivers to derive the major factors that lead to traffic accidents. Second, we present a method to measure the traffic accident risk index from the driving pattern of the elderly through the smart-phone, the camera and the distance sensor attached to the car. Finally, we derive three thresholds by computer simulation and determine the accident risk from the measured traffic accident risk index as four steps and suggest ways to ensure safe driving of older drivers. It is required to objectively assess the driving ability of an aged driver in accordance with the proposed method, and to induce the driver to reset the driver's license renewal cycle and voluntarily return the driver's license to minimize social costs due to increased traffic accidents.

Comparisons of Traffic Collisions between Expressways and Rural Roads in Truck Drivers

  • Lee, Sangbok;Jeong, Byung Yong
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.38-42
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    • 2016
  • Background: Truck driving is known as one of the occupations with the highest accident rate. This study investigates the characteristics of traffic collisions according to road types (expressway and rural road). Methods: Classifying 267 accidents into expressway and rural road, we analyzed them based on driver characteristics (age, working experience, size of employment), time characteristics (day of accident, time, weather), and accident characteristics (accident causes, accident locations, accident types, driving conditions). Results: When we compared the accidents by road conditions, no differences were found between the driver characteristics. However, from the accident characteristics, the injured person distributions were different by the road conditions. In particular, driving while drowsy is shown to be highly related with the accident characteristics. Conclusion: This study can be used as a guideline and a base line to develop a plan of action to prevent traffic accidents. It can also help to prepare formal regulations about a truck driver's vehicle maintenance and driving attitude for a precaution on road accidents.