• Title, Summary, Keyword: Vehicle measured braking coefficient

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A Study on the Application of Runway Friction Measurements (활주로 마찰계수 측정 및 적용에 관한 연구)

  • Noh, Kun-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.62-68
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    • 2016
  • According to the accident/incident reports of aircraft runway overruns and excursions, it generally shows runway friction reduction and aircraft braking capability deterioration are the basic causes due to adverse weather. Although surface of paved runway gets wet, it also should give good friction capability. If runway surface is worn due to long time usage and friction capability is reduced due to rubber accumulation or weather conditions(snow, rain, ice etc.), airport authorities should rapidly measure friction coefficient and give them to relevant persons through aeronautical information system and support safe takeoff and landing. Operation wise, these information of friction coefficient reduction should be lead to aircraft performance adjustments, but the data from manufacturer(performance manual) are airplane braking coefficient and the data from airport authorities are vehicle measured braking coefficient. But these two data are considered as the same meaning although the definite relationship between them is not clarified yet. So I am trying to search for the technical background of these two data and suggest reasonable method to use them efficiently.

Analysis of pneumatic braking component effects and characteristics of a diesel electric locomotive (디젤전기기관차의 공압제동 영향인자 및 특성 분석)

  • Choi, Don Bum;Kim, Min-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.11
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    • pp.541-549
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    • 2018
  • This paper deals with the braking dynamic behavior of diesel electric locomotive pulling domestic cargo and passenger vehicles. Friction coefficient, pneumatic pressure, and running resistance affecting the braking system were tested. For the friction coefficient, the Dynamo test was performed with reference to UIC 541-4. The results are analyzed by multivariate regression and the relationship between braking force and ititial velocity is presented. The pneumatic pressure were classified into service braking and emergency braking. In order to reflect the characteristics of the brake valve and piping, the pressure rising over time was measured in the vehicle. In order to reflect the external force acting on the vehicle, we carried out the test of EN 14067-4 and presented the second order polynomial formula on a running resistance. The running resistance test results were compared with other countries. The dynamic behavior of a diesel electric locomotive running on a straight flat track based on vehicle resources, friction coefficient, braking pressure, and running resistance is simulated using the time integration presented in EN 14531-1. The simulation results were compared and verified with the vehicle braking test results. The results of this study can be used to analyze the dynamic braking behavior of a train. Also, it is expected that various parameters affecting braking in vehicle design can be analyzed and used as basic data for braking performance improvement.

Mechanical Characteristics of Automobile Brake Pads (자동차 브레이크 패드의 기계적 특성 연구)

  • Shin, Jaeho;Kim, Kyungjin;Kang, Woojong
    • Journal of Auto-vehicle Safety Association
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.19-24
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    • 2015
  • Brake pads are a component of disc brake system of automobile and consist of steel backing plates and friction material facing the disk brake rotor. Due to the repeated sliding forces and torque in vehicle braking, friction performance of brake pads are ensured. Futhermore, the brake pad is one of major tuning components in aftermarket, mechanical characteristics of the brake pad are necessary to evaluate for establishing the certification standards of tuning components. This study had performed the five specimen tests for friction coefficients and wear loss rates according to the SAE test specification. Using the instrumented indentation method, yield strength and tensile strength were measured. Friction coefficients, 0.386 - 0.489, and wear loss rates, 1.0% - 3.7% are obtained. The range of yield strength and tensile strength are 21.4 MPa - 105.3 MPa and 39.5 MPa - 176.4 MPa respectively.

Calculation of Brake Onset Velocity for Non-ABS Vehicle on Dry Asphalt Pavement (건조한 노면에서 Non-ABS 차량의 제동시점 속도계산 방법)

  • Kim, Kee-Nam;Ok, Jin-Kyu;Kim, Min-Seok;Mun, Won-Kil;Park, Su-Jin;Yoo, Wan-Suk
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.109-114
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    • 2007
  • Skid mark and coefficient of friction are usually utilized to calculate the velocity and behavior of vehicles. For a critical case such as traffic accident reconstruction, however, the initial velocity of the car should be calculated precisely. In this study, the skid marks on dry asphalt pavement were measured, and the velocity at brake onset was precisely recovered. A passenger car with new tires and non-contact optical speedometer were set up for the tests. A new methodology to determine the more precise velocity for Non-ABS vehicle at braking onset were suggested.