• Title, Summary, Keyword: Volatile Aroma Compounds

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Comparison of Volatile Aroma Compounds between Synurus deltoides and Aster scaber Leaves (수리취와 참취 엽의 휘발성 향기성분 비교)

  • Lee, Kyeong-Cheol;Sa, Jou-Young;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon;Han, Sang-Sup
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.54-62
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    • 2012
  • This study was investigated to compare the volatile aroma compounds of Synurus deltoides and Aster scaber. The volatile aroma compounds from Synurus deltoides and Aster scaber were extracted by soild-phase microextraction (SPME) methods. S. deltoides had 97 volatile aroma compounds such as including 5-acetyl-1,2-dihydro acenaphtylene (14.63%), ${\beta}$-cubebene (9.31%), caryophyllene (8.97%), ${\beta}$-chamigrene (7.14%), ${\beta}$-selinene (2.71), ${\alpha}$-farnesene (2.47%), ${\alpha}$-bergamotene (2.26%), ${\beta}$-elemene (1.94%), etc. A. scaber had 84 volatile aroma compounds such as (+)-epi-bicyclosesquiphellandrene (10.38%), terpinolen (10.09%), caryophyllene (6.04%), 8-isopropenyl-1,5-dimethyl-1,5-cyclodeca diene (5.42%), ${\alpha}$-himachalene (5.04%), ${\beta}$-thujene (4.37%), ${\beta}$-pinene (4.28%), ${\beta}$-cubebene (3.99%), etc. Conclusively, the main common volatile aroma compounds in S. deltoides and A. scaber leaves were 19 volatile aroma compounds such as caryophyllene, terpinolen, ${\beta}$-cubebene. But the composition and amount of volatile aroma compounds were very different between the two species.

A Comparison the Volatile Aroma Compounds between Ligularia fischeri and Ligularia fischeri var. spiciformis Leaves (곰취와 한대리곰취의 휘발성 향기성분 분석)

  • Han, Sang-Sup;Sa, Jou-Young;Lee, Kyeong-Cheol
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.209-217
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    • 2010
  • The volatile aroma of fresh leaves is one of main factor in taste of all the edible green plants. The volatile aroma in almost edible green leaves are suggested as essential oil compounds. Ligularia fischeri, Synurus deltoides, Ligularia fischeri var. spiciformis and Aster scaber are one of the favourable edible green plants in Korea. In this study, volatile aroma compounds from Ligularia fischeri and Ligularia fischeri var. spiciformis species were analyzed by the SPME/GC/MSD method. Ligularia fischeri had 78 volatile aroma compounds such as D-limonene(20.28%), ${\alpha}$-pinene(dextro, 14.15%), L-${\beta}$-pinene(12.85%), 3-carene, ${\beta}$-cubebene(10.39%), etc. Ligularia fischeri var. spiciformis had 83 volatile aroma compounds such as D-limonene(36.97%), ${\beta}$-cubebene(13.95%), L-${\beta}$-pinene(13.38%), ${\alpha}$-pinene(dextro, 4.76%), caryophylle-ne(3.33%) etc. Conclusively, the commom volatile aroma compounds in Ligularia fischeri and Ligularia fischeri var. spiciformis leaves were D-limonene, ${\alpha}$-pinene, L-${\beta}$-pinene, ${\beta}$-cubebene, Caryophyllene, ${\alpha}$-farnesene, terpinolen. However, the composition and amount of volatile aroma compounds were very different between the two species.

Compilation of volatile flavor compounds in Cheonggukjang and Doenjang (청국장과 된장의 휘발성 향기성분 데이터베이스)

  • Baek, Hyung Hee
    • Food Science and Industry
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.24-49
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    • 2017
  • Volatile flavor compounds of cheonggukjang and doenjang, which are the most representative Korean soybean fermented foods, were compiled throughout literature review. Total of 225 and 404 volatile flavor compounds were found in cheonggukjang and doenjang, respectively. The most characteristic volatile flavor compounds in cheonggukjang are thought to be pyrazine compounds. In addition, acids, such as 2-methyl propanoic acid, butanoic acid, 2-methyl butanoic acid, and 3-methyl butanoic acid, contribute to aroma characteristics of cheonggukjang. On the other hand, ester compounds are the most predominant volatile flavor compounds in doenjang. Ninety six ester compounds were detected in doenjang while 22 ester compounds were identified in cheonggukjang. Pyrazine compounds and acids also play an important role in the flavor of doenjang. Compilation of volatile flavor compounds from cheonggukjang and doenjang will provide basic information to food industry to understand and improve aroma characteristics of cheonggukjang and doenjang.

