• Title/Summary/Keyword: Upper Limb Function

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Factors Affecting the Upper Limb Function in Stroke Patients (뇌졸증 환자의 상지기능에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Bang, Yoo-Soon;Kim, Hee-Young;Lee, Moon-Kyu
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.7
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    • pp.202-210
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried out to identify the factors which correlated with upper limb function after stroke and to analyze the effect of related factors on upper limb function. The 100 stroke patients(MMSE-K>24) were participated. The upper limb function according to gender, hand dominance, stroke type, affected location, site of paralysis, speech disorder showed no significant difference, and show significant difference according to shoulder subluxation. The upper limb muscle strength(Manual Muscle Testing), proprioception, muscle tone(Modified Ashworth Scale), grip strength(Dynamometer), paint (Visual Analog Scale) showed significant correlations with upper limb function. These predictors explained 77.6% of the upper limb function and the most significant affecting factor of upper limb function was upper limb muscle strength. In conclusion, the upper limb muscle strengthening will be effective strategy to improving the upper limb function and considering the proprioception, muscle tone, grip strength, pain, subluxation will be helpful to develop the strategies.

Effect of Motor Imagery Training on Somatosensory Evoked Potentials and Upper Limb Function in Stroke Patients

  • Choi, Jongbae;Yang, Jongeun
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.2005-2011
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    • 2020
  • Background: Motor imagery is the mental representation of an action without overt movement or muscle activation. However, few previous studies have demonstrated motor imagery training effects as an objective assessment tool in patients with early stroke. Objective: To investigate the effect of motor imagery training on Somatosensory Evoked Potentials (SSEP) and upper limb function of stroke patients. Design: A quasi-experimental study. Methods: Twenty-four patients with stroke were enrolled in this study. All subjects were assigned to the experimental or control group. All participants received traditional occupational therapy for 30 minutes, 5 times a week. The experimental group performed an additional task of motor imagery training (MIT) 20 minutes per day, 5 days a week, for 4 weeks. Both groups were assessed using the SSEP amplitude, Fugl-Meyer assessment of upper extremity (FMA UE) and Wolf motor function test. Results: After the intervention, the experimental group showed significant improvement in SSEP amplitude and FMA UE than did the control group. Conclusion: These findings suggest that the MIT effectively improve the SSEP and upper limb function of stroke patients.

The Effect of Action Observation Training on Affected Side Upper Limb Dexterity in Stroke Patient : Single-subject research design (동작관찰이 뇌졸중 환자의 환측 상지 기민성에 미치는 영향 : 단일사례연구)

  • Yang, Yong-Pil;Kim, Ji-Hyun;Han, Mi-Ran;Kim, Eun-Bi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.111-118
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    • 2012
  • Purpose : The purpose of present study was to determine effects of action observation training on upper limb function after stroke. Training was progressed to imitation and intensive training after observation to required action in ADL. Methods : Among the single case study was used to ABA design. pre base line(A) was only collected participant information without intervention in 5 times. action observation intervention(B) was carried out 10 times and 5 times to base lime(A) after intervention. Results : Results indicated that 10-second test, box and block test, manual function test was increased when compared action observation intervention(B) to pre base line(A). Conclusion : To stroke action observation training was evaluated gross manipulation, dexterity and upper limb function in related with ADL. action observation training benefits were maintained after intervention(B) and showed improvement on upper limb function of stroke.

The Effects of Lower Extremity Strengthening Program on Balance, Gait and Upper Limb Function in Patients with Stroke (뇌졸중 환자에게 하지 근력강화 프로그램이 균형, 보행과 상지 기능에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Ju-O;Lee, Byoung-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.114-123
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of lower extremity strengthening program on balance, gait and upper limb function in patients with stroke. This study was a hospital-based with Central nerve system lesion patients, randomized controlled trial with a blinded assessor. Twenty four hemiparetic stroke patients were divided into two groups: a Lower extremity strengthening program group (LESPG)(n=12) and a Treadmill training group (TTG)(n=12). The LESPG performed a Lower extremity strengthening program on the affected side. The TTG exercised on a treadmill for 30 minutes a day. Assessment tools included the Timed Up and Go test (TUG), the Functional Gait Assessment (FGA) and the Manual Function Test (MFT). There was a significant difference in TUG, FGA, and MFT scores between the two groups in the LESPG for the balance, gait, and upper limb function than for the TTG(p<.01). Results of the present study indicated that the effect of lower extremity strengthening program for 4 weeks had an effect on balance, gait and upper limb function of hemiplegic patients after stroke.

