• Title/Summary/Keyword: Virtual Reality

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Development of Dementia Treatment VR System (치매 치료 VR 시스템 개발)

  • Lee, Ki-Suk;Kim, Sang-Won;Kim, Young-Wan;Kim, Min-Young;Choi, Jin-Sung
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.835-838
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    • 2002
  • 사회고령화 추세에 따라 노인들이 증가하고 있으며 자연적으로 발생률이 높아지고 있는 치매에 대한 사회적 문제가 대두되고 있다. 본 논문에서는 경증 치매나 치매에 걸릴 확률이 높은 사람들에게 치매 치료의 효과를 주는 VR기반의 의료시스템을 개발하여 치매 치료에 대한 새로운 방법을 제시하려고 한다. 제시하는 치료 요법은 사용자에게 일상생활과 유사하게 VR 환경을 제공하고 일상적인 문제에 대처하여 올바르게 수행하도록 하는 방법을 가진다. 개발되어진 다양한 시나리오의 반복 수행을 통하여 치매의 치료는 수행되게 된다. 본 시스템의 효과를 판단하기 위해 실험군과 대조군 각 15명을 통하여 임상실험을 수행하였으며 그 결과를 보였다.

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Security Consideration of Virtual Reality Service (가상현실 서비스 환경에서의 보안 고려사항)

  • Lim, Sanghyeok;Jeon, Junhyun;Lee, Youngsook
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.11-17
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    • 2018
  • As many information and communication technology companies around the world pay attention to the virtual reality as the next generation platform, the virtual reality industry is rapidly growing in various fields. For this reason, virtual reality security is becoming important as the number of users increases. In order to use the virtual reality service safely, security measures must be taken. This paper examines virtual reality trends, analyzes security threats according to vulnerabilities and vulnerabilities of virtual reality, and presents security considerations for threats.

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The Effects of Virtual Reality Advertisement on Consumer's Intention to Purchase: Focused on Rational and Emotional Responses (가상현실(Virtual Reality) 광고가 소비자 구매의도에 미치는 영향: 이성적인 반응과 감성적인 반응의 통합)

  • Cha, Jae-Yol;Im, Kun-Shin
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.101-124
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    • 2009
  • According to Wikipedia, virtual reality (VR) is defined as a technology that allows a user to interact with a computer-simulated environment. Due to a rapid growth in information technology (IT), the cost of virtual reality has been decreasing while the utility of virtual reality advertisements has dramatically increased. Nevertheless, only a few studies have investigated the effects of virtual reality advertisement on consumer behaviors. Therefore, the objective of this study is to empirically examine the effects of virtual reality advertisement. Compared to traditional online advertisements, virtual reality advertisement enables consumers to experience products realistically over the Internet by providing high media richness, interactivity, and telepresence (Suh and Lee, 2005). Advertisements with high media richness facilitate consumers' understanding of advertised products by providing them with a large amount and a high variety of information on the products. Interactivity also provides consumers with a high level of control over the computer-simulated environment in terms of their abilities to adjust the information according to their individual interests and concerns and to be active rather than passive in their engagement with the information (Pimentel and Teixera, 1994). Through high media richness and interactivity, virtual reality advertisements can generate compelling feelings of "telepresence" (Suh and Lee, 2005). Telepresence is a sense of being there in an environment by means of a communication medium (Steuer, 1992). Virtual reality advertisements enable consumers to create a perceptual illusion of being present and highly engaged in a simulated environment, while they are in reality physically present in another place (Biocca, 1997). Based on the characteristics of virtual reality advertisements, a research model has been proposed to explain consumer responses to the virtual reality advertisements. The proposed model includes two dimensions of consumer responses. One dimension is consumers' rational response, which is based on the Information Processing Theory. Based on the Information Processing Theory, product knowledge and perceived risk are selected as antecedents of intention to purchase. The other dimension is emotional response of consumers, which is based on the Attitude-Structure Theory. Based on the Attitude-Structure Theory, arousal, flow, and positive affect are selected as antecedents of intention to purchase. Because it has been criticized to have investigated only one of the two dimensions of consumer response in prior studies, our research model has been built so as to incorporate both dimensions. Based on the Attitude-Structure Theory, we hypothesized the path of consumers' emotional responses to a virtual reality advertisement: (H1) Arousal by the virtual reality advertisement increases flow; (H2) Flow increases positive affect; and (H3) Positive affect increases intension to purchase. In addition, we hypothesized the path of consumers' rational responses to the virtual reality advertisement based on the Information Processing Theory: (H4) Increased product knowledge through the virtual reality advertisement decreases perceived risk; and (H5) Perceived risk decreases intension to purchase. Based on literature of flow, we additionally hypothesized the relationship between flow and product knowledge: (H6) Flow increases product knowledge. To test the hypotheses, we conducted a free simulation experiment [Fromkin and Streufert, 1976] with 300 people. Subjects were asked to use the virtual reality advertisement of a cellular phone on the Internet and then answer questions about the variables. To check whether subjects fully experienced the virtual reality advertisement, they were asked to answer a quiz about the virtual reality advertisement itself. Responses of 26 subjects were dropped because of their incomplete answers. Responses of 274 subjects were used to test the hypotheses. It was found that all of six hypotheses are accepted. In addition, we found that consumers' emotional response has stronger impact on their intention to purchase than their rational response does. This study sheds much light into practical implications for both IS researchers and managers. First of all, while most of previous research has analyzed only one of the customers' rational and emotional responses, we theoretically incorporated and empirically examined both of the two sides. Second, we empirically showed that mediators such as arousal, flow, positive affect, product knowledge, and perceived risk play an important role between virtual reality advertisement and customer's intention to purchase. In addition, the findings of this study can provide a basis of practical strategies for managers. It was found that consumers' emotional response is stronger than their rational response. This result indicates that advertisements using virtual reality should focus on the emotional side, and that virtual reality can be served as an appropriate advertisement tool for fancy products that require their online advertisements to give an impetus to customers' emotion. Finally, even if this study examined the effects of virtual reality advertisement of cellular phone, its findings could be applied to other products that are suited for virtual experience. However, this research has some limitations. We were unable to control different kinds of consumers and different attributes of products on consumers' intention to purchase. It is, therefore, deemed important for future research to control the consumer and product types for more reliable results. In addition to the consumer and product attributes, other variables could affect consumers' intention to purchase. Thus, the future research needs to find ways t control other variables.