Aroma Characteristics of Acai Berry (아사이베리의 향기성분 특성 연구)

  • Lim, Seung-Hee;Nam, Heesop;Baek, Hyung-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.122-127
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    • 2016
  • The objective of this study was to identify the volatile compounds and aroma-active compounds from acai berry (Euterpe oleracea). Volatiles were isolated by high vacuum distillation using solvent-assisted flavor evaporation (SAFE) and liquid-liquid continuous extraction (LLCE). To identify the characteristic aroma-active compounds of acai berry, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-olfactometry was used. Aroma-active compounds were evaluated by aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA). A total of 51 and 54 volatile compounds from acai berry were identified from SAFE and LLCE extracts, respectively. Alcohols were confirmed to be important volatile compounds in acai berry, as the major volatile compounds were 2-phenylethanol, (Z)-3-hexenol, and benzyl alcohol. ${\beta}-Damascenone$ (berry, rose), trans-linalool oxide (woody), (Z)-3-hexenol (grass), and 2-phenylethanol (rose, honey) were considered the aroma-active compounds in acai berry. The most intense aroma-active compound of acai berry was ${\beta}-damascenone$.

Identification of Characteristic Aroma-active Compounds from Burnt Beef Reaction Flavor Manufactured by Extrusion (압출성형에 의해 제조된 구운 쇠고기 반응향의 특징적인 향기성분 동정)

  • Kim, Ki-Won;Seo, Won-Ho;Baek, Hyung-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.621-627
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    • 2006
  • To characterize aroma properties of burnt beef reaction flavor manufactured by extrusion, volatile flavor compounds and aroma-active compounds were analyzed by simultaneous steam distillation and solvent extraction (SDE)-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-olfactometry (GC-MS-O). Hydrolyzed vegetable protein (HVP) was successfully extruded with precursors (glucose, cystine, furaneol, thiamin, methionine, garlic powder, and lecithin) at $160^{\circ}C$, screw speed of 45 rpm, and feed rate of 38 kg/hr. Sixty eight volatile flavor compounds were found in burnt beef reaction flavor. The number of volatile flavor compounds decreased significantly when HVP was extruded either with furaneol-free precursors or without precursors. Twenty seven aroma-active compounds were detected in burnt beef reaction flavor. Of these, methional and 2-methyl-3-furanthiol were the most intense aroma-active compounds. It was suggested that furaneol played an important role in the formation of burnt beef reaction flavor.

Effect of Packaging on Aroma Stability of Curry Powder during Storage (포장재의 종류에 따른 저장 중 카레분말의 향 안정성 변화)

  • Choi, Jun-Bong
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.147-152
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    • 2013
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of packaging on the aroma stability of curry powder during storage. The Volatile flavor compounds from curry powders packed with laminated film or vinyl were analyzed by the solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry during in storage at $25^{\circ}C$ for 13 weeks. Forty-eight compounds, comprising 36 terpenes, 5 alcohols, 4 benzenes, 2 carbonyl compounds, and 1 ester, were identified from the curry powders. The main volatile compounds were cuminaldehyde, anethole, and eugenol. The Volatile compounds of curry powder packed with laminated film were maintained unchanged during in the storage, whereas those packed in vinyl were decreased during the storage. The amounts of p-cymene, cuminaldehyde, anethole, and (E)-caryophyllene from curry powder packed with laminated film were maintained during storage, while those packed with vinyl decreased gradually. The aroma stability of eugenol was unaffected by packaging. The results indicates that curry powder is best packaged in with laminated film to maintain the aroma stability during storage.

Aroma-Active Compounds in Omandungi (Styela plicata)-Doenjang (Soybean Paste) Stew (오만둥이 된장찌개의 Aroma-active 화합물)

  • Jeong, Eun-Jeong;Cho, Woo-Jin;Cha, Yong-Jun
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.414-418
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    • 2008
  • Volatile compounds in Omangdungi (Styela plicata)-Doenjang (soybean paste) stew were analyzed using solvent-assisted flavor evaporation/gas chromatography/mass-selective detection/olfactometry (SAFE/GC/MSD/O) and aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA). The GC/O analysis detected 37 volatile compounds, of which 32 were positively identified, and included 9 aldehydes, 5 alcohols, 4 aromatic hydrocarbons, 4 ketones, 3 esters, 3 N-containing compounds, 2 acids, 1 S-containing compound, and 1 furan. Nine aroma-active odorants ($\log_3FD{\geq}3.0$) in the sample included six compounds derived from Doenjang (3-methyl(thio)propanal, tetramethylpyrazine, 4-vinyl-2-methoxyphenol, 2-acetylpyrrole, butyric acid, and 2-methoxyphenol) and three compounds from Omangdungi (2-acetyl-2-thiazoline, 9-decanol, and 6-decenol). Three compounds derived from Omangdungi (9-decanol, 6-decenol, and 6-nonenol) were thought to enhance the seafood-like flavor of Omangdungi-Doenjang stew.

