• Title/Summary/Keyword: Unani Medicine

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BRIEF HISTORY OF TRANSLATION IN UNANI MEDICINE WITH MAJOR MILESTONES: A GLIMPSE

  • Ansari, Shabnam
    • CELLMED
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.1.1-1.6
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    • 2019
  • Unani medicine has been used extensively as preventive and therapeutic healthcare in India. It mostly utilizes herbal drugs for the treatment of various conditions and ailments. It is based upon the humoural and temperament theory of Buqrat (Hippocrates). Unani medicine is one of the oldest traditional system rooted within the Greek, Iranian, Arabic, and Islamic medical knowledge and has developed as a scientific healthcare system. It is highly practiced and popular in certain parts of the world, and the World Heritage Centre, part of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), and the United Nations Foundation list it as an authentic and still-living form of traditional medicine. But in the past, its survival required utmost efforts from different dynasties, scholars and organization around the world. The efforts of promotion, preservation, translation, upgradation and publication of medical knowledge has crucially given new life to Unani medicine in each era. This letter will enlighten the efforts of translations of medical knowledge in Unani medicine from its arising need in the past till present.

A brief review of Terminalia bellerica (Balela) with special reference of Unani medicine

  • Alam, Sajid;Ansari, Shabnam
    • CELLMED
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.5.1-5.2
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    • 2019
  • Unani medicine utilizes Terminalia bellerica (known as balela in Unani classics) for the treatment of diseases such as obesity, diarrhea, weakness of digestive system, ageing, greying of hairs, weakness of memory and eyesight, strengthening of immunity, general weakness etc. This paper briefly review this worthwhile drug for its general morphology, chemical constituents, dosage, pharmacological actions, therapeutic uses, compound formulations in Unani medicine and experimental studies.

Management of Psoriasis through Unani Medicine: a Case Study

  • Khatoon, Faiza;Uddin, Qamar;Jabeen, Arzeena;Azahar, Mohd;Alam, Md Aftab;Munim, Abdul
    • CELLMED
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.11.1-11.7
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    • 2021
  • Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease clinically characterized by erythematous, sharply demarcated papules and rounded plaques covered by silvery white micaceous scales. It affects about 1-3% of the world's population. Although considerable advances have been made in the management of psoriasis in recent years, the disease remains incurable. Current treatment does not affect disease activity, and relapse occurs quickly after cessation of treatment. Moreover, topical and systemic conventional therapies used in the management of psoriasis are associated with adverse effects. In Unani system of medicine, psoriasis is known as Taqashshur al-Jild, which is caused by predominance of black bile and characterised by scaling of skin. Various topical as well as systemic Unani formulations are effectively used in the management of psoriasis. This case study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Unani formulations, Itrīfal Shāhtra and Marham Ḥinā in the management of psoriasis. A 49-year-old male patient presenting with psoriasis came to the OPD of National Research Institute of Unani Medicine for Skin Disorders, Hyderabad. Treatment was given to the patient for a period of 12 weeks. PASI score was significantly reduced from 40.5 at baseline to 2.2 after treatment. Unani formulations were found safe and effective in the management of Psoriasis as assessed by validated scales.

Antidiarrhoeal activity of Arque-Ajeeb, a compound formulation of Unani medicine in rats

  • Khan, M. Aleem;Khan, Naeem A.;Qasmi, Iqbal A.;Ahmad, Ghufran;Zafar, Shadab
    • Advances in Traditional Medicine
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.87-90
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    • 2004
  • The efficacy of Arque-Ajeeb (AA), a compound formulation of Unani medicine was investigated for antidiarrhoeal activity against barium sulphate-induced gut motility and castor oil-induced diarrhoea in rats. The control, standard and test groups of experimental animals were administered with distilled water (p.o.), lomotil (p.o.) and AA (0.007 ml and 0.014 ml/100 g, p.o.) respectively. Barium sulphate and castor oil were administered after 15 and 60 min respectively in each group of first and second experiment. The distance traveled by barium sulphate in small intestine was measured after 15 and 30 min of barium sulphate administration and diarrhoea was observed every 30-min for six hour after castor oil administration. Oral administration of AA caused significant reduction in diarrhoea. AA may have the potential to reduce the diarrhoea in rats.