Study on Media Adaptation from a Webtoon to Virtual Reality Content (웹툰의 가상현실 콘텐츠로의 매체 전환에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Hyung-Woong;Kim, Ki-Jeong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.308-315
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to review the differences and distinctive characteristics between storytelling method of virtual reality contents and storytelling method of conventional contents instead of focusing on economic and industrial effects of virtual reality contents. As a specific target, this study discusses how existing storytelling method of webtoons as a single contents genre can be applied to virtual reality contents when webtoons are adapted into virtual reality contents. The purpose of this study is to find limitations and possibilities for the storytelling technique of virtual reality contents. The results of this study showed that the essence of storytelling in virtual reality contents is in three roles of the users of virtual reality. The users of virtual reality must play the roles of service user, audience of contents, and director of story. This is because the most important storytelling techniques in media contents like editing and change of camera viewpoint can no longer be forced in virtual reality contents. Storytelling techniques in virtual reality contents are much limited compared to the conventional contents in terms of user interaction, expansion of senses, and guarantee of freedom.

A Study on the Production Plan for Reducing Cybersickness in Virtual Reality Game (가상현실 게임의 사이버 멀미 감소를 위한 연출 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Seah;Kim, Hongyoon
    • Journal of Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.113-123
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    • 2017
  • Virtual reality technology is recognized as a next-generation technology and can create realistic environments like the real world and reproduce sensory experiences. And it is a cutting-edge technology that allows humans to experience the same real-world experience in a virtual world by computing the five senses with computers. Also Virtual reality is a technology that has the advantage of experiencing reality in cyberspace and is applied to content such as movies and games. However, many users who use virtual reality can feel cybersickness. And it especially in virtual reality games. This is an important issue for the virtual reality game industry to be resolved. Main symptoms of cyberscickness include dizziness, headache, and vomiting. Existing motion sickness and symptoms are similar, but the cause of cybersickness is different from traditional sickness. Therefore, this study uses virtual reality games and data from various organizations to determine the causes of cybersickness. Also, it intends to contribute to the development of the virtual reality game industry by presenting methods to supplement these problems.