The Effects of Upper Limb Reaching task on Upper Limb Function and Self-Efficacy for Patients with Stroke: Case Study (팔 뻗기 과제가 뇌졸중 환자의 상지기능 및 자기효능감에 미치는 영향에 대한 사례연구)

  • Song, Seung-Il;Cho, Young-Nam
    • Therapeutic Science for Rehabilitation
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.59-69
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    • 2014
  • Objective : This study was done to see that upper limb reaching task have an effect on stroke patient's upper limb function and self-efficacy. Methods : The object of the study was done to see for diagnosed with stroke man on the thirty-ninth of this month. upper limb reaching task was done to see three times a for 6 week and by a per for thirty minutes. To find changing upper limb function and self-efficacy before-after upper limb reaching task, they were measured using Box & block test and self-efficacy scale. Results : Box & block test and self- efficacy scale were increased mark of revaluation, evaluation result than one of early evaluation result. Conclusion : Through this study, upper limb reaching task applied to stroke patient was found that it improved stroke patient's upper limb function and self-efficacy.

Effect of Forward-and-Backward Shift Trunk Exercise Using Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Diagonal Pattern in Closed Kinematic Chain Exercises on Upper Limb Function and ADL in Stroke Patient -A Single-Subject Design- (닫힌사슬에서의 PNF 대각선 패턴을 이용한 몸통 전·후방 이동운동이 뇌졸중환자의 상지 기능 및 일상생활에 미치는 영향 -단일 사례 연구-)

  • Park, Si-Eun;Moon, Sang-Hyun
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.237-246
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of forward-and-backward shift trunk exercise using a proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) diagonal pattern in a closed kinematic chain exercise on the upper limb function and activity of daily living (ADL) in a stroke patient. Methods: One subject participated in this study. The study used a reversal A-B-A' design, where A and A' were the baseline period (no intervention), and B was the intervention period. The intervention was a forward-and-backward trunk shift exercise, using a PNF diagonal pattern on both a stand-on-hand position and a quadruped position of closed kinematic chain exercises, for 20 min per day for 2 weeks. The range of motion (ROM) of the shoulder joint was measured and a Fugl-Meyer assessment of upper extremity (FMA-UE) and a functional independence measure (FIM) were performed to measure upper limb function and activity of daily living (ADL). Results: ROMs of shoulder joint (flexion, extension, abduction, and external rotation) increased in the intervention phase. The FMA-UE score increased (from 28 to 36) in the intervention phase. The FIM score increased (from 20 to 25) in the intervention phase. These increases were maintained after intervention (Baseline II). Conclusion: These results suggest that forward-and-backward shift trunk exercises using a PNF diagonal pattern in a closed kinematic chain exercise have a positive effect on stroke patients' upper limb function and ADL ability.

Effects of Therapeutic Climbing Training on Upper Limb Function and Quality of Life in Stroke Patients (치료적 클라이밍 훈련이 뇌졸중 환자의 상지기능과 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Chi-Bok;Kim, Byeong-Geun;Lee, So-in
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.292-299
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of therapeutic climbing training on upper limb function and quality of life of stroke patients and to suggest possibilities for clinical intervention. This study investigated 14 stroke patients who were assigned to either a treatment climbing training group or a control group (n=7 each). The experimental groups performed general physical therapy and occupational therapy. In addition, therapeutic climbing training using the Potsdam model was conducted for 30 minutes three times a week for 6 weeks. The control group performed general physical therapy and occupational therapy. A manual function test was used to evaluate upper limb function, and a short form 36-item questionnaire was used to evaluate quality of life. The results showed that there was a significant difference in upper limb function of the experimental group according to time (p<0.05). There was also a significant difference in the quality of life according to time in the experimental group, and a significant difference in quality of life between the experimental group and the control group (p<0.05). Therapeutic climbing training by stroke patients positively affected quality of life by increasing the SF-36 scores and upper limb function. Taken together, these findings confirmed that training using therapeutic climbing is valuable for rehabilitation and clinical intervention of stroke patients.