Characteristics and Antioxidative Activity of Volatile Compounds in Heated Garlic (Allium sativum)

  • Woo, Koan-Sik;Yoon, Hyang-Sik;Lee, Youn-Ri;Lee, Jun-Soo;Kim, Dae-Joong;Hong, Jin-Tae;Jeong, Heon-Sang
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.822-827
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    • 2007
  • The aroma characteristics and antioxidative activity of volatile compounds in heat-treated garlic (Allium sativum L.) were evaluated. The garlic was heated to various temperatures (100, 110, 120, and $130^{\circ}C$) for different lengths of time (1, 2, and 3 hr). The volatile compounds of heated garlic were extracted by simultaneous steam distillation extraction (SDE). Aroma compound profiles were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and antioxidative activity was measured by 2,2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay and 2,2'-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) cation decolorization assay. The major aroma compounds were sulfur compounds such as dimethyl disulfide, 2-propen-1-ol, methyl-2-propenyl disulfide, dimethyl trisulfide, diallyl disulfide, methyl-2-propenyl trisulfide, and di-2-propenyl trisulfide. DPPH radical scavenging activity (EDA, %) and the ascorbic acid equivalent antioxidant activity (AEAC) of volatile compounds in heated garlic increased significantly with the increase of temperature and time (p<0.001). The EDA (%) and AEAC of raw garlic were 26.8%/10 mg garlic and 39.05 mg ascorbic acid equivalent per g sample. After heat treatment, the highest values were 40.50%/10 mg garlic for EDA (%) and 46.43 mg ascorbic acid equivalent per g sample for ABTS.

Aroma Characterization of Roasted Bulgogi Reaction Flavor Manufactured by a High-temperature Reaction Apparatus (고온반응기로 제조한 구운 불고기 반응향의 향미특성)

  • Seo, Won-Ho;Kim, Young-Kwon;Jang, Seong-Ho;Baek, Hyung Hee
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.176-183
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    • 2015
  • To characterize the aroma properties of roasted bulgogi reaction flavor obtained by using a high-temperature reaction apparatus, the volatile flavor and aroma-active compounds were analyzed using simultaneous steam distillation and solvent extraction (SDE)-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-olfactometry (GC-MS-O). One hundred five volatile compounds were detected in roasted bulgogi reaction flavor using GC-MS. Out of these compounds, furfural was the most abundant volatile compound, followed in order of abundance by 5-methyl furfural, phenylacetaldehyde, and nonanal. Of the volatile compounds identified in roasted bulgogi reaction flavor, 33 aroma-active compounds were detected using GC-O. 2,3-Butanedione and furfural were the most intense aroma-active compounds detected. Other relatively intense odorants included hexanal, octanal, nonanal, undecanal, phenylacetaldehyde, 5-methyl furfural, 2,6-dimethyl pyrazine, and dimethyl trisulfide. These were important aroma-active compounds that contributed to the aroma of roasted bulgogi reaction flavor because of their potency and aroma properties. The concentrations of the aroma-active compounds increased as the reaction temperature increased, whereas those of the sulfide compounds decreased.

Volatile Compounds of Zanthoxylum piperitum A.P. DC.

  • Chung, Mi-Sook
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.529-532
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    • 2005
  • Volatile compounds, isolated from Chopi (Zanthoxylum piperitum A.P. DC.) using steam distillation, were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry-olfactometry (GC-MS-O). Forty-six volatile compounds, consisting of 12 hydrocarbons, 8 aldehydes, 5 esters, 12 alcohols, 4 ketones, 4 oxides and 1 acid, were tentatively identified from the essential oil of Chopi. Unidentified compounds constituted 7.2% of the total peak area. Limonene was the most abundant compound, followed by geranyl acetate, citronellal, cryptone and ${\beta}$-myrcene. In addition, aroma-active compounds, in particular citronellal and limonene, which are related to the citrus and Chopi flavors of Chopi essential oil, were detected. The aroma of Chopi essential oil had a score of 4.8 on the preference test (neither like nor dislike) and a score of 5.97 on the intensity test (slightly strong) using the 9-point hedonic scale.