• Title/Summary/Keyword: Welding

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Development of Digital Carriage for Continuous/Intermittent Welding (디지털식 연속/단속 용접용 캐리지 개발)

  • 감병오;김동규;김광주;김상봉
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.64-70
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    • 2002
  • This paper shows the results of the development of a small size of digital type continuous and intermittent welding auto-carriage based on microprocessor (Intel 80196KC) for welding process with long welding line. The developed welding auto-carriage loads welding torch and tracks welding line. It is an automaton largely used for welding process with a lot of long welding lines such as shipbuilding and structure. Most traditional auto-carriages have been developed based on analog circuit for open loop control. So this analog circuit welding auto-carriage cannon control welding speed. Specially welding auto-carriage for intermittent welding condition is so complicated and has the low precision of control performance in welding distance and non-welding distance. The auto-carriage developed in this paper has the following characteristics: It has not only functions of traditional carriage but also functions such as pseudo-welding process of big iron structures, intermittent welding in order to limit heat for welding thin plates, crater treatment of the final step of welding, acceleration at the initial step of welding and deceleration in the final step of welding. The main control board of auto-carriage, power supply system and DC motor drive wee developed and manufactured. The welding speed and the welding distance of the developed auto-carriage are controlled accurately by feedback control using photo-sensor. Hardware and software robust against the heat and noise produced on the welding process are developed.

Fiber Laser Welding in the Car Body Shop - Laser Seam Stepper versus Remote Laser Welding -

  • Kessler, Berthold
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.17-22
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    • 2013
  • The excellent beam quality of high power fiber lasers are commonly used for remote welding applications in body job applications. The Welding speed and productivity is unmatched with any other welding technology including resistance spot welding or traditional laser welding. High tooling cost for clamping and bulky safety enclosures are obstacles which are limiting the use. With the newly developed Laser stitch welding gun we have an integrated clamping in the process tool and the laser welding is shielded in a way that no external enclosure is needed. Operation of this laser welding gun is comparable with resistance spot welding but 2-times faster. Laser stitch welding is faster than spot welding and slower than remote welding. It is a laser welding tool with all the laser benefits like welding of short flanges, weld ability of Ultra High Strength steel, 3 layers welding and Aluminium welding. Together with low energy consumption and minimum operation cost of IPG fiber laser it is a new and sharp tool for economic car body assembly.

Hot Extru-Pressure Welding of Aluminum Rods using Eccentric-inclined Stepped Welding Dies (편심 경사 계단형 접합 다이를 사용한 알루미늄 봉재의 열간 압출압접)

  • Jin I. T.;Lee K. K.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • 2005.10a
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    • pp.206-209
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    • 2005
  • It was investigated that two rods of aluminium can be welded by hot extru-pressure welding method with stepped welding dies, and that the welding pressure on the welding surface were analyzed by computer simulation according to the stepped shapes of welding dies. It was known by computer simulation that welding pressure on the welding section of rods welded using stepped welding dies without eccentricity is lowerer than the welding pressure of rods welded using stepped welding dies with eccentricity of welding surface, and that the welding pressure on the welding section of rods using eccentric-inclined stepped welding dies is higher than the welding pressure of rods using stepped welding dies without eccentricity. And it was known by experiments that two rods of aluminium can be welded on the end sections by hot pressure welding method using eccentric-inclined stepped welding dies without relative rotational movement of contacted aluminium rods needed for the purpose of friction heating and pressure.

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Position welding for internal welded specimen using laser-GMA hybrid welding (내면 용접부재의 전자세 레이저-아크 하이브리드 용접 연구)

  • Ahn, Young-Nam;Kim, Cheolhee;Kim, Jeonghan
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.54-60
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    • 2015
  • Laser-arc hybrid welding has been considered as an effective pipe girth welding process since early 2000's. Tolerance for fit-up offsets such as gap and edge misalignment is one of most important requirements in pipe girth laser-arc hybrid welding, and several approaches using parameter optimization, a laser beam scanning and an arc oscillation have been tried. However the required offset tolerance has not been fully accomplished up to now and laser-arc hybrid welding has not been widely applied in pipeline construction than expected, despite of its high welding speed and deep penetration. In this study, internal welding was adopted to ensure the offset tolerance and sound back bead. The effect of welding parameters on bead shape was investigated at the flat position. Also tolerances for gap and edge misalignment were verified as 0.5 mm and 2.0 mm, respectively. The position welding trials were conducted at several welding positions from the flat to the overhead position in a downward direction. With the fixed welding speed, arc current for gas metal arc welding current and laser output power, adequate welding voltages for gas metal arc welding were suggested for each position.

A Study on Hot Extru-welding Dies of Aluminum Rods (알루미늄 봉재의 열간 압출접합 금형에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kyeng-Kook;Jin, In-Tai
    • 한국금형공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2008.06a
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    • pp.27-30
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    • 2008
  • It was investigated that two rods of aluminium can be welded by hot extru-welding method with extru-welding dies, and that the extru-welding on the welding surface were analyzed by computer simulation according to the steped shapes of welding dies. It was known by computer simulation that welding pressure on the welding section of rods welded using extru-welding dies and that the welding pressure on the welding section of rods using extru-welding dies is lowerer than the welding pressure of rods using stepped welding dies. And it was known by experiments that two rods of aluminium can be welded on the end sections by hot extru-welding method using fan-shaped stepped welding dies without relative rotational movement of contacted aluminium rods needed for the purpose of friction heating and pressure.