SIRAS (ALBIZIA LEBBECK (L.) BENTH.) AND ITS MEDICINAL USES IN UNANI MEDICINE- A REVIEW

  • Waseem, Azma;Jamal, Anwar;Ahmad, Waseem;Fazil, Mohammad
    • CELLMED
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.12.1-12.5
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    • 2020
  • Higher incidences of adverse reaction associated with the prolonged use of synthetic drugs has once again increased the faith of humans in the traditional systems of medicine and motivated them to return back towards the clinical proven remedies for the treatment. It is also true that number of modern medications used in the present scenario, were developed from various plants. In Unani System of medicine, numerous herbal drugs are mentioned for medicinal purpose. Siras (Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth.) is one of them. It is found all over India. Almost all parts of this plant are used for the treatment of ailments such as migraine, conjunctivitis, diarrhea, jaundice, skin problems, asthma etc. Many chemical constituents have been isolated from Albizia lebbeck such as lebbekannin, echinocystic acid, flavonoids, Linoleic acid, saponins etc. This review highlights the medicinal properties and therapeutic uses of Albizia lebbeck and scientific studies conducted on the drug in human and animal models that will provide the further research direction.

Zingiber officinale Rosc.: A traditional herb with medicinal properties

  • Imtiyaz, Shaikh;Rahman, Khaleequr;Sultana, Arshiya;Tariq, Mohd;Chaudhary, Shahid Shah
    • CELLMED
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.26.1-26.7
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    • 2013
  • Ginger (Zingiber officinale) belonging to the family Zingiberaceae is a perennial herb. It is widely distributed in tropical Asia. In India, it is cultivated mainly in Kerala, Andhia Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Maharashtra. It is one of the most common spices, which is in use since centuries for its versatile medicinal actions like antiemetic, stomachic, expectorant, anti-inflammatory, aphrodisiac etc in traditional system of medicine (Unani, Ayurveda, and Chinese medicine). It is useful for the treatment of various gastrointestinal, pulmonary, cardiovascular and sexual disorders. The phytochemical study of ginger showed the presence of many volatile oils and oleo-resins like gingerol, zinger one, zingiberol etc. Numerous experimental and clinical trials have proven ginger for its range of therapeutic activities such as antibacterial, antidiabetic, antiemetic, hypolipidaemic, hepatoprotective etc properties. The present article aims to explore traditional Unani and pharmacological activities of this herb reported till date.

Rosa Damascene Mill. (Rose): A versatile herb in cosmetology

  • Ahmed, Yasmeen;Jamil, S.Shakir;Hashimi, Ayshah;Siraj, Mantasha Binth;Jahangir, Umar
    • CELLMED
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.2.1-2.4
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    • 2019
  • With the improvement of economic status and the desire for beauty, the interest in health and skin care is increasing. For these demands, since ages medicinal plants are in vogue. A variety of plants, cosmetics and foods with novel bioactive ingredients for skin care and beauty are under constant research and development. Skin is influenced by various factors such as Ultra-violet rays, stress, hormones and aging which together lead skin to lose elasticity, changes in pigmentation and wrinkle formation. Many medicinal plants have proven effects in skin care and beauty treatment. From this list of medicinal plants, one which is famous for its beauty, flavor and fragrance is Rosa damascene. Rosa damascene has many therapeutic action and postulated pharmacological studies such as anti-arthritic, anti-microbial, cardio protective, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, analgesic, immune-modulator, gastro-protective, and skin ameliorative effect. Research in the field of Cosmetology has proven the effect of Rosa damascene in rehydrating skin, reducing scars and stretches, acne management, lowering skin pigmentation, delaying wrinkling and is recommended as a skin vitalizing agent. In this review, the morphology, chemical constituents, and some pharmacological activity are discussed.