The Effect of Virtual Reality Training on Lower Extremity Muscle Activation in Elderly (가상현실 훈련이 노인의 하지 근활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Gyeong-Hee;Shin, Hyung-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 2014
  • PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of virtual reality training on muscle activation in the elderly. METHODS: The subjects were 32 healthy elderly people aged between 65 and 80, who were divided into the VR(virtual reality) training group(n=17) and the control group(n=15). The Virtual reality training group engaged in a 30-minute exercise session using Wii Fit three times a week for eight weeks. Virtual reality training group used the Ski Slalom, Table tile, Balance bubble programs. low-extremity muscle activation of the two groups were measured before and after the intervention. RESULTS: To investigate the effects of the training on lower-extremity muscle activation, biceps femoris, gastrocnemius, tibialis anterior, vastus lateralis were measured. The results revealed that the activation of gastrocnemius and tibialis anterior significantly increased(p<.05), which indicates virtual reality training is effective in improving the activation of the muscles involved in the movement of the ankle joint. CONCLUSION: Virtual reality training is effective in improving the healthy elderly's activation of the muscles involved in the movement of the ankle joint. Thus, virtual reality training can be proposed as a form of fall prevention exercise for the elderly.

Analysis of Learning Effect through the Development and Application of Virtual Reality(VR) Education Content for Radiology Students (방사선과 학생을 위한 가상현실 교육콘텐츠 개발 및 적용을 통한 학습효과 분석)

  • Shim, Jae-Goo;Kwon, Soon-Moo
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.519-524
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    • 2020
  • This study developed radiation therapy contents based on virtual reality technology and applied them to radiation students. A survey was conducted to analyze the relationship between learning effects and learning satisfaction to students who used virtual reality education videos to analyze their learning performance. 71 students radiology department were classified into two groups one that experienced virtual reality and the other that did not experienced virtual reality. We surveyed between the two groups analyzed self-directed learning, self-learning efficacy and learning satisfaction. As a result, the comparison between the two groups showed no difference between self-directed learning and self-learning efficacy. But the learning satisfaction was significant from 2.64±0.83 to 3.20±0.88 in the problem solving process for groups applying virtual reality contents. Therefore, learning satisfaction has improved experienced group virtual reality content and the materials for virtual reality education can be applied more efficiently in non-face-to-face lectures.

Development of an Internet based Virtual Reality Environment and Web Database for the Integrity Evaluation of the Nuclear Power Plant (원자력발전소 건전성평가를 위한 인터넷기반 가상현실환경과 웹데이터베이스의 개발)

  • 김종춘;정민중;최재붕;김영진;표창률
    • Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.140-146
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    • 2001
  • A nuclear Power Plant is composed of a number of mechanical components. Maintaining the integrity of these components is one of the most critical issues in nuclear industry. In order to evaluate the integrity of these mechanical components, a lot of data are required including inspection data, geometrical data, material properties, etc. Therefore, an effective database system is essential to manage the integrity of nuclear power plant. For this purpose, an internet based virtual reality environment and web database system was proposed. The developed virtual reality environment provides realistic geometrical configurations of mechanical components using VRML (Virtual Reality Modeling Language). The virtual reality environment was linked with the web database, which can manage the required data for the integrity evaluation. The proposed system is able to share the information regarding the integrity evaluation through internet, and thus, will be suitable for an integrated system for the maintenance of mechanical components.

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A Study on the Possibilites of Architecture in Virtual Reality Using 'ACTIVE WORLDS' (ACTIVE WORLDS'를 이용한 가상현실 건축의 가능성에 대한 연구)

  • 신유진
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • no.19
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    • pp.20-29
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    • 1999
  • We live now in information society. High-tech communication technique of information came up to our daily life thoroughly. Then, what will happen to change the field of architecture in information society\ulcorner This study realized architecture in virtual reality by choosing technique in virtual reality that was able to alternate architecture in reality. The result of this study: 1. We promoted some shopping malls by making use of 'an active world' that is one of the virtual reality programs. As a result, we could know that we were able to find out goods faster than reality economically and purchase them in virtual reality. 2. There are many fields that we can adapt the architecture in virtual reality beside the shopping malls. For example, they can be a museum, an art gallery, and educational facility, a movie theater, a government and public office, and a recreation facility. 3. The architecture in virtual reality will cause to change our lifestyles and environments and to coexist architecture in reality.

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