Effects of Occupation-Based Bilateral Upper Extremity Training and Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Upper Limb Function in Stroke Patients (작업기반 양측성 상지 훈련과 경 두개 직류 전류 자극이 뇌졸중 환자의 상지 기능에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sun-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.9
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    • pp.520-530
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of occupation-based bilateral upper extremity training and transcranial direct current stimulation on upper limb function in stroke patients. The study group was divided into 13 experimental groups with occupation-based bilateral upper extremity training and transcranial direct current stimulation, and 13 controls with only occupation-based bilateral upper extremity training. A total of 4 weeks, 50 minutes, 5 times a week conducted, the patients were tested with Canadian Occupational Performance Measure(COPM), Accelerometer, Fugle-Meyer Assessment(FMA), and Motor Activity Log(MAL). As a result of the study, the experimental group and the control group showed significant improvement in both occupation satisfaction and performance, usage of the affected side and the tendon side, recovery of upper limb function, and quality of movement, In particular, the experimental group showed a significant difference in the amount of the affected side than the control group. Therefore, it was found that the combination of occupation-based bilateral upper extremity training and transcranial direct current stimulation had a positive effect on the recovery of upper limb function in stroke patients.

Comparison Before and After the Application of the Computerized Cognitive Rehabilitation Program(CoTras-C) for Children with Cerebral Palsy (뇌병변 장애 아동의 아동용 전산화 인지재활 프로그램(CoTras-C) 사용 전·후 비교)

  • Park, So-Won
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 2021
  • Purpose : In this study, we applied a computerized cognitive rehabilitation program (CoTras-C) for children with cerebral palsy. Research was conducted to investigate the impact of upper limb function, sensory function, and activities of daily living. Methods : The study period lasted 10 weeks from October 2019 to December 2019. The study subjects were 12 subjects according to the selection criteria, and a computerized cognitive rehabilitation program (CoTras-C) was conducted twice a week for 30 minutes before and after the application of basic occupational therapy. Results : As a result of the computerized cognitive rehabilitation program, scores of upper limb function (QUEST), sensory function (SSP-2), and daily life activity (WeeFIM) were significantly improved (p>.05). From the result of examining the motor area, improvement in fine-motor function and protective extension through touch pad or controller operation was found. It also showed improvement in activities of daily living including motor and activities of daily living including social cognition. In the sensory function evaluation, it was not significant in movement sensitivity. Significant differences were shown in the items excluding olfactory/taste sensitivity. Conclusion : The application of the computerized cognitive rehabilitation program (CoTras-C) showed significant results in upper limb function, sensory function, and daily life activities of children with brain lesions. Based on these results, future studies need to generalize the study by expanding the age or population of children with brain lesions, or by expanding the diversity of diseases and environments.

The Effect of Modified CIMT Combined with Kinesio-Taping on Upper Limb Function in Hemiplegic Patients (테이핑을 이용한 건측 억제유도 운동이 만성 뇌졸중 환자의 상지기능에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Myung-Kwon;Ji, Sang-Ku;Jun, Hye-Jin;Lee, Chang-Ryeol;Lee, Moon-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.183-192
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    • 2009
  • Purpose:This study was conducted to investigate whether modified CIMT with Kinesio-Taping on paretic upper limb effects upper limb function in stroke patients in comparison to those receiving only modified CIMT. Methods:20 out-patients with hemiplegia were randomly assigned to either an experimental or a control group. Both groups received modified CIMT during a 10-week period. Additionally, an experimental group received modified CIMT with Kinesio-Taping on paretic upper limb and trunk. Results:In Manual function test, Grip strength, Jebsen-Taylor hand function test, MAL(Motor Activity Log) and Functional independence measure (FIM) were significantly different at all intervals of the study period(0, 3, 6, 10-week) in the experimental and control groups(p<.05). Exceptionally there was no significant difference in Jebsen-Taylor hand function test between the experimental and control groups. Conclusion:These results suggest that modified CIMT with Kinesio-taping improve the upper limb function. And also increase usage of affected upper limb and assist in daily living activity more than only modified CIMT.

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