A comprehensive review on Tukhm-e-Karafs (Apium graveolens L.) with special reference to Unani System of Medicine

  • Naushad, Mohd;Zakir, Mohammad;Sahar, Najmus;Kazmi, Munawwar Husain
    • CELLMED
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.20.1-20.6
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    • 2020
  • The Karafs is a dried herb of whole plant of Apium graveolens L. from Apiaceae (carrot family). The seeds (fruits) of Apium graveolens are known as Tukhm-e- Karafs in Unani Medicine. Karafs is known as Celeri in French, Apio in Spanish, Selderiji in Dutch, Syelderey in Russian and Chin in Chinese. It is cultivated in different parts of the world for its seeds as spice and green leaves and root as salad crop. Its seeds are also used for medicinal purposes in complementary and alternative medicines. In Unani it is used as a single drug or as an ingredient in compound formulations used for management in various ailments. The seeds have various pharmacological actions like hepatoprotective, diuretic and lithotriptic etc. It is commonly found in Western Asia, Europe, North Africa and various parts of India like Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh etc. In Unani its actions are described as Mudirr-i-Bawl (Diuretic), Mufattit-i-Hasāh (Lithotriptic), Dafi'-i-Tashannuj (Antispasmodic) and Kāsir-i-Riyāh (Carminative). It is used for the treatment of Hasah al-Kulya (Nephrolithiasis), Nafkh al-Mi'da (Flatulence), Istisqā' (Oedema) and Ihtibās al-Bawl (Retention of urine) etc.

Clinical Effectiveness of a Unani Regimen in the Management of Hasāh al-kuliya (Nephrolithiasis): A Case Report

  • Qaiyyum, Ifra Abdul;Nawab, Mohammad
    • CELLMED
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.23.1-23.5
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    • 2020
  • Hasāh al-kuliya (Nephrolithiasis) is a common disease with a worldwide prevalence of about 12%. A 64 years old male patient, who visited the outpatient department of National Research Institute of Unani Medicine for Skin Disorder (NRIUMSD), Hyderabad, presented with complaints of mild dull pain in right flank region and burning micturition for one month. The ultrasonography of whole abdomen confirmed that there was one stone of 5 mm in calyceal region of each kidney. The patient was treated with the Unani regimen comprising of three formulations Majoon, Hajrul Yahood (5 gm), Jawarish Zarooni Sada (5 gm) and Habb-i-Mudir (1000 mg) for 6 months. The patient did not report any acute pain during the therapy. After 6 months of treatment the ultrasonography of whole abdomen showed absence of the stone from each kidney, ureters and bladder. There was no recurrence of the disease during next 6 months of post treatment follow up. This case report documented the successful medical treatment and prevention of recurrence of bilateral nephrolithiasis through Unani medicines. It concluded that the Unani regimen was effective and safe in the management of bilateral nephrolithiasis.

A Randomized single blind controlled clinical trial on safety and efficacy of a Unani formulation (Itrifal-e-Sagheer) in dyslipidemia

  • Alam, Sazid;Alam, MD Anzar;Quamri, MA;Sofi, Ghulamuddin;Khan, Mohd. Qudratullah;Ansari, Shabnam
    • CELLMED
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.8.1-8.7
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    • 2020
  • Aim:'Itrifal-e-Sagheer', a compound Unani formulation has been indicated in disease conditions simulating dyslipidemia. The present study was done to substantiate the efficacy of 'Itrifal-e-Sagheer' in dyslipidemia on scientific parameters. Materials and methods: A randomized, single blind, controlled, clinical trial was carried out on 30 patients of dyslipidemia who were randomly allocated into test (n = 15) or control (n = 15) groups. The test drug, Itrifal-e-Sagheer and control drug, Abana® were given to respective group for 45 days along with lifestyle modification. Results: The test drug significantly alleviated the symptoms of subjective parameters (palpitation, breathlessness and weight gain) (p<0.05). There was statistically significant reduction in lipid profile of the patients in test group (p<0.05) than control drug treatment. Conclusion: The study evidenced that Itrifal-e-Sagheer is potentially effective and safe in the treatment of dyslipidemia. However, a multicentric study with robust study design is required to generalize the results.