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The Effects of Welding Length on the Angular Distortion (용접각변형에 미치는 용접길이의 영향)

  • Park Jeong-Ung;Lee Hae-Woo
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.48-52
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    • 2005
  • To estimate welding deformation for large steel structures, either experiment result with small specimen or analysis result of FEM with small numerical model is used. Consequently, it is important to decide the welding length of specimen and numerical model not to have an effect on welding deformation for accurate estimation of whole welding deformation. This study experimentally clarifies the effect of welding length on angular distortion due to welding by varying welding length of specimens, but fixing width and thickness of specimens on V-groove butt welding, fillet welding and bead on plate welding. As a resell the critical welding length on fillet welding and on bead on plate welding is over 500mm and on V-groove butt welding is over 1,000mm.

A Study on the Weldability & Indentation Depth Evaluation of Electrochemical Galvanized Steel Sheet according to the Welding Conditions (전기아연도금 강판의 점용접성에 미치는 용접조건과 압흔깊이에 관한 연구)

  • 정영훈;허우진;백승세;권일현;양성모;유효선
    • Proceedings of the KWS Conference
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    • 2003.11a
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    • pp.162-164
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    • 2003
  • Spot welding, a kind of electric resistance welding, has been used in many fields such as automobile, aircraft, and appliance industry. This paper is to investigate the relationship between tensile shear strength and indentation depth under various welding conditions. The tensile shear strength increases with increasing the welding current in the range of 6-l3kA. The optimum welding conditions were 200∼250kg welding force and 10∼15 cycles welding time at 9kA welding current for EZNCEN. The indentation depth for optimum welding condition was 0.6mm at 9kA welding curent and 200kg welding force, 0.17mm at 9kA welding current and 300kg welding force, 0.19mm at 9kA welding current and 10cycle, 0.17mm at 9kA welding current and 15cycle welding time, respectively.

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Microstructure Evolution of UFG Steel Weld by Hybrid and Laser Welding (하이브리드 용접과 레이저 용접에 의한 세립강 용접부의 미세조직변화에 관한 연구)

  • Dong, H.W.;Lee, M.Y.;Ahn, Y.S.
    • Journal of Power System Engineering
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.58-63
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    • 2010
  • A laser beam welding and an electric arc welding were combined, and the positive points of each welding method are drawn such as high speed, low thermal load, deep penetration, and high productivity. The fiber laser-MIG conjugated welding. namely the hybrid welding has been studied mainly for the automation industry of a pipeline welding. In this study, the MIG welding was combined with a fiber laser welding to make up the hybrid welding. The weld shapes, microstructures and mechanical properties for weld zones after the hybrid welding or only fiber laser welding were investigated on the 700 MPa grade Ultra Fine Grained(UFG) high strength steel. The amount of acicular ferrite in weld metals and HAZ(heat affected zone) was observed larger after hybrid welding compared with after only laser welding. The Vickers hardness of the top area of the fusion zone after fiber laser welding was higher compared with after hybrid welding.

A Study of Extru-Pressure Welding Strength of Aluminum Rods (알루미늄 봉재의 압출압접 강도에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, K.K.;Jin, I.T.
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.284-291
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    • 2008
  • It was investigated that two rods of aluminum can be welded by hot extru-pressure welding method with stepped welding dies, and that the welding pressure and metal flow on the welding surface were analyzed by computer simulation according to the stepped shapes of welding dies. It was known by computer simulation that welding pressure on the welding section of rods welded using stepped welding dies could be higher than the welding pressure of aluminum rods without using stepped welding die. And it was known by experiments that two rods of aluminum can be welded on the end sections by hot extru-pressure welding method using stepped welding dies without relative rotational movement of contacted aluminum rods in the case of friction welding of rods.

Evaluation of Gas Metal Arc Welding Characteristics according to Contact Tip Materials (GMA용접에서 콘택트 팁 재질에 따른 용접특성 평가)

  • Kim, Dong Yoon;Hwang, In Sung;Kim, Dong Cheol;Kang, Moon Jin
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.35-40
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    • 2014
  • The contact tip for gas metal arc welding has important functions to transmit the welding current to the wire and to guide the wire to molten pool. If the contact tip is damaged, it is a cause of lowering the welding productivity due to removal of welding defects and replacement of contact tip. In case of the use of a contact tip for a long time the arc is unstable because the processed hole in the contact tip center is larger, and the variation of aiming position of the welding wire causes a seam tracking error. In this study, gas metal arc welding experiments using contact tip of three different materials were performed. The contact tips with Cu-P, Cu-Cr, and Cu-ODS were used at the experiments, and the welding characteristics by each contact tip were evaluated. After welding contact tip appearance, welding spatter adhesion amount of the nozzle, and weld bead appearance were evaluated. The welding current and welding voltage were measured to verify arc stability during arc welding.